Auburn, Washington

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Auburn, Washington
—  City  —

Flag
Nickname(s): A-town
Motto: "More Than You Imagined"
Location of Auburn in King County.
Coordinates: 47°18′8″N 122°12′53″W / 47.30222°N 122.21472°W / 47.30222; -122.21472Coordinates: 47°18′8″N 122°12′53″W / 47.30222°N 122.21472°W / 47.30222; -122.21472
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountiesKing, Pierce
FoundedJune 13, 1891
Government
 • TypeMayor-Council
 • MayorPete Lewis
Area[1]
 • City29.89 sq mi (77.41 km2)
 • Land29.62 sq mi (76.72 km2)
 • Water0.27 sq mi (0.70 km2)
Elevation82-620 ft (25-189 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • City70,180
 • Estimate (2012[3])73,505
 • Density2,369.3/sq mi (914.8/km2)
 • Metro3,552,157
 [4]
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes98000-98099
Area code(s)253
FIPS code53-03180
GNIS feature ID1511974[5]
Websitewww.auburnwa.gov
 
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Auburn, Washington
—  City  —

Flag
Nickname(s): A-town
Motto: "More Than You Imagined"
Location of Auburn in King County.
Coordinates: 47°18′8″N 122°12′53″W / 47.30222°N 122.21472°W / 47.30222; -122.21472Coordinates: 47°18′8″N 122°12′53″W / 47.30222°N 122.21472°W / 47.30222; -122.21472
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountiesKing, Pierce
FoundedJune 13, 1891
Government
 • TypeMayor-Council
 • MayorPete Lewis
Area[1]
 • City29.89 sq mi (77.41 km2)
 • Land29.62 sq mi (76.72 km2)
 • Water0.27 sq mi (0.70 km2)
Elevation82-620 ft (25-189 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • City70,180
 • Estimate (2012[3])73,505
 • Density2,369.3/sq mi (914.8/km2)
 • Metro3,552,157
 [4]
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes98000-98099
Area code(s)253
FIPS code53-03180
GNIS feature ID1511974[5]
Websitewww.auburnwa.gov

Auburn is a city in King County and additionally Pierce County, Washington, United States; with the majority of spatial land area within King County. The population was 70,180 at the 2010 United States Census.[6] Auburn is a suburb in the Seattle metropolitan area. Auburn is currently ranked the fourteenth largest city in the state of Washington.[7]

Auburn is bordered by the cities of Federal Way, Pacific, and Algona to the west, Sumner to the south, Kent to the north, and unincorporated King County to the east. The Muckleshoot Indian Reservation is located within southern city limits.

Contents

Geography[edit]

Auburn is located at 47°18′8″N 122°12′53″W / 47.30222°N 122.21472°W / 47.30222; -122.21472 (47.302322, -122.214779).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.89 square miles (77.41 km2), of which, 29.62 square miles (76.72 km2) is land and 0.27 square miles (0.70 km2) is water.[1]

Two rivers, the White River and, to a greater extent, the Green River flow through Auburn.

Historically, the Stuck River ran through the settlement of Stuck, which is now a small pocket of unincorporated King County within southern Auburn. In 1906, the flow of the White River was diverted into the Stuck's channel near today's Game Farm Park.[9] References to the Stuck River still appear in some property legal descriptions and place names, e.g. Stuck River Drive, within Auburn, but today it is essentially indistinguishable from the southern White River.[10]

Geographic location of Auburn[edit]

Parks[edit]

Auburn has an extensive system of parks, open space and urban trails comprising 29 developed parks, five undeveloped sites under planning, two skate parks, two water rotary parks, and over 23 miles (37 km) of trails (including Auburn's 4.5-mile (7.2 km) portion of the Inter-urban Trail for bikers, walkers, runners and skaters), and almost 247 acres (1.00 km2) of open space for passive and active recreation.

Environmental Park[edit]

The Auburn Environmental Park (AEP) Project is an innovative project that seeks to create open space in an urbanized area while offering opportunities for economic development, water quality improvement, stormwater detention and flood control, fish and wildlife enhancement, public education, and recreation, including hiking trails and bird viewing amenities. Located near West main, and the Interurban Trail, the city is beginning construction on one birdwatching tower, with four planned, and an extensive trail system also under.

