Ball Ground, Georgia

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Ball Ground, Georgia
City
Motto: "Where we roll out the red carpet, not the red tape"[1]
Location in Cherokee County and the state of Georgia
Location in Cherokee County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 34°20′14″N 84°22′42″W / 34.33722°N 84.37833°W / 34.33722; -84.37833Coordinates: 34°20′14″N 84°22′42″W / 34.33722°N 84.37833°W / 34.33722; -84.37833
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountyCherokee
Area
 • Total1.2 sq mi (3.2 km2)
 • Land1.2 sq mi (3.2 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation1,102 ft (336 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total1,433
 • Density608.3/sq mi (228.1/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code30107
Area code(s)770
FIPS code13-05036[2]
GNIS feature ID0354443[3]
Websitecityofballground.com
 
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Ball Ground, Georgia
City
Motto: "Where we roll out the red carpet, not the red tape"[1]
Location in Cherokee County and the state of Georgia
Location in Cherokee County and the state of Georgia
Coordinates: 34°20′14″N 84°22′42″W / 34.33722°N 84.37833°W / 34.33722; -84.37833Coordinates: 34°20′14″N 84°22′42″W / 34.33722°N 84.37833°W / 34.33722; -84.37833
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountyCherokee
Area
 • Total1.2 sq mi (3.2 km2)
 • Land1.2 sq mi (3.2 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation1,102 ft (336 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total1,433
 • Density608.3/sq mi (228.1/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code30107
Area code(s)770
FIPS code13-05036[2]
GNIS feature ID0354443[3]
Websitecityofballground.com

Ball Ground is a city in Cherokee County, Georgia, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 1,433.[4] Ball Ground is at the northernmost end of Georgia Interstate 575, north of Canton at exit 20 on I-575, and ending seven miles (11 km) north at exit 27.

History[edit]

Some records indicate Ball Ground was originally named Battle Ground on early maps. The town is located near fields that the Cherokee Indians used to play stick ball, a rough game similar to modern lacrosse. Local legend, as well as a Georgia Government website [1], indicate that Ball Ground derives its name from the game played by the Cherokee Indians native to Cherokee County. The large fields and abundance of freshwater streams made Ball Ground an alluring place for the large gatherings of Native Americans because the ball game required large, flat fields, and there were plenty of natural resources to support large groups of people. When settlers entered the area, the streams and fields attracted farmers, who dammed up creeks to create numerous man-made ponds and lakes. Most ponds and lakes still exist today, and Ball Ground still has a predominantly agriculture-based economy.

The community was incorporated on January 1, 1882.[5]

Two and one-half miles to the east of the town, near the confluence of Long-Swamp Creek and the Etowah River, is the traditional site of the Battle of Taliwa, the most decisive battle of the war between Cherokee and Creek Indians in the 18th century. Cherokee history tells that the conflict over territory was determined by a stickball game here. Before the railroad came through in 1882, the city was almost purely agricultural, consisting of two country stores and a few dwellings. After the railroad, the town grew as a result of the marble-working industry.

Tropical Storm Lee[edit]

On September 5, 2011, due to Tropical Storm Lee, an EF1 tornado caused damage throughout[6] the city's business and residential areas. No deaths or serious injuries were reported. Striking much of Cherokee County, including Woodstock, Holly Springs and Canton, the storms struck a 24-mile path. Electricity was restored after 2 days and residents continued clean-up for numerous days.

Geography[edit]

Ball Ground is located just north of Canton, Georgia and south of Nelson, Georgia.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2), all of it land. The city's elevation averages around 1,100 feet (340 m) above sea level, ranging from just over 1,000 feet (300 m) in the valleys to around 1,200 feet (370 m) on several hilltops within the city.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census of 2010,[2] there were 1433 people, 601 households, and 532 families residing in the city. The population density was 589.1 people per square mile (227.3/km²). There were 601 housing units at an average density of 92.8 persons/km² (240.5 persons/sq mi). The racial makeup of the city was 97.4% White, 0.7% African American, and 0.3% Asian. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 601 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.3% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.0% were non-families. 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 2.69.

In the city the population is spread out with 27.3% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 108.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,875, and the median income for a family was $51,429. Males had a median income of $39,125 versus $27,361 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,147. About 6.7% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.

Average house value in Ball Ground area is $157,923.22. Average yearly wages paid by businesses in Ball Ground area is $31,227.00. Average number of people employed by businesses in Ball Ground area is 10.1.[7]

Economy[edit]

In the 21st century, Ball Ground is growing as businesses and homeowners are pushing into the North Georgia mountains along the I-575 corridor. It boasts a number of new subdivisions and light industry.[citation needed]

Transportation[edit]

The Cherokee County Airport is located between Ball Ground and Canton.

Interstate 575 goes through Cobb and Cherokee Counties and ends in Ball Ground.

References[edit]

External links[edit]