BCS National Championship Game

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BCS National Championship Game
Uf2008CoachesTrophy.jpg
AFCA National Championship Trophy, awarded to the BCS National Champion.
StadiumFour-year rotation between:
University of Phoenix Stadium
Mercedes-Benz Superdome
Sun Life Stadium
Rose Bowl
LocationFour-year rotation between:
Glendale, Arizona
New Orleans, Louisiana
Miami Gardens, Florida
Pasadena, California
Previous stadiumsSun Devil Stadium (1999, 2003)
Previous locationsTempe, Arizona (1999, 2003)
Operated1999–2014
PayoutUS$23,900,000 (2014 game[1])
Preceded byBowl Alliance (199597)
Bowl Coalition (199294)
Succeeded byCollege Football Playoff (2014)
Sponsors
Tostitos (1999, 2003, 2007, 2011), Nokia (2000, 2004), FedEx (2001, 2005, 2009), AT&T (2002), Allstate (2008, 2012), Citi (2006, 2010), Discover (2013), Vizio (2014)
2014 matchup
No. 1 Florida State vs. No. 2 Auburn (Florida State 34–31)
 
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BCS National Championship Game
Uf2008CoachesTrophy.jpg
AFCA National Championship Trophy, awarded to the BCS National Champion.
StadiumFour-year rotation between:
University of Phoenix Stadium
Mercedes-Benz Superdome
Sun Life Stadium
Rose Bowl
LocationFour-year rotation between:
Glendale, Arizona
New Orleans, Louisiana
Miami Gardens, Florida
Pasadena, California
Previous stadiumsSun Devil Stadium (1999, 2003)
Previous locationsTempe, Arizona (1999, 2003)
Operated1999–2014
PayoutUS$23,900,000 (2014 game[1])
Preceded byBowl Alliance (199597)
Bowl Coalition (199294)
Succeeded byCollege Football Playoff (2014)
Sponsors
Tostitos (1999, 2003, 2007, 2011), Nokia (2000, 2004), FedEx (2001, 2005, 2009), AT&T (2002), Allstate (2008, 2012), Citi (2006, 2010), Discover (2013), Vizio (2014)
2014 matchup
No. 1 Florida State vs. No. 2 Auburn (Florida State 34–31)
50-yard line action for the national championship in Pasadena, California, January 7, 2010, Alabama vs. Texas

The BCS National Championship Game, or BCS National Championship, was the final bowl game of the annual Bowl Championship Series (BCS) and was intended by the organizers of the BCS to determine the U.S. national champion of the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (formerly known as NCAA Division I-A). The participants were the two highest-ranked teams in the BCS standings at the end of the regular college football season, determined by averaging the results of the final weekly USA Today Coaches' Poll, Harris Interactive Poll of media, former players and coaches, and the average of six participating computer rankings.

Since the formation of the Bowl Championship Series, there were several controversies regarding the schools selected to participate in the BCS National Championship Game. Most notably, following the 2003 season, the BCS ranking system selected the #3 ranked school in the Associated Press writers' poll, the University of Oklahoma, over the #1 ranked school in that poll, the University of Southern California, to participate in the National Championship Game (the Nokia Sugar Bowl) despite Oklahoma's decisive loss to Kansas State in the 2003 Big 12 Championship Game. 2003 was the only season during the BCS era in which the national championship was split, with Louisiana State University winning the BCS national championship and the University of Southern California winning the AP national championship and the FWAA national championship.

The BCS National Championship for the 2013 season at the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, CA was held on January 6, 2014, and televised on the ESPN television network. The Florida State Seminoles defeated the Auburn Tigers, 34–31.

A four team system, the College Football Playoff, will replace the BCS single-game championship format beginning with the 2014 season.

History[edit]

The first BCS Championship Game was played at the conclusion of the 1998 college football season in accordance with an agreement by the Big Ten Conference, the Pac-10 (now Pac-12) Conference, and the Rose Bowl Game to join the "Bowl Alliance" system. The expanded format was called the Bowl Championship Series.

The Bowl Alliance and its predecessor, the Bowl Coalition, featured championship games for the 1992 through 1997 seasons. However, these could not always ensure a matchup between the top two ranked teams because of the lack of participation by the Big Ten and Pac-10.