Auburn's records and averages[edit]

Climate data for Auburn, Washington
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)64
(18)
71
(22)
81
(27)
86
(30)
92
(33)
100
(38)
99
(37)
99
(37)
96
(36)
86
(30)
74
(23)
69
(21)
100
(38)
Average high °F (°C)47
(8)
51
(11)
55
(13)
61
(16)
67
(19)
72
(22)
77
(25)
78
(26)
72
(22)
62
(17)
52
(11)
46
(8)
62
(17)
Average low °F (°C)35
(2)
36
(2)
39
(4)
42
(6)
47
(8)
52
(11)
55
(13)
55
(13)
51
(11)
44
(7)
39
(4)
35
(2)
44
(7)
Record low °F (°C)−10
(−23)
−5
(−21)
10
(−12)
25
(−4)
27
(−3)
33
(1)
38
(3)
34
(1)
28
(−2)
24
(−4)
−1
(−18)
3
(−16)
−10
(−23)
Precipitation inches (mm)5.3
(135)
4.5
(114)
4.1
(104)
2.9
(74)
2.1
(53)
1.7
(43)
0.9
(23)
1.2
(30)
1.8
(46)
3.4
(86)
6.1
(155)
5.8
(147)
37.1
(942)
Source: Weather.com[11]

Transportation[edit]

Auburn (Sounder station) located downtown is a major hub for the Green River Valley, also home to the Auburn International Farmers Market which is held on Sundays.

Auburn has many large roads nearby and within city limits, including Washington State Route 167 commonly referred as the "Valley Freeway," and Washington State Route 18. Auburn also has its own Transit Center, Auburn (Sounder station) in downtown, making it a central gateway key to access with Sound Transit to the entire Puget Sound area, and was up until 1987 home a steam locomotive roundhouse and diesel engine house of the Northern Pacific Railway, the BNSF Railway of today. BNSF maintains a rail yard and small car repair facility, along with maintenance-of-way facilities at the former NP yard.[12] In addition, the Auburn Municipal Airport serves the general aviation community.[13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
CensusPop.
1890740
1900489−33.9%
191095795.7%
19203,163230.5%
19303,90623.5%
19404,2117.8%
19506,49754.3%
196011,93383.7%
197021,81782.8%
198026,41721.1%
199033,65027.4%
200040,31419.8%
201070,18074.1%
Est. 201273,5054.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
Historical Population 1890-2000[15]
2012 estimate[16]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 70,180 people, 26,058 households, and 17,114 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,369.3 inhabitants per square mile (914.8 /km2). There were 27,834 housing units at an average density of 939.7 per square mile (362.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 70.5% White, 4.9% African American, 2.3% Native American, 8.9% Asian, 1.6% Pacific Islander, 6.3% from other races, and 5.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.9% of the population.

There were 26,058 households of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.3% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.22.

The median age in the city was 34.4 years. 25.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.9% were from 25 to 44; 25.5% were from 45 to 64; and 10.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 40,314 people, 16,108 households, and 10,051 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,895.9 per square mile (732.1/km²). There were 16,767 housing units at an average density of 788.5 per square mile (304.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.80 percent White, 2.42 percent African American, 2.54 percent Native American, 3.50 percent Asian, 0.51 percent Pacific Islander, 3.66 percent from other races, and 4.56 percent from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.49 percent of the population.

There were 16,108 households out of which 32.8 percent had children under the age of eighteen living with them, 43.7 percent were married couples living together, 13.4 percent had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.6 percent were non-families. 29.1 percent of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1 percent had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.6 percent under the age of eighteen, 9.5 percent from eighteen to 24, 31.6 percent from 25 to 44, 20.7 percent from 45 to 64, and 11.6 percent who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,208, and the median income for a family was $45,426. Males had a median income of $36,977 versus $27,476 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,630. About 10.2 percent of families and 12.8 percent of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3 percent of those under age 18 and 8.8 percent of those age 65 or over.

Neighborhoods[edit]

Neighborhood Map.png

Government[edit]

The city of Auburn is a mayor-council form of government meaning the mayor is a full-time, separately elected position. The current Mayor is Pete Lewis, who is in his third term in office. Currently, he currently serves as chair of Association of Washington Cities Economic Development and Infrastructure sub-committee, Vice Chair of the King County Regional Policy Committee. He serves as a member on the Valley Communications Center (Valley Com) Board, Suburban Cities Association (SCA), Public Issues Committee of SCA, Past Chair, Green River Valley Flood Control District, South County Area Transportation Board, Pierce County Cities and Towns Forum, Valley Cities Association and the South Correctional Entity. In addition he is a member of U.S. Conference of Mayors Transportation Committee, International Trade Committee and Amtrak Advisory Board.

Auburn City Hall, 2007.

