Antibes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Antibes, France

Coat of arms
Antibes is located in France
Antibes, France
Coordinates: 43°34′51″N 7°07′26″E / 43.5808°N 7.1239°E / 43.5808; 7.1239Coordinates: 43°34′51″N 7°07′26″E / 43.5808°N 7.1239°E / 43.5808; 7.1239
CountryFrance
RegionProvence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
DepartmentAlpes-Maritimes
ArrondissementGrasse
IntercommunalitySophia Antipolis
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014)Jean Leonetti
Area
 • Land126.48 km2 (10.22 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population276,994
 • Population2 Density2,900/km2 (7,500/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code06004 / 06600
Elevation0–163 m (0–535 ft)
(avg. 9 m or 30 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Antibes, France

Coat of arms
Antibes is located in France
Antibes, France
Coordinates: 43°34′51″N 7°07′26″E / 43.5808°N 7.1239°E / 43.5808; 7.1239Coordinates: 43°34′51″N 7°07′26″E / 43.5808°N 7.1239°E / 43.5808; 7.1239
CountryFrance
RegionProvence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
DepartmentAlpes-Maritimes
ArrondissementGrasse
IntercommunalitySophia Antipolis
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014)Jean Leonetti
Area
 • Land126.48 km2 (10.22 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Population276,994
 • Population2 Density2,900/km2 (7,500/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code06004 / 06600
Elevation0–163 m (0–535 ft)
(avg. 9 m or 30 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Antibes (/ɒnˈtb/, French: [ɑ̃. tib]; Provençal Occitan: Antíbol in classical norm or Antibo in Mistralian norm) is a resort town in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France.

It lies on the Mediterranean in the Côte d'Azur, located between Cannes and Nice. The town of Juan-les-Pins is within the commune of Antibes. The Sophia-Antipolis technology park is northwest of Antibes.

History[edit]

Antibes was founded as a 5th-century BC Greek colony settled by Phocaeans from Massilia,[1] called Ἀντίπολις, Antípolis (literally, the "city across"). Due to its naturally protected port, the town of Antibes has long been an important trading centre.

Rome gradually increased its hold over the Mediterranean coast and in 43 BC, Antipolis was officially incorporated in the propraetorial (senatorial from 27 BC) province of Gallia Narbonensis in which it remained for the next 500 years. Antipolis grew into the largest town in the region and a main entry point into Gaul. Roman artifacts such as aqueducts, fortified walls and amphoræ can still be seen today.

After the Roman Empire disintegrated in 476 AD various barbarian tribes seized Antibes. This resulted in destruction and a long period of instability. In the 10th century, Antibes found a protector in Seigneur Rodoart, who built extensive fortified walls around the town and a castle in which to live. For the next 200 years, the town experienced a period of renewal.

Prosperity was short-lived, as the whole region fell into disarray for several centuries. The inhabitants of Antibes stayed behind their strong city walls as a succession of wars and epidemics ravaged the countryside. By the end of the 15th century, the region was under the protection and control of King Louis XI of France. Relative stability returned, but the small port of Antibes fell into obscurity.

From around the middle of the 19th century the Antibes area regained its popularity, as wealthy people from around Europe discovered its natural beauty and built luxurious homes here.

In 1926, the old Château Grimaldi in Antibes was bought by the local municipality and later restored for use as a museum. Pablo Picasso came to the town in 1946, having visited his friend and fellow painter Gerald Murphy and his wife Sara there in 1923, and was invited to stay in the castle. During his six-month stay Picasso painted and drew as well as crafting ceramics and tapestries. When he departed Picasso left a number of his works to the municipality. The castle has since become the Picasso Museum.

Population[edit]

Twenty-five percent of the town's inhabitants are under the age of 25.