The BCS National Championship Game was initially rotated among the four participating bowl games: the (Rose Bowl, Orange Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, and Sugar Bowl). However, beginning with the 2006 season, the BCS National Championship Game became a separate bowl game unto itself, following New Year's Day. The BCS National Championship Game rotated its location among the Fiesta, Sugar, Orange, and Rose Bowl venues; however, the BCS National Championship Game was not coupled with those Bowls. For example, the 2011 Fiesta Bowl was a separate event from the 2011 BCS National Championship Game.

Game results[edit]

SeasonDateWinnerLoserBowl GameSiteMVP
1998January 4, 19991 Tennessee
(SEC) Champs
232 Florida State
(ACC) Co-Champs
161999 Fiesta BowlSun Devil Stadium
Tempe, Arizona
Peerless Price
Dwayne Goodrich
1999January 4, 20001 Florida State
(ACC) Champs
462 Virginia Tech
(Big East) Champs
292000 Sugar BowlLouisiana Superdome
New Orleans, Louisiana
Peter Warrick
2000January 3, 20011 Oklahoma
(Big 12) Champs
132 Florida State
(ACC) Champs
22001 Orange BowlPro Player Stadium
Miami, Florida
Torrance Marshall
2001January 3, 20021 Miami (FL)
(Big East) Champs
372 Nebraska
(Big 12) Div. Co-Champs
142002 Rose BowlRose Bowl
Pasadena, California
Ken Dorsey
Andre Johnson
2002January 3, 20032 Ohio State
(Big Ten) Co-Champs
311 Miami (FL)
(Big East) Champs
242003 Fiesta BowlSun Devil Stadium
Tempe, Arizona
Craig Krenzel
Mike Doss
2003January 4, 20042 LSU
(SEC) Champs
211 Oklahoma
(Big 12) Runner-up
142004 Sugar BowlLouisiana Superdome
New Orleans, Louisiana
Justin Vincent
2004January 4, 20051 USC (Vacated)
(Pac-10) Champs
552 Oklahoma
(Big 12) Champs
192005 Orange BowlPro Player Stadium
Miami Gardens, Florida
Matt Leinart
2005January 4, 20062 Texas
(Big 12) Champs
411 USC
(Pac-10) Champs
382006 Rose BowlRose Bowl Stadium
Pasadena, California
Vince Young (offense)
Michael Huff (defense)
2006January 8, 20072 Florida
(SEC) Champs
411 Ohio State
(Big Ten) Champs
142007 BCS National Championship GameUniversity of Phoenix Stadium
Glendale, Arizona
Chris Leak (offense)
Derrick Harvey (defense)
2007January 7, 20082 LSU
(SEC) Champs
381 Ohio State
(Big Ten) Champs
242008 BCS National Championship GameLouisiana Superdome
New Orleans, Louisiana
Matt Flynn (offense)
Ricky Jean-Francois (defense)
2008January 8, 20092 Florida
(SEC) Champs
241 Oklahoma
(Big 12) Champs
142009 BCS National Championship GameDolphin Stadium
Miami Gardens, Florida
Tim Tebow (offense)
Carlos Dunlap (defense)
2009January 7, 20101 Alabama
(SEC) Champs
372 Texas
(Big 12) Champs
212010 BCS National Championship GameRose Bowl
Pasadena, California
Mark Ingram (offense)
Marcell Dareus (defense)
2010January 10, 20111 Auburn
(SEC) Champs
222 Oregon
(Pac-10) Champs
192011 BCS National Championship GameUniversity of Phoenix Stadium
Glendale, Arizona
Michael Dyer (offense)
Nick Fairley (defense)
2011January 9, 20122 Alabama
(SEC)
211 LSU
(SEC) Champs
02012 BCS National Championship GameMercedes-Benz Superdome
New Orleans, Louisiana
AJ McCarron (offense)
Courtney Upshaw (defense)
2012January 7, 20132 Alabama
(SEC) Champs
421 Notre Dame
Independent
142013 BCS National Championship GameSun Life Stadium
Miami Gardens, Florida
Eddie Lacy (offense)
C.J. Mosley (defense)
2013January 6, 20141 Florida State
(ACC) Champs
342 Auburn
(SEC) Champs
312014 BCS National Championship GameRose Bowl
Pasadena, California
Jameis Winston (offense)
P.J. Williams (defense)

* The American Athletic Conference was known as the Big East from its first football season in 1991 until June 30, 2013. Because of a split between the non-FBS schools and FBS schools, the conference adopted its present name July 1, 2013. Miami and Virginia Tech moved to the ACC in 2004. Nebraska moved to the Big Ten in 2011.

