Arapahoe, Nebraska

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Arapahoe, Nebraska
City
Downtown Arapahoe: west side of Nebraska Street
Downtown Arapahoe: west side of Nebraska Street
Motto: "Where The Highways Meet"
Location of Arapahoe, Nebraska
Location of Arapahoe, Nebraska
Coordinates: 40°18′14″N 99°53′59″W / 40.30389°N 99.89972°W / 40.30389; -99.89972Coordinates: 40°18′14″N 99°53′59″W / 40.30389°N 99.89972°W / 40.30389; -99.89972
CountryUnited States
StateNebraska
CountyFurnas
Area[1]
 • Total0.99 sq mi (2.56 km2)
 • Land0.99 sq mi (2.56 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation2,178 ft (664 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total1,026
 • Estimate (2012[3])1,018
 • Density1,036.4/sq mi (400.2/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code68922
Area code(s)308
FIPS code31-01780[4]
GNIS feature ID0827034[5]
 
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Arapahoe, Nebraska
City
Downtown Arapahoe: west side of Nebraska Street
Downtown Arapahoe: west side of Nebraska Street
Motto: "Where The Highways Meet"
Location of Arapahoe, Nebraska
Location of Arapahoe, Nebraska
Coordinates: 40°18′14″N 99°53′59″W / 40.30389°N 99.89972°W / 40.30389; -99.89972Coordinates: 40°18′14″N 99°53′59″W / 40.30389°N 99.89972°W / 40.30389; -99.89972
CountryUnited States
StateNebraska
CountyFurnas
Area[1]
 • Total0.99 sq mi (2.56 km2)
 • Land0.99 sq mi (2.56 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation2,178 ft (664 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total1,026
 • Estimate (2012[3])1,018
 • Density1,036.4/sq mi (400.2/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code68922
Area code(s)308
FIPS code31-01780[4]
GNIS feature ID0827034[5]

Arapahoe is a city in Furnas County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 1,026 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Arapahoe is located at 40°18′14″N 99°53′59″W / 40.30389°N 99.89972°W / 40.30389; -99.89972 (40.303959, -99.899839)[6].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.99 square miles (2.56 km2), all of it land.[1]

History[edit]

In the spring of 1871, the Arapahoe Town Company was formed in Plattsmouth, Nebraska, under the leadership of Captain E. B. Murphy, for the purpose of establishing a settlement in the Republican River valley. The townsite was surveyed on July 18, 1871.[7][8]

The Company chose E. B. Murphy as the chairman of the board of trustees, C. Cowell, as the village clerk, and George W. Colvin as the village treasurer. The election was fairly informal: anyone in Furnas County who was 21 or older could vote.[citation needed]

A post office was established in Arapahoe in 1872.[9] A sawmill and gristmill were constructed on Muddy Creek, west of the town; the sawmill provided timber for early construction.[7]

In 1873, Furnas County was organized by the state legislature, with Arapahoe designated the county seat. The designation was challenged by Beaver City; an 1873 election, followed my extensive litigation, moved the county seat to Beaver City in 1876.[8][9]

The city's first newspaper was the Pioneer, established in 1879. In 1882, the Arapahoe Public Mirror was established to support the Democratic Party in the county. The Public Mirror is still in operation; in 1924, it absorbed the Holbrook Observer; in 1978, it acquired the Elwood Bulletin, which it continues to publish under that name.[10]

The Arapahoe Telephone Company was established in 1904. In the 1930s, a WPA project constructed a swimming pool and solarium at the city park, which had been part of the city's original layout.[9]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,026 people, 452 households, and 258 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,036.4 inhabitants per square mile (400.2 /km2). There were 515 housing units at an average density of 520.2 per square mile (200.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.2% White, 0.1% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.2% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.4% of the population.

There were 452 households of which 25.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.1% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.9% were non-families. 40.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 46.3 years. 24% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 17.9% were from 25 to 44; 28.3% were from 45 to 64; and 23.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.4% male and 53.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,028 people, 456 households, and 280 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,057.1 people per square mile (409.2/km²). There were 522 housing units at an average density of 536.8 per square mile (207.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.57% White, 0.29% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.39% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.65% of the population.

There were 456 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.6% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 25.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 28.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 74.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.4 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $29,500, and the median income for a family was $36,750. Males had a median income of $28,365 versus $20,795 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,191. About 6.1% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ a b Arapahoe, Nebraska Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2011-05-16.
  8. ^ a b "Archives Record Historical Note". Nebraska State Historical Society. Retrieved 2011-05-16.
  9. ^ a b c Haussler, Lelia. "Arapahoe—Furnas County". Nebraska... Our Towns. Retrieved 2011-05-16.
  10. ^ "History of Arapahoe Public Mirror & Elwood Bulletin ". Arapahoe Public Mirror—Elwood Bulletin Retrieved 2011-05-16.