The ancient city of Arpinum dates back to at least the 7th century BC. Connected with the Pelasgi, the Volscian and Samnite people, it was captured by the Romans and made a civitas sine suffragio in 305 BC. The city gained Roman suffrage in 188 BC and the status of a municipium in 90 BC. Both Gaius Marius and Cicero were natives of Arpinum. There is an oral tradition that persists to this day that Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa was also a native of Arpinum. Historians have not been able to confirm his origin.