Aykhal

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Aykhal (English)
Айхал (Russian)
Айхал (Sakha)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Settlement[citation needed]
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Aykhal is located in Sakha Republic
Aykhal
Aykhal
Location of Aykhal in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates: 65°56′30″N 111°29′30″E / 65.94167°N 111.49167°E / 65.94167; 111.49167Coordinates: 65°56′30″N 111°29′30″E / 65.94167°N 111.49167°E / 65.94167; 111.49167
Administrative status (as of 2010)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSakha Republic[1]
Administrative districtMirninsky District[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census)13,727 inhabitants[1]
Time zoneYAKT (UTC+09:00)[2]
Founded1961[citation needed]
Urban-type settlement status since1962[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[3]678191
 
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Aykhal (English)
Айхал (Russian)
Айхал (Sakha)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Settlement[citation needed]
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Aykhal is located in Sakha Republic
Aykhal
Aykhal
Location of Aykhal in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates: 65°56′30″N 111°29′30″E / 65.94167°N 111.49167°E / 65.94167; 111.49167Coordinates: 65°56′30″N 111°29′30″E / 65.94167°N 111.49167°E / 65.94167; 111.49167
Administrative status (as of 2010)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSakha Republic[1]
Administrative districtMirninsky District[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census)13,727 inhabitants[1]
Time zoneYAKT (UTC+09:00)[2]
Founded1961[citation needed]
Urban-type settlement status since1962[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[3]678191

Aykhal (Russian: Айхал) is an urban-type settlement and diamond mining centre in the Mirninsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia. The name derives from the Sakha word for fame. Population: 13,727 (2010 Census);[1] 15,782 (2002 Census);[4] 11,552 (1989 Census).[5]

Geography[edit]

Aykhal lies in the basin of the Vilyuy River, around 60 km south of Udachny and 500 km north-east of the district administrative centre of Mirny.

Close by the settlement is the stream Sokhsolookh, whose name in the Sakha language means River of Death or River of Traps, in reference to large numbers of reindeers who according to local legend have drowned while trying to cross the river ice.

History[edit]

The settlement was founded in 1961 with the beginnings of diamond extraction from the kimberlite pipe found here. It received status as an urban-type settlement in the following year. In 1985, a further diamond mine (Yubileynaya) was opened 20 km from the settlement.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

The local economy is reliant on diamond mining conducted by ALROSA at its Aykhal and Yubileynaya mines. It is served by Aykhal Airport.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  4. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  5. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.