Ann E. Dunwoody

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Ann Elizabeth Dunwoody
Gen Dunwoody 2008.jpg
General Ann E. Dunwoody, USA
Commanding General, U.S. Army Materiel Command
Born(1953-01-14) January 14, 1953 (age 61)
New York[1]
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service1975 – 2012[2]
RankUS-O10 insignia.svg General
UnitUnited States Army Materiel Command
Commands heldU.S. Army Materiel Command
Combined Arms Support Command (CASCOM)
Military Traffic Management Command
Battles/warsGulf War
AwardsDistinguished Service Medal (2)
Defense Superior Service Medal
Legion of Merit (3)
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Ann Elizabeth Dunwoody
Gen Dunwoody 2008.jpg
General Ann E. Dunwoody, USA
Commanding General, U.S. Army Materiel Command
Born(1953-01-14) January 14, 1953 (age 61)
New York[1]
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service1975 – 2012[2]
RankUS-O10 insignia.svg General
UnitUnited States Army Materiel Command
Commands heldU.S. Army Materiel Command
Combined Arms Support Command (CASCOM)
Military Traffic Management Command
Battles/warsGulf War
AwardsDistinguished Service Medal (2)
Defense Superior Service Medal
Legion of Merit (3)

Ann Elizabeth Dunwoody (born January 14, 1953)[3][4] is a retired four-star general in the United States Army. She is the first woman in U.S. military and uniformed service history to achieve a four-star officer rank, receiving her fourth star on November 14, 2008.[5]

In 2005 Dunwoody became the Army's top-ranking female when she received the promotion to lieutenant general (three stars) and became the Army's Deputy Chief of Staff, G-4 (logistics). She was nominated as Commanding General, U.S. Army Materiel Command, by President George W. Bush on June 23, 2008, and confirmed by the Senate one month later.[6] She served in that capacity until August 7, 2012,[7] and retired from the Army on August 15.[2]

Biography[edit]

Early years[edit]

Ann Dunwoody was born in 1953[8] at Fort Belvoir, Virginia[9] to Elizabeth and Harold Dunwoody. Her father was a career Army officer, and the family lived in Germany and Belgium while she was growing up. She graduated from Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) American High School in 1971.[citation needed] At age 5, Dunwoody decided she wanted nothing more than to become a physical education teacher/coach. Although she came from a family with a strong tradition of military service, she had very little interest in serving in the military. After high school Dunwoody attended State University of New York College at Cortland (A top 10 school for Physical Education) to achieve this goal. During her junior year of college, Dunwoody attended a four week Army introductory program that could be continued, if interested, with an eleven week Women's Officer Orientation Course, which then led to a two year commitment. In 1975 she committed and became a 2nd lieutenant in the Quartermaster Corps where she learned to jump from airplanes. It was then that she realized the army was "an organization that was as values-based as the family I came out of, and to find probably my real passion was soldiering. I just didn't know it because I had never experienced it." [10]

U.S. Army career[edit]

In 1975, Dunwoody graduated from State University of New York College at Cortland with a degree in physical education and was direct commissioned into the Women's Army Corps. In an interview with the Military Logistics Forum, Dunwoody explained what drew her to become a soldier:

"I grew up in the Army and came from a family who, since 1862, has defended our nation. My great grandfather, my grandfather, my father, my brother, my sister, my niece and my husband are all veterans of this country’s wars. My father is a veteran of three wars and is one of the 25 million veterans living today who served the nation with such incredible courage.
While I joined the Army right out of college, I planned to only stay in the Army to complete my two-year commitment, but it wasn’t too long before I realized that there are no other shoes [boots] I would rather fill than the ones I am wearing right now. As a soldier you can continually serve. It is a calling to be a soldier and there is a great sense of pride and camaraderie in serving the greatest Army in the world."