Historical population
YearPop.  ±%  
17934,135—    
18005,270+27.4%
18064,792−9.1%
18215,095+6.3%
18315,565+9.2%
18365,939+6.7%
18415,615−5.5%
18465,976+6.4%
18516,163+3.1%
18566,657+8.0%
18616,829+2.6%
18666,064−11.2%
18726,843+12.8%
18766,752−1.3%
18815,923−12.3%
18866,461+9.1%
18917,401+14.5%
18969,329+26.1%
190110,947+17.3%
190611,753+7.4%
191112,198+3.8%
192112,768+4.7%
192620,456+60.2%
193126,071+27.4%
193625,014−4.1%
194623,574−5.8%
195427,064+14.8%
196235,439+30.9%
196847,547+34.2%
197555,960+17.7%
198262,859+12.3%
199070,005+11.4%
199972,454+3.5%
200876,994+6.3%

Climate[edit]

Antibes enjoys a Mediterranean climate.

Climate data for Antibes (France)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)8.8
(47.8)
9.4
(48.9)
10.9
(51.6)
13.3
(55.9)
16.7
(62.1)
25.4
(77.7)
29.6
(85.3)
30.6
(87.1)
29.9
(85.8)
17.6
(63.7)
12.4
(54.3)
9.7
(49.5)
15.6
(60.1)
Precipitation mm (inches)81.7
(3.217)
84.6
(3.331)
72.2
(2.843)
62.7
(2.469)
47.1
(1.854)
33.4
(1.315)
13.0
(0.512)
29.2
(1.15)
58.3
(2.295)
110.2
(4.339)
107.8
(4.244)
78.4
(3.087)
778.5
(30.65)
Source: Alpes Maritimes General Concil[2]

Culture[edit]

Sport is an important part of the local culture; the town hosts the National Training Centre for basketball. On 25 May 1999 the town was the first in the départment to sign the State Environment Charter, which pledges to actively conserve the natural environment. Jazz Festival : "Jazz à Juan" in July.

Sights[edit]

Beaches[edit]

The rocky beaches of Antibes
aerial view

There are 48 beaches along the 25 km (16 miles) of coastline that surround Antibes and Juan les Pins.

Museums[edit]

Archaeology Museum 
This museum sits atop the Promenade Amiral de Grasse in the old Bastion St Andre, a 17th-century fortress. The museum's collection focuses on the classical history of Antibes. Many artifacts, sculptures and amphorae found in local digs and shipwrecks from the harbour are displayed here. The views of the sea and mountains from the promenade are also spectacular.
Naval Museum of Napoleon 
Housed in a 17th-century stone fort and tower, this museum presents a collection of Napoleonic memorabilia, paintings and naval models. Several wall paintings show historic moments in Napoleon's reign and there are also pieces of his clothing such as one of the hats he once wore.
Picasso Museum 
This museum houses one of the world's greatest Picasso collections: 24 paintings, 44 drawings, 32 lithographs, 11 oils on paper, 80 pieces of ceramics, two sculptures and five tapestries.
La Tour Museum 
This small museum in the centre of town brings the contemporary history of Antibes to life through its exhibit of costumes, tools, photographs and other objects used by the local people.
Absinthe Museum 
The Absinthe Museum is located in a basement in the Roman foundations of Old Antibes. It is dedicated to the manufacture and appreciation of this green liqueur.

Parks and Gardens[edit]

