Ballon d'Or (1956–2009)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

 
  (Redirected from Ballon d'Or)
Jump to: navigation, search
Michel Platini, who won three Ballons d'Or in succession

The Ballon d'Or (French pronunciation: ​[balɔ̃ dɔʁ], "Golden Ball") and often referred to as the European Footballer of the Year award, was an annual association football award. It was presented to the player who had been voted to have performed the best over the previous season. The award was conceived by France Football's chief magazine writer Gabriel Hanot, who asked his colleagues to vote for the player of the year in Europe in 1956. The inaugural winner was Stanley Matthews of Blackpool.[1]

Originally, journalists could only vote for European players at European clubs, meaning that players like Diego Maradona (who played in European football clubs but is not European) and Pelé (who neither played for a European club nor is European) were ineligible for the award.[2] A change in the rules in 1995 allowed non-European players to be eligible for the award if they played for a European club. The first non-European to win after the rule change was Milan's George Weah in the same year.[3] In 2007, any player in the world became eligible, and the number of journalists allowed to vote also increased; 96 journalists from around the world chose their top five players, as opposed to the 52 Europe-based journalists in 2006.[4]

Three players have won the award three times each: Johan Cruyff, Michel Platini and Marco van Basten. Platini is the only player to have won the award three times in a row, when he won the award from 1983 to 1985.[1] Ronaldo became the first Brazilian to win the award in 1997, after non-Europeans were made eligible.[3] With seven awards each, Dutch and German players won the Ballon d'Or the most. Italian clubs Juventus and Milan had the most winners respectively; six players have won eight awards while playing for each team.[5] The final recipient of the Ballon d'Or was Lionel Messi, the third Argentine to win the award, but the first as an Argentine citizen.[6]

The Ballon d'Or and the men's FIFA World Player of the Year award were merged in 2010 and the world's best male player has since been awarded the FIFA Ballon d'Or each year.[7] UEFA created the UEFA Best Player in Europe Award in 2011, so it could keep the prestige of the old Ballon d'Or after it was merged to create the FIFA Ballon d'Or.[8]

Winners[edit]