Dunwoody's first assignment was as a platoon leader with the 226th Maintenance Company, 100th Supply and Services Battalion, Fort Sill, Oklahoma. During her 30+ years as a Quartermaster Corps officer she has commanded the 226th Maintenance Company Fort Sill, OK; 5th Quartermaster Detachment (Airborne) Kaiserslautern, Germany; the 407th Supply and Service Battalion/ 782d Main Support Battalion (MSB), Fort Bragg, NC; the 10th Mountain Division Support Command (DISCOM), Fort Drum, NY; the 1st Corps Support Command (1st COSCOM), Fort Bragg, NC; the Military Traffic Management Command (MTMC)/Military Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC), Alexandria, VA; and the Combined Arms Support Command (CASCOM), Fort Lee, VA.

Her major staff assignments include service as the Parachute Officer, 82nd Airborne Division; strategic planner for the Chief of Staff of the Army (CSA); Executive Officer to the Director, Defense Logistics Agency; and Deputy Chief of Staff for Logistics G-4.

From May 1989 to May 1991, Dunwoody served as executive officer and later division parachute officer for the 407th Supply and Transportation Battalion, 82nd Airborne Division, at Fort Bragg and deployed to Saudi Arabia for Operation Desert Shield/Operation Desert Storm.[11] in 2001, As the 1st Corps Support Command Commander she deployed the Logistics Task Force in support of Operation Enduring Freedom 1 and stood up the Joint Logistics Command in Uzbekistan in support of Combined Joint Task Force (CJTF)-180. As Commander of Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC), she supported the largest deployment and redeployment of U.S. forces since World War II.

Efforts[edit]

Sexual Assault[edit]

Dunwoody, along with George W. Casey, Jr. were very avid in pushing for a decrease in sexual assault within the Army. Dunwoody believes that the Army sets an example for the rest of the world, and that they have a long way to go in order to significantly decrease sexual assault, but they are making progress.[12]

Logistics[edit]

Dunwoody was in charge of all Army logistics. Her education came from the Florida Institute of Technology and the Industrial College of the Armed Forces. During her career, Dunwoody managed the largest global logistics command in Army history (69,000 military and civilians, located in all 50 states and more than 140 countries). Along with that she managed a budget of $60 billion and was responsible for oversight of approximately $70 billion in service contracts. As well as “managed and operationalized the Army's global supply chain for numerous engagements” LMI President and CEO Nelson M. Ford commented:“Ann Dunwoody is highly respected within the logistics and defense community for her remarkable clarity of thought and strategic vision, and we welcome her insight and wisdom to LMI’s Board of Directors,” Army Chief of Staff Gen. Ray Odierno claimed that Dunwoody was "quite simply the best logistician the Army has ever had” [13]

Gen. Dunwoody participated with First Lady Michelle Obama in a forum for promising girls in Washington, D.C. public schools in March 2009.

She officially retired from the Army after 37 years on August 15, 2012.[2]

Career firsts[edit]

Dunwoody is pinned with her four stars by Army Chief of Staff General Casey and her husband Craig Brotchie.

Among her notable firsts, she became the first woman to command a battalion in the 82nd Airborne Division in 1992. She became Fort Bragg's first female general officer in 2000. She became the first woman to command the Combined Arms Support Command at Fort Lee, Virginia in 2004. And in 2005, Dunwoody became the first female soldier to achieve three-star rank since Lt. Gen. Claudia Kennedy, the former Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence, who retired in 2000.

On November 14, 2008, Dunwoody became the first woman in U.S. military history to achieve the rank of four-star General.[14] Her promotion ceremony was held at the Pentagon, with introductory speeches by U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert Gates[15] and Army Chief of Staff General George W. Casey.[16]

Education[edit]

Awards and honors[edit]

Military awards and decorations[edit]

Dunwoody's military awards and decorations include:[17]

