Anita Baker

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Anita Baker
AnitaBaker performing in 2008 cropped.JPG
Baker performing at the 17th Annual Salute to Freedom in November 2008.
Background information
Birth nameAnita Denise Baker
Born(1958-01-26) January 26, 1958 (age 55)
Toledo, Ohio, U.S.
OriginDetroit, Michigan, U.S.
GenresR&B, soul jazz, smooth jazz, soul, quiet storm
OccupationsSinger-songwriter
Years active1978–present
LabelsAriola (1979)
Beverly Glen Records (1982–1984)
Elektra (1985–1995)
Atlantic (1996–2001)
Blue Note (2004–present)
Associated actsChapter 8, Michael J. Powell
WebsiteBlue Note artist page
 
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Anita Baker
AnitaBaker performing in 2008 cropped.JPG
Baker performing at the 17th Annual Salute to Freedom in November 2008.
Background information
Birth nameAnita Denise Baker
Born(1958-01-26) January 26, 1958 (age 55)
Toledo, Ohio, U.S.
OriginDetroit, Michigan, U.S.
GenresR&B, soul jazz, smooth jazz, soul, quiet storm
OccupationsSinger-songwriter
Years active1978–present
LabelsAriola (1979)
Beverly Glen Records (1982–1984)
Elektra (1985–1995)
Atlantic (1996–2001)
Blue Note (2004–present)
Associated actsChapter 8, Michael J. Powell
WebsiteBlue Note artist page

Anita Denise Baker (born January 26, 1958)[1] is an American singer-songwriter. Starting her career in the late-1970s with the funk band Chapter 8, Baker eventually released her first solo album, The Songstress, in 1983. In 1986, she rose to stardom following the release of her platinum-selling second album, Rapture, which included the Grammy-winning single "Sweet Love". To date, Baker has won eight Grammy Awards and has four platinum albums and two gold albums to her credit. Baker has an alto vocal style.[2]

Early life[edit]

Anita Baker was born on January 26, 1958 in Toledo, Ohio. When she was two, her mother abandoned her and Baker was raised by a foster family in Detroit, Michigan.[3] When Baker was twelve, her foster parents died and her foster sister raised her afterwards.[3] By the time Baker was sixteen, she began singing R&B at Detroit nightclubs. After one performance, she was discovered by bandleader David Washington, who gave her a card to audition for the funk band, Chapter 8.

Music career[edit]

Baker joined the group in 1975 and the group toured relentlessly until securing a deal with Ariola Records in 1979. The group's first album, Chapter 8, was released that year and featured the singles "Ready for Your Love", a duet between Baker and band mate Gerald Lyles, and the Baker-led "I Just Want to Be Your Girl". After Ariola was bought out Arista Records in 1979, Chapter 8 was dropped by the label who were convinced that Baker, as the group's lead singer, didn't have "star potential".[4]

Early success: 1983-84[edit]

Baker returned to Detroit and became a waitress and a receptionist of a law firm. In 1982, Otis Smith, a former associate of Ariola, called Baker and convinced her to start a solo career under his Beverly Glen label. Baker eventually signed with the company, releasing her debut solo album, The Songstress, in 1983.[1] The album produced four singles: "No More Tears" and its B-side, "Will You Be Mine", "Angel" and "You're the Best Thing Yet". "Angel" became Baker's first top ten single, reaching number five on the R&B charts in late 1983. "You're the Best Thing Yet" followed it in the R&B top 40 early the following year. Despite this early success, Baker later complained that she hadn't received any royalties from the work. In addition, the label delayed work on Baker's follow-up of The Songstress. By 1984, Baker sought to leave the label after two years, but was sued by Smith for breach of contract in 1985. After months in court debating the matter, it was concluded that Baker should be allowed to record for other labels, resulting in winning the case against Smith.

Baker eventually signed with the Warner Music Group-associated label, Elektra Records, in 1985 and began working on her next album. Her Elektra contract allowed the singer to have creative control and produce her own music, something she wasn't allowed to do at Beverly Glen. Baker eventually picked her old Chapter 8 band mate, songwriter and producer Michael J. Powell to work with her on her first Elektra album, though label execs were initially unhappy with her choice of Powell over more established producers.

Mainstream success: 1986–1995[edit]

In March 1986, Baker released her second album, Rapture. While sales were initially slow following the release of the album's debut single, "Watch Your Step", Elektra released the mid-tempo ballad, "Sweet Love", which became her first pop hit, reaching number eight on the Billboard Hot 100 and also reaching the UK Top 20. The album eventually launched three further hit singles, including "Caught Up in the Rapture", "No One in the World" and "Same Ole Love (365 Days a Year)". Throughout 1986 and 1987, Baker promoted the album by touring, headlining her first tour, A Night of Rapture Tour, a show from which was later released on home video as A Night of Rapture. By 1988, the album had sold over eight million copies worldwide, five million of which were sold in the United States alone. The album resulted in Baker winning two Grammy Awards at the 1987 ceremony. In 1987, Baker collaborated with The Winans on their song, "Ain't No Need to Worry", which gave Baker a third Grammy, this time in the Best Soul Gospel Performance by a Duo or Group, Choir or Chorus category.

