American Fork, Utah

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American Fork, Utah
City
The old city hall is on the National Register of Historic Places.
The old city hall is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Location of American Fork, Utah
Location of American Fork, Utah
Location of Utah in the United States
Location of Utah in the United States
Coordinates: 40°23′3″N 111°47′31″W / 40.38417°N 111.79194°W / 40.38417; -111.79194Coordinates: 40°23′3″N 111°47′31″W / 40.38417°N 111.79194°W / 40.38417; -111.79194[1]
CountryUnited States
StateUtah
CountyUtah
Settled1850
IncorporatedJune 4, 1853
Named forAmerican Fork River
Area
 • Total9.2 sq mi (23.9 km2)
 • Land9.2 sq mi (23.9 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation4,606 ft (1,404 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total27,147
 • Density2,853.7/sq mi (1,101.5/km2)
Time zoneMST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code84003
Area code(s)385, 801
FIPS code49-01310[2]
GNIS feature ID1438194[3]
Websiteafcity.org
 
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American Fork, Utah
City
The old city hall is on the National Register of Historic Places.
The old city hall is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Location of American Fork, Utah
Location of American Fork, Utah
Location of Utah in the United States
Location of Utah in the United States
Coordinates: 40°23′3″N 111°47′31″W / 40.38417°N 111.79194°W / 40.38417; -111.79194Coordinates: 40°23′3″N 111°47′31″W / 40.38417°N 111.79194°W / 40.38417; -111.79194[1]
CountryUnited States
StateUtah
CountyUtah
Settled1850
IncorporatedJune 4, 1853
Named forAmerican Fork River
Area
 • Total9.2 sq mi (23.9 km2)
 • Land9.2 sq mi (23.9 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation4,606 ft (1,404 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total27,147
 • Density2,853.7/sq mi (1,101.5/km2)
Time zoneMST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST)MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code84003
Area code(s)385, 801
FIPS code49-01310[2]
GNIS feature ID1438194[3]
Websiteafcity.org

American Fork is a city in Utah County, Utah, United States, at the foot of Mount Timpanogos in the Wasatch Range, north of Utah Lake. It is part of the Provo–Orem Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 26,263 at the 2010 census, representing a nearly 20% growth since the 2000 census.[4] The city has grown rapidly since the 1970s.

History[edit]

The former Bank of American Fork on Main Street.
Alpine Stake Tabernacle in American Fork.

The area around Utah Lake was used as a seasonal hunting and fishing ground by the Ute Indians. American Fork was settled in 1850 by Mormon pioneers, and incorporated as Lake City in 1852. The first settlers were Arza Adams,[5] followed by Stephen Chipman (grandfather of Stephen L. Chipman, a prominent citizen around the start of the 20th Century), Ira Eldredge, John Eldredge and their families.[6]

The first settlers of American Fork lived in scattered conditions along the American Fork River. By the 1850s, tension between the settlers and Native Americans was increasing. In 1853, Daniel H. Wells, the head of the Nauvoo Legion (the Utah Territorial Militia at the time), instructed settlers to move into specific forts. At a meeting on July 23, 1853 at the schoolhouse in American Fork, Lorenzo Snow and Parley P. Pratt convinced the settlers to follow Wells' directions and all move together into a central fort. A fort was built of 37 acres (150,000 m2) to which the settlers located. Only parts of the wall were built to eight feet high, and none were built to the original plan of twelve feet high.[7]

Settlers changed the name from Lake City to American Fork in 1860. It was renamed after the American Fork River which runs through it the city, as well as to avoid confusion with Salt Lake City. Most residents were farmers and merchants during its early history. By the 1860s, American Fork had established a public school, making it the first community in the territory of Utah to offer public education to its citizens.[8] In the 1870s, American Fork served as a rail access point for mining activities in American Fork Canyon. American Fork had "a literal social feud" with the town of Lehi due to the Utah Sugar Company choosing Lehi as the factory building site in 1890, instead of American Fork.[9] There were several mercantile businesses in American Fork, such as the American Fork Co-operative Association and Chipman Mercantile. For several decades in the 1900s, raising chickens (and eggs) was an important industry in the city.