Bronze oak leaf cluster
Distinguished Service Medal (Army) (with one bronze oak leaf cluster)
US Defense Superior Service Medal ribbon.svgDefense Superior Service Medal
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Legion of Merit (with two bronze oak leaf clusters)
Silver oak leaf cluster
Defense Meritorious Service Medal (with one silver oak leaf cluster)
Army Commendation Medal ribbon.svgArmy Commendation Medal
Army Achievement Medal ribbon.svgArmy Achievement Medal
Bronze star
National Defense Service Medal (with one service star)
Bronze star
Bronze star
Southwest Asia Service Medal (with two service stars)
Us sa-kwlib rib.pngKuwait Liberation Medal (Saudi Arabia)
Us kw-kwlib rib.pngKuwait Liberation Medal (Kuwait)
US Army Airborne master parachutist badge.gifMaster Parachutist Badge (United States)
PRigger.gifParachute Rigger Badge
United States Army Staff Identification Badge.pngArmy Staff Identification Badge
Springerabzeichen de.jpgParachutist Badge (Germany)

Other honors[edit]

Family, military heritage[edit]

New York Yankees manager Joe Girardi with General Dunwoody during the Yankees vs. New York Mets game on June 14, 2009.

Ann Dunwoody was born to Harold and Elizabeth (d.2006) Dunwoody. She has two siblings: Harold H. Dunwoody “Buck” (First lieutenant-Army), and Susan Schoeck (Army Pilot). In 1989 she married Colonel Craig Brotchie, USAF (retired). They currently have no children, but own a dog named Barney. Dunwoody currently lives with her husband in Tampa, Florida where her father, brother, and sister live, and where her husband currently serves on the board of the Special Operations Warrior Foundation.[18]

General Dunwoody has a long family history of U.S. military service – going back five generations.[15] She grew up in a military household, the daughter of Elizabeth (died 2006, age 81) and Harold H. Dunwoody (born c. 1918 in Englewood, Florida).

Her great-grandfather, Brigadier General Henry Harrison Chase Dunwoody,[19] an 1862 graduate of the U.S. Military Academy,[19] was the Chief Signal Officer in Cuba from 1898 to 1901.[16] Her father retired from the U.S. Army as a Brigadier General in 1973. Brigadier General Dunwoody is a highly decorated veteran of World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.[16] He was badly wounded in France during World War II and earned the Distinguished Service Cross for bravery while serving as a battalion commander in the Korean War.[16] As a Brigadier General, he commanded the 1st Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (Mechanized) during the Vietnam War.

Her brother, Harold H. "Buck" Dunwoody, Jr. is a 1970 West Point graduate.

Her older sister, Susan Schoeck, was the third woman in the Army to become a helicopter pilot.[20]

Her niece, Jennifer Schoeck, is a U.S. Air Force fighter pilot.[20]

Inspiration[edit]

General Ann E. Dunwoody is the daughter of Harold Dunwoody, her inspiration "My own personal hero is my dad, he is a proud World War II, Korea, Vietnam veteran," she said. "And he was a real Soldier's Soldier. And much of who I am is founded on what I learned from my dad, as a Soldier, as a patriot and as a father." [21]

Quotes[edit]

"I am very honored but also very humbled today with this announcement, I grew up in a family that didn't know what glass ceilings were. This nomination only reaffirms what I have known to be true about the military throughout my career that the doors continue to open for men and women in uniform." Lieutenant General Ann Dunwoody

"I have never considered myself anything but a Soldier. I recognize that with this selection, some will view me as a trailblazer, but it's important that we remember the generations of women, whose dedication, commitment and quality of service helped open the doors of opportunity for us today." Lieutenant General Ann Dunwoody

"There is no one more surprised than I – except, of course, my husband. You know what they say, 'Behind every successful woman there is an astonished man.' " Lieutenant General Ann Dunwoody

“I have followed her career for 33 years. Every assignment she has ever had, she’s done in an outstanding manner. So it really doesn’t surprise me she was the first woman selected for four stars.” Dunwoody's Father, retired Brigadier General Harold H. Dunwoody

"Lieutenant General Dunwoody's nomination not only underscores her significant contributions and success throughout 33 years of service, but also shows the level of possible opportunity in our Army's diverse, quality, all-volunteer force. Our nation will continue to benefit from Lieutenant General Dunwoody's leadership as the Army continues to build strength from our diversity." General George W. Casey, Chief of Staff of the Army

