Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport

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Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport
Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport Logo.svg
Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson.jpg
IATA: ATLICAO: KATLFAA LID: ATL
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerCity of Atlanta
OperatorDepartment of Aviation
ServesAtlanta, Georgia
Locationunincorporated areas, Atlanta, College Park, and Hapeville
Fulton & Clayton Counties
Hub for
Focus city forSouthwest Airlines
Elevation AMSL1,026 ft / 313 m
Coordinates33°38′12″N 084°25′41″W / 33.63667°N 84.42806°W / 33.63667; -84.42806Coordinates: 33°38′12″N 084°25′41″W / 33.63667°N 84.42806°W / 33.63667; -84.42806
Websiteatlanta-airport.com
Maps
FAA airport diagram
ATL is located in Metro Atlanta
ATL
Location of airport in Metro Atlanta
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
ftm
8L/26R9,0002,743Concrete
8R/26L10,0003,048Concrete
9L/27R12,3903,776Concrete
9R/27L9,0012,743Concrete
10/289,0002,743Concrete
Helipads
NumberLengthSurface
ftm
H15216Asphalt
Statistics (2010[1])
Aircraft operations950,119
Passengers89,331,622
 
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Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport
Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport Logo.svg
Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson.jpg
IATA: ATLICAO: KATLFAA LID: ATL
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerCity of Atlanta
OperatorDepartment of Aviation
ServesAtlanta, Georgia
Locationunincorporated areas, Atlanta, College Park, and Hapeville
Fulton & Clayton Counties
Hub for
Focus city forSouthwest Airlines
Elevation AMSL1,026 ft / 313 m
Coordinates33°38′12″N 084°25′41″W / 33.63667°N 84.42806°W / 33.63667; -84.42806Coordinates: 33°38′12″N 084°25′41″W / 33.63667°N 84.42806°W / 33.63667; -84.42806
Websiteatlanta-airport.com
Maps
FAA airport diagram
ATL is located in Metro Atlanta
ATL
Location of airport in Metro Atlanta
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
ftm
8L/26R9,0002,743Concrete
8R/26L10,0003,048Concrete
9L/27R12,3903,776Concrete
9R/27L9,0012,743Concrete
10/289,0002,743Concrete
Helipads
NumberLengthSurface
ftm
H15216Asphalt
Statistics (2010[1])
Aircraft operations950,119
Passengers89,331,622
A line of automated and staffed ticketing counters for Delta, Atlanta's major tenant airline.

Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport (IATA: ATLICAO: KATLFAA LID: ATL), known locally as Atlanta Airport, Hartsfield Airport, and Hartsfield–Jackson, is located seven miles (11 km) south of the central business district of Atlanta, Georgia, United States. It has been the world's busiest airport by passenger traffic since 1998, and by number of landings and take-offs since 2005, serving 89 million passengers per year.[2] The airport is a focus city for Southwest Airlines and is the primary hub of Delta Air Lines and Delta Connection partner ExpressJet; the Delta hub is the world's largest airline hub. Delta Air Lines flew 59.01% of passengers from the airport in February 2011, AirTran flew 17.76%, and ExpressJet flew 13.86%.[3] The airport has 199 domestic and international gates.[4]

Hartsfield–Jackson held its ranking as the world's busiest airport in 2011, both in passengers and number of flights, by accommodating 92 million passengers (252,000 passengers daily) and 923,991 flights.[1][5][6] Many of the nearly one million flights are domestic flights from within the United States, where Atlanta serves as a major hub for travel throughout the Southeastern United States.

Hartsfield–Jackson International Airport has international service to North America, South America, Central America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. As an international gateway to the United States, Hartsfield–Jackson ranks seventh.[1] The airport is located mostly in unincorporated areas in Fulton and Clayton counties; the city limits of Atlanta,[7] College Park,[8] and Hapeville extend to the airport grounds.[9] The airport's domestic terminal is served by MARTA's Red/Gold rail line.

