Arleigh Burke-class destroyer

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Arleigh Burke–class destroyer
USS Halsey (DDG 97)
USS Halsey (DDG 97) transiting the Pacific Ocean in 2011.
Class overview
Name:Arleigh Burke–class destroyer
Operators: United States Navy
Preceded by:Kidd-class guided missile destroyer
Succeeded by:Zumwalt-class guided missile destroyer
Cost:US$1.843 billion (DDG 114–116, FY2011/12)[1]
Planned:75[2]
Completed:62
Active:62
General characteristics
Type:Destroyer
Displacement:

Fully loaded:

  • Flight I: 8,315 t (8,184 long tons; 9,166 short tons)
  • Flight II: 8,400 t (8,300 long tons; 9,300 short tons)
  • Flight IIA: 9,200 t (9,100 long tons; 10,100 short tons)
  • Flight III: 9,800 t (9,600 long tons; 10,800 short tons)[3]
Length:505 ft (154 m) (Flights I and II)
509 ft (155 m) (Flight IIA)
Beam:66 ft (20 m)
Draft:30.5 ft (9.3 m)
Installed power:3 × Allison AG9140 Generators (2500kW each, 440V)
Propulsion:4 General Electric LM2500-30 gas turbines each generating 29,500 shp (22,000 kW);[4]
coupled to two shafts, each driving a five-bladed reversible controllable pitch propeller;
Total output: 118,000 shp (88,000 kW)
Speed:In excess of 30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Range:4,400 nmi (8,100 km) at 20 kn (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
2 Rigid hull inflatable boats
Complement:
  • Flight I: 303 total[5]
  • Flight IIA: 23 officers, 300 enlisted[6]
Sensors and
processing systems:
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Armament:


Aircraft carried:

Flights I and II: None

Flight IIA onwards: up to two MH-60R Seahawk LAMPS III helicopters
Aviation facilities:

Flights I and II: Flight deck only, but LAMPS III electronics installed on landing deck for coordinated DDG-51/helo ASW operations

Flight IIA onwards: Flight deck and enclosed hangars for two MH-60R LAMPS III helicopters
 
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Arleigh Burke–class destroyer
USS Halsey (DDG 97)
USS Halsey (DDG 97) transiting the Pacific Ocean in 2011.
Class overview
Name:Arleigh Burke–class destroyer
Operators: United States Navy
Preceded by:Kidd-class guided missile destroyer
Succeeded by:Zumwalt-class guided missile destroyer
Cost:US$1.843 billion (DDG 114–116, FY2011/12)[1]
Planned:75[2]
Completed:62
Active:62
General characteristics
Type:Destroyer
Displacement:

Fully loaded:

  • Flight I: 8,315 t (8,184 long tons; 9,166 short tons)
  • Flight II: 8,400 t (8,300 long tons; 9,300 short tons)
  • Flight IIA: 9,200 t (9,100 long tons; 10,100 short tons)
  • Flight III: 9,800 t (9,600 long tons; 10,800 short tons)[3]
Length:505 ft (154 m) (Flights I and II)
509 ft (155 m) (Flight IIA)
Beam:66 ft (20 m)
Draft:30.5 ft (9.3 m)
Installed power:3 × Allison AG9140 Generators (2500kW each, 440V)
Propulsion:4 General Electric LM2500-30 gas turbines each generating 29,500 shp (22,000 kW);[4]
coupled to two shafts, each driving a five-bladed reversible controllable pitch propeller;
Total output: 118,000 shp (88,000 kW)
Speed:In excess of 30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Range:4,400 nmi (8,100 km) at 20 kn (37 km/h; 23 mph)
Boats & landing
craft carried:
2 Rigid hull inflatable boats
Complement:
  • Flight I: 303 total[5]
  • Flight IIA: 23 officers, 300 enlisted[6]
Sensors and
processing systems:
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Armament:


Aircraft carried:

