Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs

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Assistant Secretary of State
for Near Eastern Affairs
A Elizabeth Jones.jpg
Incumbent
A. Elizabeth Jones

since Acting
U.S. Department of State
Inaugural holderGeorge C. McGhee
Formation1949
WebsiteOfficial Website
 
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Assistant Secretary of State
for Near Eastern Affairs
A Elizabeth Jones.jpg
Incumbent
A. Elizabeth Jones

since Acting
U.S. Department of State
Inaugural holderGeorge C. McGhee
Formation1949
WebsiteOfficial Website

The Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs is the head of the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs within the American Department of State. The Assistant Secretary guides operation of the U.S. diplomatic establishment in various countries of North Africa and the Middle East and advises the Secretary of State and the Under Secretary for Political Affairs.[1] Former Assistant Secretary, C. David Welch, who was sworn in on March 18, 2005, resigned his appointment on December 18, 2008.[2][3]

The Department of State established the position of Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs on October 3, 1949. The Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch of Government, popularly known as the Hoover Commission, had recommended that certain offices be upgraded to bureau level and after Congress increased the number of Assistant Secretaries of State from six to ten. The Department of State established a Division of Near Eastern Affairs in 1909, which dealt with Central, Southern, and Eastern Europe as well as with the Middle East. The final remnant of this practice ended on April 18, 1974, when the Department transferred responsibility for Greece, Turkey, and Cyprus to the Bureau of European Affairs.[4]

The Division of Near Eastern Affairs included Egypt and Abyssinia (Ethiopia) from its inception, and acquired responsibility for the rest of Africa (except Algeria and the Union of South Africa) in 1937. Relations with African nations became the responsibility of a new Bureau of African Affairs on August 20, 1958, but relations with North African nations reverted to the Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs on April 22, 1974. The Foreign Relations Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 authorized the appointment of an Assistant Secretary of State for South Asian Affairs on October 28, 1991. The Bureau of South Asian Affairs was established August 24, 1992, with the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs arriving at its present title.[4]

Contents

List of Assistant Secretaries of State for Near Eastern, South Asian, and African Affairs, 1949-1958[edit]

NameAssumed OfficeLeft OfficePresident served under
George C. McGheeJune 28, 1949December 19, 1951Harry S. Truman
Henry A. ByroadeApril 14, 1952January 25, 1955Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower
George V. AllenJanuary 26, 1955August 27, 1956Dwight D. Eisenhower
William M. RountreeAugust 30, 1956July 6, 1959Dwight D. Eisenhower

List of Assistant Secretaries of State for Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs, 1958—1992[edit]

NameAssumed OfficeLeft OfficePresident served under
G. Lewis JonesJuly 10, 1959April 20, 1961Dwight D. Eisenhower
Phillips TalbotApril 21, 1961September 1, 1965John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson
Raymond A. HareSeptember 22, 1965November 30, 1966Lyndon B. Johnson
Lucius D. BattleApril 5, 1967September 30, 1968Lyndon B. Johnson
Parker T. HartOctober 14, 1968February 4, 1969Lyndon B. Johnson
Joseph J. SiscoFebruary 10, 1969February 18, 1974Richard Nixon
Alfred AthertonApril 27, 1974April 13, 1978Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, and Jimmy Carter
Harold H. SaundersApril 11, 1978January 16, 1981Jimmy Carter
Nicholas A. VeliotesMay 21, 1981October 27, 1983Ronald Reagan
Richard W. MurphyOctober 28, 1983May 15, 1989Ronald Reagan
John Hubert KellyJune 16, 1989September 30, 1991George H. W. Bush
Edward DjerejianSeptember 30, 1991December 17, 1993George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton

List of Assistant Secretaries of State for Near Eastern Affairs, 1992—Present[edit]

On August 24, 1992 the Bureau of Near Eastern and South Asian Affairs divided into a separate Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs and a Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs. At that time, Edward Djerejian became Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs; he was also concurrently Acting Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Affairs until May 30, 1993.

NameAssumed OfficeLeft OfficePresident served under
Edward DjerejianSeptember 30, 1991December 17, 1993George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton
Robert PelletreauFebruary 18, 1994January 24, 1997Bill Clinton
Martin IndykOctober 14, 1997November 16, 1999Bill Clinton
Edward S. Walker, Jr.January 18, 2000Bill Clinton
William Joseph BurnsJune 4, 2001March 2, 2005George W. Bush
David WelchMarch 18, 2005December 18, 2008George W. Bush
Jeffrey D. FeltmanAugust 18, 2009June 2012Barack Obama

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs". Archived from the original on 19 September 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2007. 
  2. ^ "Welch, C. David". Archived from the original on September 11, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2007. 
  3. ^ "Farewell Ceremony for Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs David Welch". Archived from the original on 24 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-31. [dead link]
  4. ^ a b "Assistant Secretaries of State for Near Eastern Affairs". Archived from the original on 15 September 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2007.