** LSU's loss in the 2012 BCS Championship Game was to fellow SEC member Alabama.

*** Alabama's win in the 2012 BCS Championship Game was over fellow SEC member LSU.

† USC vacated their win in the 2005 Orange Bowl.

Game records[edit]

TeamPerformance vs. OpponentYear
Most points scored79, Texas vs. USC2006
Fewest points allowed0, Alabama vs. LSU2012
First downs30, Texas vs. USC2006
Rushing yards289, Texas (36 att.) vs. USC2006
Passing yards374, Oregon vs. Auburn2011
Total yards556, Texas (289 rush, 267 pass) vs. USC2006
Total plays85, Auburn vs. Oregon2011
Largest comeback18, Florida State vs. Auburn2014
IndividualPerformance, Team vs. OpponentYear
Total offense467, Vince Young, Texas (267 pass, 200 rush) vs. USC2006
Rushing yards200, Vince Young (QB), Texas (19 att.) vs. USC2006
Rushing TDs3, Vince Young (QB), Texas vs. USC2006
Passing yards363, Darron Thomas, Oregon vs. Auburn (28-41-2, 2 TD)2011
Passing TDs5, Matt Leinart, USC vs. Oklahoma2005
Receptions11, Kellen Winslow Jr., Miami vs. Ohio State (122 yards, 1 TD)2003
Receiving yards (tie)199, Peerless Price, Tennessee vs. Florida State (4 rec., 1 TD)1999
Receiving yards (tie)199, Andre Johnson, Miami vs. Nebraska (7 rec., 2 TD)2002
Receiving TDs3, Steve Smith, USC vs. Oklahoma2005
Field goals5, Jeremy Shelley, Alabama vs. LSU2012
Tackles18, James Laurinaitis, Ohio State vs. LSU2008
Sacks3, Derrick Harvey, Florida vs. Ohio State2007
Interceptions2, Sean Taylor, Miami vs. Ohio State2003
Long PlaysPerformance, Team vs. OpponentYear
Touchdown run65, Chris "Beanie" Wells, Ohio State vs. LSU2008
Touchdown pass79, Tee Martin to Peerless Price, Tennessee vs. Florida State1999
Kickoff return100, Levante "Kermit" Whitfield, Florida State vs. Auburn (TD)2014
Punt return71, DeJuan Groce, Nebraska vs. Miami (TD)2002
Interception return54, Dwayne Goodrich, Tennessee vs. Florida State (TD)1999
Punt63, A.J. Trapasso, Ohio State vs. LSU2008
Field goal46, David Pino, Texas vs. USC2006
Pass81, Darron Thomas to Jeff Maehl, Oregon vs. Auburn2011

Heisman Trophy winners in BCS title games[edit]

SeasonPlayerSchoolResultStatsNotes
2000Chris WeinkeFlorida StateL51-25-2 274, 0 TD; 4-7 rush
2001Eric CrouchNebraskaL15-5-1 62, 0 TD; 22-114 rush
2003Jason WhiteOklahomaL37-13-2, 102, 0 TD; 7-(-46) rush
2004Matt LeinhartUSCW35-18-0 332, 5 TD; 2-(-11) rush
2005Reggie BushUSCL13-82 1 TD; 6-95, 0 TD recHeisman later vacated
2006Troy SmithOhio StateL14-4-1, 35, 0 TD; 10-(-29) rush
2008Sam BradfordOklahomaL41-26-2, 256, 2 TD; 2-(-18) rush
2009Mark IngramAlabamaW22-116, 2 TD
2010Cam NewtonAuburnW34-20-1, 265, 2 TD; 22-64 rush
2013Jameis WinstonFlorida StateW35-20-0, 237, 2 TD; 11-26 rush

Criticisms and controversy[edit]

