Austrian Grand Prix

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Austrian Grand Prix
Red Bull Ring
Circuit Red Bull Ring.svg
Race information
Laps71
Circuit length4.326 km (2.688 mi)
Race length307.146 km (190.848 mi)
Number of times held27
First held1963
Last held2003
Most wins (drivers)France Alain Prost (3)
Most wins (constructors)United Kingdom McLaren (6)
Last race (2003)
Pole position
Podium
Fastest lap
 
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This article is about the Formula One race. For other uses, see Austrian Grand Prix (disambiguation).
Austrian Grand Prix
Red Bull Ring
Circuit Red Bull Ring.svg
Race information
Laps71
Circuit length4.326 km (2.688 mi)
Race length307.146 km (190.848 mi)
Number of times held27
First held1963
Last held2003
Most wins (drivers)France Alain Prost (3)
Most wins (constructors)United Kingdom McLaren (6)
Last race (2003)
Pole position
Podium
Fastest lap
Rubens Barrichello is forced to let Michael Schumacher pass in 2002.

The Austrian Grand Prix (German: Großer Preis von Österreich) is a Formula One race held in 1964, 1970–1987 and 1997–2003. The Grand Prix is set to be revived at the Red Bull Ring during the 2014 Formula One season.

History[edit]

Zeltweg[edit]

The Austrian Grand Prix has been held at 2 different locations in the Zeltweg area located in Spielberg in southeastern Austria. It was first held at an airfield there for 2 years, then a permanent race track called the Österreichring was built in 1969 and Formula One first raced there in 1970. They abandoned that venue after 1987 and returned there in 1997, when the track was changed and redesigned substantially.

Airfield circuit (1963–1964)[edit]

Further information: Zeltweg Air Base

A non-championship event was held in 1963 at a race track on the Zeltweg Airfield and it was won by Australian Jack Brabham. The first championship event took place in the following year, and Italian Lorenzo Bandini won his only Formula One championship race in a Ferrari. The race was a success, but the track was deemed too dangerous; it was narrow and very bumpy, and spectators complained of poor viewing areas. The FIA removed the race from the F1 calendar until a suitable track was built.

Österreichring (1970–1987)[edit]

Further information: Österreichring

From 1970 until 1987, the event was held at the Österreichring (translated literally as "Austrian circuit") (also located near Zeltweg). It was built in the scenic Styrian mountains and it was a fast, flowing track where every corner was high speed and long. The Austrian was designated the European Grand Prix once, 1975, when this title was an honorary designation given each year to one grand prix race in Europe. The very fast track was popular with drivers, and the events were moderately successful. The first race on this track was dominated by Ferrari, with their more powerful Flat-12 engines enabled them to be 10 mph faster- which is a lot in racing terms. The 1971 race saw Swiss driver Jo Siffert dominate in his BRM and Briton Jackie Stewart took his 2nd driver's championship. The 1975 event was marred by the fatal accident of American Mark Donohue, and the race itself was rain-soaked and was won by Vittorio Brambilla, winning the only F1 race of his career, and, true to form, he crashed when he crossed the finish line when the race was stopped early because the rain got worse. In 1976, home favorite Niki Lauda's appalling crash at the Nürburgring caused him to miss the race, which was won by Briton John Watson in the short-lived Penske F1 team, winning his first Formula One race.

1976 had seen the Voest-Hugel corner changed slightly into one corner instead of two corners; but 1977 saw a slow three corner chicane installed at Voest-Hugel, which was where Donohue had crashed 2 years before. What was the fastest corner on the track was now the slowest corner there and would become known as the Hella-Licht Chicane. This race was won by Australian Alan Jones in a Shadow; and like Brambilla and Watson, it was his first Grand Prix victory. 1978 saw the dominant Lotus 79's on the front row, and American Mario Andretti crashed at the Glatz Kurve on the first lap, and his teammate, Swede Ronnie Peterson- took victory. 1979 started to show the superiority of turbo-charged engines on this fast and high-altitude circuit. Although Jones won again in a Williams, Jean-Pierre Jabouille and Rene Arnoux in their Renaults were able to dominate this event and the following year's race, which Jabouille won. 1981 saw 3 turbo-charged cars dominate the front row; and into the race, the immense power and dreadful handling of Didier Pironi's Ferrari helped him to hold up 4 better handling cars and get into a 5-way battle for 3rd place, which went on for a while but the 4 cars passed eventually passed him, one of which was Jacques Laffite who went on to win the race. 1982 saw a spectacular show in which 5 turbocharged cars dominated the grid; all but one of these cars retired with mechanical troubles, including Italian Riccardo Patrese who had a spectacular accident at the Texaco Bends and Frenchman Alain Prost, whose engine expired with a few laps to go while in the lead. After Prost's retirement, the race turned into a dead-heat sprint between Italian Elio de Angelis in a Lotus and Finn Keke Rosberg in a Williams. Rosberg had been steadily chipping away at De Angelis; but after Prost retired, Rosberg began to make up 1.5 seconds a lap on De Angelis; and on the last lap the two so-far winless drivers battled for victory, and De Angelis was able to hold off Rosberg and win by less than half a car's length; .05 seconds. 1984 saw Lauda finally take victory at home in his McLaren, and Prost won the next two races. The 1985 race saw a fearsome crash at the Panorama Curve when Andrea de Cesaris spectacularly rolled his Ligier, which led to him being fired from the team. 1986 saw Austrian driver Gerhard Berger lead the early laps in his 1,400 bhp (1,044 kW; 1,419 PS) Benetton-BMW, but electrical problems saw his race ruined allowing Alain Prost to take the win by over a lap from the Ferrari's of Michele Alboreto and Stefan Johansson.