Flights I and II: None

Flight IIA onwards: up to two MH-60R Seahawk LAMPS III helicopters
Aviation facilities:

Flights I and II: Flight deck only, but LAMPS III electronics installed on landing deck for coordinated DDG-51/helo ASW operations

Flight IIA onwards: Flight deck and enclosed hangars for two MH-60R LAMPS III helicopters

The Arleigh Burke-class of guided missile destroyers (DDGs) is the United States Navy's first class of destroyer built around the Aegis Combat System and the SPY-1D multi-function phased array radar. The class is named for Admiral Arleigh Burke, the most famous American destroyer officer of World War II, and later Chief of Naval Operations. The class leader, USS Arleigh Burke, was commissioned during Admiral Burke's lifetime.

They were designed as multi-role destroyers[9] to fit the AAW (Anti-Aircraft Warfare) role with their powerful Aegis radar and anti-aircraft missiles; ASW (Anti-submarine warfare) role, with their towed sonar array, anti-submarine rockets, and ASW helicopter; ASUW (Anti-surface warfare) role with their Harpoon missile launcher; and strategic land strike role with their Tomahawk missiles. Some versions of the class no longer have the towed sonar, or Harpoon missile launcher. Their hull and superstructure were designed to have a reduced radar cross section[10] The first ship of the class was commissioned on 4 July 1991. With the decommissioning of the last Spruance-class destroyer, Cushing, on 21 September 2005, the Arleigh Burke–class ships became the U.S. Navy's only active destroyers; the class has the longest production run for any postwar U.S. Navy surface combatant.[11] Besides the 62 vessels of this class (comprising 21 of Flight I, 7 of Flight II and 34 of Flight IIA) in service by 2013, up to a further 42 (of Flight III) have been envisaged.

With an overall length of 505 feet (154 m) to 509 feet (155 m), displacement ranging from 8,315 to 9,200 tons, and weaponry including over 90 missiles, the Arleigh Burke–class ships are larger and more heavily armed than most previous ships classified as guided missile cruisers.[12]

Characteristics[edit]

USS Cole and two other Arleigh Burke–class vessels docked at Naval Station Norfolk in July 2009.

The ships of the Arleigh Burke-class are among the largest destroyers built in the United States. Only the Spruance and Kidd classes were longer (563 ft). The Arleigh Burke-class are multi-mission ships with a "combination of... an advanced anti-submarine warfare system, land attack cruise missiles, ship-to-ship missiles, and advanced anti-aircraft missiles,"[13] The larger Ticonderoga-class ships were constructed on Spruance-class hullforms, but are designated as cruisers due to their radically different mission and weapons systems. The Arleigh Burke-class on the other hand were designed with a new, large, water-plane area-hull form characterized by a wide flaring bow which significantly improves sea-keeping ability. The hull form is designed to permit high speed in high sea states.[10]

The Arleigh Burke '​s designers incorporated lessons learned from the Ticonderoga-class guided-missile cruisers; with the Arleigh Burke-class, the U.S. Navy also returned to all-steel construction. An earlier generation had combined a steel hull with an innovative superstructure made of lighter aluminum to reduce topweight, but the lighter metal proved vulnerable to cracking. Aluminum is also less fire-resistant than steel.[14] A 1975 fire aboard USS Belknap gutted her aluminum superstructure.[15] Battle damage to Royal Navy ships exacerbated by their aluminum superstructures during the 1982 Falklands War supported the decision to use steel. Another lesson from the Falklands War[13] led the navy to protect the ship's vital spaces with double-spaced steel armor (creating a buffer for modern rockets), and kevlar spall liners.

The Ticonderoga-class cruisers were deemed too expensive to continue building and too difficult to further upgrade.[citation needed] The angled rather than traditional vertical surfaces and the tripod mainmast of the Arleigh Burke design are stealth techniques,[16][17] which make the ship more difficult to detect, in particular by anti-ship missiles.

