BMW 7 Series

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BMW 7 Series
Bmw-f01-wiki-paultan.org.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerBMW
Production1977–present
Assembly

Dingolfing, Germany[1]
Santiago Chile, Buenos Aires, Argentina[2][3][4]

Chennai, India
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size luxury car
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutFR layout
Chronology
PredecessorBMW New Six
 
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This article is about the BMW automobile series. For other uses, see 7 Series.
BMW 7 Series
Bmw-f01-wiki-paultan.org.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerBMW
Production1977–present
Assembly

Dingolfing, Germany[1]
Santiago Chile, Buenos Aires, Argentina[2][3][4]

Chennai, India
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size luxury car
Body style4-door sedan
LayoutFR layout
Chronology
PredecessorBMW New Six

The BMW 7 Series is a line of full-size luxury vehicles produced by the German automaker BMW. Introduced in 1977, it is BMW's flagship car and is only available as a sedan or extended-length limousine. The 7 Series traditionally introduces technologies and exterior design themes before they trickle down to smaller sedans in BMW's lineup.[5]

E23 (1977–1986)[edit]

BMW 7-Series (E23)
Bmw e23 Park.jpg
Overview
Production1977–1986
285,029 built[6]
Powertrain
Enginesix-cylinder petrol
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,795 mm (110.0 in)[7]
Length4,860 mm (191 in)[7]
Width1,800 mm (71 in)[7]
Height1,430 mm (56 in)[7]
Curb weight1,530 kg (3,370 lb)−1,670 kg (3,680 lb)
Main article: BMW E23

The BMW E23 is the first BMW 7 Series luxury car, produced by the German automaker BMW. Replacing the BMW E3 large sedan, the E23 was produced for ten years from 1977 to 1987 and was replaced by the BMW E32 7 Series in 1986.

E32 (1986–1994)[edit]

BMW 7-Series (E32)
BMW E32 Front .jpg
Overview
ManufacturerBMW
Production1986–1994
311,068 built[6][8]
AssemblyDingolfing, Germany[9]
Powertrain
Enginesix-cylinder petrol
V8 petrol
V12 petrol
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,833 mm (111.5 in)[10]
2,947 mm (116.0 in) (long)
Length4,910 mm (193 in)
5,029 mm (198.0 in) (long)
Width1,845 mm (72.6 in)
Height1,400 mm (55 in)
1,435 mm (56.5 in) (long)
Curb weight1,720 kg (3,790 lb)
1,930 kg (4,250 lb) (long)[11]
Main article: BMW E32

In July 1986,[12] BMW introduced the second-generation 7-series, the E32. Some luxury options included integrated telephone and fax machines, a wine cooler, double glazing, traction control system, and a system that automatically increased spring pressure on the windscreen wipers, to keep them firmly pressed on the glass at Motorway speeds.

Initially the engine choices were all six-cylinder petrol, as per the previous generation. In 1987 a V12 engine was introduced. In 1992, V8 engines were added to the lineup (730i and 740i). The E32 (750i) was the first car adhering to BMW's self-imposed speed limit of 250 km/h (155.37 mph).[citation needed]

The E32 also introduced the extended wheelbase version (indicated by an 'L' from German Lang, after the model number) with extra rear leg room compared to the standard 7-series.

E38 (1994–2001)[edit]

BMW 7-Series (E38)
BMW 7er (E38) 20090314 front.jpg
Overview
ProductionFebruary 17, 1994–July 27, 2001
340,242 built [8][13]
AssemblyDingolfing, Germany
Toluca, Mexico[14]
Powertrain
EnginePetrol:
six-cylinder
V8
V12
Diesel:
six-cylinder turbo
V8 turbo
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,930 mm (115 in)−3,070 mm (121 in)
Length4,984 mm (196.2 in)−5,124 mm (201.7 in)
Width1,862 mm (73.3 in)
Height1,425 mm (56.1 in)−1,435 mm (56.5 in)
Curb weight1,710 kg (3,770 lb)−2,185 kg (4,817 lb)
Main article: BMW E38

