Baoshan, Yunnan

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Baoshan
保山市
Prefecture-level city
Location of Baoshan in Yunnan
Location of Baoshan in Yunnan
Baoshan is located in China
Baoshan
Baoshan
Location in China
Coordinates: 25°07′N 99°10′E / 25.117°N 99.167°E / 25.117; 99.167
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
Admin HQLongyang
Area
 • Total19,040 km2 (7,350 sq mi)
Elevation1,677 m (5,502 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total2,500,000
 • Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Time zoneChina Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code678000
Area code(s)0875
Vehicle registrationM
Websitebaoshan.gov.cn
 
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For other uses, see Baoshan (disambiguation).
Baoshan
保山市
Prefecture-level city
Location of Baoshan in Yunnan
Location of Baoshan in Yunnan
Baoshan is located in China
Baoshan
Baoshan
Location in China
Coordinates: 25°07′N 99°10′E / 25.117°N 99.167°E / 25.117; 99.167
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceYunnan
Admin HQLongyang
Area
 • Total19,040 km2 (7,350 sq mi)
Elevation1,677 m (5,502 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total2,500,000
 • Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Time zoneChina Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code678000
Area code(s)0875
Vehicle registrationM
Websitebaoshan.gov.cn

About this sound Baoshan  (Chinese: ; pinyin: Bǎoshān, historically also Yongchang) is a prefecture-level city in western Yunnan province, People's Republic of China. Baoshan is the third biggest metropolitan area in Yunnan after Kunming and Qujing.

Demography[edit]

The prefecture has about 2.5 million inhabitants.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The city-prefecture of Baoshan has jurisdiction over five subdivisions - a district and four counties:

Map
Baoshan mcp.png
#NameHanziHanyu PinyinPopulation (2003 est.)Area (km²)Density (/km²)
1Longyang District隆阳区Lóngyáng Qū850,0005,011170
2Shidian County施甸县Shīdiàn Xiàn330,0002,009164
3Tengchong County腾冲县Téngchōng Xiàn610,0005,845104
4Longling County龙陵县Lónglíng Xiàn270,0002,88494
5Changning County昌宁县Chāngníng Xiàn340,0003,88887

Geography[edit]

It is located between the border of Myanmar and the Lancang river (Mekong). The Nujiang (Salween River) flows through the entire length of the prefecture, north to south.

Tempered by the low latitude and moderate elevation, Baoshan has a mild subtropical highland climate (Köppen Cwb), with short, mild, dry winters, and warm, rainy summers. Frost may occur in winter but the days still generally warm up to around 16 to 17 °C (61 to 63 °F), with a January average of 8.5 °C (47.3 °F). The warmest month is June, which averages 21.2 °C (70.2 °F). Nearly three-fourths of the annual rainfall occurs from June to October.

Climate data for Baoshan (1971−2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)16.5
(61.7)
18.0
(64.4)
21.2
(70.2)
23.7
(74.7)
25.5
(77.9)
25.5
(77.9)
25.0
(77)
25.7
(78.3)
25.1
(77.2)
23.4
(74.1)
19.8
(67.6)
17.3
(63.1)
22.2
(72.0)
Average low °C (°F)1.7
(35.1)
3.3
(37.9)
6.1
(43)
9.9
(49.8)
14.3
(57.7)
18.1
(64.6)
18.2
(64.8)
17.8
(64)
16.2
(61.2)
13.2
(55.8)
8.0
(46.4)
3.2
(37.8)
10.8
(51.5)
Precipitation mm (inches)15.7
(0.618)
28.4
(1.118)
38.2
(1.504)
45.0
(1.772)
69.9
(2.752)
138.4
(5.449)
157.4
(6.197)
172.6
(6.795)
147.5
(5.807)
111.4
(4.386)
51.1
(2.012)
12.6
(0.496)
988.2
(38.906)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)3.66.98.612.712.618.021.321.516.512.46.53.4144.0
Source: Weather China

Ethnic groups[edit]

Bulang[edit]

According to the Baoshan Ethnic Gazetteer (2006:337), ethnic Bulang are distributed in the following villages within Baoshan City.

De'ang[edit]

The Yaojing 尧净, a subgroup of the De'ang, are located in Baizhai 白寨, Laxian 拉线, and Dagoubian 大沟边 of Mangyan Village 芒颜村 and Shiti Village 石梯村 in Lujiang Township 潞江乡, Longyang District 隆阳区 (Baoshan Ethnic Gazetteer 2006:490-491).

Transport[edit]

Baoshan lies on the main road from Ruili on the Burmese border to Kunming. The Baoshan−Kunming section is completed highway, but the Ruili−Baoshan section remains incomplete.

Baoshan Airport (IATA Code: BSD) has daily flights to and from Kunming.

A railway line connecting the city via Dali to Kunming and the rest of China is under construction (2012).

See also[edit]

External links[edit]