Army of Occupation Medal

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Army of Occupation Medal
Army of Occupation Medal.jpg
Obverse of the Army of Occupation Medal
Awarded by the
United States Department of the Army Seal.svg United States Army
Seal of the US Air Force.svg United States Air Force
TypeCampaign medal
EligibilityPersonnel of the United States Army and United States Air Force
Awarded for30 or more consecutive days of duty in one of the occupied territories after World War II.[1]
StatusInactive
ClaspsGermany
Japan
Statistics
Established5 April 1946[2]
First awarded2 April 1947[2]
Last awarded8 November 2013
Precedence
Next (higher)World War II Victory Medal
EquivalentNavy Occupation Service Medal
Next (lower)Medal for Humane Action
Army of Occupation ribbon.svg
Streamer NOS.PNG
ribbon and streamer
 
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Army of Occupation Medal
Army of Occupation Medal.jpg
Obverse of the Army of Occupation Medal
Awarded by the
United States Department of the Army Seal.svg United States Army
Seal of the US Air Force.svg United States Air Force
TypeCampaign medal
EligibilityPersonnel of the United States Army and United States Air Force
Awarded for30 or more consecutive days of duty in one of the occupied territories after World War II.[1]
StatusInactive
ClaspsGermany
Japan
Statistics
Established5 April 1946[2]
First awarded2 April 1947[2]
Last awarded8 November 2013
Precedence
Next (higher)World War II Victory Medal
EquivalentNavy Occupation Service Medal
Next (lower)Medal for Humane Action
Army of Occupation ribbon.svg
Streamer NOS.PNG
ribbon and streamer
For a similar decoration for occupation service during the First World War, see Army of Occupation of Germany Medal.

The Army of Occupation Medal is a military award of the United States military which was established by the United States War Department on 5 April 1946.[2] The medal was created in the aftermath of the Second World War to recognize those who had performed occupation service in either Germany, Italy, Austria, or Japan. [3] The original Army of Occupation Medal was intended only for members of the United States Army, but was expanded in 1948 to encompass the United States Air Force shortly after that service's creation. The Navy and Marine equivalent of the Army of Occupation Medal is the Navy Occupation Service Medal.

History[edit]

Although authorized in 1946, it was not until 1947 that the first Army of Occupation Medals were distributed. The first medal was presented to General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower, who had been the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force Commander during World War II.[2]

Because of the legal status of West Berlin, as an occupied territory until the unification of Germany, the Army of Occupation Medal was issued for forty-five years making it one of the longest active military awards of both the Second World War and the Cold War.

In addition, some recipients of the award were born two generations after the end of the conflict which the medal was designed to represent. Much like the National Defense Service Medal, the Army of Occupation Medal has come to be considered a "multi-generational" award.

Criteria[edit]

To be awarded the Army of Occupation Medal, a service member was required to have performed at least thirty consecutive days of military duty within a designated geographical area of military occupation. The Army of Occupation Medal was presented with a campaign clasp, denoting either European or Asian service, depending on the region in which occupation service had been performed. Campaign clasps were worn on the full sized medal only with no corresponding device when wearing the Army of Occupation Medal as a ribbon on a military uniform.[4]

In addition to the Germany clasp, for those service members who performed 92 consecutive days of military duty during the Berlin Airlift in 1948 and 1949, the Berlin Airlift Device is authorized as a device to the Army of Occupation Medal.[5]

Germany Clasp[edit]

Japan Clasp[edit]

Appearance[edit]

Army of Occupation Medal with Germany Clasp

The medal is bronze measuring 1.25 inches across. On the obverse, are the abutments of the Remagen Bridge with the words "ARMY OF OCCUPATION" inscribed above. On the reverse, is Mount Fuji with a low hanging cloud over two Japanese junks above a wave and the inscribed date "1945". A bronze clasp 0.125 inches wide and 1.5 inches in length with the word "GERMANY" or "JAPAN" is worn on the suspension ribbon of the medal to indicate service in Europe or the Far East. The ribbon is 1.375 inches wide with two thin white stripes at the edges and two thicker stripes in the middle, the first being black and the second in scarlet.[2] A myth was that if a soldier served in Germany the ribbon's black band was worn to his right and if in Japan the red was to his right. The only approved display was for the black band to be to the wearer's right.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Manual of Military Decorations & Awards" (pdf). Department of Defense. September 1996. Retrieved 2011-08-05. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Army of Occupation World War II and Navy Occupation Service Medal World War II". Military Campaign and Service Medals. The Institute of Heraldry. Retrieved 2011-08-05. 
  3. ^ http://www.apd.army.mil/pdffiles/r600_8_22.pdf
  4. ^ "Army of Occupation Medal". United States Air Force. 6/8/2010. Retrieved 2011-08-05.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. ^ "Military Awards" (pdf). Army Regulation 600–8–22. Headquarters Department of the Army. 11 December 2006. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-05.