The Exflora Park 
The Exflora Park is a five hectare (12 acres) garden open to the public. Next to the large olive grove, there are different styles of Mediterranean gardens, from ancient Rome to the exuberant Riviera of the 19th century. Fountains and ponds stretch along the terrace, making a waterway 500 metres (1,600 ft) long. Antibes is renowned for rose production, and rose bushes line the path leading to the sea. The luxuriance of the exotic garden and palm grove is reminiscent of the belle époque, when English gardeners succeeded in planting flowers that bloom in winter, the season when the aristocracy visited the Côte d'Azur.
A little further on is the Théâtre de Verdure, inspired by Italian gardens, and a panoramic viewpoint with a view of the sea and the Iles des Lerins. In the style of Provençal gardens of the 18th century, there is a maze with sculpted hedges. Further on, Islamic gardens are featured, with an orange grove where the ground is patterned with terracotta irrigation pipes similar to those in the celebrated Seville Cathedral in Spain. The vegetable gardens and orchards in the Arsat are planted in hollows as in Morocco to protect them from the sun and maximise shadow and humidity. A representation of a Moroccan house pays homage to the painter Majorelle, creator of the beautiful blue garden in Marrakesh. In another area, the winter garden contains plants that flower in winter, such as mimosa and camellias.
The Eilenroc Gardens 
Villa Eilenroc was built on a rock in the middle of a virtual desert. The area was transformed into a garden through the patience and talent of Jacques Greber, landscape architect and consultant to the Great Exhibition in New York in 1939. He was commissioned by Mr Beaumont to create this luxuriant park of 11 hectares (27 acres).
The gardens with all their luxuriant vegetation lie thirty metres above the sea with a view across the bay of the Cap. Planted with traditional Mediterranean species such as marine and parasol pines, Alep and Canary pines, cypress, oaks, olive trees, arbutus, lavender, thyme, rosemary, eucalyptus, ficus etc., as well as three kilometres (1.9 miles) of pittosporum hedges, a whole part of the park has been created with plants found in the Antibes area in 1920.
Thuret Park 
In 1857, Gustave Thuret discovered the wonderful, unspoilt Cap d'Antibes and bought five hectares of land where he built a villa and began the creation of a park. Bequeathed to the state by his heirs, the Jardin botanique de la Villa Thuret is now managed by the INRA (National Institute of Agronomic Research). The superb collection of trees and exotic plants, and the rich earth, provide many opportunities for learning, and the cross-fertilisation of plant species that grow on the Mediterranean coast.

Garoupe Lighthouse[edit]

Garoupe Lighthouse.

The old lighthouse of Antibes provides one of the best views in the region from its lofty hilltop. To get here, you must walk about one kilometre up the Chemin de Calvaire from the Plage de la Salis. It makes for a nice half-day stroll.

Church of the Immaculate Conception[edit]

Church of the Immaculate Conception.

The central church in Antibes was first built in the 11th century with stones used from earlier Roman structures. Its current façade was constructed in the 18th century and blends Latin classical symmetry and religious fantasy. The interior houses some impressive pieces such as a Baroque altarpiece and life-sized wooden carving of Christ's death from 1447.

Hôtel du Cap-Eden Roc[edit]

This villa, set in "a forest" at the tip of the Cap d'Antibes peninsula, re-creates a nineteenth-century château. Since 1870 the glamorous white-walled Hotel du Cap on the French Riviera has been one of the most storied and luxurious resorts in the world. Guests who flocked there included Marlene Dietrich, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor and Winston Churchill. Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton conducted an affair and honeymooned there.

Ports[edit]

There are many yachting harbours which provide moorings for a range of ships ranging from fishing vessels to full sized yachts.

The view of Antibes
The view of the Gulf of Antibes

Theatre and music[edit]

The Théâtre Antibea, Théâtre des Heures Bleues and Café Théâtre la Scène sur Mer all offer a variety of performances from orchestra music to dramatic plays. Music of all types, from live jazz to DJs spinning techno, can be found in the bars and nightclubs and there are a number of festivals and special outdoor concerts during the summer. Jazz is still the speciality around here, and the Juan les Pins Jazz Festival is one of the best in the world.

M83 (an electronic band) hails from Antibes.

Festivals[edit]

Antibes and Juan les Pins host a number of festivals, mainly during the summer months. There's not much in the way of traditional cultural festivals in Antibes; most of the festivals focus on music and contemporary activities.

Shopping[edit]

Transport[edit]

The Gare d'Antibes is the railway station serving the town, offering connections to Nice, Cannes, Marseille, Paris and several other destinations. The railway station is in the centre of town. The nearest airport is Nice Côte d'Azur Airport.

Personalities[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Antibes is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The western shores of Turkey: discovering the Aegean and Mediterranean coasts by John Freely p.91 [1]
  2. ^ "Climate Normals 1993–2000". Alpes Maritimes General Concil. Retrieved 18 Feb 2011. 
  3. ^ Goldberg, Lina (24 February 2013). "10 of the world's best fresh markets". CNN Travel. Retrieved 24 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "Aalborg Twin Towns". Europeprize.net/. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 

External links[edit]