Baker's follow-up, Giving You the Best That I Got, was released in October 1988 and immediately became a success, topping the Billboard 200 and selling five million copies worldwide, three million of which sold alone in the states. The title track reached number three on the Billboard Hot 100 and topped the R&B and adult contemporary charts, becoming her most successful charted single.[5] The follow-up, "Just Because", reached the top 20 on the pop chart, while a third single, "Lead Me Into Love", became a top ten R&B hit. The album resulted in three more Grammy Awards for the singer. In 1990, Baker released Compositions, which had Baker more involved in the songwriting and production process and the first in which she began incorporating more jazz elements than in previous albums. The album launched the singles "Talk to Me", "Soul Inspiration" and "Fairy Tales", and eventually sold over a million copies. After the end of the album's touring and promotion schedule in 1991, Baker took a break from the business when she settled down with her husband at the time, later having two children together. Also in 1991, Elektra re-issued Baker's first album, The Songstress, after buying rights to the album. It has sold more than 300,000 copies since its release.

After appearing on Frank Sinatra's Duets album, Baker officially returned to the charts with Rhythm of Love in 1994. The album featured the hit "Body and Soul", which became her first top 40 pop hit since 1989; the second single, the mid-tempo "I Apologize", later won Baker an eighth Grammy. The album eventually sold over two million copies, resulting in her fourth consecutive platinum-selling album. Baker undertook the Rhythm of Love Tour from December 14, 1994 to November 14, 1995. Baker was transferred to another label within the Warner Music Group, Atlantic Records, in 1996.[6][dead link]

Hiatus years and return: 1996–present[edit]

Taking a hiatus after the end of the Rhythm of Love Tour to take care of her two sons, Baker didn't return to the studio until August 2000. However, the recordings she made during this period were ruined by random popping noises from the rented 24-track tape machine.[1] In May 2001, Baker filed a lawsuit in federal court against Zomba Recording Corp. and its Dreamhire division.[7] Due to a label restructuring, Baker was let go from Atlantic that November without releasing any material with the company.[8] During this hiatus, Rhino Records released the compilation, The Best of Anita Baker (named Sweet Love: The Very Best of Anita Baker in the UK) in June 2002. The album eventually was certified gold by the RIAA, denoting sales in excess of 500,000 units in the US.

That year, Baker returned to live performing which inspired her to seek a new recording deal, eventually signing with Blue Note Records in March 2004. That September, Baker released the album, My Everything. Despite her decade-long absence from the charts, the album became successful, peaking at number four on the Billboard 200 and number-one on the R&B charts, eventually being certified gold. In 2005, Baker released the Christmas album, Christmas Fantasy, winning a Grammy nomination for the song, "Christmas Time Is Here". Starting in 2007, Baker embarked on a two-year concert tour titled An Evening with Anita Baker. In June 2010, she sang the National Anthem at Game 4 of that year's NBA Finals at the TD Garden, though her performance was roundly criticized by viewers, who discussed the matter on Twitter.[9] Baker has also sung the National Anthem at season-opening baseball games at Comerica Park in Detroit and Progressive Field in Cleveland (the former due to being a Detroit-area resident, the latter due to being a native Ohioan), and twice sang the National Anthem at World Series hosted by the Detroit Tigers (Game 2 in 2006, Game 3 in 2012). In December 2011, Baker had been scheduled to sing "Sweet Love" during a tribute show for Detroit R&B music. Rumors of friction between Baker and fellow performer Jill Scott were initially seen as a possible cause of Baker leaving the show at the last minute. However, Baker attributed her exit to its producers refusing to allow her to properly rehearse her number with the other performers who would be singing with her, presumably Marsha Ambrosius and Ledisi, who sung "Sweet Love" on the show's broadcast.[10]

In August 2012, Baker released her version of Tyrese's hit, "Lately". The song made headlines for Baker after the song was played on every single hour of the hour throughout the day on urban adult contemporary radio, making her the first artist to make this kind of debut. Baker has been working on the album featuring the single, Only Forever, since 2010.[11] Though Blue Note set release dates for the album in October and December 2012, Baker decided she still needed to work on the album, causing delays. Currently the album has no release date. In February 2013, Baker returned to the national spotlight, performing "Lately" and "Same Ole Love" on Jimmy Kimmel Live!. That same month, she appeared at the Grammys where "Lately" was nominated for a Grammy Award.

Personal life[edit]

Baker married Walter Bridgeforth, Jr. on December 24, 1988. The couple separated in 2005 and finalized their divorce two years later.[12] They have two sons, Walter Baker Bridgforth (born January 1993) and Edward Carlton Bridgeforth (born May 1994).[13] Baker currently lives in Grosse Pointe, Michigan.[14] Both children attended The Grosse Pointe Academy. Walter Bridgforth is now attending Berklee College of Music in Boston MA as a drumming principal.

Selected awards and accolades[edit]

Grammy Awards[edit]

The Grammy Awards are awarded annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Baker has received eight awards from seventeen nominations.