Contents

History

Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport's Air traffic control Tower

Hartsfield–Jackson had its beginnings with a five-year, rent-free lease on 287 acres (116 ha) that was the home of an abandoned auto racetrack named The Atlanta Speedway. The lease was signed on April 16, 1925, by Mayor Walter Sims, who committed the city to develop it into an airfield. As part of the agreement, the property was renamed Candler Field after its former owner, Coca-Cola tycoon and former Atlanta mayor Asa Candler. The first flight into Candler Field was on September 15, 1926, a Florida Airways mail plane flying from Jacksonville, Florida. In May 1928, Pitcairn Aviation began service to Atlanta, followed in June 1930 by Delta Air Service. Later these two airlines, known as Eastern Air Lines and Delta Air Lines, respectively, would both use Atlanta as their chief hubs.[10]

It was a busy airport from its inception and by the end of 1930 it placed third behind New York City and Chicago for regular daily flights with sixteen arriving and departing.[11] Candler Field's first control tower was opened March 1939.[12] The March 1939 Official Aviation Guide shows fourteen weekday airline departures: ten Eastern and four Delta.[13]

In October 1940, the U.S. government declared it a military airfield and the United States Army Air Force operated Atlanta Army Airfield jointly with Candler Field. The Air Force used the airport primarily for the servicing of transient aircraft, with many different types of combat aircraft being maintained at the airport. During World War II, the airport doubled in size and set a record of 1,700 takeoffs and landings in a single day, making it the nation's busiest airport in terms of flight operation. Atlanta Army Airfield closed after war's end.[12]

In 1946 Candler Field was renamed Atlanta Municipal Airport and by 1948, more than one million passengers passed through a war surplus hangar that served as a terminal building. During the postwar regulated period, both Delta and Eastern operated an extensive route network from ATL to destinations throughout the United States. Southern Airways also established itself at ATL shortly after the war and maintained a network of short-haul routes around the Southeast through 1979.

On June 1, 1956 an Eastern flight to Montreal, Canada was the first international flight out of Atlanta. (Atlanta's first scheduled international flight was the Delta/Pan Am interchange DC-8 to Europe starting in 1964; the first scheduled nonstop to a foreign country was Eastern's flight to Mexico City around 1972.) In 1957 Atlanta saw its first jet airliner: a prototype Sud Aviation Caravelle that was touring the country arrived from Washington D.C.[citation needed] Atlanta was the busiest airport in the country with more than two million passengers passing through that year and, between noon and 2 p.m. each day, it became the busiest airport in the world.[12] (The April 1957 OAG shows 165 weekday departures from Atlanta, including 45 between 12:05 and 2:00 PM (and 20 between 2:25 and 4:25 AM). Chicago Midway had 414 weekday departures, including 48 between 12:00 and 2:00 PM. For the year 1957 Atlanta was the ninth busiest airline airport in the country by flight count and about the same by passenger count.)

That same year, work on a new terminal began to help alleviate congestion. On May 3, 1961, a new $21 million terminal opened. It was the largest in the country and was able to accommodate over six million travelers a year. The new airport was stretched past its capacity the very first year when nine and half million people passed through.[14] In March 1962 the longest runway (9/27, now 8R) was 7860 ft; runway 3 was 5505 ft and runway 15 was 7220 ft.

In 1967, the city of Atlanta and the airlines began to work on a master plan for future development of Atlanta Municipal Airport.[citation needed] Construction began on the present midfield terminal in January 1977 under the administration of Mayor Maynard Jackson. It was the largest construction project in the South, costing $500 million. The new complex was designed by Stevens & Wilkinson, Smith Hinchman & Grylls, and Minority Airport Architects & Planners.[15] Named for former Atlanta mayor William Berry Hartsfield, who did much to promote air travel, William B. Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport opened on September 21, 1980, on-time and under budget.[16] It was designed to accommodate up to 55 million passengers per year and covered 2.5 million square feet (230,000 m²). In December 1984 a 9,000-foot (2,700 m) fourth parallel runway was completed, and another runway was extended to 11,889 feet (3,624 m) the following year.[12]

Although Eastern was a larger airline than Delta until airline deregulation in 1978, Delta was an early adopter of the hub and spoke route system, with Atlanta as its primary hub between the Midwest and Florida, giving it an early competitive advantage in the Atlanta market. Eastern ceased operations in 1991 due to labor issues and competition throughout the Eastern seaboard, leaving Delta with the only major airline hub in Atlanta. American Airlines considered establishing an Atlanta hub around the time of Eastern's demise, but determined that Delta was already too fortified there, and that the competitive environment was more favorable at Eastern's other hub in Miami.[17]

ValuJet was established in 1993 to provide low-cost competition for Delta at ATL following Eastern's demise. Its safety practices were called into question early in its life, and the airline was temporarily grounded after the 1996 crash of ValuJet Flight 592. It resumed operations in 1997 as AirTran Airways and remains the second-largest airline at ATL today. AirTran was acquired by Southwest Airlines in 2011 and Southwest plans to integrate its operations with AirTran in the future.

