Ambassadors of the United States

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Flag of ambassadors of the United States

This is a list of ambassadors of the United States to individual nations of the world, to international organizations, to past nations, and ambassadors-at-large.

Ambassadors are nominated by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate.[1] An ambassador can be appointed during a recess, but he or she can only serve as ambassador until the end of the next session of Congress unless subsequently confirmed.[2] Ambassadors serve "at the pleasure of the President", meaning they can be dismissed at any time.

An ambassador may be a career foreign service officer or a political appointee. In most cases, career foreign service officers serve a tour of approximately three years per ambassadorship whereas political appointees customarily tender their resignations upon the inauguration of a new president. As embassies fall under the U.S. State Department's jurisdiction, ambassadors answer to the Secretary of State.

Current U.S. ambassadors[edit]

Host countryRefU.S. AmbassadorEmbassy
Website
Date Confirmed
 AfghanistanRefJames B. CunninghamKabulAugust 2012
 AlbaniaRefDonald LuTiranaNovember 2014
 AlgeriaRefJoan A. PolaschikAlgiersJuly 2014
 Andorra[3]RefJames CostosMadridAugust 2013
 AngolaRefHelen Meagher La LimeLuandaMay 2014
 Antigua and Barbuda[4]RefLarry Leon PalmerBridgetownMarch 2012
 ArgentinaRefKevin K. Sullivan, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.Buenos Aires
 ArmeniaRefJohn A. HeffernYerevanAugust 2011
 AustraliaRefJohn BerryCanberraAugust 2013
 AustriaRefAlexa Lange WesnerViennaAugust 2013
 AzerbaijanRefVacant since July 31, 2014
Dereck Hogan, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Baku
 Bahamas, TheRefLisa A. Johnson, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.Nassau
 BahrainRefWilliam V. RoebuckManamaNovember 2014
 BangladeshRefMarcia Stephens Bloom BernicatDhakaNovember 2014
 Barbados[4]RefLarry Leon PalmerBridgetownMarch 2012
 BelarusRefVacant since March 12, 2008
Scott M. Rauland, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Minsk 
 BelgiumRefDenise Campbell BauerBrusselsAugust 2013
 BelizeRefCarlos R. MorenoBelmopanMay 2014
 BeninRefMichael RaynorCotonouMay 2012
 BoliviaRefVacant since September 10, 2008
Peter M. Brennan, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
La Paz 
 Bosnia and HerzegovinaRefMaureen Elizabeth CormackSarajevoNovember 2014
 BotswanaRefEarl Robert MillerGaboroneNovember 2014
 BrazilRefLiliana AyaldeBrasiliaAugust 2013
 BruneiRefCraig B. AllenBandar Seri BegawanNovember 2014
 BulgariaRefMarcie Berman RiesSofiaAugust 2012
 Burkina FasoRefTulinabo S. MushingiOuagadougouJuly 2013
 Burma (Myanmar)[5]RefDerek MitchellRangoonJune 2012
 BurundiRefDawn M. LiberiBujumburaOctober 2012
 CambodiaRefWilliam E. ToddPhnom PenhMarch 2012
 CameroonRefMichael Stephen HozaYaoundéJuly 2014
 CanadaRefBruce HeymanOttawaMarch 2014
 Cape VerdeRefAdrienne S. O’NealPraiaOctober 2011
 Central African RepublicRefDavid Brown[disambiguation needed], Charge d'Affaires, a.i.
Embassy suspended operations on December 28, 2012
The French embassy is the protecting power
Bangui
 ChadRefJames KnightN'DjamenaJuly 2013
 ChileRefMichael A. HammerSantiagoMarch 2014
 ChinaRefMax BaucusBeijingFebruary 2014