During World War II the town population expanded when the Columbia Steel plant was built. An annual summer celebration in the city is still called "Steel Days" in honor of the economic importance of the mill, which closed in November 2001.[10] The steel mill was located approximately six miles (10 km) southeast from town, on land on the east shore of Utah Lake.

American Fork built a city hospital in 1937. A new facility was built in 1950, which was sold to Intermountain Healthcare in 1977, which in turn replaced that hospital with a new facility in 1980.[7]

The 1992 film The Sandlot was mostly filmed on the Wasatch Front. The carnival scene was filmed in American Fork on State Street by Robinson Park.[11]

Several scenes from the 1984 movie Footloose were also filmed in American Fork, including the opening scene inside the church, the front porch scene with Kevin Bacon and his family, and the gas station scene in which Bacon refuels his Volkswagen.

Geography[edit]

The elevation is 4,566 feet (1,392 m) above sea level.[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.2 square miles (23.9 km²), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

American Fork IHC Hospital.
Historical population
CensusPop.
18701,115
18801,82563.7%
18901,9426.4%
19002,73240.7%
19103,22017.9%
19203,2902.2%
19303,64110.7%
19403,9067.3%
19505,12631.2%
19606,37324.3%
19707,71321.0%
198013,60676.4%
199015,69615.4%
200021,94139.8%
201026,26219.7%
Est. 201227,1473.4%

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 26,263 people in 7,098 households residing in the city. The population density was 2,853.7 people per square mile (1,101.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.8% White (non-Hispanic), 7.4% Hispanic or Latino. 0.9% Asian, 0.5% Native American, 0.5% Pacific Islander, 0.4% African American, and 2.4% from two or more races. 3.5% of the population were foreign-born.

37.7% of the population were under 18 years old (10.6% under 5); 8.7% were 65 or older. 49.9% of the population were female. 7.1% identified themselves as being either bisexual or homosexual. 89.5% of persons over 25 had high school degrees, and 30.9% had Bachelor's degrees or higher.

The median income for a household in the city was $67,124. 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line. The home ownership rate was 77.5%. There were 7,598 housing units. The median value of owner-occupied housing units was $210,600.

In 2007 there were 2,754 businesses in the city, with total retail sales over $724 million.

Religious history[edit]

Utah Presbyterian Church in American Fork.

The first ward of the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in American Fork was organized in 1851 with Leonard E. Harrington as bishop. As of 2009 there are six stakes headquartered in the city.[13]

While the majority of the population are members of LDS Church, there are several other faith communities in the city. The Community Presbyterian Church of American Fork was organized in 1877. In 1973 St. Peter's Catholic Parish was organized in American Fork.[7] Additional faith groups or churches include Jehovah's Witness, Calvary Chapel and Faith Independent Baptist Church.

Education[edit]

Harrington Elementary School.

Public schools in American Fork are part of the Alpine School District and include a senior high school (American Fork High School), junior high school (American Fork Jr. High), and five elementary schools (Barratt Elementary, Forbes Elementary, Greenwood Elementary, Legacy Elementary, Shelley Elementary [14]). Vern Henshaw is the Superintendent of Schools.[15]

Private schools include the American Heritage School. Provo College, a private, for-profit educational institution that specializes in career education, has a satellite campus in American Fork. The school offers several Associate degrees and diplomas.

Notable residents[edit]

Miscellaneous[edit]

A FrontRunner Station in American Fork. FrontRunner is the commuter rail line along the Wasatch Front.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/49/4901310.html
  5. ^ Arza Adams at SUP Pioneer Stories
  6. ^ Betty G. Spencer. "American Fork" in Utah History Encyclopedia
  7. ^ a b c Spencer. Utah History Encyclopedia
  8. ^ Biography of Joseph B. Forbes, Jacobson Family, Retrieved 2008-05-15
  9. ^ Taylor, Fred G. (1944). A Saga of Sugar. pp. 76–77. OCLC 1041958. 
  10. ^ Geneva Steel
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ http://www.idcide.com/citydata/ut/american-fork.htm
  13. ^ LDS Church Almanac, 2008 Edition, p. 285-287
  14. ^ "Elementary Schools". Alpine School District. Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  15. ^ "Administration". Alpine School District. Retrieved 2012-06-16. 

External links[edit]