In May 2001, construction of a 9,000-foot (2,700 m) fifth runway (10–28) began. It was completed at a cost of $1.28 billion and opened on May 27, 2006,[18] and was the first runway added since 1984. It bridges Interstate 285 (the Perimeter) on the south side of the airport, making Hartsfield-Jackson the only civilian airport in the nation to currently have a runway above an interstate (although Runway 17R/35L at Stapleton International Airport in Denver crossed Interstate 70 until that airport was closed in 1995) . The massive project, which involved putting fill dirt eleven-stories high in some places, destroyed some surrounding neighborhoods, and dramatically changed the scenery of two cemeteries on the property, Flat Rock Cemetery and Hart Cemetery.[19] It was added to help ease some of the traffic problems caused by landing small- and mid-size aircraft on the longer runways which are also used by larger planes such as the Boeing 777, which generally require longer takeoff distances than the smaller planes. With the fifth runway, Hartsfield–Jackson is one of only a few airports that can perform triple simultaneous landings.[20] The fifth runway is expected to increase the capacity for landings and take-offs by 40%, from an average of 184 flights per hour to 237 flights per hour.[21]

Along with the construction of the fifth runway, a new control tower was built to see the entire length of the runway. The new control tower is the tallest airport control tower in the United States, with a height of over 398 feet (121 m). The old control tower, 585 feet (178 m) away from the new control tower, was demolished August 5, 2006.[22]

Atlanta City Council voted on October 20, 2003 to change the name from Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport to the current Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport, in honor of former mayor Maynard Jackson, who died on June 23, 2003. The council initially planned on renaming the airport solely for Mayor Jackson, but public outcry,[23] especially by Mayor Hartsfield's descendants, prompted the compromise.[24]

In April 2007, an "end-around taxiway" opened, called Taxiway Victor. It is expected to save an estimated $26 million to $30 million in fuel each year by allowing airplanes landing on the northernmost runway to taxi to the gate area without preventing other aircraft from taking off. The taxiway drops approximately 30 feet (9.1 m) from the runway elevation to allow takeoffs to continue.[25]

As a result of the Southeastern U.S. drought of 2007, the airport (the eighth-largest water user in the state) has made changes to reduce water usage. This includes adjusting toilets, of which there are 725 commodes and 338 urinals, in addition to 601 sinks. (The two terminals alone use 917,000 gallons or about 3.5 million liters each day in average.) It also suspended the practice of using firetrucks to spray water over aircraft when the pilot made a last landing before retirement (a water salute).[26][27] The city of Macon offered to sell water to the airport, through a proposed pipeline.[28]

The airport today employs approximately 55,300 airline, ground transportation, concessionaire, security, federal government, City of Atlanta and Airport tenant employees and is considered the largest employment center in the U.S. state of Georgia. With a payroll of $2.4 billion, the airport has a direct and indirect economic impact of $3.2 billion on the local and regional economy and a total annual, regional economic impact of more than $19.8 billion.[29]

Expansion and renovations

A view of the International Concourse E and Control Tower at night

In 1999, Hartsfield–Jackson's leadership established the Development Program: "Focus On the Future" involving multiple construction projects with the intention of preparing the airport to handle a projected demand of 121 million passengers in 2015. The program was originally budgeted at $5.4 billion over a ten-year period, but due to project delays and increased construction costs, the total is now projected at over $9 billion.[30]

Hartsfield–Jackson Rental Car Center

The Hartsfield–Jackson Rental Car Center, which opened on December 8, 2009, houses all ten current airport rental agencies with capacity for additional companies.[31] The complex features 9,900 parking spaces split up between two four-story parking decks that together cover 2,800,000 square feet (260,000 m2), a 137,000-square-foot (12,700 m2) customer service center, and a maintenance center for vehicles, which features 140 gas pumps,and 30 bays for washing with each one equipped with a water recovery system.[31] The automated people mover, nicknamed the ATL Skytrain, (using Mitsubishi Crystal Mover equipment) connects the facility to the airport and to the Gateway Center of the Georgia International Convention Center and the Hartsfield–Jackson Rental Car Center.[31] A four-lane roadway was built across Interstate 85 to connect the Hartsfield–Jackson Rental Car Center to the existing airport road network.[32]