Auburn Council members[edit]

Auburn is the site for the Northwest headquarters of United States General Services Administration.

There is also on Auburn Kids Day a nominated Mayor for the day which have included:

Auburn Police Department[edit]

See Auburn Police Department (Washington)

Annexation[edit]

Using King County's Annexation Innitiative, Auburn annexed Lea Hill, and West Hill in 2008. With the annexation the city grew in population from 40,314 to 68,000 and an increase in land area from 21.26 to 29.89 sq mi.[17][18]

Boeing[edit]

The Auburn Boeing Plant, opened in 1966, is the largest airplane parts plant in the world with 2,100,000 square feet (200,000 m2) and 1,265,000 parts being manufactured each year.[19] With 11,000 employees, the Boeing plant is the third major employer in Auburn.

Crime[edit]

According to Uniform Crime Report statistics compiled by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in 2011, there were 279 violent crimes and 3,797 property crimes per 100,000 residents. Of these, the violent crimes consisted of two murders, 23 forcible rapes, 107 robberies and 147 aggravated assaults, while 762 burglaries, 2,435 larceny-thefts, 600 motor vehicle thefts and 29 arson defined the property offenses.[20]

History[edit]

Auburn was originally incorporated as Slaughter, Washington after Lt. William Slaughter, who died in a skirmish in 1855.[21] At the time, the main hotel in town was called the "Slaughter House." In 1893, a large group of settlers from Auburn, New York, moved to Slaughter, and renamed the town to "Auburn."[22] Due to this history, when Auburn was building its second high school in the mid-1990s, there was a grass-roots effort to name the high school "Slaughter High School," but it was eventually decided that the name would be "Auburn Riverside High Schooll," whose mascots are the Ravens.

There are several locations in Auburn on the National and State Registers of Historic Places, such as the Neely Mansion.

Neely Mansion, Spring of 2006.

The city of Auburn, located 20 miles (32 km) south of Seattle, Washington, was home to some of the earliest settlers in King County. Nestled in a fertile river valley, Auburn has been both a farm community and a center of business and industry for more than 150 years. Auburn is located near the original confluence of the Green and White rivers, both of which contain runoff water from the Cascade Mountain range. The valley was originally the home of the Skopamish, Smalhkamish, and Stkamish Indian tribes. The first white men in the region were explorers and traders who arrived in the 1830s.

Settlers first came to the valley in the 1850s. In November, a military unit led by Lieutenant William Slaughter camped near what is now present-day Auburn.

A new treaty was written which provided the establishment of the Muckleshoot reservation, which is the only Indian reservation now within the boundaries of King County. The White River tribes collectively became known as the Muckleshoot tribe.

White settlers, the Neely and Ballard families began returning to the area. In 1891, the town of Slaughter incorporated. Although many older citizens considered the town's name as a memorial, many newer residents understandably felt uncomfortable with it. Within two years, the town was renamed Auburn, taken from the first line of Oliver Goldsmith's poem, The Deserted Village: "Sweet Auburn! Loveliest village of the plain."

Auburn had been a bustling center for hop farming until 1890 when the crops were destroyed by aphids. After that, the farms were mostly dairy farms and berry farms. Nevertheless, flooding was still a problem for Auburn farmers up until the Howard A. Hanson Dam was opened in 1962. This dam on the Green River, along with the Mud Mountain Dam on the White River, provided controlled river management, which left the valley nearly flood-free and opened up the rich bottom lands for industrial development.

Another impetus to Auburn's growth was the railroad. The Northern Pacific Railway's subsidiary the Northern Pacific and Puget Sound Shore Railroad opened a line from approximately Puyallup, Washington, through to Seattle, Washington, in 1882. The Seattle-Tacoma Interurban line that allowed easy access to both cities starting in 1902. The railroad, along with better roads, caused many new companies to set up business in Auburn, among them the Borden Condensery (which made Borden's Condensed Milk) and the Northern Clay Company.

Through the twentieth century Auburn grew like many American towns. The 1920s were prosperous for citizens, but the Great Depression of the 1930s left many in need. World War II brought great hardship to many local Japanese farmers when they were moved to internment camps and their land taken from them. At the same time, local boys were sent to fight in the Pacific, and some died in battle.

The post-war era was prosperous to Auburn, bringing more businesses and a community college to the city. In 1963, the Boeing Company built a large facility to mill sheet metal skin for jet airliners. As time went on, many farms disappeared as the land was converted to industrial use. In 1995, The SuperMall of the Great Northwest was built in the valley, bringing in consumers from all over the Puget Sound region.

