Barendrecht

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Barendrecht
—  Municipality  —
A water tower standing in the middle of several small, end 19th-century houses
Water tower of Barendrecht
A flag divided in three horizontal bands. The red center band is wider and contains the top half of a gold lion rampant on the left. The top and bottom white bands contain three equally spaced green rectangles each.
Flag
The coat of arms mimics the flag. The bands are equal width, the lion rampant is in the middle and number of green rectangles are changed to four and three on top and two and one in the bottom.
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Barendrecht in a municipal map of South Holland
Location in South Holland
Coordinates: 51°51′N 4°32′E / 51.850°N 4.533°E / 51.850; 4.533Coordinates: 51°51′N 4°32′E / 51.850°N 4.533°E / 51.850; 4.533
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Government[1]
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorJan van Belzen (SGP)
Area[2]
 • Total21.73 km2 (8.39 sq mi)
 • Land19.83 km2 (7.66 sq mi)
 • Water1.90 km2 (0.73 sq mi)
Elevation[3]-1 m (−3 ft)
Population (May 2013)[4]
 • Total47,362
 • Density2,388/km2 (6,180/sq mi)
DemonymBarendrechter
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode2990–2994
Area code0180
Twin cities
 • Louny Czech Republic
Websitewww.barendrecht.nl
 
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Barendrecht
—  Municipality  —
A water tower standing in the middle of several small, end 19th-century houses
Water tower of Barendrecht
A flag divided in three horizontal bands. The red center band is wider and contains the top half of a gold lion rampant on the left. The top and bottom white bands contain three equally spaced green rectangles each.
Flag
The coat of arms mimics the flag. The bands are equal width, the lion rampant is in the middle and number of green rectangles are changed to four and three on top and two and one in the bottom.
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Barendrecht in a municipal map of South Holland
Location in South Holland
Coordinates: 51°51′N 4°32′E / 51.850°N 4.533°E / 51.850; 4.533Coordinates: 51°51′N 4°32′E / 51.850°N 4.533°E / 51.850; 4.533
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Government[1]
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorJan van Belzen (SGP)
Area[2]
 • Total21.73 km2 (8.39 sq mi)
 • Land19.83 km2 (7.66 sq mi)
 • Water1.90 km2 (0.73 sq mi)
Elevation[3]-1 m (−3 ft)
Population (May 2013)[4]
 • Total47,362
 • Density2,388/km2 (6,180/sq mi)
DemonymBarendrechter
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode2990–2994
Area code0180
Twin cities
 • Louny Czech Republic
Websitewww.barendrecht.nl

Barendrecht (About this sound pronunciation ) is a town in the Netherlands, located as a suburb of Rotterdam in the province of South Holland. The municipality had a population of 47,362 in 2013, and covers an area of 21.73 km2 (8.39 sq mi) of which 1.90 km2 (0.73 sq mi) is water.

The municipality of Barendrecht also includes the following communities: Barendrecht-Carnisselande, Smitshoek.

History[edit source | edit]

The name "Barendrecht" is derived from the Germanic word birni, translated as "mud" or "muddy", and the Latin word trāiectum translated as "to cross (a river)" to denote a muddy river crossing.[5][6]

The current municipality of Barendrecht is located in the area of three former fiefdoms: East-Barendrecht, West-Barendrecht, and Carnisse. The oldest reference to East-Barendrecht is from 1264. These fiefdoms were in Riederwaard, an area reclaimed from water since the 12th century but had to deal with frequent dike breaches throughout the 13th and 14th centuries. Further stages in land reclamation, constituting the major part of modern Barendrecht, were the Binnenland polder (1484), Buitenland polder (1555) and Zuidpolder (1649).

During the French Period, the three fiefdoms were merged into one municipality Barendrecht. After the French Period, it was split into East and West-Barendrecht, but in 1836 it was again united as one municipality.

Demographics[edit source | edit]

Historical population
YearPop.  ±%  
19304,799—    
19355,413+12.8%
19405,909+9.2%
19457,286+23.3%
19507,264−0.3%
19557,707+6.1%
19608,809+14.3%
196510,408+18.2%
197012,832+23.3%
197514,687+14.5%
198016,633+13.2%
198518,539+11.5%
199019,937+7.5%
199522,025+10.5%
200028,834+30.9%
200539,310+36.3%
201046,453+18.2%
Source: Municipality of Barendrecht[7]
Historical number of homes
YearHomes  ±%  
19652,763—    
19703,587+29.8%
19754,510+25.7%
19805,402+19.8%
19856,403+18.5%
19907,208+12.6%
19958,473+17.5%
200011,279+33.1%
200515,312+35.8%
201018,286+19.4%
Source: Municipality of Barendrecht[8]

The population of Barendrecht increased ten-fold in the last 80 years from just under 5,000 in 1930 to close to 50,000 in 2010.[7] During this time the number of homes increased as well, there was and eight-fold increase in the number of homes in the last 50 years from 2,200 in 1961 to 18,400 in 2011.[8] The overal population increased, whereas the number of persons per household decreased. This is consistent with the general trend in the Netherlands over this period.[9]

