Anna Karenina (2012 film)

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Anna Karenina
AnnaKarenina2012Poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byJoe Wright
Produced by
Screenplay byTom Stoppard
Based onAnna Karenina 
by Leo Tolstoy
Starring
Music byDario Marianelli
CinematographySeamus McGarvey
Edited byMelanie Ann Oliver
Production
  company
Working Title Films
Distributed byUniversal Pictures (UK)
Focus Features (US)
Release date(s)
  • 7 September 2012 (2012-09-07) (United Kingdom)
  • 9 November 2012 (2012-11-09) (United States)
  • 10 January 2013 (2013-01-10) (Russian Federation)
Running time130 minutes[1]
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish
Budget£31 million[2]
Box office$68,929,150 [3]
 
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Anna Karenina
AnnaKarenina2012Poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byJoe Wright
Produced by
Screenplay byTom Stoppard
Based onAnna Karenina 
by Leo Tolstoy
Starring
Music byDario Marianelli
CinematographySeamus McGarvey
Edited byMelanie Ann Oliver
Production
  company
Working Title Films
Distributed byUniversal Pictures (UK)
Focus Features (US)
Release date(s)
  • 7 September 2012 (2012-09-07) (United Kingdom)
  • 9 November 2012 (2012-11-09) (United States)
  • 10 January 2013 (2013-01-10) (Russian Federation)
Running time130 minutes[1]
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish
Budget£31 million[2]
Box office$68,929,150 [3]

Anna Karenina is a 2012 British epic romantic drama film directed by Joe Wright. Adapted by Tom Stoppard from Leo Tolstoy's 1877 novel of the same name, the film depicts the tragedy of Russian aristocrat and socialite Anna Karenina, wife of senior statesman Alexei Karenin, and her affair with the affluent officer Count Vronsky which leads to her ultimate demise. Keira Knightley stars in the lead role as Karenina, marking her third collaboration with Wright following both Pride & Prejudice (2005) and Atonement (2007), while Jude Law and Aaron Taylor-Johnson appear as Karenin and Vronsky, respectively. Matthew Macfadyen, Kelly Macdonald, Domhnall Gleeson and Alicia Vikander appear in key supporting roles.

Produced by Working Title Films in association with StudioCanal, the film premiered at the 2012 Toronto Film Festival. It was released on 7 September 2012 in the United Kingdom and Ireland and on 9 November 2012 in the United States. Anna Karenina earned a worldwide gross of approximately $69 million, mostly from its international run. It earned a rating of 64 percent from review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, labelling it generally favourable. Critics praised the cast and commented on and criticised the heavily stylised adaptation, but were less enthusiastic with Wright's preference for style over substance and his idea of setting most of the action on a theatre stage.

It earned four nominations at the 85th Academy Awards and six nominations at the 66th British Academy Film Awards, winning Jacqueline Durran both prizes for Best Costume Design. In addition, Anna Karenina garnered six nominations at the 17th Satellite Awards, including a Best Actress nod for Knightley and Best Adapted Screenplay for Stoppard.

Plot[edit]

In 1874 Imperial Russia, Prince Stepan "Stiva" Oblonsky's wife, Princess Daria "Dolly" catches him cheating with their governess. She banishes him from their home. Stiva's sister, Anna Karenina, journeys to Moscow to convince Dolly to forgive him. Anna is a wealthy, well-liked socialite who lives in St. Petersburg with her elder statesman husband Alexei Karenin, and their son, Seryozha.

Meanwhile, Stiva meets his old friend Konstantin Dimitrivich Levin, a wealthy land owner in the country, who is looked down on by Moscow's elite because of his disinterest in living in the city. Levin professes his love for Stiva's sister-in-law, Katerina "Kitty" Alexandrovna Shcherbatsky, and Stiva encourages him to propose. However, Kitty declines as she hopes to marry Count Alexei Vronsky. Later, Levin meets up with his elder brother Nikolai, who has given up his inheritance. Nikolai lives with a prostitute named Masha whom he has taken as his wife and suggests to Levin that he should marry one of the peasants on his estate.