Much of the city's transition from agricultural small town to industrial and suburban development remains. A monument in the memory of Lieutenant Slaughter, erected in 1918, still stands in a local park. The Neely Mansion, built by the son of a pioneer in 1891, has been refurbished and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Auburn's downtown still maintains a "Main Street U.S.A." appearance.

Downtown redevelopment[edit]

Looking down towards Auburn Way from West Main street.

Beginning in the late 1970s Auburn's downtown began a slow decline in business and travel. A 2001 citizens plan gathered ideals and realizations of the citizens of Auburn and what they wanted in downtown, after several years development has begun. In 2008, construction began of a new 300 stall, 97,000-square-foot (9,000 m2) parking garage and medical building for the Auburn Regional Medical Center, located directly north of city hall.[23]

With the garage now being built, now parking opportunity have allowed city code to continue with the re-development of the downtown core. In 2009 a city annex and a Key Bank Branch anchored to the east will sit on the current site of the abandoned tavern row.[23]

With the main project goal of encompassing a regional entertainment and shopping center, while being an Urban Center. The “Auburn Junction” will complete that goal. Proposed and adopted by the city council Alpert International will begin construction in 2010, with 750,000 square feet (70,000 m2), and a price tag of $240,000,000, the Junction will include retail below and high density apartments/condos above.[24] An AMC theatre and traditional courtyard will be included. It will cover the main block on the former Cavanaugh Hardware site.

In addition to the Auburn Junction, the Stratford company will construct a 200-unit mixed use development called Auburn Station I and II, set for construction in late 2009. It will be located in the heart of downtown adjacent to the Auburn Sounder Station With the redevelopment occurring at fast rate, projections are that downtown in the next 15 years will once again become vital and vibrant while enticing all, throughout the lower Puget Sound area.[25]

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to Auburn's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[26] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1Boeing5,179
2Muckleshoot Tribal Enterprises2,500
3Auburn School District1,800
4The Outlet Collection Seattle1,700
5Green River Community College1,600
6Auburn Medical Center805
7Emerald Downs678
8Safeway650
9Social Security Administration600
10Federal Aviation Administration500
10General Services Administration500
10Zones, Inc.500

Recreation and entertainment[edit]

The Outlet Collection Seattle[edit]

The Outlet Collection Seattle, formerly SuperMall of the Great Northwest, is an outlet mall which opened in 1995.

Muckleshoot Casino & Bingo[edit]

Muckleshoot Casino & Bingo, commonly known for its slogan, "The Biggest and Best in the Northwest!" is an Indian-run casino, located on the Muckleshoot Reservation.[27] In addition to being one of the largest casinos in the Pacific Northwest, it is one of the few left in the state that allows smoking. All money made in the casino directly benefits the Muckleshoot Tribal Community, providing education and low-cost health care for tribal residents.

Emerald Downs Racetrack[edit]

Washington’s only Class One thoroughbred racetrack. A 167-acre (0.68 km2) facility. Emerald Downs' six-level stadium is focused on the finish line.[28]

White River Amphitheater[edit]

The White River Amphitheater is a 20,000-seat venue, located on the edge of Auburn city limits. Of the 20,000 capacity, approximately 9,600 seats are under the amphitheater roof. The site also houses the River Lodge (a 6,000-square-foot (560 m2) lounge), the Bear and Wolf Houses (all ages cafes), and four separate restroom buildings.

White River Valley Museum[edit]

The White River Valley Museum’s exhibits tell the story of Auburn, from Native American history to the 1920s. They focus on the Muckleshoot Indian Tribe, pioneer life, immigration from Europe and Japan, truck farming, railroading and the building of towns throughout the area. Visitors get to wander into a pioneer cabin, climb aboard a Northern Pacific Railway caboose, and investigate the shops in 1924 downtown Auburn.[29]

Auburn Junior Football[edit]

Auburn Junior Football or AJF is a Little league Football team that consists of Pee Wee, Midgets, 89ers, Bantams and Sweet Peas. AJF also has a Cheerleading squad for ages four to fifteen. Each team has seven games. The cheerleading squad also has a cheerleading competition with the Puget Sound Junior Football League. At the competition the Panthers go against various teams in their league.

Famous past/present residents[edit]

Education[edit]

Auburn Senior High, opened 1950.
Auburn's newest comprehensive High School, Auburn Mountainview. Opened 2006.

