Anna Deavere Smith

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Anna Deavere Smith
Anna Deavere Smith.jpg
Smith in 2009
Born(1950-09-18) September 18, 1950 (age 64)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Website
www.annadeaveresmithworks.org
www.annadeaveresmithprojects.net
 
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Anna Deavere Smith
Anna Deavere Smith.jpg
Smith in 2009
Born(1950-09-18) September 18, 1950 (age 64)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Website
www.annadeaveresmithworks.org
www.annadeaveresmithprojects.net

Anna Deavere Smith (born September 18, 1950) is an American actress, playwright, and professor. She is currently the artist-in-residence at the Center for American Progress. Smith is widely known for her roles as National Security Advisor Dr. Nancy McNally in The West Wing (2000–06), and as hospital administrator Gloria Akalitus in the Showtime series Nurse Jackie (2009–present). She is a recipient of The Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize (2013), one of the richest prizes in the American arts, with a remuneration of $300,000.

Early life[edit]

Smith was born in Baltimore, Maryland,[1] the daughter of Anna (née Young), an elementary school principal, and Deavere Young Smith, a coffee merchant.[2] She has four younger siblings.[3] Smith is an alumna of the historic Western High School.[4] She then studied acting at Beaver College (now Arcadia University), graduating in 1971.[3][5] She received her M.F.A. in Acting from the American Conservatory Theater in San Francisco, California.[5]

Career[edit]

Theater[edit]

At the beginning of her career, Smith appeared in a wide range of stage productions, including the role of Mistress Quickly in an Off-Broadway production of Shakespeare's The Merry Wives of Windsor with the Riverside Shakespeare Company,[6] produced by Joseph Papp and the New York Shakespeare Festival, set in New Orleans in post-Civil War America. For the role, Smith transformed herself into a "Cajun voodoo woman," an indication of the actress' transformational power that would manifest itself in her future work.[7]

Smith is best known for her "documentary theatre" style in plays such as Fires in the Mirror and Twilight: Los Angeles, 1992, both of which featured Smith as the sole performer of multiple and diverse characters and won her the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding One-Person Show two years in a row. Fires in the Mirror dealt with the 1991 Crown Heights riot; Twilight: Los Angeles, 1992 dealt with the 1992 Los Angeles riots.[8] Both of these plays were constructed using material solely from interviews.[8] House Arrest (2000) and Let Me Down Easy (2008) continued in this style.

Let Me Down Easy, which centered on an exploration of the meaning of the word "grace," debuted at the Long Wharf Theatre in January 2008.[9] It was also performed at the American Repertory Theater in September and October 2008.[10] A revised version of the show had its New York City premiere Off-Broadway at Second Stage Theatre in October 2009[11] and enjoyed favorable reviews[12] and an extension into January 2010.[13] It was also a featured program as part of PBS's Great Performances series on January 13, 2012. She debuted her one-woman play, The Arizona Project in Phoenix, Arizona, in November 2008. The piece, which explored "women's relationships to justice and the law," was commissioned by Bruce Ferguson, director of Future Arts Research (F.A.R.), a new artist-driven research program at Arizona State University in Phoenix.[14]

As of July 2009, Smith is the artist-in-residence with the Center for American Progress and is developing a new show called The Americans, which documents change in Washington, D.C.[15]

In Spring 2012, Smith was the first artist-in-residence at Grace Cathedral, San Francisco, a program founded by the Very Rev Dr Jane Shaw, Dean of Grace Cathedral, who shared Smith's vision of "bringing together art and religion".[16][17][18] Commissioned by Grace Cathedral and the Cockayne Fund, Smith wrote and performed the play, On Grace, based on interviews relating to the meaning of God's grace.[19][20] The performances were accompanied by American cellist Joshua Roman.[21]

Film and television[edit]

Smith has appeared in several films, including Philadelphia (1993), The American President (1995), Rent (2005), and Rachel Getting Married (2008). She had recurring roles on The Practice (2000) and as Dr. Nancy McNally on The West Wing (2000–06). Smith currently appears as hospital administrator Gloria Akalitus in the Showtime dark comedy series Nurse Jackie, which premiered in June 2009.[22] Early in her television career, she appeared on the long running soap opera All My Children in the recurring role of "Hazel the shampoo girl".