On the train to Moscow, Anna meets Vronsky's mother, Countess Vronskaya, a well-known adulteress. Once in Moscow, Anna meets Vronsky himself, and they have an immediate and mutual attraction. As they leave, a railroad worker is caught beneath the tracks and violently killed. Vronsky gives money to the man's family.

Anna convinces Dolly to take Stiva back. At a ball that night, Kitty attempts to dance with Vronsky, but he dances with Anna. Their dancing is noticed by everyone, including Kitty. Anna leaves the ball. Anna boards a train to St. Petersburg, but at a rest stop notices Vronsky, who declares that he must be where she is at every moment. She tells him to go back to Moscow, but he refuses.

In St. Petersburg, Vronsky visits his cousin Princess Betsy Tverskaya, who is friends with the Karenins. He begins to show up at all the places Anna and Betsy visit. During a party, Vronsky flirts openly with Anna, which catches Karenin's attention. He suggests they go home, but Anna stays. Vronsky threatens to take a promotion in another city but Anna asks him to stay. The following day, she and Vronsky meet at a hotel and make love.

Back at Levin's country estate, Stiva visits, where he tells Levin that Kitty and Vronsky are no longer getting married. Levin focuses on living an authentic country life. He plows his fields with his workers and has thoughts of taking one of his workers' daughters as his wife, as his brother had suggested.

Karenin hears that both his wife and Vronsky are in the country and surprises her there at his country estate. Anna reveals to Vronsky that she is pregnant. She later encounters Karenin who suggests he join her for the horse races that evening. The races begin, and Anna shows her feelings for Vronsky when his horse collapses and injures him. On their way home Anna confesses to Karenin that she is Vronsky's mistress and wishes to divorce him. Karenin refuses and instead confines her to their house.

Levin sees Kitty in a passing carriage and returns to Moscow to ask her again to marry him. Anna receives Vronsky at her house in St. Petersburg and curses him for not coming to her sooner. Vronsky replies that he was doing his duties as an officer. Karenin comes back home to find out that Vronsky has been visiting Anna. He searches her desk and finds love letters. Meanwhile, Levin and Kitty are reunited at the Oblonsky house. Karenin arrives to announce he is divorcing Anna. Anna begs Karenin to forgive her, but Karenin refuses. After dinner, Levin and Kitty confess their love and decide to marry.

Anna goes into premature labour. As she lies apparently dying, she confesses her sins before God. Vronsky is at her side, and she berates him and tells him that he could never be the man Karenin is. Her husband begs for her forgiveness, which she grants him. The next day Vronsky leaves at the request of Karenin, who forms an attachment to Anna's baby, Anya. Princess Betsy calls on Anna and discusses with her what will happen to Vronsky now that he has gone back to Moscow. Anna tells Betsy to tell Karenin everything as well. Karenin assures Anna that they could be happy again, but she only wants Vronsky. Karenin still does not agree to a divorce but releases Anna from her confinement. She and Vronsky soon leave for a trip to Italy with little Anya.

Levin and Kitty return to the country estate. The sick Nikolai and his wife are also nearby. Kitty asks that the two join them on the estate so she can nurse Nikolai.

Anna returns to St. Petersburg to see Seryozha, but Karenin makes her leave after a short time. Anna also starts to believe that Vronsky is cheating on her. She later attends the opera. The attendees treat her with disgust. She is humiliated, but retains her poise, just to break down once back at her hotel. The next day Anna has lunch at a restaurant where the society women avoid her. Dolly joins her and tells her that Kitty is in Moscow to have her first child. Dolly says that Stiva's behaviour has not changed, but she has to come to accept and love him for who he is.

Later, Vronsky informs Anna that he must meet with his mother one last time to settle some accounts, but when Anna sees Princess Sorokina picking him up, she becomes very upset. She drinks more laudanum and goes by train to see if Vronsky is truly with his mother. On the way, she has hallucinations of Vronsky and Princess Sorokina making love, and laughing about her. At the last station, Anna says to herself, "God forgive me!" as she jumps under an oncoming train, which kills her.