Maynard H. Jackson Jr. International Terminal

In July 2003, former Atlanta mayor Shirley Franklin announced a new terminal to be named for Maynard H. Jackson, Jr.. The new international terminal would be built on the east side of the airport near International Concourse E, on a site that had been occupied by air cargo facilities and the midfield control tower. It w has added twelve new gates able to hold wide-body jets, which can be converted to sixteen narrow-body gates, as well as new check-in desks and a baggage claim area solely for international carriers. Additionally, the international terminal has its own parking lot just for international passengers with over 1,100 spaces. Arriving international passengers whose final destination is Atlanta are able to keep possession of their luggage as they proceed to exit the airport. The new terminal is connected to Concourse E by the tram and also has ground transportation access via I-75.[33] The new terminal was slated to open in 2006; however, time and cost overruns led former Airport General Manager Ben DeCosta to cancel the design contract in August 2005. The next day, the architect sued the airport claiming "fraud" and "bad faith", blaming the airport authority for the problems.[34] In early 2007, the General Manager awarded a new design contract on the new international terminal to Atlanta Gateway Designers (AGD). Construction began in the summer of 2008. Estimates place the terminal's cost at $1.4 billion, and it opened on May 16, 2012.[35] The first departure was Delta Flight #295 to Tokyo-Narita, with the first arrival being Delta Flight #177 from Dublin.

Accommodating the A380

In addition to the terminal that will expand international operations at the airport, sections of some midfield taxiways will be widened from 145 feet (44.2 m) to 162 feet (49.4 m), and a section of Runway 27R will be widened from 220 feet (67.1 m) to 250 feet (76.2m) in order to accommodate the Airbus A380 operations at the airport. Air France is considering whether they will commence A380 service from Atlanta once these sections of the taxiway and runway are completed, and Korean Air will begin daily service from Atlanta to Seoul on January 1, 2013.[36][37] Additionally, two adjacent gates on Concourse E, Gates E1 and E3, will be fitted to allow lower-level boarding from one gate, and upper-level boarding from the other, allowing for quick boarding and the facilitation of passengers to other connecting flights around the airport.[38]

Modernization of Concourse D

On June 6, 2011, Atlanta City Council awarded a contract to the joint venture of Holder/Moody/Bryson to renovate and expand Concourse D. There will be 60,000 square feet (5,600 m2) of space added, two new escalators between the main level and the Transportation Mall, three new elevators between the second and third levels, and there will be both expanded and new food, beverage and retail outlets. The project budget is not to exceed $37 million and it is set for completion by spring 2014.[38][39][40][41][42]

Layout

The Transportation Mall. The portion between Concourse T and Concourse A also includes African-themed artwork and photographs

Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport has a terminal and concourse space totaling 6,800,000-square-foot (630,000 m2).[4] The airport has two terminals where passengers check-in and claim bags, the Domestic Terminal and the Maynard H. Jackson Jr. International Terminal. The Domestic Terminal is on the west side of the airport, and has facilities on both sides which are known as Terminal North and Terminal South. The portion of the building between Terminal North and Terminal South includes the Atrium, which is a large, open seating area featuring concessionaires, a bank, conference rooms, an interfaith chapel, and offices on the upper floors with the main security checkpoint, the Ground Transportation Center and a Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA) train station on other levels.[43][44] The Maynard H. Jackson Jr. International Terminal is located on the east side of the airport, and includes check-in, baggage claim, and Customs and Immigration services for international passengers.

Seven parallel concourse buildings are used for passenger boarding. The first concourse is connected to the Domestic Terminal, and is known as Concourse T (for Terminal). The remaining six concourses are designated successively by distance from the terminal as Concourses A, B, C, D, E, and F.[4] Concourse T, and Concourses A-D are used for domestic flights, while Concourses E and F are used for international flights. Concourse F is directly connected to the International Terminal, which includes Customs and Immigration services. Concourse E has a designated walkway to the international terminal, and also has its own Federal Inspection station for connecting passengers. Concourse F and the International Terminal opened in 2012. Concourse E opened in 1994 for international flights in time for the 1996 Summer Olympic Games, which were held in Atlanta.[45] Prior to the opening of Concourse E, the north side of Concourse T was used for international flights.

