Antonov An-140

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An-140
Antonov An-140 1.jpg
Antonov An-140. Hostomel Airport, Ukraine, 2008
RoleAirliner
DesignerAntonov
First flight17 September 1997
StatusOperational
Primary usersUkraine
Iran
Russia
Produced1997–present
Number built31 (as of November 2013)
Unit cost
US$9 million[1]
 
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An-140
Antonov An-140 1.jpg
Antonov An-140. Hostomel Airport, Ukraine, 2008
RoleAirliner
DesignerAntonov
First flight17 September 1997
StatusOperational
Primary usersUkraine
Iran
Russia
Produced1997–present
Number built31 (as of November 2013)
Unit cost
US$9 million[1]

The Antonov An-140 is a turboprop regional airliner, designed by the Ukrainian Antonov ASTC bureau as a successor to the Antonov An-24, with extended cargo capacity and the ability to use unprepared airstrips.

Design and development[edit]

First flown on 17 September 1997, the 52 passenger An-140 is manufactured at the main production line in Kharkiv by KHDABP, in Samara by Aviakor, and assembled under license by Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company (HESA) in Iran as the IrAn-140.[2][3] Assembly in Kazakhstan has also been discussed in tri-partite discussions between the Kazakh government, Ukraine and Russia.[4]

Variants[edit]

An-140 VIP
Regional aircraft An-140 in VIP-version is designed to carry up to 30 passengers in high comfort. The passenger compartment of the aircraft can be divided into two or three zones – the exclusive lounge, equipped with four comfortable seats, audio and video, business class and economy cabin, in which it has 26 standard seats with a standard walk.
An-140-100
can be built for civilian, military and special purpose: maritime patrol, medical, aerial photography, geological exploration, freight etc.
HESA IrAn-140
The IrAn-140 is a license-built version of the An-140, assembled by HESA in Shahin Shahr, Iran, from complete knock-down kits supplied by Antonov.[2] As of 2008, 13 aircraft per year were planned to be constructed. There were plans to produce maritime patrol (IrAn-140MP) and freighter (IrAn-140T) versions. 100 aircraft in total were planned to be build; 20 of them were to be acquired by the Iranian government for border patrol and surveillance.[5]
On 9 November 2010, during his opening speech of the Kish air show, the Iranian transport minister announced that 14 IrAn-140 aircraft had so far been completed;[6] the first six entered commercial service on 19 February 2011, after a ban on the operation of the Tupolev Tu-154 came into effect.[7]

Operators[edit]

As of May 2013, a total of 25 Antonov An-140 aircraft are in airline, military and police aviation service, with a further 19 firm orders. There are also several prototypes and test airframes at the three manufacturing sites. The An-140 is currently operated by the following organizations:

Antonov An-140 in Yakutia Airlines livery.
Antonov An-140-100. Russian Air Force, Russia, 2011
Antonov An-140. Hostomel Airport, Ukraine, 2008
OrganizationIn ServiceOn Order
Ukraine Antonov Airlines30
Ukraine Ilyich-Avia20
Ukraine Motor Sich30
Russia Yakutia Airlines44
Russia Ministry of Defense (Russia)[8]614[9]
Iran Iran Police Aviation20
Iran Sepahan Airlines (HESA)5[10]0
Total2518

Specifications (An-140)[edit]

Data from www.antonov.com[11]

General characteristics

Performance

Accidents and incidents[edit]