Critics of the BCS championship argued against the internal validity of the BCS National Championship, which was awarded to the winner of a single postseason game, the BCS National Championship game. Critics lamented that the participants in this game were decided based upon polls, computers, popularity, and biases, and not by previous on-field competition as was the case in other major sports and every other level of college football, which employ playoff format championships. Often, the BCS system led to controversies in which multiple teams finished seasons with equal records, and voters had to distinguish the worthiness of their participation in the BCS National Championship game with no set formal criteria or standards. The end of the 2010 season was one of the best examples of this. Without providing any objective criteria for evaluation of these teams, the BCS also forced voters to impose their own standards and tiebreakers. Critics noted that the system inherently fostered selection bias, and therefore, lacked both internal validity and consistency of data and external validity.[2]

Controversies concerning inclusion in the BCS National Championship Game were numerous. In 2001, for example, Oregon, second ranked in the AP poll, was bypassed in favor of Nebraska despite Nebraska's loss in its final regular season game to the University of Colorado in a blowout with a score of 62-36. In 2003, USC was not included in the BCS Championship Game, but beat Michigan in the Rose Bowl and ended up #1 in the Associated Press final poll. The following season, in 2004, undefeated Auburn University, Boise State University, and University of Utah teams were left out of the National Championship Game (the FedEx Orange Bowl), although those teams were undefeated as well. In 2008, the University of Utah was excluded from the BCS championship for a second time despite being the only undefeated Division I-A team at the end of the season and finished second behind 13–1 Florida. In 2009, five schools finished the regular season undefeated: Alabama, Texas, Cincinnati, Texas Christian University, and Boise State; however, the BCS selected traditional powers Alabama and Texas to participate in the BCS National Championship Game as they were the top two teams in the BCS rankings.

In 2010, three teams, Oregon, Auburn, and TCU, all finished with undefeated records. While TCU statistically led the other two teams in all three major areas,[3] having been ranked 1st in defense, 14th in offense [4] and 13th in special teams [5] the teams from the two automatic qualifying conferences, Oregon (PAC-12) and Auburn (SEC), were selected over the Horned Frogs for the 2011 National Championship game. Many voters cited TCU's membership in the non-automatic qualifying Mountain West Conference, which is perceived as having a weaker overall schedule, as one significant reason for their exclusion, despite TCU's undefeated record in 2010 and also having won all their 2009 regular season games as well, with their only loss coming in the 2010 Fiesta Bowl.[6] Adding to the controversy were comments made by the president of Ohio State University, Dr. Gordon Gee, whose statement that teams that played "the little sisters of the poor" instead of the "murderer's row" of the automatic qualifier conference teams did not deserve any National Championship game consideration. Dr. Gee issued a statement of retraction and apology after TCU defeated Wisconsin in the 2011 Rose Bowl, Wisconsin having previously defeated Ohio State convincingly during the regular season.

Many critics of the Bowl Championship Series favored a larger championship tournament with eight to sixteen teams, similar to that administered by the NCAA for its Division I Football Championship Subdivision (FCS), Division II, and Division III football championships. Others favored adopting the incremental step of adding a single post-bowl championship game between the winners of two BCS games among the top four ranked teams in the BCS standings, the so-called "plus one" option. The SEC and ACC conferences pushed for some form of playoff system. On June 24, 2009, the BCS presidential oversight committee rejected the Mountain West Conference's proposed eight-team playoff plan.[7]

In 2009, the NCAA ruled that former USC running back Reggie Bush was retroactively ineligible for the 2004 BCS National Championship Game, the 2005 Orange Bowl vs. Oklahoma, for receiving various illegal benefits. In May 2011, the NCAA rejected all appeals of USC's penalties, which included Bush's ineligibility and a two-year bowl ban. On June 6, 2011, the University of Southern California became the first school to lose a Bowl Championship Series National Championship due to NCAA sanctions, as the BCS President's Oversight Committee stripped USC of the 2004 title. As a result, there is no 2004 champion.

In addition, the BCS also nullified USC's participation in the 2006 Rose Bowl. (See attributions 1 and 2.)