The concourses are connected by an underground Transportation Mall, which begins at the main terminal and passes under the center of each concourse.[46] At one time, there was a second underground walkway between Concourses B and C which connected the north end of the two concourses and made it possible to transfer without returning to the center of the concourse. This was constructed for Eastern Airlines, who occupied these two terminals. This is now closed and the entrance at Concourse B has been replaced by a bank of arrival/departure monitors.

A concourse entrance to the underground people mover.

The Plane Train

In addition to a pedestrian walkway, which includes a series of moving walkways, connecting the concourses, the Transportation Mall also features an automated people mover called the Plane Train. The Plane Train has a station at the east end of the domestic terminal for passengers who have cleared security screening at that terminal and are entering the Transportation Mall. This station also serves as the station for Concourse T. Other stations are located at each of the six other concourses, including concourse F which is connected to the international terminal. An eighth station is located in the Baggage Claim area, directly under the Main Terminal. Only hand luggage may be carried on the people mover which is the world's busiest automated system, with over 64 million riders in 2002.[46]

The Plane Train was given its name on August 10, 2010.[47] Previously the automated people mover had not been given an official name.

MARTA Station

Hartsfield–Jackson also has its own train station on the city's rapid transit system, MARTA. The above-ground station is inside in the main building, between the north and south terminals on the west end. The Airport train station is currently the southernmost station in the MARTA system.[48]

Terminals

The seven concourses and their gates are:

Domestic terminal

The domestic terminal is divided into two sides for ticketing, check-in, and baggage claim: Terminal South and Terminal North. Delta Air Lines and most of its partners are located on Terminal South while most other airlines are located on Terminal North. Most domestic flights arrive and depart from within concourses T, A, B, C or D. Some domestic flights depart from concourses E & F, such as when gates at T or A–D are not available, or when an aircraft arrives as an international flight and continues as a domestic flight.

Maynard Holbrook Jackson Jr. International Terminal

All international flights arrive and depart from the international terminal, either concourse E or F. Concourse F and the new international terminal opened May 16, 2012 while concourse E previously existed with the original terminal. International pre-cleared flights can arrive at concourses T & A–D. International flights can also depart from concourses T & A–D, such as when space is unavailable at concourses E–F or when an aircraft arrives as a domestic flight but continues as an international flight. Furthermore, all international pre-cleared flights, regardless of origin, will collect their baggage at the international terminal