23 December 2002
Aeromist Kharkiv Flight 2137, an An-140 (UR-14003) carrying many of Ukraine's top aviation designers and engineers, crashed into a mountainside as it was preparing to land at Isfahan, Iran, killing all 44 on board. The delegation was to have attended the inauguration ceremonies for the first HESA IrAn-140 airframe.[13] The probable cause was controlled flight into terrain (CFIT).
12 August 2005
A Safiran Airlines HESA IrAn-140 diverted to Arak Airport due to an engine failure. During landing, the aircraft overran the runway and was badly damaged. There were no fatalities. The cause of the engine failure appeared to be technical problems with the fuel control unit. The airframe was eventually repaired in the early 2010s and is to be used by HESA as a test bed for the future versions of the aircraft. After the Arak incident, Safiran Airlines returned its two remaining examples to HESA. These two aircraft eventually found their way to the Iran Police Aviation.
23 December 2005
Azerbaijan Airlines Flight 217, an An-140-100 (4K-AZ48), crashed into the Caspian Sea at CA 22:40, killing all 23 passengers and crew on board.[14][15][16] Investigations discovered that three independent gyroscopes were not providing stabilized heading and attitude information to the crew early in the flight.[17] The airline grounded its remaining An-140 airplanes, and cancelled plans to purchase more of the type from Ukraine.
6 September 2008
A South Airlines An-140 coming from Lviv, Ukraine, suffered a nose landing gear extension failure during landing at Boryspil Airport. The aircraft landed on a specially prepared foam track using the two intact landing gears. None suffered any injuries and the aircraft was put back to service in three weeks after a minor repair.
15 February 2009
An IrAn-140-100 (test registration HESA 90-04) crashed at Shahin Shahr, Isfahan Province, Iran, during a training flight, killing the five crew.[18]
10 August 2014
Sepahan Airlines Flight 5915, an IrAn-140-100 (registration EP-GPA), crashed shortly after taking off from Tehran Mehrabad International Airport. The aircraft was on a domestic service to Tabas. According to initial reports, around 40 passengers and 8 crew members were on board the aircraft, which broke up and burst into flames. It was reported that the aircraft suffered an engine failure shortly after take-off. There were 10 survivors.[19] The aircraft was built in 2008 and was fitted with Klimov TV3-117VMA-SBM1 engines. Survivors reported that the number two engine had stopped during the take off.[20] Following this crash, the Iranian IrAn-140 fleet was grounded, pending outcome of the investigation.[21]

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Russia to procure seven Antonov 140 aircraft from Ukraine". brahmand.com. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Antonov An-140". flightglobal.com. 19 December 2007. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  3. ^ "Introducing AN-140 Regional Aircraft". Aviacor. Retrieved 28 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "Antonov examining proposal to assembly Russian-Ukrainian An-140 in Kazakhstan". Interfax - Ukraine. 2011-02-28. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  5. ^ "Iran plans to use An-140 planes to patrol borders | World | RIA Novosti". En.rian.ru. 2008-10-29. Retrieved 2011-02-22. 
  6. ^ "ایرنا: وزير راه و ترابري: 14 فروند هواپيماي ايران 140 آماده پرواز است". Irna.ir. Retrieved 2011-02-22. 
  7. ^ "Iran to introduce its own regional aircraft as Tu-154 ban begins". Arabian Aerospace. 16 February 2011. Archived from the original on 22 February 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2011. 
  8. ^ "Russian Ministry of Defense will acquire a batch of An-140s". hruaviation.com. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  9. ^ http://bmpd.livejournal.com/508021.html
  10. ^ "Sepahan Airlines". aerotransport.org. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  11. ^ "Antonov An-140". Archived from the original on 28 August 2006. Retrieved 2006-08-22. 
  12. ^ At 520 km/h (280 kt, 320 mph) at 7,200 m (24,000 ft) with a 6,000 kg (13,000) payload / standard load – 500km/h with 52 passengers at 7,200m (24,000ft)
  13. ^ "Ukraine mourns Iran air crash victims". BBC News. 2002-12-26. Retrieved 2010-04-25. 
  14. ^ "Picture of the Antonov An-140 aircraft". airliners.net. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  15. ^ baaa-acro.com http://www.baaa-acro.com/Photos-44/4K-AZ48-2.jpg |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  16. ^ "Azerbaijan plane crash 'kills 23'". news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  17. ^ "Crashed An-140 had gyro failure". Flightglobal. 10 January 2006. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  18. ^ "Accident description". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  19. ^ "Crash: Sepahan A140 at Tehran on Aug 10th 2014, lost height after takeoff". avherald.com. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  20. ^ http://avherald.com/h?article=47897aae&opt=0
  21. ^ http://www.tasnimnews.com/English/Home/Single/457322

External links[edit]