A Collective Protection System makes the Arleigh Burke-class the first U.S. warships designed with an air-filtration system against nuclear, biological and chemical warfare.[18] Other NBC defenses include a "countermeasure wash down system".[19]

Their Aegis radar differs from a traditional rotating radar that mechanically rotates 360 degrees for each sweep scan of the airspace. Instead, Aegis uses electronically scanned phased arrays, which allow continual tracking of targets simultaneous with area scans.[10] The system's computer control also allows centralization of the previously separate tracking and targeting functions.[10] The system is also resistant to electronic counter-measures.[10] Their standalone Harpoon anti-ship missile launchers give them an anti-ship capability with a range in excess of 64 nmi.[10] "The 5"/54 caliber Mark 45 gun, in conjunction with the Mark 34 Gun Weapon System, is an anti-ship weapon which can also be used for close-in air contacts or to support forces ashore with Naval Gun-Fire Support (NGF), with a range of up to 20 miles and capable of firing 20 rounds per minute."[10] The class's RIM-7 Sea Sparrow missiles provide point defense against missiles and aircraft while the Standard Missile provides area anti-aircraft defense, additionally the ship has an electronics warfare suite that provides passive detection and decoy countermeasures.[10]

The class's Light Airborne Multipurpose System, or LAMPS helicopter system improves the ship's capabilities against submarines and surface ships, a helicopter able to serve as a platform to monitor submarines and surface ships, and launch torpedoes and missiles against them, as well as being able to support ground assaults with machine guns and Hellfire anti-armor guided missiles.[20] The helicopters also serve in a utility role, able to perform ship replenishment, search and rescue, medical evacuation, communications relay, and naval gunfire spotting and controlling.

Arleigh Burke–class destroyers have many combat systems. Burkes have the Navy's latest anti-submarine combat system with active sonar, a towed sonar array, and anti-submarine rockets.[10] They support strategic land strikes with their VLS launched Tomahawks.[10] They are able to detect anti-ship mines at a range of 1400 yards.[21]

So vital has the Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMD) role of the class become that all ships of the class are being updated with BMD capability.[22][23] Burke production is being restarted in place of additional Zumwalt-class destroyers.[24]

Development[edit]

In 1980, the U.S. Navy initiated design studies with seven contractors. By 1983 the number of competitors had been reduced to three: Bath Iron Works, Todd Shipyards and Ingalls Shipbuilding.[18] On 3 April 1985 Bath Iron Works received a US$321.9 million contract to build the first of class, USS Arleigh Burke.[25] Gibbs & Cox was awarded the contract to be the lead ship design agent.[26] The total cost of the first ship was put at US$1.1 billion, the other US$778 million being for the ship's weapons systems.[25] She was laid down by the Bath Iron Works at Bath, Maine, on 6 December 1988, and launched on 16 September 1989 by Mrs. Arleigh Burke. The Admiral himself was present at her commissioning ceremony on 4 July 1991, held on the waterfront in downtown Norfolk, Virginia.

Profile of Flight IIA Arleigh Burke-class destroyer.

The "Flight IIA Arleigh Burke" ships have several new features, beginning with the USS Oscar Austin (DDG-79). Among the changes are the addition of two hangars for ASW helicopters, and a new, longer Mark 45 Mod 4 5-inch/62-caliber naval gun (fitted on USS Winston S. Churchill (DDG-81) and later ships). Later Flight IIA ships starting with USS Mustin (DDG-89) have a modified funnel design that buries the funnels within the superstructure as a signature-reduction measure. TACTAS towed array sonar was omitted from Flight IIA ships and they also lack Harpoon missile launchers. Ships from DDG-68 to DDG-84 have AN/SLQ-32 antennas that resemble V3 configuration similar to those deployed on Ticonderoga-class cruisers, while the remainder have V2 variants externally resembling those deployed on some Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigates. V3 has an active electronic countermeasures component while V2 is passive only. AN/SLQ-32 is being upgraded under the Surface Electronic Warfare Improvement Program (SEWIP), the first SEWIP Block 2 upgrades were installed in 2014 with full-rate production scheduled for mid-2015.[27] A number of Flight IIA ships were constructed without a Phalanx CIWS because of the planned Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile, but later the Navy decided to retrofit all IIA ships to carry at least one Phalanx CIWS by 2013.[28]