Airlines and destinations

AirlinesDestinationsConcourse(s)
Aeroméxico ConnectMexico CityE, F
Air Canada Express operated by
Jazz Air
Toronto-PearsonF
Air FranceParis-Charles de GaulleE, F
AirTran Airways operated by Southwest AirlinesAkron/Canton, Aruba, Baltimore, Boston, Branson (ends March 8, 2013), Buffalo, Cancún, Charlotte, Chicago-Midway, Columbus (OH), Dayton, Denver, Detroit, Flint, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Houston-Hobby, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montego Bay, Nassau, New Orleans, New York-LaGuardia, Orlando, Pensacola, Philadelphia, Phoenix (ends January 4, 2013), Pittsburgh, Punta Cana, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Rochester (NY), St. Louis, San Antonio, San Francisco (ends April 12, 2013), San Juan, Tampa, Washington-National, West Palm Beach, WichitaC, D, F
Alaska AirlinesSeattle/TacomaB
American AirlinesDallas/Fort Worth, MiamiT
American EagleChicago-O'Hare, Miami, New York-LaGuardiaT
British AirwaysLondon-HeathrowE, F
Delta Air LinesAkron/Canton, Albany (NY), Albuquerque, Augusta (GA), Asheville (NC), Austin, Baltimore, Baton Rouge (resumes November 4, 2012), Bermuda, Birmingham (AL), Boston, Buffalo, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Chattanooga, Chicago-Midway, Chicago-O'Hare, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Colorado Springs, Columbia (SC), Columbus (OH), Dallas/Fort Worth, Dayton, Daytona Beach, Denver, Des Moines, Detroit, El Paso, Fayetteville (NC), Flint, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Fort Walton Beach, Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Gulfport/Biloxi, Hartford, Honolulu, Houston-Hobby, Houston-Intercontinental, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Jackson (MS), Jacksonville, Kansas City, Key West, Las Vegas, Lexington, Little Rock, Los Angeles, Louisville, Madison, Manchester (NH), Melbourne (FL), Memphis, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Mobile, Nashville, Nassau, New Orleans, New York-JFK, New York-LaGuardia, Newark, Norfolk, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Orange County, Orlando, Panama City (FL), Pensacola, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Portland (OR), Providence, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Roanoke, Rochester (NY), Sacramento, St. Croix, St. Louis, St. Thomas, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San Juan, Sarasota, Savannah, Seattle/Tacoma, Syracuse, Tallahassee, Tampa, Toronto-Pearson, Tri-Cities (TN), Tucson, Washington-Dulles, Washington-National, West Palm Beach, Wichita, Wilmington (NC)
Seasonal: Allentown/Bethlehem, Bozeman, Eagle/Vail, Freeport, Harrisburg, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Jackson Hole, Kalispell, Knoxville, Montrose/Telluride [begins December 22, 2012], Myrtle Beach, Tulsa, Vancouver
T, A, B, C, D, E, F
Delta Air LinesAmsterdam, Antigua, Aruba, Belize City, Bonaire, Bogotá, Brasília, Brussels, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cancún, Caracas, Cozumel, Dubai, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Grand Cayman, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Johannesburg-OR Tambo, Lagos, Liberia (CR), Lima, London-Heathrow, Madrid, Managua, Manchester (UK), Mexico City, Montego Bay, Munich, Panama City, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Port-au-Prince, Providenciales, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Quito, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Roatán, Rome-Fiumicino, St. Lucia, St. Maarten, San José (CR), San José del Cabo, San Salvador, San Pedro Sula, Santiago (Chile), Santo Domingo, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Stuttgart, Tegucigalpa, Tokyo-Narita, Zürich
Seasonal: Barcelona, Milan-Malpensa, St. Kitts, Venice-Marco Polo
Charter: Havana[49]
E, F
Delta Connection operated by ComairFayetteville (AR), Fort Wayne, Greensboro, Huntsville/Decatur, Knoxville, Memphis, Nashville, South Bend (all end September 29, 2012)C, D
Delta Connection operated by Compass AirlinesLouisville, Oklahoma City
Seasonal: Grand Rapids
C, D
Delta Connection operated by ExpressJetAkron/Canton, Albany (GA), Albany (NY), Alexandria, Appleton, Asheville, Augusta (GA), Baton Rouge, Birmingham (AL), Bloomington/Normal, Brunswick, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Charleston (SC), Charleston (WV), Charlotte, Charlottesville, Chattanooga, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbia (MO), Columbia (SC), Columbus (GA), Columbus (MS), Columbus (OH), Dallas-Love,[50] Dayton, Des Moines, Dothan, Evansville, Fayetteville (AR), Fayetteville (NC), Flint, Fort Walton Beach, Gainesville, George Town/Great Exuma Island, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Gulfport/Biloxi, Harrisburg, Houston-Hobby, Houston-Intercontinental, Huntsville/Decatur, Jackson (MS), Jacksonville (NC), Key West, Killeen/Fort Hood, Knoxville, Lafayette, Lewisburg (WV), Lexington, Little Rock, Louisville, Madison, Memphis, Meridian, Mobile, Moline/Quad Cities, Monroe, Montgomery, Montréal-Trudeau, Myrtle Beach, Nashville, New Bern, Newport News, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Panama City (FL), Peoria, Pittsburgh, Roanoke, Savannah, Shreveport, Springfield (MO), Syracuse, Tallahassee, Toronto-Pearson, Tri-Cities (TN/VA), Tulsa, Valdosta, Washington-Dulles, Washington-National, White Plains, Wichita, Wilkes Barre/Scranton, Wilmington (NC)
Seasonal: Allentown, Daytona Beach, Grand Rapids, Halifax, Montrose/Telluride, Traverse City
C, D
Delta Connection operated by ExpressJetCozumel, MonterreyE, F
Delta Connection operated by Pinnacle AirlinesBirmingham (AL), Chattanooga, Cleveland, Columbia (MO), Des Moines, Fayetteville (AR), Fort Smith, Fort Wayne, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Houston-Hobby, Houston-Intercontinental, Huntsville/Decatur, Knoxville, Louisville, Memphis, Montréal-Trudeau, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Pensacola, Pittsburgh, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Roanoke, Rochester (NY), Savannah, South Bend, Tallahassee, Toronto-Pearson, Tulsa, White PlainsC, D
Delta Connection operated by Pinnacle AirlinesSeasonal: Belize City, Guadalajara, ProvidencialesE, F
Frontier AirlinesDenverD
GeorgiaSkies[51]Athens (GA), MaconE
KLMAmsterdamE, F
Korean AirSeoul-IncheonE, F
LufthansaFrankfurtE, F
Silver AirwaysGainesville (FL),[52] Lewisburg (WV),[53] Tupelo (begins October 1, 2012)[54]E
Southwest AirlinesAustin, Baltimore, Chicago-Midway, Denver, Houston-Hobby, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Louisville, Norfolk, Orlando (begins September 30, 2012),[55] Phoenix, San Francisco (begins September 30, 2012)
Seasonal: Seattle/Tacoma
C
Spirit AirlinesDallas/Ft. Worth, Fort Lauderdale
Seasonal: Atlantic City
D
United AirlinesChicago-O'Hare, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, NewarkT, D
United Express operated by Chautauqua AirlinesCleveland, Houston-IntercontinentalD
United Express operated by ExpressJetCleveland, Houston-Intercontinental, NewarkD
United Express operated by Mesa AirlinesChicago-O'Hare, Washington-DullesT
United Express operated by Shuttle AmericaChicago-O'Hare, Denver, Newark, Washington-DullesT, D
United Express operated by SkyWest AirlinesCleveland, Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Washington-DullesT, D
US AirwaysCharlotte, Philadelphia, PhoenixD
US Airways Express operated by Air WisconsinPhiladelphiaD
US Airways Express operated by Mesa AirlinesCharlotteD
US Airways Express operated by PSA AirlinesCharlotteD
US Airways Express operated by Republic AirlinesCharlotte, PhiladelphiaD

