Anadyr (town)

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Anadyr (English)
Анадырь (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Anadyr harbour3.jpg
View of Anadyr from the harbor
Map of Russia - Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Anadyr is located in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Anadyr
Location of Anadyr in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates: 64°44′N 177°31′E / 64.733°N 177.517°E / 64.733; 177.517Coordinates: 64°44′N 177°31′E / 64.733°N 177.517°E / 64.733; 177.517
Coat of Arms of Anadyr (Chukotka).png
Flag of Anadyr (Chukotka).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of June 2012)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectChukotka Autonomous Okrug[2]
Administratively subordinated toTown of okrug significance of Anadyr[2]
Administrative center ofChukotka Autonomous Okrug,[2] Anadyrsky District,[1] town of okrug significance of Anadyr[2]
Municipal status (as of November 2004)
Urban okrugAnadyr Urban Okrug[3]
Administrative center ofAnadyr Urban Okrug,[3] Anadyrsky Municipal District[4]
Head of Administration[citation needed]Andrey Shchegolkov[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census)13,045 inhabitants[5]
Time zoneMAGT (UTC+12:00)[6]
FoundedJuly 21, 1889[7]
Town status sinceJanuary 12, 1965[7]
Previous namesNovo-Mariinsk (until August 5, 1923)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[8]689000
Dialing code(s)+7 42722[7]
Official website
Anadyr on WikiCommons
 
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Anadyr (English)
Анадырь (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Anadyr harbour3.jpg
View of Anadyr from the harbor
Map of Russia - Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Anadyr is located in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Anadyr
Location of Anadyr in Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates: 64°44′N 177°31′E / 64.733°N 177.517°E / 64.733; 177.517Coordinates: 64°44′N 177°31′E / 64.733°N 177.517°E / 64.733; 177.517
Coat of Arms of Anadyr (Chukotka).png
Flag of Anadyr (Chukotka).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of June 2012)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectChukotka Autonomous Okrug[2]
Administratively subordinated toTown of okrug significance of Anadyr[2]
Administrative center ofChukotka Autonomous Okrug,[2] Anadyrsky District,[1] town of okrug significance of Anadyr[2]
Municipal status (as of November 2004)
Urban okrugAnadyr Urban Okrug[3]
Administrative center ofAnadyr Urban Okrug,[3] Anadyrsky Municipal District[4]
Head of Administration[citation needed]Andrey Shchegolkov[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census)13,045 inhabitants[5]
Time zoneMAGT (UTC+12:00)[6]
FoundedJuly 21, 1889[7]
Town status sinceJanuary 12, 1965[7]
Previous namesNovo-Mariinsk (until August 5, 1923)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[8]689000
Dialing code(s)+7 42722[7]
Official website
Anadyr on WikiCommons

Anadyr (Russian: Ана́дырь; Chukchi: Кагыргын, Kagyrgyn) is a port town and the administrative center of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Russia. It is located at the mouth of the Anadyr River, on the tip of the southern promontory that sticks out into Anadyrsky Liman. Anadyr is the easternmost town in Russia (more easterly locations, such as Provideniya and Uelen, do not have town status). Population: 13,045 (2010 Census).[5]

It was founded on July 21, 1889 as Novo-Mariinsk,[7] and renamed on August 5, 1923 following the Kamchatka Revkom.[citation needed] Town status was granted to it on January 12, 1965.[7]

History[edit]

Although the town itself has only been in existence for just over a century, the origins of the name Anadyr are much older. The name initially derives from the Yukaghir word "any-an" meaning "river". When Semyon Dezhnev met Yukaghir peoples in the area and the indigenous name was corrupted to form "Onandyr", later Anadyrsk, the name of the ostrog (fort) upstream of the present-day settlement, from which the current name is derived.[7]

Pyotr Baranov (brother of Alexander Andreyevich Baranov) established a trading post near the present town site in the early 19th century; Chukchi settlement around it formed the village of Vyon in 1830.[7]

The present settlement was founded by L. F. Grinevetsky, who sailed into the Anadyrsky Liman on July 9, 1889. The town's first building was completed twelve days later and as it was the name-day of Tsaritsa Maria Feodorovna the town was named Mariinsk. Since this was not the first time that a town had been named Mariinsk in Russia, the name was swiftly changed to Novo-Mariinsk.[7]

The presence of communism was not initially welcomed by the merchants of the town. The first Revkom was founded on January 16, 1919 and barely lasted two weeks before its members were thrown out of the town and summarily executed. However, the merchants of the town fared worse eighteen months later when the Bolsheviks returned and began to reorganise urban life.[7]

During World War II an airfield was built here for the Alaska-Siberian (ALSIB) air route used to ferry American Lend-Lease aircraft to the Eastern Front.[9]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Anadyr is the administrative center of Chukotka Autonomous Okrug[2] and, within the framework of administrative divisions, it also serves as the administrative center of Anadyrsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with one rural locality, incorporated separately as the town of okrug significance of Anadyr—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[2] As a municipal division, the town of okrug significance of Anadyr is incorporated as Anadyr Urban Okrug.[3]

Demographics[edit]

1926[10]1939[11]1959[12]1970[13]1979[14]1989[15]2002[16]2010[5]
2243,3445,8597,70312,24117,09411,03813,045

Transportation[edit]