USS Pinckney, USS Momsen, USS Chung-Hoon, USS Nitze, USS James E. Williams and USS Bainbridge[29] have superstructure differences to accommodate the Remote Mine-hunting System (RMS). Mk 32 torpedo tubes were moved to the missile deck from amidships as well.

Modernization[edit]

The U.S. Navy has begun a modernization program for the Arleigh Burke class aimed at improving the gun systems on the ships in an effort to address congressional concerns over the retirement of the Iowa-class battleships. This modernization was to include an extension of the range of the 5-inch (127 mm) guns on the flight I Arleigh Burke–class destroyers (USS Arleigh Burke to USS Ross) with extended range guided munitions (ERGMs) that would have given the guns a range of 40 nautical miles (74 km).[30][31][32] However, the ERGM was cancelled in 2008.[33]

The modernization program is designed to provide a comprehensive mid-life upgrade to ensure that the class remains effective. Reduced manning, increased mission effectiveness, and a reduced total cost including construction, maintenance, and operation are the goals of the modernization program. Modernization technologies will be integrated during new construction of DDG-111 and 112, then retrofitted into DDG flight I and II ships during in-service overhaul periods.[34] The first phase will update the hull, mechanical, and electrical systems while the second phase will introduce an open architecture computing environment (OACE). The result will be improved capability in both ballistic missile defense (BMD) and littoral combat.[35][36] By 2018 all Burkes homeported in the Western Pacific will have upgraded anti-submarine systems, including the new AN/SQR-20 Multifunction Towed Array.[37]

The Navy is also upgrading the ships' ability to process data. Beginning with USS Spruance, the Navy is installing an internet protocol (IP) based data backbone, which enhances the ship's ability to handle video. Spruance is the first destroyer to be fitted with the Boeing Company's gigabit Ethernet data multiplex system (GEDMS).[38]

In July 2010 BAE Systems announced that it had been awarded a contract to modernize 11 ships.[39] In May 2014 Sam LaGrone reported that 21 of the 28 Flight I/II Burkes would not receive a mid-life upgrade that included electronics and Aegis Baseline 9 software for SM-6 compatibility, instead they would retain the basic BMD 3.6.1 software in a US$170m upgrade concentrating on mechanical systems and on some ships, the anti-submarine suite.[40] Seven Flight I ships - DDG 51-53, 57, 61, 65, 69 - will get the full US$270m Baseline 9 upgrade.[40] Deputy of surface warfare Dave McFarland said that this change was due to the budget cuts in the Budget Control Act of 2011.[41]

Production restarted and further development[edit]

The class was scheduled to be replaced by Zumwalt-class destroyers beginning in 2020,[42] but an increasing threat from both long- and short-range missiles caused the Navy to restart production of the Arleigh Burke–class and consider placing littoral combat mission modules on the new ships.[43][44]

In April 2009 the Navy announced a plan that limited the Zumwalt-class to three units while ordering another three Arleigh Burke–class ships from both Bath Iron Works and Ingalls Shipbuilding.[24] In December 2009 Northrop Grumman received a $170.7 million letter contract for DDG-113 long-lead-time materials.[45] Shipbuilding contracts for DDG-113 to DDG-115 were awarded in mid-2011 for US$679.6m–$783.6m;[46] these do not include government-furnished equipment such as weapons and sensors which will take the average cost of the FY2011/12 ships to US$1,842.7m per vessel.[1] DDG-113 to DDG-115 will be "restart" ships, similar to previous Flight IIA ships, but including modernization features such as Open Architecture Computing Environment; DDG-116 to DDG-121 will be "Technology Insertion" ships with elements of Flight III, and Flight III proper will start with DDG-122.[47]