The third-generation E38 was produced between 1994–2001. It was the first 7-series to be available with a diesel engine and the first to have the option of a five-speed automatic transmission.The E38 was the first car in the world to feature Xenon headlights.[citation needed] BMW was also the first European car manufacturer to offer an integrated satellite navigation screen which featured on the E38 7 Series.[citation needed]

BMW's flagship sedan was the E38 750i. It was featured in the 1997 film Tomorrow Never Dies as the car driven by James Bond (Pierce Brosnan).[15]

BMW's E38 735i was featured in the 2002 film The Transporter driven by Jason Statham.

E65/E66/E67/E68 (2001–2008)[edit]

BMW 7-Series E65/E66/E67/E68
2006-2008 BMW 7-Series.jpg
Overview
Production2001–2008
Assembly

Dingolfing, Germany
Santiago, Chile

Buenos Aires, Argentina[16][17]
Kaliningrad, Russia[18]
Powertrain
EnginePetrol:
3.0 L N52B30A Inline 6
4.0 L N60B40 V8
6.0 L V12
Diesel:
six-cylinder turbo
V8 turbo
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,990 mm (117.7 in) (SWB)
3,129 mm (123.2 in) (LWB)
Length5,029 mm (198.0 in) (2002-05 E65)
5,169 mm (203.5 in) (2002-05 E66)
5,039 mm (198.4 in) (2006-09 E65)
5,179 mm (203.9 in) (2006-09 E66)
Width1,902 mm (74.9 in)
Main article: BMW E65/E66/E67/E68

The fourth-generation E65 7-series was produced from 2001 to 2008. The Hydrogen 7 is the first production BMW to be powered by hydrogen. Although previous generations of the 7 Series had long-wheelbase and protection variants, the E65 was the first iteration to use specific chassis codes for each version. E65 was the designation of the standard-wheelbase version, E66 was the long-wheelbase version, E67 of the high-security (armored) version and E68 of the Hydrogen 7|.

The E65 generated much controversy, due to its radical styling and iDrive user difficulties. Nonetheless, the E65 broke records to become the best-selling 7-series iteration ever, especially after its 2005 facelift.[citation needed]

F01/F02 (2008–)[edit]

BMW 7-Series (F01/F02)
BMW 7er (F01) front 20100515.jpg
Overview
Production2008–present
AssemblyDingolfing, Germany
Toluca, Mexico[17][19][20]
Rayong, Thailand[14]
6th of October City, Egypt(BAG)[21]
Chennai, India
Powertrain
EnginePetrol:
six-cylinder turbo
V8 turbo
V12 turbo
Diesel:
six-cylinder turbo[22]
Dimensions
Wheelbase3,070 mm (120.9 in) (SWB)
3,210 mm (126.4 in) (LWB)
Length5,072 mm (199.7 in) (2009-2011 SWB)
5,212 mm (205.2 in) (2009-2011 LWB)
205.3 in (5,215 mm) (2012-Present LWB)
199.8 in (5,075 mm) (2012-Present SWB)
Width1,902 mm (74.9 in)
Height1,479 mm (58.2 in) (2009-2011)
58.3 in (1,481 mm) (2012-Present LWB)
58.5 in (1,486 mm) (2012-Present LWB)
58.4 in (1,483 mm) (ActiveHybrid LWB)
Curb weight1,955 kg (4,310.0 lb) (740i)
1,973 kg (4,349.7 lb) (740li)
2,075 kg (4,574.6 lb) (750i)
2,152 kg (4,744.3 lb) (750i X-Drive)
2,114 kg (4,660.6 lb) (750li)
2,177 kg (4,799.5 lb) (750li X-Drive)
2,274 kg (5,013.3 lb) (760li)
Main article: BMW 7 Series (F01)

The 5th generation F01/F02 went on sale in November 2008 and is currently still in production. The F01/F02 was the first 7-series available with an 8-speed automatic transmission and all-wheel drive. It is the first 7-series where all engines are turbocharged (except the Asian-market 730i and 730Li variants). The ActiveHybrid7 was the first 7-series to use an electric motor.