Year1stClubPoints2ndClubPoints3rdClubPoints
1956 Matthews, StanleyStanley Matthews (ENG)England Blackpool47 Di Stéfano, AlfredoAlfredo Di Stéfano (ARG)Spain Real Madrid44 Kopa, RaymondRaymond Kopa (FRA)Spain Real Madrid33
1957 Di Stéfano, AlfredoAlfredo Di Stéfano (ARG)[note 1][9]Spain Real Madrid72 Wright, BillyBilly Wright (ENG)England Wolverhampton Wanderers19 Edwards, DuncanDuncan Edwards (ENG)
 Kopa, RaymondRaymond Kopa (FRA)
England Manchester United
Spain Real Madrid
16
1958 Kopa, RaymondRaymond Kopa (FRA)Spain Real Madrid71 Rahn, HelmutHelmut Rahn (FRG)West Germany Rot-Weiss Essen40 Fontaine, JustJust Fontaine (FRA)France Stade de Reims23
1959 Di Stéfano, AlfredoAlfredo Di Stéfano (ESP)Spain Real Madrid80 Kopa, RaymondRaymond Kopa (FRA)Spain Real Madrid42 Charles, JohnJohn Charles (WAL)Italy Juventus24
1960 Suárez, LuisLuis Suárez (ESP)Spain Barcelona54 Puskás, FerencFerenc Puskás (HUN)Spain Real Madrid37 Seeler, UweUwe Seeler (FRG)West Germany Hamburg33
1961 Sívori, OmarOmar Sívori (ITA)[note 2][10]Italy Juventus46 Suárez, LuisLuis Suárez (ESP)Italy Internazionale40 Haynes, JohnnyJohnny Haynes (ENG)England Fulham22
1962 Masopust, JosefJosef Masopust (TCH)Czechoslovakia Dukla Prague65 Eusébio (POR)Portugal Benfica53 Schnellinger, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Schnellinger (FRG)West Germany Köln33
1963 Yashin, LevLev Yashin (URS)Soviet Union Dynamo Moscow73 Rivera, GianniGianni Rivera (ITA)Italy Milan53 Greaves, JimmyJimmy Greaves (ENG)England Tottenham Hotspur33
1964 Law, DenisDenis Law (SCO)England Manchester United61 Suárez, LuisLuis Suárez (ESP)Italy Internazionale43 Amancio (ESP)Spain Real Madrid38
1965 Eusébio (POR)Portugal Benfica67 Facchetti, GiacintoGiacinto Facchetti (ITA)Italy Internazionale59 Suárez, LuisLuis Suárez (ESP)Italy Internazionale45
1966 Charlton, BobbyBobby Charlton (ENG)England Manchester United81 Eusébio (POR)Portugal Benfica80 Beckenbauer, FranzFranz Beckenbauer (FRG)West Germany Bayern Munich59
1967 Albert, FlóriánFlórián Albert (HUN)Hungary Ferencvárosi TC68 Charlton, BobbyBobby Charlton (ENG)England Manchester United40 Johnstone, JimmyJimmy Johnstone (SCO)Scotland Celtic39
1968 Best, GeorgeGeorge Best (NIR)England Manchester United61 Charlton, BobbyBobby Charlton (ENG)England Manchester United53 Džajić, DraganDragan Džajić (YUG)Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade46
1969 Rivera, GianniGianni Rivera (ITA)Italy Milan83 Riva, LuigiLuigi Riva (ITA)Italy Cagliari79 Müller, GerdGerd Müller (FRG)West Germany Bayern Munich38
1970 Müller, GerdGerd Müller (FRG)West Germany Bayern Munich77 Moore, BobbyBobby Moore (ENG)England West Ham United70 Riva, LuigiLuigi Riva (ITA)Italy Cagliari65
1971 Cruyff, JohanJohan Cruyff (NED)Netherlands Ajax116 Mazzola, SandroSandro Mazzola (ITA)Italy Internazionale57 Best, GeorgeGeorge Best (NIR)England Manchester United56
1972 Beckenbauer, FranzFranz Beckenbauer (FRG)West Germany Bayern Munich81 Müller, GerdGerd Müller (FRG)
 Netzer, GünterGünter Netzer (FRG)
West Germany Bayern Munich
West Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach
79&
&
&
1973 Cruyff, JohanJohan Cruyff (NED)[note 3][11]Spain Barcelona96 Zoff, DinoDino Zoff (ITA)Italy Juventus47 Müller, GerdGerd Müller (FRG)West Germany Bayern Munich44