Levin returns home to find Kitty bathing their child. Oblonsky and his family eat with Levin and Kitty, and Oblonsky goes outside and lights a cigarette. Karenin is seen to be retired from public duties, with Seryozha and young Anya playing nearby.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Anna Karenina marked Knightley's third collaboration with director Joe Wright and debut alongside Taylor-Johnson.[4][7]

Joe Wright was hired to direct an adaptation of the Leo Tolstoy novel Anna Karenina, his fourth collaboration with Working Title Films.[5][8] Wright shot most of his film on a single soundstage at Shepperton Studios in a dilapidated theatre outside London.[9][10] Italian composer Dario Marianelli composed the film score, while Jacqueline Durran served as the costume designer. Sarah Greenwood was in charge of production design. Wright has worked with all three in past productions, including on the 2005 film Pride & Prejudice. Further crew members include cinematographer Seamus McGarvey, editor Melanie Ann Oliver, and choreographer Sidi Larbi Cherkaoui.[5]

The cast include Keira Knightley as Anna, Jude Law as her husband, Aaron Taylor-Johnson as her young love,[4][11] and Irish actor Domhnall Gleeson as Konstantin Levin, as well as Kelly Macdonald, Olivia Williams, Matthew Macfadyen, Michelle Dockery, and Tannishtha Chatterjee.[6][12][13][14] Saoirse Ronan and Andrea Riseborough were initially cast in the film, but dropped out and were replaced by Alicia Vikander and Ruth Wilson, respectively. Ronan, stated that her reasoning behind turning down the role of Kitty was the film's long production schedule. It would have required her to turn down movie roles from autumn 2011 to late spring 2012, to film what would have ended up as a supporting role. By turning down the role, she was able to take the lead roles in Byzantium and The Host.[15] The Borgias star Holliday Grainger had a minor role as Baroness Shilton.

In July 2011, Keira Knightley began rehearsals,[16] in preparation for principal filming which began later in 2011.[17] Filming began in October 2011.[8] The film was distributed by Focus Features in North America and by Universal Pictures International for international markets. The film was released on 7 September 2012 in the United Kingdom and 9 November 2012 in the United States.[9][18][19]

Critical reception[edit]

Upon its release, the film received positive reviews from critics, with some praising the cast – particularly Knightley – and the production design but criticising the script and Wright's apparent preference for style over substance. The film received an average review score of 61 percent according to review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. Metacritic reported an average score of 63 out of 100, based on 41 reviews and classified the film as "generally favorable".[20]

Oliver Lyttleton of The Playlist awarded the film a B+ and called the picture a "bold reimagining" of the classic novel, comparing Wright's vision to the films of Powell and Pressburger. He noted how Knightley "continues to go from strength to strength" and also praised Law as "excellent". Even though he speculated that "the film is going to divide people enormously", he concluded it was one to "cherish despite its flaws".[21] Ian Freer of Empire awarded the film four stars out of five and was effervescent in his praise for Wright and the final result: he said "Anna Karenina militantly doesn’t want to be just another costume drama; it attacks the heavyweight concerns of Russian literature (hypocrisy, jealousy, faith, fidelity, the pastoral vs. the urban, huge moustaches) with wit and verve; most exciting of all, it is filmmaking of the highest order, channeling every other art form from painting to ballet to puppetry while remaining completely cinematic". He lauded the entire cast for their work yet concluded that "this is really its director's movie".[22]

In The Observer Jason Solomons also called Knightley "superb", and declared that the film "works beautifully...[it is] elegant and exciting [and] ...incredibly cinematic".[23] Leslie Felperin of Variety was more reserved in her praise for the film, observing that although Wright "knows how to get the best from Knightley" and noting that the film was technically "glorious", it was also "unmistakably chilly" in the storytelling.[24] The Daily Mirror singled out Knightley as "excellent" and lauded Wright for "offer[ing] a fresh vision of the Tolstoy classic", concluding the picture to be "with its beautiful cinematography and costumes... a real success".[25]