The front suspension is a double wishbone design, instead of the MacPherson struts used on previous generations.

Production and sales[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ monocom gmbh Dingolfing. "BMW Werk Dingolfing". Bmw-werk-dingolfing.de. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  2. ^ "Vehicle manufacturer profiles". Automotive World. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-24. 
  3. ^ "Bmw Toluca Planta De Automoviles - Carr Mexico-toluca Km 47.5, Lerma, Estado De Mexico". solunet-infomex.com. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-24. 
  4. ^ http://www.eluniversaledomex.mx/toluca/nota14203.html
  5. ^ "2011 BMW 5-series / 535i - Second Drive - Auto Reviews". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2010-10-15. 
  6. ^ a b Oswald, Werner (1. Auflage 2001). Deutsche Autos 1945–1990, Band 4. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3-613-02131-5. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Fahrbericht: BMW 728 / 730 / 733 i". Auto, Motor und Sport. Heft. 11 1977: Seite 34–42. date 25 Mai 1977. 
  8. ^ a b Kittler, Eberhard (1. Auflage 2001). Deutsche Autos seit 1990, Band 5. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3-613-02128-5. 
  9. ^ "Vehicle manufacturer profiles". Automotive World. Retrieved 2011-09-24. 
  10. ^ "BMW E32 730 @ carfolio". Carfolio.com. 2008-04-03. Retrieved 2011-09-24. 
  11. ^ "BMW E32 750 @ carfolio". Carfolio.com. 2008-04-03. Retrieved 2011-09-24. 
  12. ^ shogun. "E32 7 series series buying guide". Bimmerboard.com. Retrieved 2009-09-26. 
  13. ^ Auto Katalog, 2003 edition, p. 312. Note: Figures include early E65 production.
  14. ^ a b "Vehicle manufacturer profiles". Automotive World. Retrieved 2011-08-29. 
  15. ^ "James Bond multimedia | BMW 750iL". Jamesbondmm.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-02-12. 
  16. ^ "BMW car factory in Mexico. | Russell Gordon Photography SERBIA". Russellgordon.photoshelter.com. 2002-02-20. Retrieved 2010-08-21. 
  17. ^ a b "Vehicle manufacturer profiles". Automotive World. Retrieved 2010-11-16. 
  18. ^ "Группа компаний Автотор :: Автомобили BMW". Avtotor.ru. Retrieved 2010-11-04.  (Russian)
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  21. ^ "Bavarian Auto Group". Bag-eg.com. 2010-04-09. Archived from the original on 22 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  22. ^ Paul Tan (June 25, 2009). "F01/F02 BMW 7-Series gets updated with new 740d, xDrive and M-Sport kit!". Paul Tan's Automotive News. Retrieved June 25, 2009. 
  23. ^ "BMW Ends Best Year Ever By Shattering 100,000-Vehicle Luxury Automotive Sales Barrier in the U.S.". Thefreelibrary.com. 1997-01-07. Retrieved 2011-08-24. 
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  25. ^ "BMW Delivers Strongest Sales Success Ever in 2000". Thefreelibrary.com. 2001-01-03. Retrieved 2011-08-24. 
  26. ^ "BMW Group Ends Best Year Ever With Record Month; December Sales Up 43 Percent; Year-to-date Sales Up 20 Percent". Thefreelibrary.com. 2003-01-03. Retrieved 2011-08-24. 
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  34. ^ "BMW Group". BMW Group. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-24. 
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  36. ^ "2010年BMW品牌销售16万辆 MINI品牌超万辆-汽车频道_中华网" (in Chinese). Auto.china.com. 2011-01-11. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-24. 
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External links[edit]