In 2012 Barendrecht had a population of 47,055, of which 23,230 were male (49.4%) and 23,825 female (50.6%). According to the civil registry 21% of its population were under the age of 14, 11% were between 15 and 24 years old, 27% were from 25 to 44, 28% were from 45 to 64 and 13% were 65 years of age or older. The marital status of the municipality was distributed such that 46% of it population was married, 45% never married, 6% divorced and 4% widowed. Twenty percent of the population of Barendrecht was from foreign origin, which is one percent point below the national average of twenty-one percent. The foreign origin of the municipality was 7% Western, 4% Suriname, 3% Turkey, 2% Morocco, 1% Dutch Caribbean and 4% from other countries.[10]

Barendrecht had 18,615 households in 2012, this corresponds to an average of 2.5 persons per household. Of these households 24% were made up of individuals, 30% of the households were couples with no children under 18 living with them and 45% of the households contained children under 18.[10]

Sports[edit source | edit]

Barendrecht is home to two football clubs; BVV Barendrecht, which plays at the third level of the Dutch football pyramid,[11] and VV Smitshoek which plays at the fourth tier of the football pyramid.[12] BVV Barendrecht won the KNVB Amateur Cup in the 2008–09 season, they were banned from the 2011–12 KNVB Cup after winning their first round matchup.[13][14] In addition to these clubs there are also numerous other sport clubs,[15] including organized badminton,[16] basketball,[17] handball,[18] hockey,[19] korfball,[20] tennis,[21] track and field,[22] volleyball[23] and water polo.[24] Due to its proximity to Rotterdam, Barendrecht occasionally is the scene for road events starting or finishing in Rotterdam, it is the penultimate municipality on the route of the 520 km (320 mi) annual Paris-Rotterdam relay run.[25]

Athletes from Barendrecht have also had individual succes, mostly notably quadruple Olympic swimming champion Inge de Bruijn. She won four gold medals, two silver medals and two bronze medals in the freestyle and butterfly events at the 2000 and 2004 Summer Olympics.[26] During her career she won a total of 36 medals in major competitions, 18 of these medals were gold. She has also held three world records in long course swimming.[27] Several players on the Dutch water polo teams during the 1984 and 2000 Summer Olympics were from Barendrecht as well.[28]

Infrastructure[edit source | edit]

Road[edit source | edit]

Two Dutch motorways pass through Barendrecht: A15 motorway and A29 motorway. The A15 runs west to east along the northern part of town and is part of the Rotterdam ring road, the exit IJsselmonde is located in the north-east of Barendrecht. The A29 runs north to south and divides Smitshoek and Carnisselande from the rest of Barendrecht, the exit Barendrecht is located in the south of the municipality. Vaanplein, the Interchange between the A15 and A29, is situated within the borders of Barendrecht. The A29 leaves Barendrecht in the south through the Heinenoordtunnel under the Oude Maas.[29]

Rail[edit source | edit]

Two railways pass through Barendrecht: The Betuweroute and the Breda–Rotterdam railway. The Betuweroute is a double track freight railway from Rotterdam to Germany and runs along the north and east sides of Barendrecht, Queen Beatrix opened this route in Barendrecht in 2007.[30] The Breda–Rotterdam railway, originally known as Staatslijn I when it opened in 1872, runs along the east side of Barendrecht. The Barendrecht railway station is located on this railway and was initially opened in 1872 and moved to its current location in 2001. The nine tracks running by the station are covered over a length of 1.5 km (0.9 mi) to reduce the noise to the surrounding neighbourhoods.[31]

The Nederlandse Spoorwegen services the station with trains departing in each direction – towards Dordrecht to the southeast and Rotterdam to the northwest – four times an hour during the day during workdays and two times and hour during the rest of the railways' normal service hours.[32][33] Both railways merge just north of the station, at this point a train accident occurred in 2009. Two freight trains collided head on, one of the drivers was killed and another seriously injured, a passenger train could not stop in time and collided with the wreckage.[34][35]

Local public transit[edit source | edit]

As a suburb of Rotterdam, Barendrecht is serviced by multiple modes of public transportation to service commuters. Tram line 25 of the RET runs north-south through the western part of Barendrecht and runs from its southern terminus in Barendrecht to the Rotterdam Centraal railway station through the city centre and further to its northern terminus in Schiebroek. The RET also operates several buslines through Barendrecht: Three lines, via different routes, from the railway station to Zuidplein, a line from the railway station to Kralingse Zoom, and a short local route from Zuidplein to the Barendrecht community of Smitshoek and another short line departing from the east side of the railway station. Arriva runs two additional buslines: A line from city hall to the Heinenoord bus terminal, and a line from the Barendrecht railway station to the Zwijndrecht railway station.[36]