Others were less impressed with the film and Wright's take on such a classic text. The Hertfordshire Mercury conceded that "costumes and art direction are ravishing, and Seamus McGarvey's cinematography shimmers with rich colour", but ultimately found there to be "no obvious method behind this production design madness".[26] Stella Papamichael of Digital Spy also awarded the picture only two stars out of five, commenting that "the third time isn't such a charm for director Joe Wright and muse Keira Knightley". Although she found the actress "luminous in the role" she criticised Wright for "outshining" his star and affecting the narrative momentum by "favouring a glossy look over probing insights into a complicated character".[27] Neil Smith of Total Film also awarded the film two out of five stars, lamenting the fact that Wright's elaborate stage design "pull[s] the attention away from where it should be... [and] keeps [us] at arm's length, forever highlighting the smoke, mirrors and meticulous stage management that have been pressed into service to make his big idea a reality". He also dismissed Knightley's performance as "less involving" than her "similar" turn in The Duchess.[28] Richard Brody of The New Yorker criticised Wright for diverging from Tolstoy, without adding anything beyond superficialities in return: "Wright, with flat and flavorless images of an utterly impersonal banality, takes Tolstoy’s plot and translates it into a cinematic language that’s the equivalent of, say, Danielle Steel, simultaneously simplistic and overdone."[29]

Accolades[edit]

List of awards and nominations
AwardCategoryRecipients and nomineesResult
Academy Awards[30]Best Original ScoreDario MarianelliNominated
Best CinematographySeamus McGarvey
Best Production DesignSarah Greenwood, Katie Spencer
Best Costume DesignJacqueline DurranWon
Alliance of Women Film JournalistsMovie You Wanted to Love But Just Couldn'tWon
Best Depiction of Nudity, Sexuality, or SeductionKeira Knightley and Aaron Taylor-JohnsonNominated
British Academy Film Awards[31]Outstanding British FilmJoe Wright, Tim Bevan, Eric Fellner, Paul Webster, Tom StoppardNominated
Best Original MusicDario Marianelli
Best CinematographySeamus McGarvey
Best Production DesignSarah Greenwood, Katie Spencer
Best Costume DesignJacqueline DurranWon
Best Makeup and HairIvana PrimoracNominated
Critics' Choice AwardsBest Art DirectionKatie Spencer
Sarah Greenwood
Won
Best Costume DesignJacqueline Durran
European Film Awards[32][33][34]Best Production DesignerSarah GreenwoodWon
Best ActorJude LawNominated
Best ActressKeira Knightley
Best ScreenwriterTom Stoppard
People's Choice Award
Golden Globe AwardBest Original ScoreDario MarianelliNominated
Hamptons International Film FestivalBreakthrough PerformerDomhnall Gleeson
Alicia Vikander
Won
Hollywood Film FestivalHollywood Film Award for Production Designer of the YearSarah Greenwood
Houston Film Critics Society[35]Worst FilmNominated
Las Vegas Film Critics Society AwardsBest Costume DesignJacqueline DurranWon
San Diego Film Critics Society AwardsBest Production DesignSarah GreenwoodNominated
Satellite Awards 2012[36]Best Actress – Motion PictureKeira Knightley
Best Adapted ScreenplayTom Stoppard
Best Art Direction and Production DesignThomas Brown
Nick Gottschalk
Sarah Greenwood
Niall Moroney
Tom Still
Best CinematographySeamus McGarvey
Best Costume DesignJacqueline Durran
Best Original ScoreDario Marianelli