1974 Cruyff, JohanJohan Cruyff (NED)Spain Barcelona116 Beckenbauer, FranzFranz Beckenbauer (FRG)West Germany Bayern Munich105 Deyna, KazimierzKazimierz Deyna (POL)Poland Legia Warsaw35
1975 Blokhin, OlegOleg Blokhin (URS)Soviet Union Dynamo Kyiv122 Beckenbauer, FranzFranz Beckenbauer (FRG)West Germany Bayern Munich42 Cruyff, JohanJohan Cruyff (NED)Spain Barcelona27
1976 Beckenbauer, FranzFranz Beckenbauer (FRG)West Germany Bayern Munich91 Rensenbrink, RobRob Rensenbrink (NED)Belgium Anderlecht75 Viktor, IvoIvo Viktor (TCH)Czechoslovakia Dukla Prague52
1977 Simonsen, AllanAllan Simonsen (DEN)West Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach74 Keegan, KevinKevin Keegan (ENG)[note 4]West Germany Hamburg71 Platini, MichelMichel Platini (FRA)France Nancy70
1978 Keegan, KevinKevin Keegan (ENG)West Germany Hamburg87 Krankl, HansHans Krankl (AUT)Spain Barcelona81 Rensenbrink, RobRob Rensenbrink (NED)Belgium Anderlecht50
1979 Keegan, KevinKevin Keegan (ENG)West Germany Hamburg118 Rummenigge, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Rummenigge (FRG)West Germany Bayern Munich52 Krol, RuudRuud Krol (NED)Netherlands Ajax41
1980 Rummenigge, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Rummenigge (FRG)West Germany Bayern Munich122 Schuster, BerndBernd Schuster (FRG)Spain Barcelona34 Platini, MichelMichel Platini (FRA)France Saint-Étienne33
1981 Rummenigge, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Rummenigge (FRG)West Germany Bayern Munich106 Breitner, PaulPaul Breitner (FRG)West Germany Bayern Munich64 Schuster, BerndBernd Schuster (FRG)Spain Barcelona39
1982 Rossi, PaoloPaolo Rossi (ITA)Italy Juventus115 Giresse, AlainAlain Giresse (FRA)France Bordeaux64 Boniek, ZbigniewZbigniew Boniek (POL)Italy Juventus53
1983 Platini, MichelMichel Platini (FRA)Italy Juventus110 Dalglish, KennyKenny Dalglish (SCO)England Liverpool26 Simonsen, AllanAllan Simonsen (DEN)Denmark Vejle25
1984 Platini, MichelMichel Platini (FRA)Italy Juventus110 Tigana, JeanJean Tigana (FRA)France Bordeaux57 Elkjær, PrebenPreben Elkjær (DEN)Italy Verona48
1985 Platini, MichelMichel Platini (FRA)Italy Juventus127 Elkjær, PrebenPreben Elkjær (DEN)Italy Verona71 Schuster, BerndBernd Schuster (FRG)Spain Barcelona46
1986 Belanov, IgorIgor Belanov (URS)Soviet Union Dynamo Kyiv84 Lineker, GaryGary Lineker (ENG)[note 5]Spain Barcelona62 Butragueño, EmilioEmilio Butragueño (ESP)Spain Real Madrid59
1987 Gullit, RuudRuud Gullit (NED)[note 6][12]Italy Milan106 Futre, PauloPaulo Futre (POR)[note 7]Spain Atlético Madrid91 Butragueño, EmilioEmilio Butragueño (ESP)Spain Real Madrid61
1988 Basten, Marco vanMarco van Basten (NED)Italy Milan129 Gullit, RuudRuud Gullit (NED)Italy Milan88 Rijkaard, FrankFrank Rijkaard (NED)[note 8]Italy Milan45
1989 Basten, Marco vanMarco van Basten (NED)Italy Milan129 Baresi, FrancoFranco Baresi (ITA)Italy Milan80 Rijkaard, FrankFrank Rijkaard (NED)Italy Milan43
1990 Matthäus, LotharLothar Matthäus (GER)Italy Internazionale137 Schillaci, SalvatoreSalvatore Schillaci (ITA)Italy Juventus84 Brehme, AndreasAndreas Brehme (GER)Italy Internazionale68
1991 Papin, Jean-PierreJean-Pierre Papin (FRA)France Marseille141 Savićević, DejanDejan Savićević (YUG)