But in 1987, the event had to be restarted twice due to accidents on the narrow pit-straight; and this track was also deemed too dangerous by FIA standards, because of the amount of high-speed corners, lack of protection from trees and embankments and accidents at the start of many races on the narrow pit straight. Increasing speeds were also a growing problem at the Österreichring, polesitter Nelson Piquet averaged 159.457 mph (255.756 km/h) in his 1,100 hp Honda-powered Williams. Piquet finished 2nd to his teammate, Briton Nigel Mansell. Attempts to bring the race back were unsuccessful, and the event disappeared for a decade.

A1-Ring (1997–2003)[edit]

Further information: A1-Ring
Special events were commonly held before the Grand Prix.

In 1995 and 1996, the Österreichring was refurbished and brought up to date, which allowed the race to run again in 1997. Since the larger portion of the modernized track, which was renamed A1-Ring after a sponsor, is located on the municipal territory of Spielberg, Spielberg was now given as the site of the Grand Prix. The whole layout was redesigned by Hermann Tilke, and the track lost all of its long, sweeping corners, aside from the Texaco Bends (which were made shorter and slower) and the Hella-Licht chicane, Flatschach, Dr. Tiroch curve and the first half of the backstretch run up to where the Bosch-Kurve was were all taken out and replaced with a bypass that went directly to the second half of the fast, uphill backstretch. The 2002 event received negative publicity after Ferrari instructed Rubens Barrichello to cede his victory to Michael Schumacher. It was a mainstay on the calendar until hosting its final race in 2003.

Red Bull Ring (2014)[edit]

Further information: Red Bull Ring

In July 2013, it was reported that Red Bull had reached an agreement with Bernie Ecclestone to revive the Austrian Grand Prix after a ten-year absence from the calendar. The race, to be held at the Red Bull Ring (which is what the A1-Ring was re-named after being purchased by Red Bull, the track layout is still the same as before), was given a provisional date of July 2014.[1] And on December 6, the officially released calendar included the Austrian Grand Prix on it.[2]

Records[edit]

Winners of the Austrian Grand Prix[edit]

Repeat winners[edit]

Drivers[edit]

Only includes World Championship events

Number of winsDriverYears
3France Alain Prost1983, 1985, 1986
2Sweden Ronnie Peterson1973, 1978
Australia Alan Jones1977, 1979
Finland Mika Häkkinen1998, 2000
Germany Michael Schumacher2002, 2003

Constructors[edit]

A pink background indicates an event which was not part of the Formula One World Championship.
Embolded teams are still competing in the Formula One championship

# WinsConstructorYears Won
6United Kingdom McLaren1984, 1985, 1986, 1998, 2000, 2001
5Italy Ferrari1964, 1970, 1999, 2002, 2003
4United Kingdom Lotus1972, 1973, 1978, 1982
3United Kingdom Williams1979, 1987, 1997
2United Kingdom Brabham1963, 1974
France Renault1980, 1983

Year by year[edit]

The Österreichring with the chicane, used from 1977 to 1987
The original Österreichring , used from 1969 to 1976
Zeltweg Airfield, used in 1963 and 1964

A pink background indicates an event which was not part of the Formula One World Championship.

YearDriverConstructorLocationReport
2003Germany Michael SchumacherFerrariA1-RingReport
2002Germany Michael SchumacherFerrariReport
2001United Kingdom David CoulthardMcLaren-MercedesReport
2000Finland Mika HäkkinenMcLaren-MercedesReport
1999United Kingdom Eddie IrvineFerrariReport
1998Finland Mika HäkkinenMcLaren-MercedesReport
1997Canada Jacques VilleneuveWilliams-RenaultReport
1996
-
1988
Not held
1987United Kingdom Nigel MansellWilliams-HondaÖsterreichringReport
1986France Alain ProstMcLaren-TAGReport
1985France Alain ProstMcLaren-TAGReport
1984Austria Niki LaudaMcLaren-TAGReport
1983France Alain ProstRenaultReport
1982Italy Elio de AngelisLotus-FordReport
1981France Jacques LaffiteLigier-MatraReport
1980France Jean-Pierre JabouilleRenaultReport
1979Australia Alan JonesWilliams-FordReport
1978Sweden Ronnie PetersonLotus-FordReport
1977Australia Alan JonesShadow-FordReport
1976United Kingdom John WatsonPenske-FordReport
1975Italy Vittorio BrambillaMarch-FordReport
1974Argentina Carlos ReutemannBrabham-FordReport
1973Sweden Ronnie PetersonLotus-FordReport
1972Brazil Emerson FittipaldiLotus-FordReport
1971Switzerland Jo SiffertBRMReport
1970Belgium Jacky IckxFerrariReport
1969
-
1965
Not held
1964Italy Lorenzo BandiniFerrariZeltweg AirfieldReport
1963Australia Jack BrabhamBrabham-ClimaxZeltweg AirfieldReport

References[edit]