In February 2014, Smith appeared as a mentor in Anna Deavere Smith: A YoungArts Masterclass, part of the HBO documentary series Masterclass.[23]

Teacher[edit]

Smith teaches in the Department of Performance Studies at the Tisch School of the Arts at New York University. From 1990 to 2000, she was a professor in the drama department at Stanford University and prior to that taught at Carnegie Mellon University. She also teaches at NYU School of Law.[24]

Author[edit]

In 2000, Smith published her first book, Talk to Me: Travels in Media and Politics. In 2006, she released another, Letters to a Young Artist: Straight-up Advice on Making a Life in the Arts – For Actors, Performers, Writers, and Artists of Every Kind.[24]

Honors[edit]

As a dramatist, Smith was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1993 for Fires in the Mirror which won her a Drama Desk Award for Outstanding One-Person Show.[25] She was nominated for two Tony Awards in 1994 for Twilight: one for Best Actress and another for Best Play.[5] The play won her a Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Solo Performance and a Theatre World Award.[26][27]

Smith was one of the 1996 recipients of the MacArthur Fellowship, often referred to as the "genius grant."[28] She also won a 2006 Fletcher Foundation Fellowship for her contribution to civil rights issues,[27] as well as a 2008 Matrix Award from the New York Women in Communications, Inc.[29] In 2009, she won a Fellow Award in Theater Arts from United States Artists.[27]

She has received honorary degrees from Spelman College, Arcadia University, Bates College, Smith College, Skidmore College, Macalester College, Occidental College, Pratt Institute, Holy Cross College, Haverford College, Wesleyan University, School of Visual Arts, Northwestern University, Colgate University, California State University Sacramento, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Wheelock College, Williams College, Yale University,[30] and the Cooper Union.[26]

The United Solo Theatre Festival board awarded her with uAward for outstanding solo performer during the inaugural edition in November 2010.[31]

Smith won The Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize (2013), one of the richest prizes in the American arts with a remuneration of $300,000.[32]

In 2013, she received the 2012 National Humanities Medal from President Barack Obama.[33]

Works[edit]

Film[edit]

YearTitleRoleNotes
1982Soup for OneDeborah
1987Unfinished BusinessAnna
1993PhiladelphiaAnthea Burton
1993DaveMrs. Travis
1995The American PresidentRobin McCall
2000Twilight: Los AngelesVariousWriter and producer; adaptation of Smith's 1994 play
2003The Human StainMrs. Silk
2004The Manchurian CandidatePolitical pundit
2005RentMrs. Jefferson
2005Cry_WolfHeadmaster Tinsley
2007The KingdomMaricella Canavesio
2007Life SupportMrs. Wallace
2008Rachel Getting MarriedCarol

Television[edit]

YearTitleRoleNotes
1983All My ChildrenHazel
1997American ExperienceNarratorEpisode: "Hawaii's Last Queen"
2000The PracticeKate Brunner4 episodes
2000–06The West WingDr. Nancy McNally20 episodes
2001100 Centre StreetMs. DavisEpisode: "No Good Deed Goes Unpunished"
2001Life 360HerselfEpisode: "Six Degrees of Separation"
2002Presidio MedDr. Letty Jordan4 episodes
2009–presentNurse JackieGloria Akalitus
2013The Surgeon GeneralVice PresidentTV movie
2014Anna Deavere Smith: A YoungArts MasterclassHerself / MentorDocumentary

Stage[edit]

YearTitleRoleLocationNotes
1974HoratioThe savageAmerican Conservatory Theater
1976Alma, the Ghost of Spring StreetMarie LaveauLa MaMa Experimental Theatre Club
1980Mother Courage and Her ChildrenKiowa woman / Their childrenNew York Shakespeare Festival
1982–83On the RoadClear Space Theatre
Berkeley Repertory Theatre
1983The Merry Wives of WindsorMistress QuicklyOff-Broadway
1983A Birthday Party and Aunt Julia's ShoesWard-Nasse GalleryOriginal poems
1983TartuffeDoreenGeva Theatre Center
1984Charlayne Hunter GaultWard-Nasse Gallery
1984Aye, Aye, Aye, I'm IntegratedThe American Place Theatre
1985Building Bridges, Not WallsNational Conference of Women and the Law
1986On the Road, ACTAmerican Conservatory Theater
1988Voices of Bay Area WomenPhoenix Theatre, San Francisco
American Conservatory Theater
1988Chlorophyll Post-Moderism and the Mother Goddess: A Convers/ AtionHahn Cosmopolitan Theatre
1992Fires in the MirrorVariousThe Public TheaterWriter; one-woman show
1994Twilight: Los Angeles, 1992VariousCort TheatreWriter; one-woman show
1997, 1999House ArrestArena Stage
Mark Taper Forum
Writer
2008The Arizona ProjectVariousHerberger Theater CenterWriter; one-woman show
2008–10Let Me Down EasyVariousLong Wharf Theatre
American Repertory Theater
Second Stage Theatre
Writer; one-woman show
2014On GraceVariousHarris TheaterWriter; collaboration with Joshua Roman

