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Arthur Jacob Marder (8 March 1910 – 25 December 1980) was an American historian specializing in British naval history in the period 1880 - 1945.
Born and raised in Boston, Massachusetts, Arthur Marder was the son of Maxwell J. Marder and Ida Greenstein. He attended Harvard University, where he obtained his Bachelor's degree in 1931, his master's degree in 1934, and his Ph.D. in 1936 with a study of British naval policy 1880-1905.
He married Jan North in September 1955. They had three children.
Marder began his teaching career as an assistant professor of history at the University of Oregon in 1936-38. In 1939, he returned to Harvard in 1939-41 as a research associate at the Bureau of International Research and Radcliffe College. In 1941-42, he was a research analyst in the Office of Strategic Services, before becoming an associate professor of history at Hamilton College in 1943-44.
In 1944, he was appointed associate professor at the University of Hawaii, where he remained for twenty years, becoming a full professor in 1951, then senior professor in 1958. In 1964, he was appointed professor of history at the University of California, Irvine, remaining there until he retired as professor emeritus in 1977.
Marder died 25 December 1980 of cancer in Santa Barbara, California.
Arthur Marder was a Guggenheim Fellow in 1941, 1945–46, and 1958. The American Historical Association awarded him the George Louis Beer Prize in 1941 for his Harvard doctoral thesis, published as Anatomy of British Sea Power. He was a Rockefeller Foundation Fellow in 1942-43, American Philosophical Society Fellow in 1956, 1958, 1963, and 1966. The Royal United Services Institute for Defence Studies awarded him the Chesney Gold Medal in 1968. He was made an honorary commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1970. Oxford University awarded him the degree of Doctor of Literature in 1971 and a Fellow of the Royal United Services Institute in 1977. He was a Fellow of the National Endowment for the Humanities, 1978–79, and the Australian-American Education Foundation awarded him a distinguished visitor award in 1979.