Cargo airlines

AirlinesDestinations
Air Cargo Germany
Air France Cargo
Asiana CargoAnchorage
British Airways World Cargo
Cathay Pacific CargoAnchorage
China Airlines Cargo
China Cargo Airlines
Cargolux
DHL Aviation operated by Atlas Air
EVA Air CargoAnchorage
FedEx ExpressFort Worth, Indianapolis, Memphis
Korean Air CargoAnchorage
Lufthansa Cargo
Qatar Airways Cargo[56]
Singapore Airlines Cargo
UPS AirlinesLouisville, Philadelphia

Traffic and statistics

Top domestic destinations (May 2011 – April 2012)[57]
RankAirportPassengersCarriers
1Orlando, FL1,302,000AirTran, Delta
2Fort Lauderdale, FL1,159,000AirTran, Delta, Spirit
3New York (LaGuardia), NY1,150,000AirTran, American, Delta
4Dallas/Fort Worth, TX992,000American, Delta, Spirit
5Tampa, FL934,000AirTran, Delta
6Los Angeles, CA901,000AirTran, Delta, Southwest
7Washington (National), D.C.835,000AirTran, Delta
8Philadelphia, PA833,000AirTran, Delta, US Airways
9Charlotte, NC830,000AirTran, Delta, US Airways
10Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN755,000AirTran, Delta
Busiest International Routes from Atlanta (July 2010 - June 2011) [58]
RankAirportPassengersCarriers
1MexicoCancún, Mexico619,967AirTran, Delta
2France Paris (Charles de Gaulle), France511,010Air France, Delta
3Netherlands Amsterdam, Netherlands397,185Delta, KLM
4Jamaica Montego Bay, Jamaica392,349AirTran, Delta
5Canada Toronto (Pearson), Canada346,554Air Canada, Delta
6United Kingdom London (Heathrow), United Kingdom319,558British Airways, Delta
7The Bahamas Nassau, Bahamas317,642AirTran, Delta
8MexicoMexico City, Mexico292,516Delta
9Germany Frankfurt, Germany283,236Delta, Lufthansa
10South Korea Seoul (Incheon), Korea256,086Korean Air
11Mexico Guadalajara, Mexico123,337Delta
12Chile Santiago, Chile112,903Delta
Traffic by calendar year
PassengersChange from next yearAircraft operationsCargo
(metric tons)[59]
200078,092,940Increase02.77%N/A935,892
200180,162,407Increase02.65%915,454865,991
200275,858,500Decrease05.37%890,494735,796
200376,876,128Increase01.34%889,966734,083
200479,087,928Increase02.88%911,727802,248
200583,606,583Increase05.71%964,858862,230
200685,907,423Increase02.75%980,386767,897
200784,846,639Decrease01.23%976,447746,502
200889,379,287Increase05.34%994,346720,209
200990,039,280Increase00.74%978,824655,277
201088,001,381Increase02.23%970,235563,139
2011[60]92,389,023Increase03.53%923,996659,129
Source: Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport [1]

