Asbach, Birkenfeld

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Asbach
Coat of arms of Asbach
Asbach is located in Germany
Asbach
Coordinates49°48′45″N 7°16′43″E / 49.8125°N 7.27861°E / 49.8125; 7.27861Coordinates: 49°48′45″N 7°16′43″E / 49.8125°N 7.27861°E / 49.8125; 7.27861
Administration
CountryGermany
StateRhineland-Palatinate
DistrictBirkenfeld
Municipal assoc.Rhaunen
MayorHorst Haffa
Basic statistics
Area3.47 km2 (1.34 sq mi)
Elevation460 m  (1509 ft)
Population123 (31 December 2011)[1]
 - Density35 /km2 (92 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plateBIR
Postal code55758
Area code06786
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Asbach
Coat of arms of Asbach
Asbach is located in Germany
Asbach
Coordinates49°48′45″N 7°16′43″E / 49.8125°N 7.27861°E / 49.8125; 7.27861Coordinates: 49°48′45″N 7°16′43″E / 49.8125°N 7.27861°E / 49.8125; 7.27861
Administration
CountryGermany
StateRhineland-Palatinate
DistrictBirkenfeld
Municipal assoc.Rhaunen
MayorHorst Haffa
Basic statistics
Area3.47 km2 (1.34 sq mi)
Elevation460 m  (1509 ft)
Population123 (31 December 2011)[1]
 - Density35 /km2 (92 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plateBIR
Postal code55758
Area code06786

Asbach is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Birkenfeld district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Rhaunen, whose seat is in the like-named municipality.

Contents

Geography

Location

The municipality lies on the Hinterbach in the transitional zone between the Kempfelder Hochmulde (“high hollow”) and the Idar-Soon-Pforte (“gate”) east of the Idarwald (forest, part of the Hunsrück). The village’s elevation is from 460 to 480 m above sea level.

Land use

Former agricultural uses of the municipality’s rather nutrient-poor soil were mainly rye, oats, barley and root vegetables. The hollows are used as grassland on mainly gley and podzol soils. The sandy, nutrient-poor soils on the quartzite outliers of the Schwarzwälder Hochwald (forest) are used as woodlots.

Constituent communities

South of the main village lies the outlying centre of Asbacherhütte (“Asbach Ironworks”), which traces its beginnings to an iron-smelting complex. The most noteworthy building here is the former Böcking manor house. The Deutsche Edelsteinstraße (“German Gemstone Road”) leads through Asbacherhütte.

Neighbouring municipalities

Asbach’s neighbours are Hellertshausen, Weiden, Hottenbach, Mörschied, Kempfeld and Schauren, all of which also lie in the Birkenfeld district.

History

In the wedge of woodland between the two deep dales, scattered remnants of a number of barrows bear witness to very early human habitation going back as far as the Hunsrück-Eifel Culture in La Tène times. In the more recent past, the Asbach Ironworks down below on the Fischbach played an important rôle as a regional hub for iron smelting in the early industrial revolution. This hammermill, which was expanded in 1743 by the sons of the Sulzbach smith, Johann Nikolaus Stumm, became the groundwork of the Saarland metal industry. Related to the later Barons of Stumm, the legendary “Iron Barons”, were the Böckings. In 1835, Rudolf Heinrich Böcking (1810-1871) inherited the ironworks.

The StummBöcking’sches Herrenhaus (“Stumm-Böcking manor house”) and the other buildings at Asbacherhütte are nowadays home to handicapped people.[2]

Until administrative restructuring in Rhineland-Palatinate in 1969, this Hunsrück village belonged to the Amt of Kempfeld in the now abolished Bernkastel district, whose seat was at Bernkastel-Kues.

Politics

Municipal council

The council is made up of 6 council members, who were elected by majority vote at the municipal election held on 7 June 2009, and the honorary mayor as chairman.[3]

Mayor

Asbach’s mayor is Horst Haffa.[4]

Coat of arms

The municipality’s arms might be described thus: Per bend vert a timber-frame building with a ridge turret argent with members, windows and door sable, and Or a lion rampant gules armed and langued azure.

Culture and sightseeing

Buildings

The following are listed buildings or sites in Rhineland-Palatinate’s Directory of Cultural Monuments:[5]

Economy and infrastructure

The Fischbach in Asbacherhütte

Until the 1970s, the village was wholly characterized by agriculture. But for an agate-grinding shop and an agricultural machinist’s operation, all households were more or less active in agriculture, although many only did so on the side. After a complete overhaul in the village’s structure, which also manifested itself in the late 1990s in the form of a thorough Flurbereinigung, there is now only one fulltime agricultural operation. For more than 25 years now there has been an agricultural processing plant, working under strict ecological rules, turning out high-quality products from its own farm. These are sold at markets in the surrounding area and also at the farm itself.

In the early 1990s, a village renewal scheme was carefully undertaken to improve infrastructure. These measures, funded through cost-sharing, were at first opposed by many villagers owing to the great financial burden. It soon became clear, however, that there was no alternative. The village renewal was finished with the building of a village community centre.

A few newer houses have also sprung up in the lower village as a result of a small building development zone that was opened up.

In Asbacherhütte is found a clinical-paedagogical institute run by the deaconry of Bad Kreuznach as a home for handicapped people who need minimal assistance.

Transport

To the south runs Bundesstraße 422. The nearest railway station is at Idar-Oberstein. On weekdays, Omnibus-Verkehr Rhein Nahe bus route 345 runs through Asbach, as well as several journeys of route 351. Asbach belongs to the Rhein-Nahe-Nahverkehrsverbund (“Rhine-Nahe Local Transport Network”)

Famous people

Sons and daughters of the town

References

External links


This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.