Future[edit]

During 2012, the BCS actively considered changes to the format that would begin with the 2014 football season that would extend the season by one game by either establishing a four-school semifinal round that would determine the participants in the National Championship Game or by selecting the participants in the National Championship Game after the season's bowl games have been completed.[8] On June 26, 2012, the BCS Presidential Oversight Committee approved a four-school playoff format, in which the participants will be determined by a selection committee. The semifinals will be played in existing bowl games on New Year's Eve and New Year's Day. The final will be played approximately six to ten days later at a neutral site, selected through a competitive bidding process. [9] The new format, known as the College Football Playoff will be in effect from the 2014-15 college football season through the 2025-26 season.

It was announced on January 8, 2013, that the first College Football Playoff semifinals games will be held on January 1, 2015 in Pasadena, CA (Rose Bowl), and New Orleans, LA (Sugar Bowl). The following semifinals host rotation order was announced: Year 1 - Rose and Sugar; Year 2 - Orange and Cotton; Year 3 - Fiesta and Chick-fil-A. The first College Football Playoff Championship Game will be on Monday night, January 12, 2015.[10]

Media coverage[edit]

Television[edit]

From 1999 through 2006, ABC broadcast eight BCS National Championship Games pursuant to broadcasting rights negotiated with the BCS and the Rose Bowl, whose rights were offered separately. Beginning with the 2006–07 season, FOX obtained the BCS package, consisting of the Orange Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, Sugar Bowl, and the BCS National Championship Games hosted by these bowls, with ABC retaining the rights to the Rose Bowl and BCS National Championship Games hosted by the Rose Bowl (such as the 2010 edition)

On November 18, 2008, the BCS announced that ESPN had won the television rights to the BCS National Championship Game (as well as the other four BCS bowls) for 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014.[11]

YearNetwork(s)BowlPlay-by-play announcerColor analyst(s)Sideline reporter(s)Studio host(s)Studio analyst(s)TV Rating[12]
1999ABCFiesta BowlKeith JacksonBob GrieseLynn SwannJohn SaundersTodd Blackledge17.2
2000ABCSugar BowlBrent MusburgerGary DanielsonLynn Swann and Jack AruteJohn SaundersTerry Bowden17.5
2001ABCOrange BowlBrad NesslerBob GrieseLynn Swann and Jack AruteJohn SaundersTerry Bowden17.8
2002ABCRose BowlKeith JacksonTim BrantLynn Swann and Todd HarrisJohn SaundersTerry Bowden13.9
2003ABCFiesta BowlKeith JacksonDan FoutsLynn Swann and Todd HarrisJohn SaundersTerry Bowden17.2
2004ABCSugar BowlBrent MusburgerGary DanielsonLynn Swann and Jack AruteJohn SaundersTerry Bowden and Craig James14.5
2005ABCOrange BowlBrad NesslerBob GrieseLynn Swann and Todd HarrisJohn SaundersCraig James and Aaron Taylor13.7
2006ABCRose BowlKeith JacksonDan FoutsTodd Harris and Holly RoweJohn SaundersCraig James and Aaron Taylor21.7
2007FOX2007 BCS National Championship GameThom BrennamanBarry Alvarez and Charles DavisChris MyersChris RoseEddie George, Emmitt Smith and Jimmy Johnson17.4
2008FOX2008 BCS National Championship GameThom BrennamanCharles DavisChris MyersChris RoseEddie George, Urban Meyer and Jimmy Johnson17.4
2009FOX2009 BCS National Championship GameThom BrennamanCharles DavisChris MyersChris RoseEddie George, Barry Switzer and Jimmy Johnson15.8
2010ABC2010 BCS National Championship GameBrent MusburgerKirk HerbstreitLisa Salters and Tom RinaldiChris Fowler and Rece DavisLee Corso, Desmond Howard, Pete Carroll, Lou Holtz and Mark May17.2
2011ESPN
ESPN 3D
2011 BCS National Championship GameBrent MusburgerKirk HerbstreitErin Andrews and Tom RinaldiChris FowlerDesmond Howard, Urban Meyer and Nick Saban16.1
2012ESPN2012 BCS National Championship GameBrent MusburgerKirk HerbstreitErin Andrews and Tom RinaldiChris FowlerLee Corso, Gene Chizik and Chip Kelly14.0
2013ESPN2013 BCS National Championship GameBrent MusburgerKirk HerbstreitHeather Cox and Tom RinaldiChris FowlerUrban Meyer and Desmond Howard17.5
2014ESPN2014 BCS National Championship GameBrent MusburgerKirk HerbstreitHeather Cox and Tom RinaldiChris FowlerLee Corso, Nick Saban and Desmond Howard15.7 [1]

Spanish[edit]

As part of ESPN's exclusive contract with the BCS, ESPN Deportes provided the first Spanish U.S. telecast of the BCS National Championship Game in 2012.

