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A balaur is a creature in Romanian folklore, similar to a European dragon.[1] A balaur is quite large, has fins, feet, and is polycephalous (it usually has three, sometimes seven, or even twelve serpent heads).[2] As a traditional character which is found in most Romanian fairy tales, it represents Evil and must be defeated by Făt-Frumos in order to release the princess (see also Zmey). It is also believed, in Wallachia that the saliva of a balaur can form precious stones.[3]

The term Balaur (Macedo-Romanian bul'ar) is of unknown etymology. It has been linked with Albanian boljë ("snake") buljar ("water snake"), all terms possibly stemming from the same Thracian root, *bell- or *ber- "beast, monster", the traces of which can also be found in the name of the Greek mythological hero Bellerophon ("the beast killer"). The Transylvanian Saxon balaur "dragon", and balaura, an insult term in Serbia, are borrowed from Romanian.[4][5] The Serbo-Croatian blavor/blaor/blavur ("European legless lizard") is cognate with balaur, and it is regarded as one of few pre-Slavic Balkan relict words in Serbo-Croatian.[5]

Popular culture[edit]


  1. ^ Alwyn David Rees; Brinley Rees (1961). Celtic Heritage: Ancient Tradition in Ireland and Wales. Thames & Hudson. p. 365. 
  2. ^ Alfred Owen Aldridge (1969). Comparative literature: matter and method. University of Illinois Press. p. 124. 
  3. ^ Cora Linn Morrison Daniels; Charles McClellan Stevens (1903). Encyclopaedia of Superstitions, Folklore, and the Occult Sciences of the World: A Comprehensive Library of Human Belief and Practice in the Mysteries of Life. J. H. Yewdale & sons Company. p. 1419. 
  4. ^ Balaur, in Alexandru Ciorănescu, Dicționarul etimologic român, Universidad de la Laguna, Tenerife, 1958-1966.
  5. ^ a b Skok, Petar (1988) [1971]. Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian) 1. Zagreb: Jugoslavenska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti. p. 170. ISBN 86-407-0064-8 
  6. ^ "Balaur Dreadnought" at

Dragon in the European culture and mythology[edit]

Stories of dragons are mentioned already in ancient times of Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt over the Greeks and later the Romans. Some make the connection between the dragon and prehistoric animals (dinosaurs) whose bones were unearthed with a high probability in the ancient world. Later these mythological figures have been used in political and religious purposes by priests of antiquity.

The etymology of the name[edit]

If you are looking for in Greek etymology of the word (drakon 'who sets up his eyes ") would define an imaginary being, a combination of snake, crocodile and lion, a creature with one or more heads that spit fire.

Physical features[edit]

Dragons are different kinds.Some are monstrous, have from 2 to 9 heads each with a tongue of fire, with long and strong claws and a tail as their monstrosity and sometimes even wings.Some of them had a whole different look.Afterall their body is similar to that of the snake.Their body is covered with red,green and yellow scales.After other stories dragons were half human, half snake with fish scales.In Apuseni Mountains it is believed to have a horse's head and a snake's body, and in other Romanian regions, has the head of a bull.

The appearance of the dragons[edit]

As Elena said Niculita-Voronca Romanian people believe that the dragon is made from snake, provided for 7–12 years it has not been seen by anyone and hasn't bitten anyone.Then he is endowed with legs and wings.When out of the forest, the trees give way and the dragon rises in the sky.It has the ability to swallow a child and has fish scales the size of a palm.

The legend of Saint George and the dragon[edit]

In many Christian icons of St. George he is often depicted riding, thrusting his spear into a dragon, sometimes a young woman making her appearance who follows the long-distance war.In the usual interpretation it is said that the dragon is the representant of botg Satan and the Roman Empire, the woman in the background is none other than Alexandra, wife of emperor of Diocletian.It is said that this legend would have been brought on by the European realms cruciati.The earliest representation of this scene is an icon in Cappadocia, from the beginning of the eleventh century and the oldest document attesting this confrontation occurs in a Georgian text century XI .