Attica (village), New York

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Attica, New York
Village
AtticaNewYork.jpg
Attica (village), New York is located in New York
Attica, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 42°51′54″N 78°16′37″W / 42.86500°N 78.27694°W / 42.86500; -78.27694Coordinates: 42°51′54″N 78°16′37″W / 42.86500°N 78.27694°W / 42.86500; -78.27694
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountiesWyoming, Genesee
Settled1802 (1802)
IncorporatedMay 2, 1837 (1837-05-02)
Named forAttica, Ancient Greece
Area
 • Total1.7 sq mi (4.4 km2)
 • Land1.7 sq mi (4.4 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation981 ft (299 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total2,547
 • Density1,500/sq mi (580/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code14011
Area code(s)585
FIPS code36-03001
GNIS feature ID0942677
Websitewww.attica.org
 
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Attica, New York
Village
AtticaNewYork.jpg
Attica (village), New York is located in New York
Attica, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 42°51′54″N 78°16′37″W / 42.86500°N 78.27694°W / 42.86500; -78.27694Coordinates: 42°51′54″N 78°16′37″W / 42.86500°N 78.27694°W / 42.86500; -78.27694
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountiesWyoming, Genesee
Settled1802 (1802)
IncorporatedMay 2, 1837 (1837-05-02)
Named forAttica, Ancient Greece
Area
 • Total1.7 sq mi (4.4 km2)
 • Land1.7 sq mi (4.4 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation981 ft (299 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total2,547
 • Density1,500/sq mi (580/km2)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code14011
Area code(s)585
FIPS code36-03001
GNIS feature ID0942677
Websitewww.attica.org

Attica is a village in Wyoming County, New York. The population was 2,547 at the 2010 census. It is named after a region in Greece.

The Village of Attica is on the northern border of Wyoming County. The village lies mostly within the Town of Attica, but the northern part of the village is within the adjacent Town of Alexander in Genesee County.

Attica Correctional Facility and Wyoming Correctional Facility are located south of the village in the Town of Attica.

History[edit]

Zerah Phelps was the first landowner in the Attica area, in 1802. He later became the first business owner in Attica, owning a gristmill. By 1810 the settlement grew into a town, but malaria and plague drove the settlers to higher ground. During the War of 1812 many people fled to the area from Buffalo. In 1837, Phelps' Settlement was incorporated becoming the Village of Attica.

In 1854, Dr. Davis established his health institute that people traveled to from around the country for treatment. In 1883, Eugene Norton created a cheese factory that became known as The Pineapple Cheese Factory. In 1918 the company's molds and patents were sold to the Kraft Cheese Company. The Stevens Family has owned some very prestigious livestock and one of their horses took first prize at the World's Fair. Agriculture remains an important aspect of the community.

As New York State began to expand its penal system, a group of citizens worked to get a state prison in Attica. In March 1929, roughly 700 acres (2.8 km2) were acquired for the prison and construction began in October. After two years the first inmates were transferred to Attica.

In 1957, The Attica Rodeo and Show Association was formed. Every year a rodeo is held at the rodeo grounds in Attica. It has been said to be one of the best in the eastern United States.

The Exchange Street Historic District, Augustus A. Smith House and U.S. Post Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Attica at 42°51′54″N 78°16′37″W / 42.86500°N 78.27694°W / 42.86500; -78.27694 (42.865138, -78.276885).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.7 square miles (4.4 km²), all land.

Attica is west of Tonawanda Creek at the junction of New York State Route 98, New York State Route 354, and New York State Route 238.

Climate[edit]

Attica, New York
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.1
 
32
17
 
 
1.9
 
35
18
 
 
2.3
 
44
26
 
 
3
 
57
37
 
 
3.3
 
69
47
 
 
3.6
 
78
57
 
 
3.4
 
81
61
 
 
3.2
 
80
60
 
 
3.7
 
73
53
 
 
3.2
 
61
42
 
 
2.8
 
49
33
 
 
2.4
 
37
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data

The warmest temperatures in Attica typically occur in July and August. The highest temperature recorded near Attica is 103 °F in July 1936. The lowest ever recorded was -28 °F in February 1934. Snowfall is typical November through March. The highest recorded snowfall amount is 23 inches in January 1966. Recently in December 2012 the area experienced heavy snowfall. This was known as the December 25–28, 2012 North American blizzard which dropped approximately 15 to 17 inches of snow in record time. [4]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 2,597 people, 1,072 households, and 709 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,542.8 people per square mile (596.8/km²). There were 1,158 housing units at an average density of 687.9 per square mile (266.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.81% White, 0.15% African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 0.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.

There were 1,072 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the village the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $40,234, and the median income for a family was $47,049. Males had a median income of $35,729 versus $22,007 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,732. About 6.9% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Attica Central School District serves the village. The physical campuses of the ACSD include 1 High School, 1 Middle School, and 2 Elementary Schools. These are Attica Senior High School, Attica Junior High School, Prospect Elementary, and Sheldon Elementary.[6]

Area colleges and universities[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 12/03/12 through 12/07/12. National Park Service. 2012-12-14. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ NOWData "NOAA Weather", National Weather Service Forecast Office, Retrieved 2013-07-21
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Schools", Attica Central School District, Retrieved 2013-05-17
  7. ^ "GCC", Genesee Community College, Retrieved 2013-07-21
  8. ^ "Monroe Community College", Monroe Community College, Retrieved 2013-07-28
  9. ^ "SUNY Brockport", State University of New York at Brockport, Retrieved 2013-07-28
  10. ^ "University of Buffalo", The University of Buffalo, Retrieved 2013-07-28
  11. ^ "University of Rochester", The University of Rochester, Retrieved 2013-07-28
  12. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

External links[edit]