Baeza

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Baeza
Municipality
CondeRomanones.jpg
Flag of Baeza
Flag
Coat of arms of Baeza
Coat of arms
Baeza is located in Andalusia
Baeza
Baeza
Location in Andalusia
Baeza is located in Spain
Baeza
Baeza
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 37°59′N 3°28′W / 37.983°N 3.467°W / 37.983; -3.467
Country Spain
Autonomous community Andalusia
ProvinceJaén
ComarcaLa Loma
Judicial districtBaeza
Government
 • MayorLeocadio Marín Rodríguez (PSOE)
Area
 • Total194.3 km2 (75.0 sq mi)
Elevation769 m (2,523 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total16,253
 • Density84/km2 (220/sq mi)
DemonymBaezanos
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code23440
WebsiteOfficial website
 
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This article is about the town in Spain. For the settlement in Ecuador, see Baeza, Ecuador.
Baeza
Municipality
CondeRomanones.jpg
Flag of Baeza
Flag
Coat of arms of Baeza
Coat of arms
Baeza is located in Andalusia
Baeza
Baeza
Location in Andalusia
Baeza is located in Spain
Baeza
Baeza
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 37°59′N 3°28′W / 37.983°N 3.467°W / 37.983; -3.467
Country Spain
Autonomous community Andalusia
ProvinceJaén
ComarcaLa Loma
Judicial districtBaeza
Government
 • MayorLeocadio Marín Rodríguez (PSOE)
Area
 • Total194.3 km2 (75.0 sq mi)
Elevation769 m (2,523 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total16,253
 • Density84/km2 (220/sq mi)
DemonymBaezanos
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code23440
WebsiteOfficial website
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Santa María fountain and cathedral of Baeza
TypeCultural
Criteriaii, iv
Reference522
UNESCO regionEurope and North America
Inscription history
Inscription2003 (27th Session)

Baeza is a town of approximately 16,200 inhabitants in Andalusia, Spain, in the province of Jaén, perched on a cliff in the "Loma de Úbeda", a mountain range between the river Guadalquivir on the south and its tributary the Guadalimar on the north. It is chiefly known today as having many of the best-preserved examples of Italian Renaissance architecture in Spain. UNESCO added Baeza and Úbeda to the World Heritage Sites list in 2003.

History[edit]

The town has existed since Roman times, when it was called Beatia. It became the seat of a bishop between 656 and 675, when the see of Castulo was transferred to Beatia, and remained such until the 13th century, when the see was transferred to Jaén. No longer a residential bishopric, Beatia is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[1]

In the Middle Ages Baeza was a flourishing Moorish city, said to contain 50,000 inhabitants, but it fell to the forces of Ferdinand III of Castile in 1227. The Jaén and Úbeda gates, and the arch of Baeza, are among the remains of its Moorish fortifications.

In the 16th century, Baeza and nearby Úbeda grew rich from the production of textiles, and local nobles hired important architects, such as Andrés de Vandelvira, to design new palaces, churches and public squares in the fashionable Italian style. The economy collapsed in the 17th century, which had the fortunate side effect of preserving Baeza's Renaissance architectural legacy, because few newer structures were built.

Main sights[edit]

Baeza's sights include:

Gallery[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Baeza is 327 kilometres (203 miles) by highway south of Madrid. It has a RENFE rail station (Linares - Baeza) 15 kilometres (9 miles) southwest on the Linares-Almeria railway and bus transportation from Granada, Málaga and Madrid.

The nearest international airports are in Granada, 132 kilometres (82 miles) south and Málaga, 241 kilometres (150 miles) to the southwest.

Notable people[edit]

Baeza was the birthplace of the sculptor and painter Gaspar Becerra. Also, two of the most important mystics and writers of the sixteenth century resided in Baeza, Saint John of Ávila and Saint John of the Cross. The modernist poet Antonio Machado worked as a teacher in Baeza from 1912 until 1919, and it is believed that his most notable prose work, Juan de Mairena, was inspired by his experience there.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Baeza is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 847
  2. ^ (French) La Dépêche Du Midi. "Carcassonne se trouve une jumelle". Retrieved June 26, 2012. 

External links[edit]