Anredera cordifolia

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Anredera cordifolia
Anredera Cordifolia.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Eudicots
(unranked):Core eudicots
Order:Caryophyllales
Family:Basellaceae
Genus:Anredera
Species:A. cordifolia
Binomial name
Anredera cordifolia
(Ten.) Steenis
Synonyms

Boussingaultia basselloides
Boussingaultia cordifolia

 
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Anredera cordifolia
Anredera Cordifolia.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
(unranked):Angiosperms
(unranked):Eudicots
(unranked):Core eudicots
Order:Caryophyllales
Family:Basellaceae
Genus:Anredera
Species:A. cordifolia
Binomial name
Anredera cordifolia
(Ten.) Steenis
Synonyms

Boussingaultia basselloides
Boussingaultia cordifolia

Anredera cordifolia, commonly known as the Madeira vine or mignonette vine,[1] is a South American species of ornamental succulent vine of the family Basellaceae. The combination of fleshy leaves and thick aerial tubers makes this a very heavy vine. It smothers trees and other vegetation it grows on and can easily break branches and bring down entire trees on its own.[2]

A. cordifolia is an evergreen climber that grow from fleshy rhizomes. It has bright green, heart-shaped, fleshy shiny leaves 4–13 cm long. Wart-like tubers are produced on aerial stems and are a key to identifying the plant. It produces masses of small fragrant, cream flowers on dependent racemes, which may be up to 30 cm (12 in) in length. The plant spreads via the tubers, which detach very easily.[2]

A. cordifolia can reproduce through the proliferation of tubers and also from rhizome fragments that may be broken off. Although this species has both male and female flowers they rarely reproduce sexually and produce seed. This species often spreads through its own vegetative growth, but can easily be transported by human activities. If fragments end up in waterways, they are easily transported to new locations in this manner.[2]

It has been introduced to Africa, Australasia-Pacific region, Europe, and North America; it is considered an invasive species in many tropical and sub-tropical localities.[2] It is listed on the New Zealand National Pest Plant Accord which limits its cultivation and sale. The Australian Weeds Committee published a Draft Madeira Vine Strategy in August 2012 [3] which is aimed at preventing the spread and reducing the impacts of this vine throughout Australia.[4]

Madeira Vine growing over a fence in Brisbane, Australia
Invasive species: Anredera cordifolia growing over a speed limit sign in Sydney, Australia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bailey, L.H., Bailey, E.Z., and the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. Macmillan, New York.
  2. ^ a b c d Wolff, Mark A. (1999). Winning the war of Weeds: The Essential Gardener's Guide to Weed Identification and Control. Kenthurst, NSW: Kangaroo Press. p. 53. ISBN 0-86417-993-6. 
  3. ^ "Consultation draft – National Madeira Vine Strategic Plan August 2012". Commonwealth of Australia and the Australian Weeds Committee. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  4. ^ "Weed Identification - Australia - Madeira Vine". Weeds Australia. Retrieved 29 November 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

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