Aviano

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Aviano
—  Comune  —
Comune di Aviano
Aviano is located in Italy
Aviano
Location of Aviano in Italy
Coordinates: 46°04′N 12°35′E / 46.067°N 12.583°E / 46.067; 12.583Coordinates: 46°04′N 12°35′E / 46.067°N 12.583°E / 46.067; 12.583
CountryItaly
RegionFriuli-Venezia Giulia
ProvincePordenone (PN)
FrazioniVillotta, Costa, Giais, Marsure, Piancavallo, Castello di Aviano, San Martino di Campagna
Government
 • MayorStefano Del Cont Bernard (from May 27, 2007)
Area
 • Total113 km2 (44 sq mi)
Elevation159 m (522 ft)
Population (December 31, 2004)
 • Total8,747
 • Density77/km2 (200/sq mi)
DemonymAvianesi
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code33081
Dialing code0434
Patron saintSt. Zenone
WebsiteOfficial website
 
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Aviano
—  Comune  —
Comune di Aviano
Aviano is located in Italy
Aviano
Location of Aviano in Italy
Coordinates: 46°04′N 12°35′E / 46.067°N 12.583°E / 46.067; 12.583Coordinates: 46°04′N 12°35′E / 46.067°N 12.583°E / 46.067; 12.583
CountryItaly
RegionFriuli-Venezia Giulia
ProvincePordenone (PN)
FrazioniVillotta, Costa, Giais, Marsure, Piancavallo, Castello di Aviano, San Martino di Campagna
Government
 • MayorStefano Del Cont Bernard (from May 27, 2007)
Area
 • Total113 km2 (44 sq mi)
Elevation159 m (522 ft)
Population (December 31, 2004)
 • Total8,747
 • Density77/km2 (200/sq mi)
DemonymAvianesi
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code33081
Dialing code0434
Patron saintSt. Zenone
WebsiteOfficial website

Aviano (Friulian: Avian) is a town and comune of province of Pordenone at the foot of the Dolomites mountain range in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, northern Italy.

Contents

History

Although Aviano has been inhabited only since the 10th century AD, evidence of a human presence dates to before the Romans entered the area in 186 BC. Most historians believe that Aviano developed with a commercial center located where present day Aviano is situated and a cultural and defensive center in the castle area. Aviano was a possession of the Patriarchal State of Friuli until 1420, when it came under the influence of the Venetian Republic. Aviano became a part of the Italian State in 1866.

Main sights

In the neighbourhood is the ski resort of Piancavallo (1,267 m), at the foot of Monte Cavallo (2,250 m).

Transports

Aviano has a station on the Sacile-Pinzano Railway, which connects the city of Sacile, on the Venice-Udine railway, to the city of Pinzano, on the Gemona of Friuli-Casarsa railway.

Aviano Air Base

USAF F-16s in the Aviano air base.

Pre-dating the U.S. Air Force, Aviano Air Base was established by Italy in 1911. The base is considered the birthplace of Italian aviation. There has been an American presence at Aviano Air Base since the end of World War II. In 1954 the Italian and American governments signed a joint use agreement and by 1955, HQ United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) had moved its Italian operations from Udine to Aviano. The base went through a period of hosting rotational fighter squadrons. With the declining use of the Italian live fire range, the rotational squadrons became a thing of the past. Aviano became a war reserve material storage base and played a big part in Desert Storm. In 1992, HQ 16th Air Force and the 401st Fighter Wing moved from Torrejon Air Base, Spain to Aviano. The Wing became home to two F-16 fighter squadrons, the 510th FS and the 555th FS. Both squadrons relocated from Ramstein AB in 1994 and redesignated. The wing was redesignated from the 401st Fighter Wing to the 31st Fighter Wing in 1994 as Aviano took on permanently based aircraft for the first time in over 50 years. The base currently performs a NATO mission with close coordination with Italian personnel.

People

External links