 ColombiaRefKevin WhitakerBogotáApril 2014
 Comoros[6]RefRobert T. YamateAntananarivoNovember 2014
 Democratic Republic of the CongoRefJames C. SwanKinshasaAugust 2013
 Republic of the CongoRefStephanie Sanders SullivanBrazzavilleAugust 2013
 Costa RicaRefGonzalo Gallegos, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.San José
 Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)RefTerence Patrick McCulleyAbidjanAugust 2013
 CroatiaRefKenneth MertenZagrebOctober 2012
 Cuba[7]RefNo diplomatic relations since the Bay of Pigs Invasion.
 CyprusRefJohn KoenigNicosiaAugust 2012  
 Czech RepublicRefAndrew SchapiroPragueJuly 2014
 DenmarkRefJohn Rufus GiffordCopenhagenAugust 2013
 DjiboutiRefThomas P. Kelly IIIDjiboutiJune 2014
 Dominica[4]RefLarry Leon PalmerBridgetownMarch 2012
 Dominican RepublicRefJames "Wally" Brewster, Jr.Santo DomingoNovember 2013
 East Timor (Timor-Leste)RefKaren Clark StantonDiliNovember 2014
 EcuadorRefAdam E. NammQuitoApril 2012
 EgyptRefRobert S. BeecroftCairoJune 2014
 El SalvadorRefMari Carmen AponteSan SalvadorJune 2012
 Equatorial GuineaRefMark L. AsquinoMalaboJune 2012
 EritreaRefVacant since July 2010
Louis Mazel, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Asmara 
 EstoniaRefJeffrey D. LevineTallinnMarch 2012
 EthiopiaRefPatricia Marie HaslachAddis AbabaAugust 2013
 Fiji[8]RefJudith Beth CefkinSuvaNovember 2014
 FinlandRefBruce J. OreckHelsinkiAugust 2009
 France[9]RefJane D. HartleyParisSeptember 2014
 Gabon[10]RefCynthia H. AkuettehLibrevilleJuly 2014
 Gambia, TheRefRick Yoneoka, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.Banjul
 GeorgiaRefRichard NorlandTbilisiMarch 2012
 GermanyRefJohn B. EmersonBerlinAugust 2013
 GhanaRefGene CretzGhanaAugust 2012
 GreeceRefDavid D. PearceAthensAugust 2013
 Grenada[4]RefLarry Leon PalmerBridgetownMarch 2012
 GuatemalaRefTodd D. RobinsonGuatemalaSeptember 2014
 GuineaRefAlexander LaskarisConakryAugust 2012
 Guinea-Bissau[11]RefVirtual Presence Post
Managed through the U.S. Embassy in Senegal
James Peter Zumwalt
Guinea-Bissau VPPNovember 2014
 GuyanaRefVacant since July 3, 2014
Bryan D. Hunt, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Georgetown
 HaitiRefPamela A. WhitePort-au-PrinceJuly 2012
 Holy SeeRefKenneth Francis HackettVaticanAugust 2013
 HondurasRefJames D. NealonTegucigalpaJuly 2014
 HungaryRefM. André Goodfriend, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.Budapest
 IcelandRefVacant since November 23, 2013
Paul O'Friel, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Reykjavik 
 IndiaRefVacant since March 31, 2014
Kathleen Stephens, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
New Delhi 
 IndonesiaRefRobert O. Blake, Jr.JakartaNovember 2013
 Iran[12]RefNo diplomatic relations since the 1979 Iranian Revolution.
 IraqRefStuart E. JonesBaghdadJune 2014
 Ireland, Republic ofRefKevin F. O'MalleyDublinSeptember 2014
 IsraelRefDaniel B. ShapiroTel AvivJuly 2011
 Italy[13]RefJohn R. PhillipsRomeAugust 2013
 JamaicaRefLuis MorenoKingstonNovember 2014
 JapanRefCaroline KennedyTokyoOctober 2013
 JordanRefAlice WellsAmmanJune 2014
 KazakhstanRefGeorge A. KrolAstanaNovember 2014
 KenyaRefRobert F. GodecNairobiJanuary 2013
 Kiribati[8]RefJudith Beth CefkinSuvaNovember 2014
 North KoreaThe United States does not maintain diplomatic relations with North Korea.[14]
 South KoreaRefMark William LippertSeoulSeptember 2014