 Pančev, DarkoDarko Pančev (YUG)
 Matthäus, LotharLothar Matthäus (GER)
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade
Italy Internazionale
42&
&
&
1992 Basten, Marco vanMarco van Basten (NED)Italy Milan98 Stoichkov, HristoHristo Stoichkov (BUL)Spain Barcelona80 Bergkamp, DennisDennis Bergkamp (NED)Netherlands Ajax53
1993 Baggio, RobertoRoberto Baggio (ITA)Italy Juventus142 Bergkamp, DennisDennis Bergkamp (NED)Italy Internazionale83 Cantona, EricEric Cantona (FRA)England Manchester United34
1994 Stoichkov, HristoHristo Stoichkov (BUL)Spain Barcelona210 Baggio, RobertoRoberto Baggio (ITA)Italy Juventus136 Maldini, PaoloPaolo Maldini (ITA)Italy Milan109
1995 Weah, GeorgeGeorge Weah (LBR)[note 9][13]Italy Milan144 Klinsmann, JürgenJürgen Klinsmann (GER)Germany Bayern Munich108 Litmanen, JariJari Litmanen (FIN)Netherlands Ajax67
1996 Sammer, MatthiasMatthias Sammer (GER)Germany Borussia Dortmund144 Ronaldo (BRA)[note 10]Spain Barcelona143 Shearer, AlanAlan Shearer (ENG)England Newcastle United107
1997 Ronaldo (BRA)[note 11][14]Italy Internazionale222 Mijatović, PredragPredrag Mijatović (SCG)Spain Real Madrid68 Zidane, ZinedineZinedine Zidane (FRA)Italy Juventus63
1998 Zidane, ZinedineZinedine Zidane (FRA)Italy Juventus244 Šuker, DavorDavor Šuker (CRO)Spain Real Madrid68 Ronaldo (BRA)Italy Internazionale66
1999 Rivaldo (BRA)Spain Barcelona219 Beckham, DavidDavid Beckham (ENG)England Manchester United154 Shevchenko, AndriyAndriy Shevchenko (UKR)Italy Milan64
2000 Figo, LuísLuís Figo (POR)[note 12][15]Spain Real Madrid197 Zidane, ZinedineZinedine Zidane (FRA)Italy Juventus181 Shevchenko, AndriyAndriy Shevchenko (UKR)Italy Milan85
2001 Owen, MichaelMichael Owen (ENG)England Liverpool176 Raúl (ESP)Spain Real Madrid140 Kahn, OliverOliver Kahn (GER)Germany Bayern Munich114
2002 Ronaldo (BRA)[note 13][16]Spain Real Madrid169 Carlos, RobertoRoberto Carlos (BRA)Spain Real Madrid145 Kahn, OliverOliver Kahn (GER)Germany Bayern Munich110
2003 Nedvěd, PavelPavel Nedvěd (CZE)Italy Juventus190 Henry, ThierryThierry Henry (FRA)England Arsenal128 Maldini, PaoloPaolo Maldini (ITA)Italy Milan123
2004 Shevchenko, AndriyAndriy Shevchenko (UKR)Italy Milan175 Deco (POR)[note 14]Spain Barcelona139 Ronaldinho (BRA)Spain Barcelona133
2005 Ronaldinho (BRA)Spain Barcelona225 Lampard, FrankFrank Lampard (ENG)England Chelsea148 Gerrard, StevenSteven Gerrard (ENG)England Liverpool142
2006 Cannavaro, FabioFabio Cannavaro (ITA)[note 15][17]Italy Juventus173 Buffon, GianluigiGianluigi Buffon (ITA)Italy Juventus124 Henry, ThierryThierry Henry (FRA)England Arsenal121
2007 Kaká (BRA)Italy Milan444 Ronaldo, CristianoCristiano Ronaldo (POR)England Manchester United277 Messi, LionelLionel Messi (ARG)Spain Barcelona255
2008 Ronaldo, CristianoCristiano Ronaldo (POR)England Manchester United446 Messi, LionelLionel Messi (ARG)Spain Barcelona281 Torres, FernandoFernando Torres (ESP)England Liverpool179
2009 Messi, LionelLionel Messi (ARG)Spain Barcelona473 Ronaldo, CristianoCristiano Ronaldo (POR)[note 16][18]Spain Real Madrid233 Xavi (ESP)Spain Barcelona170
2010 onwardsMerged with the FIFA World Player of the Year awards to create the FIFA Ballon d'Or