Anadyr is an important sea port on the Gulf of Anadyr of the Bering Sea and is connected to almost all big Russian Far Eastern sea ports. The Anadyr Ugolny Airport serves major and minor cities in the Russian Far East with connections to Khabarovsk, Vladivostok and Moscow, and Bering Air charter flights to Nome, Alaska. The airport is on the other side of the Anadyrskiy Liman and between January and May transportation from the airport to Anadyr is by ice road.[7]

Climate[edit]

Anadyr experiences a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc). Winters are long and very cold, summers are cool and short. January is the coldest month with average temperature of −22.6 °C (−8.7 °F). July is warmest month with average temperature of 12.1 °C (53.8 °F). Temperatures above 25.0 °C (77.0 °F) are rare. The lowest temperature ever in Anadyr was −46.8 °C (−52.2 °F) recorded on January 3, 1913. The highest temperature recorded in Anadyr was 30.0 °C (86.0 °F) on July 7, 1956. The weather in Anadyr is extremely changeable, with heavy storms often being brought in from the Anadyrskiy Liman and the Bering Sea. This coupled with strong southerly winds in the autumn often brings flooding to the area. May is the driest month, and January is the wettest.

Climate data for Anadyr
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)5.8
(42.4)
2.7
(36.9)
3.0
(37.4)
7.1
(44.8)
19.3
(66.7)
26.5
(79.7)
30.0
(86)
26.6
(79.9)
17.7
(63.9)
15.6
(60.1)
4.6
(40.3)
4.3
(39.7)
30.0
(86)
Average high °C (°F)−18.9
(−2)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−15.5
(4.1)
−9
(16)
1.6
(34.9)
10.6
(51.1)
15.5
(59.9)
13.7
(56.7)
7.7
(45.9)
−2
(28)
−10.5
(13.1)
−15.7
(3.7)
−3.4
(25.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)−22.6
(−8.7)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−12.7
(9.1)
−1.4
(29.5)
6.9
(44.4)
12.1
(53.8)
10.5
(50.9)
4.9
(40.8)
−4.6
(23.7)
−13.6
(7.5)
−19.3
(−2.7)
−6.73
(19.88)
Average low °C (°F)−26.2
(−15.2)
−25.4
(−13.7)
−22.7
(−8.9)
−16.4
(2.5)
−4.4
(24.1)
3.2
(37.8)
8.6
(47.5)
7.3
(45.1)
2.0
(35.6)
−7.1
(19.2)
−16.7
(1.9)
−22.8
(−9)
−10.1
(13.8)
Record low °C (°F)−46.8
(−52.2)
−44.7
(−48.5)
−42.1
(−43.8)
−39.6
(−39.3)
−28.2
(−18.8)
−7.6
(18.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
−4.3
(24.3)
−11.8
(10.8)
−28.2
(−18.8)
−38.8
(−37.8)
−45.2
(−49.4)
−46.8
(−52.2)
Precipitation mm (inches)45
(1.77)
40
(1.57)
33
(1.3)
23
(0.91)
13
(0.51)
18
(0.71)
34
(1.34)
44
(1.73)
33
(1.3)
26
(1.02)
34
(1.34)
41
(1.61)
384
(15.12)
Avg. rainy days0.20.30.2191516181662184.7
Avg. snowy days181715161520.10.35181917142.4
 % humidity82818182847879818084838281
Mean monthly sunshine hours27.9101.7198.4249.0244.9279.0257.3186.0138.0105.448.012.41,848
Source #1: Погода и Климат[17]
Source #2: HKO[18]

Politics[edit]

Results of Russian legislative elections[edit]

Parties \ Year200320072011
Communist Party4.61%3.73%4.39%
Patriots of Russia
(including former Party of Peace and Unity)
0.57%0.53%0.60%
A Just Russia
(including former Rodina or Motherland-National Patriotic Union
Russian Party of Life
People's Party of the Russian Federation
and Russian Ecological Party "The Greens")
9.98%3.85%5.01%
Yabloko
(including former Union of People for education and research, "Партия СЛОН")
3.30%1.08%1.66%
Right Cause
(including former Citizens' Force
Democratic Party of Russia
and Union of Rightist Forces)
3.03%1.54%0.70%
United Russia
(including former Agrarian Party of Russia)
55.55%76.37%72.44%
Liberal Democratic Party11.67%12.19%12.97%
Other minor parties9.93%xx%xx%

Notable people[edit]

Sister city[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Directive #517-rp
  2. ^ a b c d e f Law #33-OZ
  3. ^ a b c Law #40-OZ
  4. ^ Law #148-OZ
  5. ^ a b c "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Petit Futé, Chukotka, pp. 77ff
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  9. ^ Lebedev, Igor Aviation Lend-Lease to Russia Nova Publishers (1997) pp.44-49
  10. ^ Список населённых мест Дальневосточного края. По материалам Всесоюзной переписи населения 17 декабря 1926 года и Приполярной переписи 1926—27 года. — Хабаровск; Благовещенск, 1929.
  11. ^ РГАЭ, ф. 1562, оп. 336, д. 1470, л. 20.
  12. ^ Перепись населения СССР 1959 года
  13. ^ Перепись населения СССР 1970 года
  14. ^ Перепись населения СССР 1979 года
  15. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Погода и Климат - климат Анадыря" (in Russian). Retrieved September 15, 2009. 
  18. ^ "Climatological Information for Anadyr', Russia". Retrieved August 31, 2011. 
  19. ^ Bethel website

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]