 KosovoRefTracey Ann JacobsonPristinaJuly 2012
 KuwaitRefDouglas SillimanKuwait CityJuly 2014
 KyrgyzstanRefPamela L. SpratlenBishkekApril 2011
 LaosRefDaniel A. CluneVientianeAugust 2013
 LatviaRefVacant since August 6, 2014
Sharon Hudson-Dean, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Riga
 LebanonRefDavid HaleBeirutAugust 2013
 LesothoRefMatthew T. HarringtonMaseruSeptember 2014
 LiberiaRefDeborah R. MalacMonroviaJuly 2012
 LibyaRefDeborah K. JonesTripoliMay 2013
 Liechtenstein[15]RefSuzan G. LeVineBernMay 2014
 LithuaniaRefDeborah McCarthyVilniusJanuary 2013
 LuxembourgRefRobert A. MandellLuxembourgOctober 2011
 Macedonia, Republic ofRefPaul D. WohlersSkopjeSeptember 2011
 Madagascar[6]RefRobert T. YamateAntananarivoNovember 2014
 MalawiRefVacant since September 1, 2014
Michael Gonzales, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Lilongwe
 MalaysiaRefJoseph Y. YunKuala LumpurAugust 2013
 Maldives[16]RefMichele J. SisonColomboJune 2012
 MaliRefAndrew Young, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.Bamako
 MaltaRefGina Abercrombie-WinstanleyVallettaApril 2012
 Marshall IslandsRefThomas Hart ArmbrusterMajuroAugust 2012
 MauritaniaRefLarry Edward Andre, Jr.NouakchottJuly 2014
 Mauritius[17]RefShari VillarosaPort LouisSeptember 2012
 MexicoRefEarl Anthony WayneMexico CityAugust 2011
 Micronesia, Federated States ofRefDorothea-Maria RosenKoloniaJune 2012
 MoldovaRefJames D. PettitChişinăuNovember 2014
 Monaco[9][18]RefJane D. HartleyParisSeptember 2014
 MongoliaRefPiper Anne Wind CampbellUlaanbaatarJune 2012
 MontenegroRefSue K. BrownPodgoricaApril 2011
 MoroccoRefDwight L. Bush, Sr.RabatMarch 2014
 MozambiqueRefDouglas M. GriffithsMaputoJune 2012
 NamibiaRefThomas DaughtonWindhoekSeptember 2014
 Nauru[8]RefJudith Beth CefkinSuvaNovember 2014
   NepalRefPeter W. BoddeKathmanduJune 2012
 NetherlandsRefTimothy M. BroasThe HagueMarch 2014
 New Zealand[19]RefVacant since January 17, 2014
Candy Green, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Wellington
 NicaraguaRefPhyllis M. PowersManaguaMarch 2012
 NigerRefEunice ReddickNiameyJuly 2014
 NigeriaRefJames F. EntwistleAbujaAugust 2013
 NorwayRefVacant since September 27, 2013
Julie Furuta-Toy, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Oslo 
 OmanRefGreta C. HoltzMuscatAugust 2012
 PakistanRefRichard G. OlsonIslamabadOctober 2010
 Palau[20]RefThomas E. Daley, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.Koror
 PanamaRefJonathan D. FarrarPanamaMarch 2012
 Papua New Guinea[21]RefWalter NorthPort MoresbyNovember 2012
 ParaguayRefLeslie Ann BassettAsunciónNovember 2014
 PeruRefBrian A. NicholsLimaJune 2014
 Philippines[20]RefPhilip S. GoldbergManilaNovember 2013
 PolandRefStephen MullWarsawOctober 2012
 PortugalRefRobert A. ShermanLisbonApril 2014
 QatarRefDana SmithDohaJuly 2014
 RomaniaRefVacant since December 14, 2012
Dean Thompson, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Bucharest
 RussiaRefJohn F. TefftMoscowJuly 2014
 RwandaRefErica J. Barks RugglesKigaliNovember 2014
 Saint Kitts and Nevis[4]RefLarry Leon PalmerBridgetownMarch 2012
 Saint Lucia[4]RefLarry Leon PalmerBridgetownMarch 2012
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[4]RefLarry Leon PalmerBridgetownMarch 2012
 Samoa[19]RefVacant since January 17, 2014
