Arco, Idaho

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Arco, Idaho
City
Arco, Idaho.jpg
Location in Butte County and the state of Idaho
Location in Butte County and the state of Idaho
Coordinates: 43°38′5″N 113°18′5″W / 43.63472°N 113.30139°W / 43.63472; -113.30139Coordinates: 43°38′5″N 113°18′5″W / 43.63472°N 113.30139°W / 43.63472; -113.30139
CountryUnited States
StateIdaho
CountyButte
Area[1]
 • Total1.07 sq mi (2.77 km2)
 • Land1.06 sq mi (2.75 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation5,325 ft (1,623 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total995
 • Estimate (2012[3])942
 • Density938.7/sq mi (362.4/km2)
Time zoneMountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code83213
Area code(s)208
FIPS code16-03160
GNIS feature ID0396049
 
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Arco, Idaho
City
Arco, Idaho.jpg
Location in Butte County and the state of Idaho
Location in Butte County and the state of Idaho
Coordinates: 43°38′5″N 113°18′5″W / 43.63472°N 113.30139°W / 43.63472; -113.30139Coordinates: 43°38′5″N 113°18′5″W / 43.63472°N 113.30139°W / 43.63472; -113.30139
CountryUnited States
StateIdaho
CountyButte
Area[1]
 • Total1.07 sq mi (2.77 km2)
 • Land1.06 sq mi (2.75 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation5,325 ft (1,623 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total995
 • Estimate (2012[3])942
 • Density938.7/sq mi (362.4/km2)
Time zoneMountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code83213
Area code(s)208
FIPS code16-03160
GNIS feature ID0396049

Arco is a city in Butte County, Idaho, United States. The population was 995 at the 2010 census.[4] Arco is the county seat and largest city in Butte County.[5]

Arco, Idaho

Arco is located along the Big Lost River and is a gateway to the Lost River Range from the Snake River Plain. Craters of the Moon National Monument is located along U.S. Route 20, southwest of the city. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is located east of Arco.

History[edit]

Originally known as Root Hog, the original town site was five miles (8 km) south at the junction of two stagecoach lines (Blackfoot-Wood River and Blackfoot-Salmon). A suspension bridge that crossed the Big Lost River funnelled traffic through the settlement. The town leaders applied to the U.S. Post Office for the town name of "Junction."

The Postmaster General thought the name too common and suggested that the place be named Arco for Georg von Arco (1869–1940) of Germany who was visiting Washington, D.C. at the time. Georg von Arco was an inventor and a pioneer in the field of radio transmission and would become the lead engineer of Telefunken, a German company founded in 1903 that produced radio vacuum tubes. The town later moved four miles southeast when the stage station was moved to Webb Springs at Big Southern Butte. When the Oregon Short Line railroad arrived from Blackfoot in 1901 the stage lines became obsolete and the town of Arco moved northwest to its present site.[6]

Arco was the first community in the world ever to be lit by electricity generated by nuclear power. This occurred on July 17, 1955, powered by Argonne National Laboratory’s BORAX-III reactor (see BORAX experiments) at the nearby National Reactor Testing Station (NRTS), which eventually became the site of the Idaho National Energy Laboratory, a predecessor of the current Idaho National Laboratory.[7] NRTS made further history on January 3, 1961, when the SL-1 reactor melted down, causing three deaths. It was the world's first (and the U.S.' only) fatal reactor accident.

Economy[edit]

The town's economic base is primarily derived from the Idaho National Laboratory (formerly the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory or INEL), agricultural products, and recreation in the Lost River Valley.

Highways[edit]

Geography[edit]

Arco is located at 43°38′5″N 113°18′5″W / 43.63472°N 113.30139°W / 43.63472; -113.30139 (43.634632, -113.301323).[8] The elevation is 5325 feet (1623 m) above sea level.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.07 square miles (2.77 km2), of which, 1.06 square miles (2.75 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1]

In town, the most striking physical feature is Number Hill, a rocky hill with numbers painted all over it. Butte County High School has a tradition of each class since 1920 painting its graduation year on the face of hill.[9]

Climate data for Arco, Idaho (1971–2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)29.5
(−1.4)
35.5
(1.9)
45.7
(7.6)
58.1
(14.5)
67.0
(19.4)
76.6
(24.8)
84.6
(29.2)
83.2
(28.4)
73.6
(23.1)
61.1
(16.2)
41.9
(5.5)
30.4
(−0.9)
57.3
(14.1)
Average low °F (°C)4.8
(−15.1)
9.6
(−12.4)
20.7
(−6.3)
28.8
(−1.8)
36.6
(2.6)
43.4
(6.3)
48.4
(9.1)
47.0
(8.3)
38.0
(3.3)
29.0
(−1.7)
17.6
(−8)
6.2
(−14.3)
27.5
(−2.5)
Precipitation inches (mm)0.82
(20.8)
1.05
(26.7)
0.86
(21.8)
0.75
(19)
1.32
(33.5)
0.90
(22.9)
0.83
(21.1)
0.78
(19.8)
0.70
(17.8)
0.63
(16)
0.80
(20.3)
0.81
(20.6)
10.25
(260.3)
Source: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000) [10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
189065
190050−23.1%
1910322544.0%
1920737128.9%
1930572−22.4%
1940548−4.2%
195096175.4%
19601,56262.5%
19701,224−21.6%
19801,2411.4%
19901,016−18.1%
20001,0261.0%
2010995−3.0%
source:[11][12]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 995 people, 417 households, and 254 families residing in the city. The population density was 938.7 inhabitants per square mile (362.4 /km2). There were 504 housing units at an average density of 475.5 per square mile (183.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.1% White, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 1.7% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population.

There were 417 households of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.1% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.03.

The median age in the city was 41.2 years. 26.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.6% were from 25 to 44; 26.1% were from 45 to 64; and 18.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.8% male and 48.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 1,026 people, 427 households, and 269 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,163.9 people per square mile (450.2/km²). There were 505 housing units at an average density of 572.9 per square mile (221.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.13% White, 0.49% African American, 1.36% Native American, 1.75% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.61% of the population.

City office / Recreation Hall on Main Street, Arco, Idaho

There were 427 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 22.4% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,993, and the median income for a family was $34,688. Males had a median income of $34,688 versus $17,386 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,744. About 19.6% of families and 22.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.8% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

Atomic power neon sign at night.
City of Arco Recreation Hall

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File: Arco, Idaho. From American FactFinder
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ "Idaho for the Curious", by Cort Conley, ©1982, ISBN 0-9603566-3-0, p.534
  7. ^ "AEC Press release for BORAX-III lighting Arco, Idaho". U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory. 1999. Retrieved 2012-07-26. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ Gallery Fifty Eight: Man and nature -- Number Hill, Arco, Idaho, 2010 Retrieved 2014-09-28. Photo of Number Hill shown.
  10. ^ "Climatography of the United States NO.81". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 
  11. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 90.
  12. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Idaho 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. Archived from the original on 31 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]