In the late 1880s through to the mid 1890s, there were discoveries of rich goldfields in northern Australia which caused more gold rushes.
Notable gold finds
Large gold specimen from the Ballarat mines, weight over 150 gms, size 7.4 x 4.4 x 2.3 cm.
Some important early gold finds in the colonies were:
- 1815 - Some convicts who were employed cutting a road to Bathurst, New South Wales were rumoured to have found a quantity of gold
- 1848 - Gold specimens found on the spurs of the Pyrenees Mountains, Victoria
- 1848 - Gold found at Mitchells Creek near Wellington, New South Wales, on the Nanima squatting run
- 1849, January - Gold discovered at the Pyrenees, Port Phillip, by a shepherd
- 1849, January - Thomas Chapman discovered gold including a 16-ounce nugget, at Daisy Hill, Victoria
- 1849 - William Clarke, Jr., with William Vicary, found auriferous quartz at Smythesdale, Victoria
- 1851, January - Edward Austin brought to Sydney a nugget of gold worth £35, which he found in the Bathurst District
- 1851 - A gold discovery in Anderson's Creek, Warrandyte, Victoria by Louis Michel, is named as Victoria's first official gold discovery
- 1851 - Gold discovered 3 kilometres west of Buninyong, Victoria by Thomas Hiscock
- 1851, 9 August - Gold discovered at Ballarat, Victoria in Poverty Point by John Dunlop and James Regan. This find is cited as starting the Ballarat gold rush
- 1851 - Gold discovered at Bendigo ("The Rocks" area of Bendigo Creek at Golden Square) by two women from the Ravenswood Run, Margaret Kennedy and Julia Farrell.
- 1858- "Welcome Nugget" found at Bakery Hill at Ballarat
- 1865 - Richard Daintree discovered the Cape River goldfield in North Queensland
- 1872 - A significant Queensland field discovered at Charters Towers soon moved attention to this area, while in the same year mining began on the Palmer River near Cooktown
- 1872 - Darwin felt the effects of a gold rush at Pine Creek after employees of the Australian Overland Telegraph Line found gold while digging holes for telegraph poles
- 1872 - large gold and quartz "Holtermann Nugget" discovered by Bernhardt Holtermann near Hill End, New South Wales
- 1893 - Paddy Hannan and two companions discovered gold, leading to establishment of Western Australia's eastern goldfields in what is now the twin towns of Kalgoorlie and Boulder
- ^ Patricia Clarke (July 2000). "Mrs Macquarie's Earrings". National Library of Australia. http://www.nla.gov.au/pub/nlanews/2000/jul00/story-1.pdf. Retrieved 2008-03-14.
- ^ "Reminiscences in the Life of a Colonial Journalist.". The Queenslander (Brisbane, Qld. : 1866 - 1939) (Brisbane, Qld.: National Library of Australia): p. 7. 6 February 1875. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18334662. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
- ^ "Not in Our Day.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia): p. 8. 5 October 1934. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article10980228. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
- ^ A4478 Brooch, 'goldfields', gold, commissioned by Edward Austin, maker unknown, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, c 1855 - Powerhouse Museum Collection: http://www.powerhousemuseum.com/collection/database/?irn=181196
- ^ Heaton, J.H. 1984, The Bedside Book of Colonial Doings, previously published in 1879 as 'Australian Dictionary of Dates containing the History of Australasia from 1542 to May 1879, p.111
- ^ "FIRST GOLD DISCOVERED IN VICTORIA.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia): p. 8. 11 November 1935. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article11853603. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
- ^ Griffiths Peter M, "Three Times Blest A History of Buninyong 1837 - 1901, Ballarat Historical Society pp13
- ^ "Victoria". The Courier: pp. 2. 1851-11-05.
- ^ Sanker, Ian G. Queensland in Brisbane in the 1860's:The Photography of Richard Daintree. Brisbane: Queensland Museum. p. 20.