Candy Green, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Wellington
 San Marino[13]RefJohn R. PhillipsFlorence, San Marino[13]August 2013
 São Tomé and Príncipe[10]RefCynthia H. AkuettehLibrevilleJuly 2014
 Saudi ArabiaRefJoseph W. WestphalRiyadhMarch 2014
 Senegal[11]RefJames Peter ZumwaltDakarNovember 2014
 SerbiaRefMichael KirbyBelgradeAugust 2012
 Seychelles[17]RefShari VillarosaPort LouisSeptember 2012
 Sierra LeoneRefJohn Hoover[disambiguation needed]FreetownSeptember 2014
 SingaporeRefKirk W.B. WagarSingaporeAugust 2013
 SlovakiaRefTheodore SedgwickBratislavaJuly 2010
 SloveniaRefBrent HartleyLjubljanaNovember 2014
 Solomon Islands[21]RefWalter NorthPort MoresbyNovember 2012
 Somalia[22][23]RefVirtual Presence Post
Managed through the U.S. Embassy in Kenya
Somalia VPP 
 South AfricaRefPatrick Hubert GaspardPretoriaAugust 2013
 South SudanRefVacant since August 24, 2014
Charles Twining, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Juba
 Spain[3]RefJames CostosMadridAugust 2013
 Sri Lanka[16]RefMichele J. SisonColomboJanuary 2010
 Sudan[24]RefVacant since 1996
Jerry P. Lanier, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Khartoum 
 SurinameRefJay N. AnaniaParamariboJune 2012
 SwazilandRefMakila JamesMbabaneMay 2012
 SwedenRefMark BrzezinskiStockholmOctober 2011
  Switzerland[15]RefSuzan G. LeVineBernMay 2014
 Syria[25]RefDaniel Rubinstein, Special EnvoyDamascusMarch 2014
 TaiwanSince 1979, relations between the US and Taiwan have been carried out by the American Institute in Taiwan in Taipei.
 TajikistanRefSusan Marsh ElliottDushanbeJune 2012
 TanzaniaRefMark B. ChildressDar es SalaamApril 2014
 ThailandRefVacant since November 1, 2014
W. Patrick Murphy, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Bangkok
 TogoRefRobert E. WhiteheadLoméMay 2012
 Tonga[8]RefJudith Beth CefkinTongaNovember 2014
 Trinidad and TobagoRefVacant
Margaret B. Diop, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.
Port of Spain
 TunisiaRefJacob WallesTunisJuly 2012
 TurkeyRefJohn R. BassAnkaraSeptember 2014
 TurkmenistanRefAllan P. MustardAshgabatNovember 2014
 Tuvalu[8]RefJudith Beth CefkinSuvaNovember 2014
 UgandaRefScott H. DeLisiKampalaMay 2012
 UkraineRefGeoffrey R. PyattKievAugust 2013
 United Arab EmiratesRefBarbara A. LeafAbu DhabiNovember 2014
 United Kingdom[26]RefMatthew BarzunLondonAugust 2013
 UruguayRefJulissa ReynosoMontevideoMarch 2012
 UzbekistanRefPamela SpratlenTashkentNovember 2014
 Vanuatu[21]RefWalter NorthPort MoresbyNovember 2012
 VenezuelaRefVacant since July 2010
Lee McClenny, Chargé d'Affaires a.i.[27]
Caracas 
 VietnamRefTheodore G. Osius IIIHanoiNovember 2014
 YemenRefMatthew H. TuellerSana’aMarch 2014
 ZambiaRefEric SchultzLusakaSeptember 2014
 ZimbabweRefDavid Bruce WhartonHarareAugust 2012
 AbkhaziaAbkhasia is neither recognized by the United Nations nor by the United States.
 Northern CyprusThe Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus is neither recognized by the United Nations nor by the United States.
 Palestinian territoriesThe Palestinian State ist not recognized by the United States.
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic RepublicThe Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is neither recognized by the United Nations nor by the United States[28]
 South OssetiaSouth Ossetia is neither recognized by the United Nations nor by the United States.

