Armorhead

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Armorheads
Longfin boarfish, Zaclistius elevatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Pentacerotidae
Genera

Evistias
Histiopterus
Parazanclistius
Paristiopterus
Pentaceropsis
Pentaceros
Pseudopentaceros
Zanclistius
See text for species.

Synonyms

Histiopteridae

 
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Armorheads
Longfin boarfish, Zaclistius elevatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Pentacerotidae
Genera

Evistias
Histiopterus
Parazanclistius
Paristiopterus
Pentaceropsis
Pentaceros
Pseudopentaceros
Zanclistius
See text for species.

Synonyms

Histiopteridae

The Armorheads are a small family, Pentacerotidae, of fishes in the order Perciformes. They are native to the Indian Ocean, western and central Pacific, and southwestern Atlantic. They are generally found at rocky reefs below normal Scuba diving depths, although several species occur in low densities at shallower depths.

Their name, from Greek pente meaning "five" and keras meaning "horn", refers to the prominent sharp spines in their dorsal fin (though these do not number five in all species). The largest species in the family (Paristiopterus) may reach a length of 1 metre (3.3 ft). Many species have distinct dark and light striped bodies, while others are overall dusky-silvery.

Species

References