Other facilities

990 Toffie Terrace hangar, former ExpressJet/Atlantic Southeast Airlines headquarters

The 990 Toffie Terrace hangar, a part of Hartsfield-Jackson Airport,[61] and located the City of College Park corporate limits,[62] is owned by the City of Atlanta. The building now houses the Atlanta Police Department Helicopter Unit.[63] It once served as the headquarters of the regional airline ExpressJet.[64]

Before the merger, Atlantic Southeast Airlines headquartered in the hangar, then named the A-Tech Center.[65] In December 2007 the airline announced it was moving its headquarters into the facility, previously named the "North Hangar." The 203,000-square-foot (18,900 m2) hangar includes 100,000 square feet (9,300 m2) of hangar bays for aircraft maintenance. It has 17 acres (6.9 ha) of adjacent land and 1,400 parking spaces for employees. The airline planned to relocate 100 employees from Macon, Georgia to the new headquarters. The Atlanta City Council and Mayor of Atlanta Shirley Franklin approved of the new 25-year ASA lease, which also gave the airline new hangar space to work on 15 to 25 aircraft in overnight maintenance; previously its aircraft were serviced at Concourse C. The airport property division stated that the hangar was built in the 1960s and renovated in the 1970s. Eastern Airlines and Delta Air Lines had previously occupied the hangar. Delta's lease originally was scheduled to expire in 2010, but the airline returned the lease to the City of Atlanta in 2005 as part of its bankruptcy settlement. The city collected an insurance settlement of almost $900,000 as a result of the cancellation.[61]

Ground facility events

Public safety

On November 16, 2001, a man left the secure area to retrieve his camera bag, which he had left behind, and then tried to bypass the wait at the security checkpoint by running the wrong way down the escalators at the secure area's exit. As a result, the entire airport was evacuated, including all aircraft, and operations halted for three hours.[66]

The man said that he tried to bypass the security line because he would be late for a flight he was taking to see a Georgia Bulldogs football game. As part of his sentence, he was not allowed to attend any Bulldogs games for the 2002 season.[67]

From December 2006 to March 2007, there were 30 arrests for indecent exposure involving reported sex acts in airport restrooms.[68] Several prominent persons were arrested, including an advisor for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, a Spelman College professor, and the Chairman of the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority board of directors.[69]

Lightning strike

In 2009, a severe thunderstorm on the evening of April 23 caused a lightning strike directly to the control tower at 8:45 (20:45) EDT. The airport was already in a ground stop due to dangerous wind shear, and four minutes after the strike, the tower was evacuated after a smoke odor was detected. After returning at 9:10, a power outage at 9:20 caused further problems, including major flight delays and diversions due also to the lightning (at over 1000 strikes per hour) and large amounts of hail that continued in the vicinity. Partial power outages continued to affect the airport and the northern runway lighting for more than an hour afterward, leaving only three other runways to handle the backlog. An FAA official said that neither the new nor the old tower had been struck in at least 18 years.[70] Several storm chasers east of the airport reported a wall cloud and descending funnel over the airport during the severe thunderstorm.

Culture

As the dominant airport in the Southern United States, and the nation's busiest in terms of passengers handled (mainly due to being Delta's flagship hub), there is an old joke in the South which states that, upon one's death, regardless of whether one goes to Heaven or Hell one will connect in Atlanta to get there.[71][72][73][74][75][76]

Scenes from the movies Due Date and Life as We Know It were filmed and had scenes take place on location at Hartsfield Airport in 2010.[77]

Other notes

Air traffic controllers for tower and ground control operations refer to the letter "D" using the word "Dixie" instead of the ICAO phonetic term "Delta" to avoid confusion with Delta Air Lines aircraft (note the use of "DIXIE" for taxiway "D" in the FAA's airport diagram 2007, linked in the box at the top of this page). In the actual diagram the spot where "DIXIE" was to be found is in the "non movement area" to the left of the construction area for the new concourse.

The "Plane Train" People Mover's recorded announcements list "Concourse D as in David," rather than "Delta" or "Dixie."

See also

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External links