YearRecipientAwardResult
1987RaptureBest R&B Vocal Performance, FemaleWon
"Sweet Love"Best Rhythm & Blues SongWon
1988"Ain't No Need to Worry" (with The Winans)Best Soul Gospel Performance by a Duo, Group, Choir or ChorusWon
1989"Giving You the Best That I Got"Record of the YearNominated
Song of the YearNominated
Best R&B Vocal Performance, FemaleWon
Best Rhythm & Blues SongWon
1990Just BecauseBest R&B Vocal Performance, FemaleWon
1991CompositionsBest R&B Vocal Performance, FemaleWon
1995"Body and Soul"Best Female R&B Vocal PerformanceNominated
Rhythm of LoveBest R&B AlbumNominated
1996"When You Love Someone" (with James Ingram)Best Pop Collaboration with VocalsNominated
"I Apologize"Best Female R&B Vocal PerformanceWon
2005"You're My Everything"Best Traditional R&B Vocal PerformanceNominated
My EverythingBest R&B AlbumNominated
2007"Christmas Time Is Here"Best Traditional R&B Vocal PerformanceNominated
2013"Lately"Best Traditional R&B PerformanceNominated

American Music Awards[edit]

The American Music Awards is an annual awards ceremony created by Dick Clark in 1973. Baker has received four awards from nine nominations.

YearRecipientAwardResult
1987Anita BakerFavorite Soul/R&B Female ArtistNominated
RaptureFavorite Soul/R&B AlbumNominated
1988Anita BakerFavorite Soul/R&B Female ArtistWon
RaptureFavorite Soul/R&B AlbumWon
1990Anita BakerFavorite Pop/Rock Female ArtistNominated
Favorite Soul/R&B Female ArtistWon
"Just Because"Favorite Soul/R&B SingleNominated
1995Anita BakerFavorite Soul/R&B Female ArtistWon
1996Anita BakerFavorite Soul/R&B Female ArtistNominated

Soul Train Music Awards[edit]

The Soul Train Music Awards is an annual award show aired in national broadcast syndication that honors the best in African American music and entertainment established in 1987.

YearRecipientAwardResult
1987"Sweet Love"Best Single, FemaleWon
Best Music VideoNominated
RaptureAlbum of the Year, FemaleNominated
1989"Giving You the Best That I Got"Best R&B/Urban Contemporary Song of the YearWon
Best R&B/Urban Contemporary Single, FemaleWon
Giving You the Best That I GotBest R&B/Urban Contemporary Album of the Year, FemaleWon
1991"Talk to Me"Best R&B/Urban Contemporary Single, FemaleNominated
CompositionsBest R&B/Urban Contemoprary Single, FemaleNominated
1995"Body and Soul"Best R&B/Soul or Rap Music VideoNominated
Best R&B/Soul Single, FemaleWon
Rhythm of LoveR&B/Soul Album of the Year, FemaleWon
2010Anita BakerLegend Award, FemaleWon

Other honors[edit]

YearCategoryOrganizationResult
1994Hollywood Walk of FameStar at 7021 Hollywood Blvd.
2005International Artist of the YearCanadian Smooth Jazz Award[15]Won

Discography[edit]

Tours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Steve Huey. "Anita Baker: Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 2012-10-20. 
  2. ^ Ebony 1994, p. 50.
  3. ^ a b Smith 1996, p. 19.
  4. ^ Smith 1996, p. 20.
  5. ^ Whitburn, Joel (1996). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits, 6th Edition (Billboard Publications)
  6. ^ "Songstress Anita Baker Successfully Orchestrates Unprecedented Record Label Transfer; Leaves Elektra Records for Atlantic Records". PR Newswire. September 6, 1996. Retrieved April 29, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Anita Baker Sues Over Allegedly Ruined Tracks". Billboard. 2001-05-18. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  8. ^ "Stewart, Baker, O'Connor Latest To Leave Atlantic". Billboard. 2001-05-18. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  9. ^ "National Anthem Hits a Bad Note, Twitter users blast Anita Baker's singing of the Star-Spangled Banner". Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2013-12-26. 
  10. ^ »» (2011-12-28). "Anita Baker Explains ‘VH1 Divas’ Drama: 5 Other Famous Show Feuds | Rolling Out – Black News, Celebrity Videos, Entertainment, Business & Politics". Rolling Out. Retrieved 2012-05-02. 
  11. ^ Jul 17 2010 (2010-07-18). "Anita Baker Hit The Studio With Snoop Dogg". Twanatells.com. Retrieved 2013-12-26. 
  12. ^ By Mark JordanSpecial to The Commercial Appeal. "Baker says she is finalizing her divorce". Commercialappeal.com. Retrieved 2013-12-26. 
  13. ^ Steve Dougherty (October 10, 1994). "Starting to Recapture the Rapture". People. 
  14. ^ "Grosse Pointe police: Peeper at Anita Baker's window was mistaken". February 1, 2012. Retrieved February 20, 2012. 
  15. ^ 2005 Canadian Smooth Jazz Award[dead link]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]