Notable residents[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. ^ "drs J. (Jan) van Belzen". Samenstelling College (in Dutch). Gemeente Barendrecht. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 2991AA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 11 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 24 June 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  5. ^ de Vries, Jan (1962). Woordenboek der Noord- en Zuidnederlandse plaatsnamen. [Dictionary of North and South Netherlands place names] (in Dutch). Utrecht: Het Spectrum. 
  6. ^ Moerman, H.J. (1956). Nederlandse plaatsnamen: Een overzicht [Dutch place names: A overview] (in Dutch). Location: E.J.Brill. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "Bevolkingsgroei vanaf 1930-2010" [Population growth from 1930-2010]. Demografische gegevens (Links to PDF) (in Dutch). Municipality of Barendrecht: Research and Statistics. November 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "Groei woningvoorraad 1961-2011" [Growth number of homes 1961-2011]. Gegevens woningen (Links to PDF) (in Dutch). Municipality of Barendrecht: Research and Statistics. November 2011. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  9. ^ "Bevolking, huishoudens en bevolkingsontwikkeling; vanaf 1899" [Population, households and population growth; from 1899]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 18 March 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 20 December 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Zaterdag Topklasse" [Saturday Topklasse]. Clubs & Competities [Clubs & Competitions] (in Dutch). KNVB. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  12. ^ "Zaterdag Hoofdklasse B 2012/2013" [Saturday Hoofdklasse B 2012/2013]. vvsmitshoek.nl (in Dutch). VV Smitshoek. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  13. ^ "Barendrecht wint de KNVB-beker" [Barendrecht wins KNVB Cup]. rijnmond.nl (in Dutch). RTV Rijnmond. 13 June 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  14. ^ "Barendrecht uit competitie KNVB beker gezet" [Barendrecht banned from KNVB Cup]. knvb.nl (in Dutch). KNVB. 14 September 2011. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  15. ^ "Sport". lokaaltotaal.nl (in Dutch). Gemeente Barendrecht. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  16. ^ "The Flying Shuttle" (in Dutch). Badminton club The Flying Shuttle. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  17. ^ "CBV Binnenland" (in Dutch). Christelijke basketbal vereniging Binnenland. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  18. ^ "SAVOSA" (in Dutch). Handbalvereniging SAVOSA. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  19. ^ "HC Barendrecht" (in Dutch). Hockeyclub Barendrecht. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  20. ^ "K.V. Vitesse" (in Dutch). Korfbalvereniging Vitesse. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  21. ^ "TV Barendrecht" (in Dutch). Tennisvereniging Barendrecht. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  22. ^ "C.A.V. Energie" (in Dutch). Christelijke atletiekvereniging Energie. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  23. ^ "Spirit" (in Dutch). Christelijke volleyballvereniging Spirit. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  24. ^ "ZPB" (in Dutch). Zwem- en Polovereniging Barendrecht. Retrieved 9 July 2013. 
  25. ^ "Route 2013". roparun.nl (in Dutch). Roparun. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  26. ^ "Inge de Bruin medals". olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  27. ^ "Inge de Bruijn krijgt FBK-Carriereprijs" [Inge de Bruijn gets FBK career prize]. nocnsf.nl (in Dutch). NOC*NSF. 28 August 2009. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  28. ^ "Olympic Athletes Born in Barendrecht, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands". sports-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  29. ^ ANWB (November 2012). "[ANWB road map Netherlands]" (in Dutch). ANWB Wegenkaart Nederland (Map). 1 :300,000. ANWB Wegenkaart. ISBN 9789018035891.
  30. ^ "Koningin opent 16 juni 2007 Betuweroute" [Queen opens Betuweroute 16 June 2007]. Het Koninklijk huis (in Dutch). RVD. 9 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. 
  31. ^ "De kap van Barendrecht" [The roofed structure of Barendrecht]. Barendrecht Educatief (in Dutch). Historische Vereniging Barendrecht. Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  32. ^ "Vertrekstaat Barendrecht richting Rotterdam, Den Haag" [Timetable Barendrecht towards Rotterdam, The Hague] (in Dutch). NS. 9 December 2012. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  33. ^ "Vertrekstaat Barendrecht richting Dordrecht, Breda/Roosendaal" [Timetable Barendrecht towards Dordrecht, Breda/Roosendaal] (in Dutch). NS. 9 December 2012. Retrieved 22 February 2013. 
  34. ^ "Collision between two goods trains and a passenger train, Barendrecht, 24 September 2009". Investigations. Dutch Safety Board. January 2011. Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  35. ^ "Treinongeluk nabij Barendrecht" [Train collision near Barendrecht] (in Dutch). Dutch Safety Board. January 2011. Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  36. ^ RET and Connexion (9 December 2012). "[Public transit Rotterdam region 2013]" (in Dutch). Openbaar Vervoer Stadsregio Rotterdam 2013 (Map). Cartography by Carto Studio. Section Zone 5328.

External links[edit source | edit]