In addition to the Auburn School District, Green River Community College also resides in Auburn, atop Lea Hill. Currently the Auburn School District has fourteen elementary schools, four middle schools and four high schools, making twenty-two schools in all. The district's newest school is Arthur Jacobsen Elementary. The district is larger than the city itself, serving the neighboring towns of Algona and Pacific, as well as some unincorporated areas around Auburn and Kent.

High schools[edit]

SchoolLocationMascotColorsApprox.
Students
Auburn Senior High SchoolAuburnTrojansGreen/Gold1,874
Auburn Riverside High SchoolAuburnRavensNavy/Teal/Silver1,742
Auburn Mountainview High SchoolAuburnLionsBlue/Orange1,429
West Auburn Secondary High SchoolAuburnWolvesSilver/Black275
Auburn Adventist AcademyAuburnFalconsBlue/Gold310
Rainier Christian High SchoolAuburnMustangsRoyal Blue/White130

Middle schools 6-8[edit]

Elementary schools K-5[edit]

Events[edit]

City landmarks[edit]

The City of Auburn has designated the following landmarks:

LandmarkBuiltListedAddressPhoto
Auburn Masonic Temple,[31]1923-242002302-310 E. Main StreetAuburn, WA - Masonic Temple 01.jpg
Auburn Post Office[31]1937200020 Auburn Avenue NEAuburn, WA - former post office 01A.jpg
Auburn Public Library[31]19141995306 Auburn Avenue NEAuburn, WA - Auburn Dance Center 02.jpg
Olson Farm[31]1897–19021995, 200028728 Green River Road S

Image gallery[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Auburn has five sister cities -- Kent, Washington, neighboring them to the north, and Tamba, a city in the Hyōgo prefecture of Japan. The three cities participate in an annual student exchange program, as well as a summer Youth Ambassador program, and "official governmental, people-to-people, recreational, cultural, and business exchanges." The Other cities are Pyeongchang, Korea, which Auburn has a friendship exchange agreement with, and Guanghan, China, Sichuan Province in which Auburn also has a friendship exchange.[32][33]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-01. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "ANNEXATION". Archived from the original on 2008-10-09. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  7. ^ "Office of Financial Management". Ofm.wa.gov. Archived from the original on 30 April 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-02. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "White River Valley Museum". Wrvmuseum.org. Retrieved 2010-05-02. 
  10. ^ http://www5.metrokc.gov/reports/property_report.asp?PIN=6655000025
  11. ^ "Monthly Averages for Seattle, WA". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on 6 November 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-28. 
  12. ^ "Northern Santa Fe central roundhouse". Content-dev.lib.washington.edu. Retrieved 2010-05-02. 
  13. ^ "Welcome to S50 Auburn Municipal Airport near Seattle and Tacoma Washington (WA)". S50wa.com. Retrieved 2010-05-02. 
  14. ^ U.S. Decennial Census
  15. ^ Historical Decennial Population 1890-2000
  16. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012" (HTML). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2013-06-06. Retrieved 2013-06-06. 
  17. ^ "King County Annexation Innitiative Auburn Lea Hill and Auburn West Hill". Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  18. ^ "Community Profile". Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  19. ^ "Boeing Frontiers Online Source". Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  20. ^ "Washington – Offenses Known to Law Enforcement by State by City, 2011". Federal Bureau of Investigation. 2011. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  21. ^ Wilma, David (1999-10-17). "the Free Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History". HistoryLink.org. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  22. ^ "Auburn Real Estate". Archived from the original on 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  23. ^ a b "Hospital breaks ground on parking garage - Auburn Reporter". Pnwlocalnews.com. 2008-08-20. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  24. ^ "Alpert International, Auburn Junction, Alpert Capital, Spencer Alpert, Alpert Mercer Island". Alpertinternational.com. Archived from the original on 2009-09-28. Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  25. ^ [1][dead link]
  26. ^ City of Auburn CAFR
  27. ^ "Washington Casinos, Seattle Area Casinos - Muckleshoot Casino". Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  28. ^ "Emerald Downs". Retrieved 2013-02-24. 
  29. ^ "White River Valley Museum website". Wrvmuseum.org. Retrieved 2010-05-02. 
  30. ^ "The Official Website of Jeff Barkshire - Bio". Jeffbarkshire.com. Retrieved 2010-05-02. 
  31. ^ a b c d King County and Local Landmarks List King County (undated, last modified 2003-02-26). Retrieved 2009-05-08.[dead link]
  32. ^ Kent Auburn Tamba Sister City Committee
  33. ^ Auburn Sister Cities Program

External links[edit]