Balakovo

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Balakovo (English)
Балаково (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Moskovskaya street in Balakovo.jpg
Balakovo. Old town.
Map of Russia - Saratov Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Saratov Oblast in Russia
Balakovo is located in Saratov Oblast
Balakovo
Location of Balakovo in Saratov Oblast
Coordinates: 52°02′N 47°47′E / 52.033°N 47.783°E / 52.033; 47.783Coordinates: 52°02′N 47°47′E / 52.033°N 47.783°E / 52.033; 47.783
Coat of Arms of Balakovo (Saratov oblast).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of 2011)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSaratov Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated toBalakovo City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[citation needed]
Administrative center ofBalakovsky District,[2] Balakovo City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[citation needed]
Municipal status (as of December 2004)
Municipal districtBalakovsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlementBalakovo Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center ofBalakovsky Municipal District,[4] Balakovo Urban Settlement[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census)199,690 inhabitants[5]
Rank in 201094th
Time zoneMSK (UTC+04:00)[6]
Founded1762[7]
City status since1913[citation needed]
Postal code(s)413800[citation needed]
Dialing code(s)+7 8453[citation needed]
Official website
 
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Balakovo (English)
Балаково (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Moskovskaya street in Balakovo.jpg
Balakovo. Old town.
Map of Russia - Saratov Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Saratov Oblast in Russia
Balakovo is located in Saratov Oblast
Balakovo
Location of Balakovo in Saratov Oblast
Coordinates: 52°02′N 47°47′E / 52.033°N 47.783°E / 52.033; 47.783Coordinates: 52°02′N 47°47′E / 52.033°N 47.783°E / 52.033; 47.783
Coat of Arms of Balakovo (Saratov oblast).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of 2011)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSaratov Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated toBalakovo City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[citation needed]
Administrative center ofBalakovsky District,[2] Balakovo City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[citation needed]
Municipal status (as of December 2004)
Municipal districtBalakovsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlementBalakovo Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center ofBalakovsky Municipal District,[4] Balakovo Urban Settlement[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census)199,690 inhabitants[5]
Rank in 201094th
Time zoneMSK (UTC+04:00)[6]
Founded1762[7]
City status since1913[citation needed]
Postal code(s)413800[citation needed]
Dialing code(s)+7 8453[citation needed]
Official website

Balakovo (Russian: Балаково; IPA: [bəlɐˈkovə]) is a city in Saratov Oblast, Russia, located on the left bank of the Volga River about 131 kilometers (81 mi) northeast of Saratov. Population: 199,690 (2010 Census);[5] 200,470 (2002 Census);[8] 197,391 (1989 Census).[9]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1762[7] and granted town status in 1913.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Balakovo serves as the administrative center of Balakovsky District,[2] even though it is not a part of it.[10] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as Balakovo City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[10]—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[citation needed] As a municipal division, Balakovo City Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated within Balakovsky Municipal District as Balakovo Urban Settlement.[3]

Economy[edit]

Balakovo is the location of the Saratov Hydroelectric Station on the Volga River and the Balakovo Nuclear Power Plant. It is served by the Balakovo Airport which currently does not work.

Climate[edit]

Balakovo has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa) with long cold winters and warm, often hot summers. The warmest month is July with daily mean temperature near +23 °C (73 °F); the coldest month is February with −9 °C (16 °F). Balakovo has distinct cold and warm seasons, like cold winters and warm summers. The temperatures at night are cooler than during daytime.

Winter has prolongued freezing periods, with the coldest month most often being December. August is on average the month with most sunshine. Rainfall and other precipitation has no distinct peak month, but December is slightly the wettest.

Climate data for Balakovo
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)8
(46)
8
(46)
17
(63)
31
(88)
34
(93)
40
(104)
41
(106)
41
(106)
38
(100)
25
(77)
16
(61)
11
(52)
41
(106)
Average high °C (°F)−5.5
(22.1)
−5.2
(22.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
11.1
(52)
20.2
(68.4)
25.1
(77.2)
27
(81)
24.4
(75.9)
18
(64)
9.3
(48.7)
0
(32)
−4.8
(23.4)
10
(50)
Daily mean °C (°F)−9.2
(15.4)
−9.5
(14.9)
−4.4
(24.1)
7.1
(44.8)
16
(61)
20.8
(69.4)
22.9
(73.2)
20.6
(69.1)
14.5
(58.1)
6.3
(43.3)
−2.5
(27.5)
−8.3
(17.1)
6.3
(43.3)
Average low °C (°F)−13.3
(8.1)
−14
(7)
−8.6
(16.5)
2.4
(36.3)
10.5
(50.9)
15.4
(59.7)
17.7
(63.9)
15.9
(60.6)
10.3
(50.5)
3.3
(37.9)
−5
(23)
−12.1
(10.2)
2
(36)
Record low °C (°F)−37
(−35)
−35
(−31)
−27
(−17)
−17
(1)
−3
(27)
2
(36)
6
(43)
4
(39)
−2
(28)
−12
(10)
−23
(−9)
−33
(−27)
−37
(−35)
Precipitation mm (inches)52
(2.05)
36
(1.42)
34
(1.34)
32
(1.26)
35
(1.38)
49
(1.93)
53
(2.09)
45
(1.77)
42
(1.65)
44
(1.73)
52
(2.05)
57
(2.24)
531
(20.91)
Avg. rainy days32467665697465
Avg. snowy days16127100000281460
 % humidity85848165545856555972848669.9
Source #1: Saratov-meteo.ru[11]
Source #2: Myweather.com[12]

Sports[edit]

There is a speedway team called SK Turbina.

Cityscape[edit]

View looking from island part of Balakovo.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Balakovo is twinned with:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Charter of Saratov Oblast
  2. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 63 207», в ред. изменения №198/2012 от 1 января 2013 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 63 207, as amended by the Amendment #198/2012 of January 1, 2013. ).
  3. ^ a b c d Law #103-ZSO
  4. ^ Law #78-ZSO
  5. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 33. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  8. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 63 407», в ред. изменения №198/2012 от 1 января 2013 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 63 407, as amended by the Amendment #198/2012 of January 1, 2013. ).
  11. ^ "Saratov-meteo.ru" (in Russian). Retrieved September 8, 2007. 
  12. ^ "Myweather.com". Retrieved May 13, 2012. 

Sources[edit]