Flight III ships, construction starting in FY2016 in place of the canceled CG(X) program, have various design improvements including radar antennas of mid-diameter increased to 14 feet (4.3 m) from the previous 12 feet (3.7 m).[48] These Air and Missile Defense Radars (AMDR) use digital beamforming, instead of the earlier Passive Electronically Scanned Array radars.[49]

However, costs for the Flight III ships increased rapidly as expectations and requirements for the program have grown. In particular, this was due to the changing requirements needed to carry the proposed Air and Missile Defense Radar system required for the ships' ballistic missile defense role.[50] The Government Accountability Office found that the design of the Flight IIIs was based on "a significantly reduced threat environment from other Navy analyses" and that the new ships would be "at best marginally effective". The U.S. Navy disagrees with the GAO findings, claiming the DDG-51 hull is "absolutely" capable of fitting a large enough radar to meet requirements. Installation of the AMDR would require double the power and double the cooling, but there is room to fit what is needed inside the hull.[51]

In spite of the production restart, the U.S. Navy is expected to fall short of its requirement for 94 missile-defense-capable destroyer and cruiser platforms starting in FY 2025 and continuing past the end of the 30-year planning window. While this is a new requirement as of 2011, and the U.S. Navy has never had so many large missile-armed surface combatants, the relative success of the Aegis ballistic missile defense system has shifted this national security requirement onto the U.S. Navy. The shortfall will arise as older platforms that have been refitted to be missile-defense-capable (particularly the cruisers) are retired in bulk before new destroyers are planned to be built.[52]

The U.S. Navy was considering extending the acquisition of Arleigh Burke–class destroyers into the 2040s, according to revised procurement tables sent to Congress, which have the U.S. Navy procuring Flight IV ships from 2032 through 2041.[53] However this was canceled to cover the cost of the Ohio Replacement Submarine, with the air defense commander role retained on one cruiser per carrier battle group.[54]

Future replacement[edit]

In April 2014, the U.S. Navy began the early stages of developing a new destroyer to replace the Arleigh Burke–class called the "Future Surface Combatant". The new class is expected to enter service in the early 2030s and initially serve alongside the 22 Flight III DDGs. No hull design or shape has been speculated yet, although the destroyer class will incorporate emerging technologies like lasers, on-board power-generation systems, increased automation, and next-generation weapons, sensors, and electronics. They will leverage technologies in use on other platforms such as the Zumwalt-class destroyer, Littoral Combat Ship, and Gerald Ford–class aircraft carriers. The Future Surface Combatant may place importance on the Zumwalt-class destroyer's electric drive system that propels the ship while generating 58 megawatts of on-board electrical power, levels required to operate future directed energy weapons. Laser weapon systems are likely to become more prominent to engage threats without using missiles that could potentially cost more than the target it is engaging. Less costly weapon systems may help keep the destroyer class from becoming too expensive. Initial requirements for the Future Surface Combatant will emphasize lethality and survivability, as well as being able to continue to protect aircraft carriers. The ships also have to be modular to allow for inexpensive upgrades of weaponry, electronics, computing, and sensors over time as threats evolve.[55]

Operational history[edit]

Arleigh Burke–class destroyer USS Cole was damaged on 12 October 2000 in Aden, Yemen while docked, by an attack in which an apparently shaped charge of 200–300 kg in a boat was placed against the hull and detonated by suicide bombers, killing 17 crew members. The ship was repaired, and returned to duty in 2001.