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ANNA KARENINA (12A)". British Board of Film Classification. 17 August 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "Anna Karenina: back from the brink". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2013-09-30. 
  3. ^ "Anna Karenina (2012)". Box Office Mojo. 2013-02-28. Retrieved 2013-09-30. 
  4. ^ a b c Pulver, Andrew (9 September 2011). "Keira Knightley confirmed for Joe Wright's Anna Karenina". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d Weinstein, Joshua. "Keira Knightley, Jude Law to Star in 'Anna Karenina'". The Wrap. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Lussier, Germain (4 June 2011). "Joe Wright's 'Anna Karenina' Welcomes Saoirse Ronan, Kelly Macdonald, Olivia Williams And More". /Film. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  7. ^ "Production Commences on Anna Karenina". Focus Films (Press release). 3 October 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "Production Commences on Anna Karenina". Working Title Films (Press release). 3 October 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  9. ^ a b Jagernauth, Kevin (12 March 2012). "Joe Wright's 'Anna Karenina' Starring Keira Knightley Set For November 9th Release". IndieWIRE. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  10. ^ Lyttelton, Oliver (25 January 2012). "Joe Wright's 'Anna Karenina' Shot on a Single Location, Promises Experimental Approach to a Familiar Story". IndieWIRE. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  11. ^ "Keira Knightley and Jude Law cast in 'Anna Karenina'". The Independent. 9 September 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  12. ^ Bamigboye, Baz (19 November 2010). "Keira Knightley tipped to star in remake of Tolstoy's tearjerker Anna Karenina". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  13. ^ "Domhnall Gleeson Lands Role in Joe Wright's 'Anna Karenina'". IFTN. Retrieved 13 June 2011. 
  14. ^ KJha, Subhash (10 October 2011). "Tannishtha Chatterjee joins Jude Law's film". The Times of India. Retrieved 17 June 2012. 
  15. ^ Shavers Jr., Theron K. "Did You Know?". MovieDispute.com. Retrieved 21 November 2012. 
  16. ^ Collinson, Patrick (29 July 2011). "Fancy owning a piece of film history?". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  17. ^ Smith, Nigel M. (18 August 2011). "Andrea Riseborough Talks Madonna, RADA and 'Brighton Rock': What's Next". IndieWIRE. Retrieved 23 August 2011. 
  18. ^ "Joe Wright To Direct 'Anna Karenina' For Focus With Keira Knightley As Lead". Deadline.com. 8 September 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  19. ^ "Joe Wright to start UK shoot on Anna Karenina this month". Screen Daily. 8 September 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  20. ^ "Critic Reviews for Anna Karenina". Metacritic. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  21. ^ "Review: 'Anna Karenina' Is A Bold Reimagining Of A Classic That's (Mostly) Thrilling & Inventive | The Playlist". Blogs.indiewire.com. 31 May 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  22. ^ "Empire's Anna Karenina Movie Review". Empireonline.com. 5 December 2006. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  23. ^ Solomons, Jason (1 September 2012). "Anna Karenina: Joe Wright's coup de théâtre on Tolstoy's doomed heroine". The Observer. London. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  24. ^ Leslie Felperin. "Anna Karenina". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  25. ^ Adams, Mark (3 September 2012). "Anna Karenina (12A): Keira's tsar is shining as she nails Tolstoy classic". Daily Mirror (London). Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  26. ^ "Anna Karenina (12A, 130 mins)". Hertfordshire Mercury. 4 September 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  27. ^ Papamichael, Stella (2 September 2012). "'Anna Karenina' review: Digital Spy verdict". Digital Spy. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  28. ^ Smith, Neil (3 September 2012). "Anna Karenina review". TotalFilm.com. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  29. ^ Brody, Richard (16 November 2012). "An 'Anna Karenina' That Forgets Tolstoy". The New Yorker. The Front Row. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  30. ^ "Nominees for the 85th Academy Awards". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 17 January 2013. 
  31. ^ "EE British Academy Film Awards Nominations in 2013". British Academy of Film and Television Arts. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  32. ^ "Winners 2013". European Film Awards. European Film Academy. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  33. ^ "European Film Academy Opens Vote For People's Choice Award 2013". European Film Awards. European Film Academy. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  34. ^ "Nominations 2013". European Film Awards. European Film Academy. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  35. ^ "2012 Houston Film Critics Nominees – Winners". Texasartfilm.com. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  36. ^ "2012 Satellite Awards". Indiewire. Retrieved 3 December 2012. 

External links[edit]