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Amerind, or Amerindian, is a portmanteau of "American Indian". It refers collectively to the indigenous peoples of the Americas who lived in the Western Hemisphere before European arrival to the continent. The word was coined by the American Anthropological Association in Washington, D.C.. Some of its earliest uses can be attributed to the paper Anthropology in Early American Writings by J. D. McGuire of the American Anthropological Association and Dr. Alexander F. Chamberlain in The Algonquin Linguistic Stock. Use of the word stirred controversy at the 1902 International Congress of Americanists meeting in New York City after a protest by linguist Franz Boas.
It also refers to the modern ethnic communities that originate from those peoples. Use of the term is intended to avoid the confusion inherent in using "Indian", which can also refer to inhabitants of India.
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