In October 2011 it was announced that four Arleigh Burke–class destroyers would be forward-deployed in Europe to support the NATO missile defence system. The ships, to be based at Naval Station Rota, Spain, were named in February 2012, as Ross, Donald Cook, Porter and Carney.[56] By reducing travel times to station, this forward deployment will allow for six other destroyers to be shifted from the Atlantic in support of the Pivot to East Asia.[57] Russia has threatened to quit the New START treaty over this deployment, calling it a threat to their nuclear deterrent.[58]

Contractors[edit]

Ships in class[edit]

 Name  Number  Builder  Launched  Commissioned  Home port  Status 
Flight I
Arleigh BurkeDDG-51Bath Iron Works16 September 19894 July 1991Norfolk, VirginiaActive
BarryDDG-52Ingalls Shipbuilding8 June 199112 December 1992Norfolk, VirginiaActive
John Paul JonesDDG-53Bath Iron Works26 October 199118 December 1993Pearl Harbor, HawaiiActive
Curtis WilburDDG-54Bath Iron Works16 May 199219 March 1994Yokosuka, JapanActive
StoutDDG-55Ingalls Shipbuilding16 October 199213 August 1994Norfolk, VirginiaActive
John S. McCainDDG-56Bath Iron Works26 September 19922 July 1994Yokosuka, JapanActive
MitscherDDG-57Ingalls Shipbuilding7 May 199310 December 1994Norfolk, VirginiaActive
LaboonDDG-58Bath Iron Works20 February 199318 March 1995Norfolk, VirginiaActive
RussellDDG-59Ingalls Shipbuilding20 October 199320 May 1995San Diego, CaliforniaActive
Paul HamiltonDDG-60Bath Iron Works24 July 199327 May 1995Pearl Harbor, HawaiiActive
RamageDDG-61Ingalls Shipbuilding11 February 199422 July 1995Norfolk, VirginiaActive
FitzgeraldDDG-62Bath Iron Works29 January 199414 October 1995Yokosuka, JapanActive
StethemDDG-63Ingalls Shipbuilding17 July 199421 October 1995Yokosuka, JapanActive
CarneyDDG-64Bath Iron Works23 July 199413 April 1996Mayport, FloridaActive
BenfoldDDG-65Ingalls Shipbuilding9 November 199430 March 1996San Diego, CaliforniaActive
GonzalezDDG-66Bath Iron Works18 February 199512 October 1996Norfolk, VirginiaActive
ColeDDG-67Ingalls Shipbuilding10 February 19958 June 1996Norfolk, VirginiaActive
The SullivansDDG-68Bath Iron Works12 August 199519 April 1997Mayport, FloridaActive
MiliusDDG-69Ingalls Shipbuilding1 August 199523 November 1996San Diego, CaliforniaActive
HopperDDG-70Bath Iron Works6 January 19966 September 1997Pearl Harbor, HawaiiActive
RossDDG-71Ingalls Shipbuilding22 March 199628 June 1997Rota, SpainActive
Flight II
MahanDDG-72Bath Iron Works29 June 199614 February 1998Norfolk, VirginiaActive
DecaturDDG-73Bath Iron Works10 November 199629 August 1998San Diego, CaliforniaActive
McFaulDDG-74Ingalls Shipbuilding18 January 199725 April 1998Norfolk, VirginiaActive
Donald CookDDG-75Bath Iron Works3 May 19974 December 1998Rota, SpainActive
HigginsDDG-76Bath Iron Works4 October 199724 April 1999San Diego, CaliforniaActive
O'KaneDDG-77Bath Iron Works28 March 199823 October 1999Pearl Harbor, HawaiiActive
PorterDDG-78Ingalls Shipbuilding12 November 199720 March 1999Norfolk, VirginiaActive
Flight IIA: 5"/54 variant
Oscar AustinDDG-79Bath Iron Works7 November 199819 August 2000Norfolk, VirginiaActive
RooseveltDDG-80Ingalls Shipbuilding10 January 199914 October 2000Mayport, FloridaActive
Flight IIA: 5"/62 variant
Winston S. ChurchillDDG-81Bath Iron Works17 April 199910 March 2001Norfolk, VirginiaActive
LassenDDG-82Ingalls Shipbuilding16 October 199921 April 2001Yokosuka, JapanActive
