Auburn is a city in Nemaha County, Nebraska, United States, and its county seat. The population was 3,460 at the 2010 census.
The City of Auburn is an incorporation of two towns. Calvert and Sheridan combined to form Auburn in 1882, in part to have the voting power to wrestle the county seat away from Brownville, Nebraska, a village located nine miles east. The incorporation was successful, and in 1883, Auburn was named the county seat.
The only person to be elected to the United States Congress as a member of the Prohibitionist Party, Charles Hiram Randall, was born in Auburn on July 23, 1865.
Auburn is located at 40°23′18″N 95°50′32″W / 40.38833°N 95.84222°W (40.388278, -95.842246). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.18 square miles (5.65 km²), all of it land.
At the 2010 census, there were 3,460 people, 1,487 households and 910 families residing in the city. The population density was 1586.4 per square mile (612.5/km²). There were 1,721 housing units at an average density of 789.1 per square mile (304.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.3% White, 0.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.
There were 1,487 households of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.8% were non-families. 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.87.
The median age in the city was 42.1 years. 24.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.4% were from 25 to 44; 26.7% were from 45 to 64; and 19.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.9% male and 53.1% female.
In 2000, the median household income was $34,207 and the median family income was $46,563. Males had a median income of $35,719 compared with $18,246 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,523. About 7.2% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 14.4% of those age 65 or over.