Radio[edit]

From 1999 to 2014, the BCS National Championship Game was broadcast on ESPN Radio.

YearNetworkPlay-by-play announcerColor analyst(s)Sideline Reporter
1999ESPN RadioRon FranklinMike GottfriedAdrian Karsten
2000ESPN RadioRon FranklinMike GottfriedAdrian Karsten
2001ESPN RadioRon FranklinMike GottfriedAdrian Karsten
2002ESPN RadioRon FranklinMike GottfriedAdrian Karsten
2003ESPN RadioRon FranklinMike GottfriedAdrian Karsten
2004ESPN RadioRon FranklinMike GottfriedAdrian Karsten
2005ESPN RadioRon FranklinMike GottfriedErin Andrews
2006ESPN RadioRon FranklinBob DavieDave Ryan
2007ESPN RadioBrent MusburgerBob Davie and Todd BlackledgeLisa Salters
2008ESPN RadioBrent MusburgerKirk HerbstreitLisa Salters
2009ESPN RadioBrent MusburgerKirk HerbstreitLisa Salters
2010ESPN RadioMike TiricoJon Gruden and Todd BlackledgeWendi Nix
2011ESPN RadioMike TiricoJon GrudenJoe Schad
2012ESPN RadioMike TiricoTodd BlackledgeHolly Rowe
2013ESPN RadioMike TiricoTodd BlackledgeHolly Rowe and Joe Schad
2014ESPN RadioMike TiricoTodd BlackledgeHolly Rowe and Joe Schad

Related national championship selections[edit]

Since there is no NCAA Division I FBS playoff, the BCS National Championship game was one of several national championship selection processes in existence.

The American Football Coaches Association (AFCA) participated in a weekly Coaches' Poll published by USA Today; for its final poll of the season, the AFCA was contractually bound to select the BCS National Champion as the national champion[13] Thus, the winner of the game was awarded the AFCA National Championship Trophy in a postgame ceremony.

The BCS National Champion was also automatically awarded the National Football Foundation's MacArthur Trophy.[14]

The Associated Press and the Football Writers Association of America are independent; their national championship trophies may have been awarded to a school other than the BCS National Championship Game winner.

References[edit]

  1. ^ College Football Bowl Schedule. Collegefootballpoll.com. Retrieved on 2014-05-24.
  2. ^ Eight-team playoff would be ideal for college football – columnist – ESPN. Sports.espn.go.com (May 20, 2008). Retrieved on 2010-11-21.
  3. ^ Innovative Statistics, Intelligent Analysis | 2010 FEI RATINGS, SPECIAL TEAMS. Football Outsiders. Retrieved on 2014-05-24.
  4. ^ FEI Offensive Rankings By Team, FBS, 2010 http://www.footballoutsiders.com/stats/feist2010
  5. ^ FEI Special Teams Rankings By Team, FBS, 2010 http://www.footballoutsiders.com/stats/feist2010
  6. ^ TCU lost the highly controversial 2010 Fiesta Bowl to Boise State, in which two non-AQ teams were paired against each other to avoid the possibility of two AQ teams losing to "BCS Busters"
  7. ^ College football: BCS presidents reject playoff plan, Los Angeles Times, June 25, 2009
  8. ^ BCS Playoff TV Deal Worth At Least $3 Billion. Forbes (2012-05-29). Retrieved on 2014-05-24.
  9. ^ BCS presidents approve four-team major college playoff –. Usatoday.com (2012-06-27). Retrieved on 2014-05-24.
  10. ^ Dates for playoff games announced, BCSfootball.com, January 8, 2013
  11. ^ ESPN, BCS agree to four-year deal for television, radio, digital rights
  12. ^ bcsfootball.org – TV Ratings
  13. ^ O'Toole, Thomas. (January 14, 2009) Role of coaches' poll in BCS under review. Usatoday.Com. Retrieved on 2010-11-21.
  14. ^ MacArthur Trophy at the National Football Foundation

External links[edit]