Antonov An-140

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

An-140
Antonov An-140. Hostomel Airport, Ukraine, 2008
RoleAirliner
First flight17 September 1997
StatusOperational
Primary usersUkraine
Iran
Russia
Produced1997–present
Number built28 (as of June 2012)
Unit costUS$9 million
VariantsHESA IrAn-140
 
Jump to: navigation, search
An-140
Antonov An-140. Hostomel Airport, Ukraine, 2008
RoleAirliner
First flight17 September 1997
StatusOperational
Primary usersUkraine
Iran
Russia
Produced1997–present
Number built28 (as of June 2012)
Unit costUS$9 million
VariantsHESA IrAn-140

The Antonov An-140 is a turboprop regional airliner, designed by the Ukrainian Antonov ASTC bureau. It first flew on September 17, 1997. Apart from the main production line in Kharkiv by KSAMC, the aircraft is being manufactured in Samara by Aviakor, and assembled under licence by HESA in Iran (as the IrAn-140 or Iran-140), from Complete knock-down kits manufactured in Ukraine.[1][2] It may also begin assembly in Kazakhstan.[3] It can carry a maximum of 52 passengers.

Versions[edit]

VIP – Regional aircraft An-140 in VIP-version is designed to carry up to 30 passengers in high comfort. The passenger compartment of the aircraft can be divided into two or three zones – the exclusive lounge, equipped with four comfortable seats, audio and video, business class and economy cabin, in which it has 26 standard seats with a standard walk.

The base An-140-100 can be built for civilian, military and special purpose: maritime patrol, medical, aerial photography, geological exploration, freight etc.

Civil operators[edit]

As of May 2012, a total of 25 Antonov An-140 aircraft are in airline service, with a further 19 firm orders. It is currently operated by the following organizations:

Antonov An-140 in Yakutia Airlines livery.
Antonov An-140-100. Russian Air Force, Russia, 2011
Antonov An-140. Hostomel Airport, Ukraine, 2008
AirlineIn ServiceOn Order
Ukraine Antonov Airlines30
Ukraine Ilyich-Avia20
Ukraine Motor Sich30
Russia Yakutia Airlines44
Russia Ministry of Defence (Russia)[4]414[5]
Iran Iran Police Aviation20
Iran HESA Airlines60
Total2619

HESA IrAn-140[edit]

The IrAn-140 is a license-built version of the An-140, assembled by HESA in Iran from Complete knock-down kits supplied by Antonov.[6] As of 2008, 13 aircraft per year were planned to be constructed.[7] There were plans to produce maritime patrol (IrAn-140MP) and freighter (IrAn-140T) versions.[8] 100 aircraft in total were planned to be build; 20 of them were to be acquired by the Iranian government for border patrol and surveillance.[9]

On 9th Nov 2010, during his opening speech of the Kish air show, the Iranian transport minister announced that 14 IrAn-140 aircraft had so far been completed;[10] the first eight entered commercial service on 19 February 2011, after a ban on the operation of the Tupolev Tu-154 came into effect.[11]

Specifications (An-140)[edit]

Data from www.antonov.com[12]

General characteristics

Performance

Accidents and Incidents[edit]

The An-140 has suffered five major accidents. Two of them had no fatalities, and three had all on board killed.

  1. On December 23, 2002 an aircraft carrying many of Ukraine's top aviation designers and engineers crashed into a mountainside as it was preparing to land in Isfahan in Iran, killing all 44 on board.[14]
  2. The second accident occurred on 12 August 2005 with a HESA IrAn-140 belonging to Safiran Airlines. One of the engines failed and the airplane tried to land at Arak airport with the remaining engine. During landing, the aircraft overran the runway. The aircraft was badly damaged but there were no fatalities. The aircraft was eventually repaired in the early 2010s and is used by HESA as a test bed for a maritime patrol version of the aircraft.
  3. On 23 December 2005, Azerbaijan Airlines Flight 217, an Antonov An-140 4K-AZ48, plunged into the Caspian Sea about 20 miles north of the capital, Baku. All 18 passengers and five crew members died. The plane was on its way to Aktau. The airline has grounded its other remaining An-140 airplanes, and also postponed plans to purchase more of the type aircraft from Ukraine.[15] Investigations have discovered that three independent gyroscopes were not providing stabilized heading and altitude performance information to the crew early in the flight.[16]
  4. The fourth accident happened during a training flight on 15 February 2006 near Shahin Shahr, Isfahan Province, Iran. All 5 pilots on board were killed.[17] This airplane was also of the Iranian-assembled variety, HESA IrAn-140.
  5. The fifth accident occurred on September 6, 2008 in Kiev Boryspil Airport. A Southern Airlines Ukraine An-140 coming from Lviv suffered a front landing gear failure (stuck inside the aircraft fuselage). The aircraft landed on a specially prepared foam track using two intact landing gears. None suffered any injuries and the aircraft was put back to service in three weeks after a minor repair.[18]

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Antonov An-140". flightglobal.com. 19 December 2007. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Introducing AN-140 Regional Aircraft". Aviacor. Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  3. ^ Antonov examining proposal to assembly Russian-Ukrainian An-140 in Kazakhstan
  4. ^ Russian Ministry of Defense will acquire a batch of An-140s
  5. ^ http://bmpd.livejournal.com/508021.html
  6. ^ "Antonov An-140". flightglobal.com. 19 December 2007. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  7. ^ Iran plane manufacturing company can produce 24 plane annually - Irna
  8. ^ [1][dead link]
  9. ^ "Iran plans to use An-140 planes to patrol borders | World | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. 2008-10-29. Retrieved 2011-02-22. 
  10. ^ "ایرنا: وزير راه و ترابري: 14 فروند هواپيماي ايران 140 آماده پرواز است". Irna.ir. Retrieved 2011-02-22. 
  11. ^ "Iran to introduce its own regional aircraft as Tu-154 ban begins". Arabian Aerospace. 16 February 2011. Archived from the original on 22 February 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2011. 
  12. ^ "Antonov An-140". Archived from the original on 28 August 2006. Retrieved 2006-08-22. 
  13. ^ At 520 km/h (280 kt, 320 mph) at 7,200 m (24,000 ft) with a 6,000 kg (13,000) payload / standard load – 500km/h with 52 passengers at 7,200m (24,000ft)
  14. ^ "Ukraine mourns Iran air crash victims". BBC News. 2002-12-26. Retrieved 2010-04-25. 
  15. ^ Azerbaijan plane crash 'kills 23' – BBC
  16. ^ Crashed An-140 had gyro failure
  17. ^ سقوط مرگبار سومین هواپیمای ایران 140 در اصفهان
  18. ^ An-140 lands successfully after a front landing gear failure

External links[edit]