Multiple winners[edit]

Johan Cruyff (1971)
PlayerTotalYears
Netherlands Cruyff, JohanJohan Cruyff31971, 1973, 1974
France Platini, MichelMichel Platini31983, 1984, 1985
Netherlands Basten, Marco vanMarco van Basten31988, 1989, 1992
Argentina Spain Di Stéfano, AlfredoAlfredo Di Stéfano21957, 1959
Germany Beckenbauer, FranzFranz Beckenbauer21972, 1976
England Keegan, KevinKevin Keegan21978, 1979
Germany Rummenigge, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Rummenigge21980, 1981
Brazil Ronaldo21997, 2002

By country[edit]

CountryPlayersTotal
 Germany57
 Netherlands37
 France46
 Italy55
 Brazil45
 England45
 Portugal33
 Soviet Union33
 Spain23
 Argentina22
 Czech Republic22
 Bulgaria11
 Denmark11
 Hungary11
 Liberia11
 Northern Ireland11
 Scotland11
 Ukraine11

By club[edit]

ClubPlayersTotal
Italy Juventus79
Italy Milan68
Spain Barcelona67
Spain Real Madrid45
Germany Bayern Munich35
England Manchester United44
Ukraine Dynamo Kyiv22
Italy Internazionale22
Germany Hamburg12
England Blackpool11
Czech Republic Dukla Prague11
Russia Dynamo Moscow11
Portugal Benfica11
Hungary Ferencváros11
Netherlands Ajax11
Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach11
France Marseille11
Germany Borussia Dortmund11
England Liverpool11

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Despite being born in Argentina, Alfredo Di Stéfano acquired Spanish citizenship in 1956, and went on to play for the Spanish national football team.
  2. ^ Despite being born in Argentina, Omar Sívori acquired Italian citizenship in 1961, and went on to play for the Italian national football team.
  3. ^ Johan Cruyff was signed by Barcelona from Ajax mid-way through 1973.
  4. ^ Kevin Keegan was signed by Hamburg from Liverpool mid-way through 1977.
  5. ^ Gary Lineker was signed by Barcelona from Everton mid-way through 1986.
  6. ^ Ruud Gullit was signed by Milan from PSV Eindhoven mid-way through 1987.
  7. ^ Paulo Futre was signed by Atlético Madrid from Porto mid-way through 1987.
  8. ^ Frank Rijkaard was signed by Milan from Real Zaragoza mid-way through 1988.
  9. ^ George Weah was signed by Milan from Paris Saint-Germain mid-way through 1995.
  10. ^ Ronaldo was signed by Barcelona from PSV Eindhoven mid-way through 1996.
  11. ^ Ronaldo was signed by Internazionale from Barcelona mid-way through 1997.
  12. ^ Luís Figo was signed by Real Madrid from Barcelona mid-way through 2000.
  13. ^ Ronaldo was signed by Real Madrid from Internazionale mid-way through 2002.
  14. ^ Deco was signed by Barcelona from Porto mid-way through 2004.
  15. ^ Fabio Cannavaro was signed by Real Madrid from Juventus mid-way through 2006.
  16. ^ Cristiano Ronaldo was signed by Real Madrid from Manchester United mid-way through 2009.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ronaldo joins legendary list". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 1 December 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2008. 
  2. ^ "Matthews wins first Golden Ball". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 1 December 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2008. 
  3. ^ a b "The 1990s Ballon d'Or winners". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 1 December 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2008. 
  4. ^ "Kaka wins 2007 award". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 1 December 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2008. 
  5. ^ "Rankings by Wins". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 9 October 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2008. 
  6. ^ "Messi obtiene el Balón de oro 2009". El Economista (in Spanish). 1 December 2009. Retrieved 1 December 2009. 
  7. ^ "The FIFA Ballon d'Or is born". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 5 July 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2012. 
  8. ^ "How the award came about". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 9 August 2011. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  9. ^ Bellwood, Tom (4 December 2009). "The best footballers to have never played in the World Cup". Daily Mail. Retrieved 16 June 2011. 
  10. ^ "Juve legend Sívori dies". uefa.com. Union of European Football Associations. 18 February 2005. Retrieved 16 February 2011. 
  11. ^ "Johan Cruyff". Laureus. Retrieved 6 December 2008. [dead link]
  12. ^ "Sexy football to sexy golf, Gullit shows his class". The Scotsman (Johnston Press Digital Publishing). 4 October 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2008. 
  13. ^ Harris, Nick (7 December 2004). "George Weah: favourite to win biggest battle – leading his country off the field". The Independent (Associated Press). Retrieved 6 December 2008. 
  14. ^ "Fast facts on Ronaldo". Sports Illustrated. Reuters. 31 August 2002. Retrieved 6 December 2008. 
  15. ^ Nash, Elizabeth (25 July 2000). "Figo defects to Real Madrid for record £37.2m". The Independent (Associated Press). Retrieved 6 December 2008. [dead link]
  16. ^ "Real ropes Ronaldo". Sports Illustrated. Associated Press. 31 August 2002. Retrieved 6 December 2008. 
  17. ^ "Real sign Cannavaro and Emerson". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 19 July 2006. Retrieved 6 December 2008. 
  18. ^ "Man Utd accept £80m Ronaldo bid". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 11 June 2009. Retrieved 11 June 2009. 

External links[edit]