Argentina v England (1986 FIFA World Cup)

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1986 FIFA World Cup
Quarter-final
Event1986 FIFA World Cup
Date22 June 1986
VenueEstadio Azteca, Mexico City
RefereeAli Bin Nasser (Tunisia)
Attendance114,580
WeatherSunny
 
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1986 FIFA World Cup
Quarter-final
Event1986 FIFA World Cup
Date22 June 1986
VenueEstadio Azteca, Mexico City
RefereeAli Bin Nasser (Tunisia)
Attendance114,580
WeatherSunny

Argentina v England, played on 22 June 1986, was a football match between Argentina and England in the quarter-finals of the 1986 FIFA World Cup at the Estadio Azteca in Mexico City. The game was held four years after the Falklands War between Argentina and the United Kingdom and was a key part in the already intense football rivalry between Argentina and England. It was also a match which included two of the most famous goals in football history, both scored by Diego Maradona.

The first goal, after 51 minutes, was to become known as the "Hand of God", which Maradona scored by using his hand. His second, after 54 minutes, saw him dribble past five England players, Beardsley, Reid, Butcher, Fenwick, Butcher (again), and finally goalkeeper Peter Shilton. Argentina won the game 2–1 and went on to win the 1986 World Cup with a victory over West Germany in the final. Maradona won the golden ball for player of the tournament whilst England's goalscorer on the day, Gary Lineker, won the golden shoe for being the tournament's top scorer.

Background[edit]

Argentina and England football rivalry[edit]

British expatriates brought football to Argentina in the 19th century.[1] The rivalry between the England and Argentina national football teams, however, is generally traced back to the 1966 FIFA World Cup.[1][2][3] During the quarter-final game at Wembley Stadium, the home of the England national team, Argentine captain Antonio Rattin was sent off as Argentina lost in a game which contained excessive foul play.[4] Rattin was angered at the sending-off, feeling that the German referee had been biased towards the English, a fellow European nation, in front of their home fans, and stomped over the royal carpet in the stadium. This led England manager Alf Ramsey to describe the Argentines as "animals",[5] comments that were viewed as racist by the Argentines.[3]

Despite the popularity of Ossie Ardiles and Ricardo Villa, Argentines who played with Tottenham Hotspur in England in an era before it was commonplace for clubs to have non-British players,[3] the rivalry remained strong.

Outside football, the Falklands War in 1982 increased the mistrust between England and Argentina. The Falkland Islands, situated in the South Atlantic Ocean is an overseas British territory, which is claimed by Argentina as its own, as the Islas Malvinas. On 2 April 1982, Argentina's forces invaded the islands. The British considered this an invasion of its territory and sent a naval task force that recaptured the Islands on 14 June 1982. Though the two nations were never officially at war, the conflict resulted in 258 British and 655 Argentinian deaths. As a result, the match taking place just four years after the war was emotionally charged. Following the game, Maradona stated: "Although we had said before the game that football had nothing to do with the Malvinas war, we knew they had killed a lot of Argentine boys there, killed them like little birds. And this was revenge."[3]

1986 FIFA World Cup[edit]

The 1986 FIFA World Cup was held in Mexico after the original hosts, Colombia, declared themselves unable to host the tournament. England qualified for the finals undefeated, topping Group 3 in the UEFA zone, whilst Argentina also topped their qualifying group in CONMEBOL. In the early stages of the tournament, Argentina had been comfortable, winning two and drawing one in the group stage, whilst England had qualified more narrowly, with a 3–0 win over Poland in the final match putting them into the round of 16. Both teams won comfortably against South American opposition in that round, Argentina against Uruguay and England against Paraguay.[2] Although neither team began the tournaments as favourites,[6] England's form had been improving throughout the World Cup and Argentina were buoyed by the skill of Maradona.

Argentina kit change[edit]

Argentina beat Uruguay 1–0 in the round of 16 wearing blue cotton shirts that coach Carlos Bilardo believed would prove too uncomfortable in the searing Mexico City heat.[7] Bilardo asked Argentina’s kit manufacturer to come up with lighter blue shirts for the quarterfinal, an impossible request given the short deadline. With just three days to go before the match, he sent out Ruben Moschella, a member of his coaching staff, to scour the shops of the Mexican capital for a suitable kit. He returned with two different blue shirts, which they subsequently weighed but were unable to choose between. It was then that Diego Maradona appeared and said: “That’s a nice jersey. We’ll beat England in that.”[7] Moschella returned to the shop and bought 38 of the shirts for the side to wear in the showdown versus England. A designer fashioned some makeshift Argentine Football Association (AFA) badges, which were then sewn on to each jersey, with silvery American Football shirt numbers hurriedly ironed on to the backs.[7]

Match[edit]

First half[edit]

The game started with both teams exchanging chances.[6] Argentina began to dominate, however, with England's goalkeeper Peter Shilton saving a number of good chances, many created by Maradona. Peter Beardsley had England's best chance after 13 minutes, following a slip from Nery Pumpido in Argentina's goal, but failed to take it.[2] At half time, the score was 0–0, Argentina having had much more of the possession and territory - and done a great deal more of the running - but having failed to get through England's resolute defence.