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wynn Rousuck, J. (April 25, 1993). "Anna Deavere Smith brings play to public TV". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Smith, Anna Y.". Baltimore Sun. September 19, 2003. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Asking Questions with Anna Deavere Smith". Arena Stage. Retrieved March 8, 2014. 
  4. ^ Wynn Rousuck, J. (February 10, 1999). "Making right from wrongs". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c Ferington, Esther. "Anna Deavere Smith". National Endowment for the Humanities. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  6. ^ Sterritt, David (July 21, 1983). "How many liberties can you take with the Bard?". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  7. ^ O'Haire, Patricia (July 26, 1983). ""Wives of Windsor" make merry in city parks". Daily News (New York). 
  8. ^ a b Johnson, Reed (April 25, 2012). "Anna Deavere Smith revisits 'Twilight: Los Angeles, 1992'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  9. ^ Lipton, Brian Scott (December 7, 2007). "Anna Deavere Smith's Let Me Down Easy to Premiere at Long Wharf". Theater Mania. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American Repertory Theater presents Let Me Down Easy written and performed by Anna Deavere Smith". American Repertory Theater. August 4, 2008. Retrieved February 21, 2014. 
  11. ^ Healy, Patrick (April 7, 2009). "Playwright Finds a New Stage Home in New York". The New York Times. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  12. ^ "'Let Me Down Easy Reviews" criticometer.blogspot.com, October 8, 2009
  13. ^ Arboleda, Yazmany (December 23, 2009). "Let Me Down Easy". The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 8, 2009. 
  14. ^ Jones, Kenneth (November 5, 2008). "Anna Deavere Smith's Arizona Project, About Women in Justice System, Dawns in AZ Nov. 5". Playbill. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Anna Deavere Smith Joins the Center for American Progress as Artist-In-Residence". Center for American Progress. April 27, 2009. Retrieved February 21, 2014. 
  16. ^ Harmanci, Reyhan (February 10, 2012). "Mixing Art and Religion for a Loving Reunion". The New York Times. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  17. ^ Dusenbery, Lisa (December 16, 2011). "Anna Deavere Smith at Grace Cathedral". The Rumpus. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  18. ^ Krasny, Michael, “Art and Spirituality at Grace Cathedral”, Forum with Michael Krasny, KQED, February 1, 2012
  19. ^ “Announcing Our First Artist in Residence: Anna Deavere Smith” gracecathedral.org, December 13, 2011
  20. ^ Arobateau, Red Jordan, ”Red and Anna Deavere Smith” Red Jordan Arobateau Blog February 23, 2012
  21. ^ Franco, Jean “On Grace – Anna Deavere Smith”
  22. ^ Starr, Michael (June 30, 2008). "Nurse' Edie". New York Post. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  23. ^ Obenson, Tambay A. (February 12, 2014). "HBO Documentary 'Anna Deavere Smith: A YoungArts Masterclass' Debuts Feb. 17 (Watch Preview)". Indiewire. Retrieved March 11, 2014. 
  24. ^ a b "Speaker biography" Royce Carlton Incorporated, accessed August 29, 2011
  25. ^ Rabinowitz, Paula (April 16, 2005). "Introduction to Anna Deavere Smith, "Snapshots: Glimpses of America in Change"". University of Minnesota. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  26. ^ a b "Anna Deavere Smith". Tisch School of the Arts. New York University. Retrieved February 21, 2014. 
  27. ^ a b c Landis, Alysha (September 5, 2011). "Actor, playwright and professor Anna Deavere Smith to present keynote address Sept. 13". Goshen College. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  28. ^ "Barbara Block, Anna Deavere Smith win MacArthur grants". Stanford University. June 17, 1996. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  29. ^ Hetrick, Adam (December 31, 2007). "Anna Deavere Smith Among 2008 Matrix Award Recipients". Playbill. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  30. ^ "Yale awards 12 honorary degrees at 2014 graduation". Yale University. May 19, 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  31. ^ Tran, Diep (November 22, 2010). "United Solo Festival Winners Announced". Back Stage. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  32. ^ Boehm, Mike (January 18, 2013). "Anna Deavere Smith wins $300,000 Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  33. ^ "President Obama to Award 2012 National Medal of Arts and National Humanities Medal". The White House. July 3, 2013. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 

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