HowardDDG-83Bath Iron Works20 November 199920 October 2001San Diego, CaliforniaActive
BulkeleyDDG-84Ingalls Shipbuilding21 June 20008 December 2001Norfolk, VirginiaActive
Flight IIA: 5"/62, one 20mm CIWS variant[28]
McCampbellDDG-85Bath Iron Works2 July 200017 August 2002Yokosuka, JapanActive
ShoupDDG-86Ingalls Shipbuilding22 November 200022 June 2002Everett, WashingtonActive
MasonDDG-87Bath Iron Works23 June 200112 April 2003Norfolk, VirginiaActive
PrebleDDG-88Ingalls Shipbuilding1 June 20019 November 2002Pearl Harbor, HawaiiActive
MustinDDG-89Ingalls Shipbuilding12 December 200126 July 2003Yokosuka, JapanActive
ChafeeDDG-90Bath Iron Works2 November 200218 October 2003Pearl Harbor, HawaiiActive
PinckneyDDG-91Ingalls Shipbuilding26 June 200229 May 2004San Diego, CaliforniaActive
MomsenDDG-92Bath Iron Works19 July 200328 August 2004Everett, WashingtonActive
Chung-HoonDDG-93Ingalls Shipbuilding15 December 200218 September 2004Pearl Harbor, HawaiiActive
NitzeDDG-94Bath Iron Works3 April 20045 March 2005Norfolk, VirginiaActive
James E. WilliamsDDG-95Ingalls Shipbuilding25 June 200311 December 2004Norfolk, VirginiaActive
BainbridgeDDG-96Bath Iron Works13 November 200412 November 2005Norfolk, VirginiaActive
HalseyDDG-97Ingalls Shipbuilding9 January 200430 July 2005Pearl Harbor, HawaiiActive
Forrest ShermanDDG-98Ingalls Shipbuilding2 October 200428 January 2006Norfolk, VirginiaActive
FarragutDDG-99Bath Iron Works23 July 200510 June 2006Mayport, FloridaActive
KiddDDG-100Ingalls Shipbuilding22 January 20059 June 2007San Diego, CaliforniaActive
GridleyDDG-101Bath Iron Works28 December 200510 February 2007San Diego, CaliforniaActive
SampsonDDG-102Bath Iron Works16 September 20063 November 2007San Diego, CaliforniaActive
TruxtunDDG-103Ingalls Shipbuilding2 June 200725 April 2009Norfolk, VirginiaActive
SterettDDG-104Bath Iron Works19 May 20079 August 2008San Diego, CaliforniaActive
DeweyDDG-105Ingalls Shipbuilding26 January 20086 March 2010San Diego, CaliforniaActive
StockdaleDDG-106Bath Iron Works10 May 200818 April 2009San Diego, CaliforniaActive
GravelyDDG-107Ingalls Shipbuilding30 March 200920 November 2010Norfolk, VirginiaActive
Wayne E. MeyerDDG-108Bath Iron Works18 October 200810 October 2009San Diego, CaliforniaActive
Jason DunhamDDG-109Bath Iron Works1 August 200913 November 2010Norfolk, VirginiaActive
William P. LawrenceDDG-110Ingalls Shipbuilding15 December 20094 June 2011San Diego, CaliforniaActive
SpruanceDDG-111Bath Iron Works6 June 20101 October 2011San Diego, CaliforniaActive
Michael MurphyDDG-112Bath Iron Works7 May 20116 October 2012Pearl Harbor, HawaiiActive
Flight IIA: Restart
John FinnDDG-113Ingalls ShipbuildingLaid down
Ralph JohnsonDDG-114Ingalls ShipbuildingKeel laid[59]
Rafael PeraltaDDG-115Bath Iron WorksKeel laid[60]
Flight IIA: Technology Insertion
Thomas HudnerDDG-116Bath Iron WorksConstruction on contract
Paul IgnatiusDDG-117Ingalls ShipbuildingConstruction on contract
Daniel InouyeDDG-118Bath Iron WorksConstruction on contract
DDG-119Ingalls ShipbuildingContract awarded (MYP)
DDG-120Bath Iron WorksContract awarded (MYP)
DDG-121Ingalls ShipbuildingContract awarded (MYP)
DDG-122Bath Iron WorksContract awarded (MYP)
DDG-123Ingalls ShipbuildingContract awarded (MYP)
Flight III
DDG-124Bath Iron WorksContract awarded (MYP)
DDG-125Ingalls ShipbuildingContract awarded (MYP)
DDG-126Bath Iron WorksContract awarded (MYP)