Second half[edit]

It was the second half of the match that was to see the two incidents for which the game was to become both famous and infamous.[1][6]

"Hand of God" goal[edit]

Six minutes into the second half, Maradona cut inside from the left and played a diagonal low pass to the edge of the area to team-mate Jorge Valdano and continued his run in the hope of a one-two movement. Maradona's pass was played slightly behind Valdano and reached England's Steve Hodge, the left midfielder who had dropped back to defend.

Hodge tried to hook the ball clear but miscued it. The ball screwed off his foot and into the penalty area, toward Maradona, who had continued his run. England goalkeeper Peter Shilton came out of his goal to punch the ball clear. Maradona, despite being 8 inches (20 cm) shorter than the 6-foot-1 (1.85 m) Shilton, reached it first with his outside left hand. The ball went into the goal. Referee Ali Bin Nasser of Tunisia did not see the infringement and allowed the goal, much to the chagrin of the English players and management.

Maradona later said, "I was waiting for my teammates to embrace me, and no one came... I told them, 'Come hug me, or the referee isn't going to allow it.'"[8]

At the post-game press conference, Maradona facetiously commented that the goal was scored "un poco con la cabeza de Maradona y otro poco con la mano de Dios" ("a little with the head of Maradona and a little with the hand of God"),[9] after which it became known as the "Hand of God" goal. The goal helped intensify the footballing rivalry between the two nations: the English now felt that they had been cheated out of a possible World Cup victory,[10] while the Argentines enjoyed the manner in which they had taken the lead.[3]

The Goal of the Century[edit]

Just four minutes after the Hand of God goal, however, came The Goal of the Century, so called because it is often claimed to be the greatest individual goal of all time.[2][5] Héctor Enrique passed the ball to Maradona some ten metres inside his own half. Maradona then began his 60-metre, 10-second dash towards the English goal, passing four English outfield players – Peter Beardsley, Peter Reid, Terry Butcher (twice) and Terry Fenwick. Maradona finished the move by dribbling round Shilton and slotting into the net to make the score 2–0 to Argentina.

About the goal, Maradona said, "I made the play to give it to Valdano, but when I got to the area they surrounded me and I had no space. Therefore, I had to continue the play and finish it myself."[11] He later complimented the fair play of the English team, saying, "I don't think I could have done it against any other team because they all used to knock you down; they are probably the noblest in the world".[12]

In 2002, the goal was voted 'Goal of the Century' as part of the buildup to the 2002 FIFA World Cup tournament on the FIFA website.[13] It beat a goal scored by England's Michael Owen, against Argentina in the 1998 FIFA World Cup, which came second, whilst another 1986 FIFA World Cup goal by Maradona, from the semi-final match against Belgium, came fourth.

In Spanish-speaking countries, this goal is usually associated to its live commentary by Uruguayan journalist Víctor Hugo Morales (translation from Spanish):

He's going to pass it to Diego, there's Maradona with it, two men on him, Maradona steps on the ball, there goes down the right flank the genius of world football, he leaves the wing and he's going to pass it to Burruchaga... Always Maradona! Genius! Genius! Genius! There, there, there, there, there, there! Goaaaaaaaal! Goaaaaaaal! I want to cry, oh holy God, long live football! What a goal! Die-goal! Maradona! It's to cry, excuse me! Maradona, in a memorable run, in the best play of all times! Little cosmic kite, which planet did you come from, to leave so many Englishmen behind, so that the country becomes a clenched fist crying for Argentina? Argentina 2, England 0! Die-goal, Die-goal, Diego Armando Maradona! Thank you, God, for football, for Maradona, for these tears, for this Argentina 2, England 0.

Lineker's goal and Argentine victory[edit]

Argentina's lead forced England into a double-attacking substitution, bringing on Barnes and Waddle, and it nearly paid off: as the Argentine team began to tire after their earlier efforts, England began to push further up the pitch, looking to get back into the game. Driven by Glenn Hoddle and John Barnes, they created chances, and Gary Lineker scored his sixth goal of the tournament in the 80th minute from a Barnes cross.[2] Argentina had further chances as well, with Carlos Tapia hitting the inside of the post immediately after England's goal.[6] England were unable to score an equaliser and Argentina won the match 2–1.