"Her 33 years of service, highlighted by extraordinary leadership and devotion to duty, make her exceptionally qualified for this senior position." Robert Gates, Secretary of Defense "I didn't see gender. I saw soldiers" "From the very first day that I put my uniform on, right up until this morning, I know there is nothing I would have rather done with my life"

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Patridge, Kenneth J. "Dunwoody, Ann E." Current Biography Yearbook. Ed. Clifford Thompson. 69th Annual Cumulation – 2008th ed. New York: H.W. Wilson Co., 2008. 111-14 Print. ISSN no. (0084-9499)
  2. ^ a b c http://www.army.mil/article/85606/First_female_four_star_general_retires_from_Army/
  3. ^ http://www.publicbackgroundchecks.com/SearchResponse.aspx?view=NM&fn=ann&mn=elizabeth&ln=dunwoody&city=&state=&zip=&dob=19530114&age=
  4. ^ http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~battle/celeb/dunwoody.htm
  5. ^ Tyson, Ann Scott (November 15, 2008). "Army Promotes Its First Female Four-Star General". Washington Post. Retrieved November 15, 2008.  Prior to Dunwoody's promotion to general (O-10), the highest-ranking woman in the history of the uniformed services was Patricia Ann Tracey, who, as a vice admiral in the United States Navy, wore three stars and retired in 2004; United States Marine Corps lieutenant general Carol Mutter received promotion in the same year (1996) as Tracey but retired earlier (in 1999).
  6. ^ "Nominations Confirmed (Non-Civilian)". United States Senate. October 2, 2008. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Army Materiel Command". Retrieved August 17, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Ann E. Dunwoody". Marquis Who's Who. 
  9. ^ Yousseff, Nancy A. (November 14, 2008). "Ann Dunwoody becomes first female four-star general". McClatchy Newspapers. Retrieved November 14, 2008. [dead link]
  10. ^ Kesner, Kenneth. "Four-star farewell: Gen. Ann Dunwoody retiring from Army (with video)". The Huntsville Times. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  11. ^ Onley, Dawn S. (October 5, 2007). "Supporting Soldiers – Interview with Lieutenant General Ann E. Dunwoody, Deputy Chief of Staff, G-4 United States Army". Military Logistics Forum 1 (3). 
  12. ^ Maxwell, Jessica. "Casey, Dunwoody focus on preventing sexual assault". U.S. Army. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  13. ^ Daigle, Matt. "Best Army Logistician Ever". Business Wire. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  14. ^ Hames, Jacqueline M. "Army promotes first woman to four-star general". Army promotes first woman to four-star general. Army News Service. Archived from the original on November 16, 2008. Retrieved November 14, 2008. 
  15. ^ a b Gates, Robert M. (November 14, 2008). "Speech delivered at the Promotion Ceremony for Lieutenant General Ann Dunwoody". Pentagon Auditorium, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Defense. Archived from the original on December 11, 2008. Retrieved November 22, 2008. 
  16. ^ a b c d Casey, General George W. (November 14, 2008). "Speech by CSA Gen. Casey at LTG Dunwoody promotion ceremony". U.S. Army. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved November 22, 2008. 
  17. ^ AMC Public Affairs (June 30, 2008). "Lt. Gen. Ann E. Dunwoody, U.S. Army Materiel Command deputy commanding general". United States Army. 
  18. ^ Kesner, Kenneth (6 August 2012). "Four-star farewell: Gen. Ann Dunwoody retiring from Army (with video)". The Huntsville Times. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  19. ^ a b "Henry Harrison Dunwoody, Colonel, United States Army". ArlingtonCemetery.net. Retrieved November 22, 2008. 
  20. ^ a b Swarns, Rachel L. (June 30, 2008). "A step up for women in the U.S. military". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved November 22, 2008. 
  21. ^ Lopez, Todd. "First Female Four-Star General Retires From Army". U.S. Army. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 

External links[edit]

News articles[edit]

General[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Benjamin S. Griffin
Commander, United States Army Materiel Command
5 November 2004 to 14 November 2008
Succeeded by
Dennis L. Via