Ananias of Damascus

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Ananias of Damascus
Saint Paul Ananias Sight Restored.jpg
Ananias restoring the sight of Saint Paul
Pietro da Cortona, 1631
Ananias, of the Seventy Apostles
BornUnknown (perhaps Damascus)
DiedEleutheropolis (tradition)
Major shrineSurb Zoravor Church of Yerevan in Armenia.
FeastJanuary 25
 
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Ananias of Damascus
Saint Paul Ananias Sight Restored.jpg
Ananias restoring the sight of Saint Paul
Pietro da Cortona, 1631
Ananias, of the Seventy Apostles
BornUnknown (perhaps Damascus)
DiedEleutheropolis (tradition)
Major shrineSurb Zoravor Church of Yerevan in Armenia.
FeastJanuary 25

Ananias (/ænəˈnəs/ AN-ə-NY-əs; Ancient Greek: Ἀνανίας, same as Hebrew חנניה, Hananiah, "favoured of the LORD"),[1] was a disciple of Jesus at Damascus mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles in the Bible, which describes how he was sent by Jesus to restore the sight of "Saul, of Tarsus" (known later as Paul the Apostle) and provide him with additional instruction in the way of the Lord.[2]

Background[edit]

According to Acts 9:10, Ananias lived in the city of Damascus. In Paul's speech in Acts 22, he describes Ananias as "a devout man according to the law, having a good report of all the Jews" that dwelt in Damascus (Acts 22:12). According to F. F. Bruce, this indicates that he was not one of the refugees from the persecution in Jerusalem described in Acts 8:1.[3]

Meeting Saul[edit]

During his conversion experience, Jesus had told Paul (who was then called Saul) to go into the city and wait. Jesus later spoke to Ananias in a vision, and told him to go to the "street which is called Straight", and ask "in the house of Judas for one called Saul, of Tarsus". (Acts 9:11) Ananias objected that Saul had been persecuting "thy saints", but the Lord told him that Saul was "a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel". (Acts 9:15). When Ananias went in to Saul and laid his hands on him, the "scales" of dead tissue on the surface of his eyes fell off, and he looked up at Ananias. After additional instruction, Saul was baptized. (Acts 9:18; 22:16)

Later life[edit]

According to Catholic tradition, Ananias was martyred in Eleutheropolis.[4] Ananias is also listed by Hippolytus of Rome and others as one of the Seventy Disciples whose mission is recorded in Luke 10:1-20.[5]

F. F. Bruce suggests that Ananias "has an honoured place in sacred history, and a special claim upon the gratitude of all who in one way or another have entered into the blessing that stems from the life and work of the great apostle."[6]

Roman Martyrology[edit]

In the 2004 edition of the Roman Martyrology, Ananias is listed under 25 January as a saint commemorated on the same day as the Feast of the Conversion of St Paul.[7]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Greek lexicon G367, Hebrew lexicon H2608
  2. ^ Ananias in Acts chapter 9 and chapter 22
  3. ^ F. F. Bruce, Commentary on the Book of the Acts (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1964), 199.
    also found on page 189 of the 1988 edition, ISBN 0-8028-2505-2.
  4. ^ St. Ananias II
  5. ^ Hippolytus, On the Seventy Apostles
    see also Seventy Disciples for other lists.
  6. ^ Bruce, Commentary on the Book of the Acts, 201.
    also found on page 186 of the 1988 edition, ISBN 0-8028-2505-2.
  7. ^ Martyrologium Romanum, 2004, Vatican Press (Typis Vaticanis), page 116.