Augusta, Kansas

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Augusta, Kansas
—  City  —
Location of Augusta, Kansas
Detailed map of Augusta, Kansas
Coordinates: 37°41′33″N 96°58′48″W / 37.6925°N 96.98°W / 37.6925; -96.98Coordinates: 37°41′33″N 96°58′48″W / 37.6925°N 96.98°W / 37.6925; -96.98
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyButler
Established1868
Government
 • MayorKristey Williams
 • City ManagerWilliam Keefer
Area
 • Total4.4 sq mi (11.4 km2)
 • Land4.0 sq mi (10.4 km2)
 • Water0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)
Elevation1,276 ft (389 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total9,274
 • Density2,100/sq mi (810/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code67010
Area code(s)316
FIPS code20-03300[2]
GNIS feature ID0474806[3]
Websitewww.AugustaGov.org
 
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Augusta, Kansas
—  City  —
Location of Augusta, Kansas
Detailed map of Augusta, Kansas
Coordinates: 37°41′33″N 96°58′48″W / 37.6925°N 96.98°W / 37.6925; -96.98Coordinates: 37°41′33″N 96°58′48″W / 37.6925°N 96.98°W / 37.6925; -96.98
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyButler
Established1868
Government
 • MayorKristey Williams
 • City ManagerWilliam Keefer
Area
 • Total4.4 sq mi (11.4 km2)
 • Land4.0 sq mi (10.4 km2)
 • Water0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)
Elevation1,276 ft (389 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total9,274
 • Density2,100/sq mi (810/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code67010
Area code(s)316
FIPS code20-03300[2]
GNIS feature ID0474806[3]
Websitewww.AugustaGov.org

Augusta is a city in Butler County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 9,274.[1]

Contents

History

19th century

The confluence of the Whitewater River and the Walnut River was originally inhabited by Native Americans (primarily the Osage), who found the land ideal for hunting and fishing.

In 1868, C. N. James settled in the area and built a log house to serve also as a general store and trading post. He paid $40.00 for the land title from the U.S Land Office and named the new settlement after his wife, Augusta James. C. N. James' original log cabin still exists at its original location.[citation needed] Built in 1868, the cabin stood one and a half stories tall and was known as the Shamleffer and James Trading Post. The cabin is built of hand-hewn cottonwood logs from along the Walnut River. Some of these logs are 12 to 14 inches in width. The cabin is on the National Register of Historical Places and is one of only two, in the state of Kansas, on its original site. It is one of the oldest landmarks in Butler County. In 2010 it was nominated as one of the " 8 Wonders of Butler County". Over the years, it was used as a boarding house, residence and woodworking shop. In 1939, it was purchased by the Augusta Historical Society, who restored the building and opened it for a museum.[citation needed] Augusta's first school classes were held in the upper loft and it became the meeting place of the Baptist and Methodist churches and the Masonic Lodge.[citation needed]

In 1877, the Florence, El Dorado, and Walnut Valley Railroad Company built a branch line from Florence to El Dorado. In 1881 it was extended to Douglass, and later to Arkansas City.[4] The rail line was leased and operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. Service from Florence to El Dorado was abandoned in 1942.[5] The original branch line connected Florence, Burns, De Graff, El Dorado, Augusta, Douglass, Rock, Akron, Winfield, Arkansas City.

The Frisco Railroad was later extended through Augusta.[citation needed]

20th century

The discovery of oil and natural gas in Butler County lead to further growth and became a major source of employment for many years.

21st century

In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed about 1.5 miles west of Augusta, north to south through Butler County, with much controversy over tax exemption and environmental concerns (if a leak ever occurs).[6][7]

Geography

Augusta is located at 37°41′33″N 96°58′48″W / 37.6925°N 96.98°W / 37.6925; -96.98 (37.692425, -96.979886)[8], at the confluence of the Walnut and Whitewater Rivers. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.4 square miles (11 km2), of which, 4.0 square miles (10 km2) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) of it (8.82%) is water.

Landmarks

The Augusta Theater, now home to the Augusta Arts Council, is a classic example of Art Deco. It was the first theater to be illuminated entirely by neon lighting.[citation needed]

Media

Augusta is home to the Augusta Daily Gazette, a daily newspaper covering Augusta and neighboring towns.

Demographics

Historical populations
CensusPop.
19606,434
19705,977−7.1%
19806,96816.6%
19907,87613.0%
20008,4236.9%
20109,27410.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 8,423 people, 3,277 households, and 2,307 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,091.1 people per square mile (807.0/km²). There were 3,585 housing units at an average density of 890.0 per square mile (343.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.07% White, 0.18% African American, 0.83% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.68% from other races, and 1.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.59% of the population.

There were 3,277 households out of which 35.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $41,818, and the median income for a family was $51,886. Males had a median income of $36,465 versus $24,747 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,094. About 4.1% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.8% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL2.ST13&prodType=table. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ Marion County Kansas : Past and Present; Sondra Van Meter; MB Publishing House; LCCN 72-92041; 344 pages; 1972.
  5. ^ Railway Abandonment 1942
  6. ^ Keystone Pipeline - Marion County Commission calls out Legislative Leadership on Pipeline Deal; April 18, 2010.
  7. ^ Keystone Pipeline - TransCanada inspecting pipeline; December 10, 2010.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "WHITTAKER, Robert Russell, (1939 - )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=W000426. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 

Further reading

County
Kansas

External links

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