USS Michael Murphy was originally intended to be the last of the Arleigh Burke-class. However with reduction of the Zumwalt-class production, the U.S. Navy requested new DDG-51-class ships.[61] Long-lead materials contracts were awarded to Northrop Grumman in December 2009 for DDG-113 and in April 2010 for DDG-114.[62] General Dynamics received a long-lead materials contract for DDG-115 in February 2010.[63][64] It is anticipated that in FY2012 or FY2013, the U.S. Navy will commence detailed work for a Flight III design and request 24 ships to be built from 2016 to 2031.[65] In May 2013, a total of 77 Burke-class ships was planned.[66] The Flight III variant is in the design phase as of 2013. In June 2013, the U.S. Navy awarded $6.2 billion in destroyer contracts.[67] Up to 42 Flight III ships are expected to be procured by the U.S. Navy with the first ship entering service in 2023.[68]

Foreign interest[edit]

In May 2011 Saudi Arabia received a price estimate for the purchase of Arleigh Burke–class destroyers.[69]

Gallery[edit]

The Last Ship television series features a fictionally named Burke-class destroyer and crew.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b O'Rourke, Ronald (19 April 2011). "Navy DDG-51 and DDG-1000 Destroyer Programs: Background and Issues for Congress". Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 23 October 2011.  Since 1 and 2 ships are procured in alternate years and the "1 in a year" ships cost more, the fairest estimate of unit price comes from averaging three ships across two years. US$50-300m is spent on long lead-time items in the year before the main procurement of each ship. DDG-114 and DDG-115 together cost US$577.2m (FY2010) + US$2,922.2m (FY2011) = US$3,499.4m,(p25) and DDG-116 cost US$48m (FY2011) + US$1,980.7m (FY2012) = US$2,028.7m,(p12) making an average for the three ships of US$1,847.2m. DDG-113 cost US$2,234.4m.(p6)
  2. ^ "DOD Announces Selected Acquisition Reports". United States Department of Defense Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs). 15 April 2011. Archived from the original on 29 May 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  3. ^ "Navy DDG-51 and DDG-1000 Destroyer Programs: Background and Issues for Congress". Congressional Research Service Reports for the People (Open CRS). 26 February 2010. Archived from the original on 23 April 2010. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  4. ^ "LM2500 Gas Turbine Engine". FAS Military Analysis Network. Retrieved 28 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "US Navy Ship - Destroyer". United States Navy. Retrieved 16 June 2014. 
  6. ^ "US Navy Ship - Destroyer". United States Navy. Retrieved 16 June 2014. 
  7. ^ pamphlet 09-MDA-4298 (4 MAR 09). 
  8. ^ DDG-51 Arleigh Burke – Flight IIA
  9. ^ url=http://www.public.navy.mil/surfor/pages/Destroyer.aspx |title=US Navy Ship - Destroyer |publisher=United States Navy
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j http://www.fas.org/programs/ssp/man/uswpns/navy/surfacewarfare/ddg51_arleighburke.html
  11. ^ After 2-plus decades, Navy destroyer breaks record
  12. ^ "Northrop Grumman-Built William P. Lawrence Christened; Legacy of Former POW Honored". Northrop Grumman, 17 April 2010.
  13. ^ a b http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/ship/docs/ArleighB.htm
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References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]