Augusta, Sicily

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Augusta
Comune
Comune di Augusta
Augusta SR Panorama.JPG
Coat of arms of Augusta
Coat of arms
Augusta is located in Italy
Augusta
Augusta
Location of Augusta in Italy
Coordinates: 37°15′N 15°13′E / 37.250°N 15.217°E / 37.250; 15.217
CountryItaly
RegionSicily
ProvinceSyracuse (SR)
FrazioniBrucoli
Government
 • MayorMassimo Carrubba (PD)
Area
 • Total109.33 km2 (42.21 sq mi)
Elevation15 m (49 ft)
Population (31 December 2010[1])
 • Total34,539
 • Density320/km2 (820/sq mi)
DemonymAugustani
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code96011
Dialing code0931
Patron saintSt. Dominic
Saint dayMay 24
WebsiteOfficial website
 
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Augusta
Comune
Comune di Augusta
Augusta SR Panorama.JPG
Coat of arms of Augusta
Coat of arms
Augusta is located in Italy
Augusta
Augusta
Location of Augusta in Italy
Coordinates: 37°15′N 15°13′E / 37.250°N 15.217°E / 37.250; 15.217
CountryItaly
RegionSicily
ProvinceSyracuse (SR)
FrazioniBrucoli
Government
 • MayorMassimo Carrubba (PD)
Area
 • Total109.33 km2 (42.21 sq mi)
Elevation15 m (49 ft)
Population (31 December 2010[1])
 • Total34,539
 • Density320/km2 (820/sq mi)
DemonymAugustani
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code96011
Dialing code0931
Patron saintSt. Dominic
Saint dayMay 24
WebsiteOfficial website

Augusta (Sicilian: Austa, Greek and Latin: Megara Hyblaea, Medieval: Augusta and Agosta) is a town and comune in the province of Syracuse, located on the eastern coast of Sicily (Italy). The city is one of the main harbours in Italy, especially for oil refineries (Exxon Mobil) which are in its vicinity.

Geography[edit]

The city is situated in Syracuse and faces the Ionian Sea. The old town is an island, made by cutting an isthmus in the 16th century and is connected to the mainland by two bridges. One bridge was built recently (Viaduct Frederick II of Swabia) and the other built when the city was founded and is called the Spanish Gate. Augusta is home to two ports.

History[edit]

The town was founded by Emperor Frederick II. After the Angevine domination, it became part of Aragonese Sicily and, from 1362, it was a fief of Guglielmo Raimondo II Moncada. It returned a Royal possession (under Spain) in 1560, and was extensively fortified to counter Turkish pirates.

In 1675 its harbour was the seat of naval battle between Spanish and English fleets. The town suffered a major earthquake and tsunami in 1693.[2] During World War II, Augusta was invaded on July 13, 1943 by the Eighth Army of the Allied troops led by British General Montgomery.

Main sights[edit]

Hohenstaufen Castle.

People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Data from Istat
  2. ^ Catalogue of tsunamis generated in Italy and in Cote d’Azur, France:a step towards a unified catalogue of tsunamis in Europe, Stefano Tinti and Alessandra Maramai - 1693 1 9 - Eastern Sicily Anomalous sea movement at Augusta and 1693 l 11 - Eastern Sicily Large sea withdrawal and flooding at Augusta
Chiesa Madre (Mother Church).

External links[edit]