Aftermath[edit]

Hodge swapped shirts with Maradona after the game; Hodge loaned out the Argentinian's jersey to the National Football Museum in the 2000s. The game added hugely to the rivalry between the two teams in England where many felt that they had been cheated out of the competition by Maradona's handball.[10] Meanwhile, in Argentina, the game was seen as revenge for the Falklands War and for what they still see as the unfair game in the 1966 World Cup. The former Argentinian international Roberto Perfumo stated that "In 1986, winning that game against England was enough. Winning the World Cup was secondary for us. Beating England was our real aim".[3]

Although the first goal proved highly controversial in England, Maradona's second goal was nevertheless recognized all over the world for its brilliance. A notable example of the English appreciation of his genius occurred in a 2002 poll conducted by Channel 4, where the UK public voted Maradona's performance #6 in the list of the 100 Greatest Sporting Moments.[15] Outside the Estadio Azteca a statue of Maradona scoring the goal was erected to commemorate the moment.[16]

Argentina went on to win the 1986 FIFA World Cup, as well as finishing runners-up in the 1990 FIFA World Cup. England's Lineker won the golden shoe for being top scorer in the 1986 FIFA World Cup. With a similar squad, England finished fourth in the 1990 FIFA World Cup, their highest finish since 1966.

The two teams have since met twice in World Cup matches. Argentina won a round-of-16 match in the shootout at the 1998 FIFA World Cup, after one penalty kick was awarded to each side, David Beckham was sent off, and Michael Owen scored his famous goal. At the 2002 FIFA World Cup the teams met in the group stage, and the match which began at twelve noon UK time, was described as the "longest lunch break in history" as millions in England and throughout the world stopped their jobs and activities to watch the game on TV. England won 1–0 courtesy of Beckham's penalty kick and Argentina later failed to advance to the knockout round.[13][17]

Details[edit]

22 June 1986
12:00 CST
Argentina 2–1 England
Maradona Goal 51'55'ReportLineker Goal 81'
Estadio Azteca, Mexico City
Attendance: 114,580
Referee: Ali Bin Nasser (Tunisia)[18]


Argentina
England
GK18Nery Pumpido
DF5José Luis Brown
DF9José Luis Cuciuffo
DF19Oscar Ruggeri
MF2Sergio BatistaBooked 60'
MF7Jorge BurruchagaSubstituted off 75'
MF10Diego Maradona (c)
MF12Héctor Enrique
MF14Ricardo Giusti
MF16Julio Olarticoechea
FW11Jorge Valdano
Substitutions:
MF21Carlos Daniel TapiaSubstituted in 75'
Manager:
Carlos Bilardo
GK1Peter Shilton (c)
DF2Gary M. Stevens
DF3Kenny Sansom
DF14Terry FenwickBooked 9'
DF6Terry Butcher
MF4Glenn Hoddle
MF16Peter ReidSubstituted off 69'
MF17Trevor StevenSubstituted off 74'
MF18Steve Hodge
FW10Gary Lineker
FW20Peter Beardsley
Substitutions:
GK13Chris Woods
DF15Gary A. Stevens
MF8Ray Wilkins
FW11Chris WaddleSubstituted in 69'
FW19John BarnesSubstituted in 74'
Manager:
Bobby Robson


Assistant referees:
Berny Ulloa Morera (Costa Rica)
Bogdan Dotchev (Bulgaria)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kuper, Simon (25 February 2002). "The conflict lives on". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Argentina - England FIFA Retrieved 26 January 2009
  3. ^ a b c d e f England v Argentina - A history Carlin, John; The Observer; 19 May 2002; Retrieved 26 January 2009
  4. ^ Hurst the hero for England in the home of football FIFA. Retrieved 26 January 2009
  5. ^ a b New chapter in an historic rivalry CNN; 12 May 2002; Retrieved 26 January 2009
  6. ^ a b c d 1986 England:Argentina Englandcaps.co.uk; Retrieved 27 January 2009
  7. ^ a b c "Curious tales of World Cup shirts". FIFA.com. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  8. ^ Bechtel, Mark. "The Right Way to Cheat: Pulling a Fast One Is Sometimes Part of the Game". CNNSI. 24 August 2005. Retrieved 19 May 2006.
  9. ^ Wells, Tom (31 January 2008). "Maradona: I hold my hands up". The Sun (London). Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  10. ^ a b Terry Butcher: Maradona robbed England of World Cup glory McCarthy, David; Daily Record; Retrieved 29 January 2008
  11. ^ Maradona, D. Maradona: The Autobiography of Soccer's Greatest and Most Controversial Star, p.129. Skyhorse Publishing, 2007. ISBN 1-60239-027-4.
  12. ^ "Maradona's strike is goal of century". Rediff.com. 30 May 2002. 
  13. ^ a b "Diego Maradona goal voted the FIFA World Cup Goal of the Century". FIFA. 30 May 2002. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  14. ^ Youtube, ed. (25 April 2007). "Maradona Gol a los ingleses por V H morales". Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  15. ^ "100 Greatest Sporting Moments - Results". Channel 4. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  16. ^ "Messi's goal better than Maradona's goal of the century?". 28 April 2007. Retrieved 10 April 2012. 
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ England National Football Team Match No. 618 England football online; Retrieved 28 January 2009

External links[edit]