Ambassadors to international organizations[edit]

Current ambassadors from the United States to international organizations

Host organizationLocationAmbassador
African UnionAddis Ababa, EthiopiaReuben Earl Brigety, II
Asia Pacific Economic CooperationWashington, D.C., United StatesRobert S. Wang
Association of Southeast Asian NationsJakarta, IndonesiaNina Hachigian
Conference on DisarmamentGeneva, SwitzerlandRobert A. Wood
European UnionBrussels, BelgiumAnthony Luzzatto Gardner
International Civil Aviation OrganizationMontreal, CanadaMichael Lawson
North Atlantic Treaty OrganizationBrussels, BelgiumDouglas Edward Lute
Organization for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentParis, FranceDaniel W. Yohannes
Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical WeaponsThe Hague, NetherlandsRobert Mikulak
Organization for Security and Co-operation in EuropeVienna, AustriaDaniel Brooks Baer
Organisation of Islamic CooperationJeddah, Saudi ArabiaRashad Hussain
Organization of American StatesWashington, D.C., United StatesCarmen Lomellin
United NationsNew York, United StatesSamantha Power
United Nations Agencies in RomeRome, ItalyDavid J. Lane
United Nations and Other International Organizations in GenevaGeneva, SwitzerlandPamela K. Hamamoto
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural OrganizationParis, FranceCrystal Nix-Hines
United Nations Environment ProgrammeNairobi, KenyaJoseph P. Murphy
United Nations Human Rights CouncilGeneva, SwitzerlandKeith M. Harper
United Nations International Organizations in ViennaVienna, AustriaJoseph E. Macmanus
World Trade OrganizationGeneva, SwitzerlandMichael Punke

Ambassadors-at-large[edit]

Current ambassadors-at-large from the United States with worldwide responsibility:

TitleAmbassadorU.S. State Department
Ambassador-at-Large for CounterterrorismTina S. KaidanowOffice of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism
Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women's IssuesCatherine M. RussellOffice of Global Women’s Issues
Ambassador-at-Large for International Religious Freedomvacant[29]Office of International Religious Freedom
Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes IssuesStephen RappOffice of Global Criminal Justice
Ambassador-at-Large to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in PersonsLuis CdeBacaOffice to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons

Ambassadors to past countries[edit]

Other senior diplomatic representatives[edit]

Senior diplomatic representatives of the United States to posts other than embassies:

Host countryAmbassadorTitle
CuraçaoValerie BelonConsul General and Chief of Mission
Hong Kong and MacauStephen M. YoungConsul General and Chief of Mission
JerusalemDaniel RubinsteinConsul General and Chief of Mission
TaiwanChristopher J. MarutDirector of the Taipei office of the American Institute in Taiwan
CubaJohn CaulfieldChief of Mission, United States Interests Section in Havana

Selected past ambassadors[edit]

Well-known past ambassadors from the United States:

Ambassadors killed in office[edit]

Eight United States Ambassadors have been killed in office – six of them by armed attack and the other two in plane crashes.[30]

NameAmbassador toPlace of deathDate of deathKilled by
Laurence A. SteinhardtCanadaRamsayville, Ontario, CanadaMarch 28, 1950plane crash
John Gordon MeinGuatemalaGuatemala City, GuatemalaAugust 28, 1968attack by Fuerzas Armadas Rebeldes
Cleo A. Noel, Jr.SudanKhartoum, SudanMarch 2, 1973attack by Black September
Rodger DaviesCyprusNicosia, CyprusAugust 19, 1974attack during Greek Cypriot demonstration
Francis E. Meloy, Jr.LebanonBeirut, LebanonJune 16, 1976attack by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Adolph DubsAfghanistanKabul, AfghanistanFebruary 14, 1979attack by Setami Milli
Arnold L. RaphelPakistanBahawalpur, PakistanAugust 17, 1988plane crash
J. Christopher StevensLibyaBenghazi, LibyaSeptember 12, 2012attack on a U.S. diplomatic mission

Nations without exchange of ambassadors[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Senate – Powers & Procedure Senate.gov Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  2. ^ Henry B. Hogue. "Recess Appointments: Frequently Asked Questions" (PDF). Congressional Research Service, the Library of Congress. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  3. ^ a b The U.S. Ambassador to Spain—resident at Madrid—is also accredited to Andorra.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g The United States Ambassador to Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean, resident in Bridgetown, Barbados, is concurrently accredited to Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
  5. ^ In 1989 the military government of Burma changed the name of the nation to Myanmar, but the United States government—and other Western governments—still refer to the country as Burma in official usage. See Myanmar.
  6. ^ a b One ambassador—resident at Antananarivo—is accredited to Madagascar and Comoros.
  7. ^ The United States does not currently maintain diplomatic relations with Cuba. U.S. interests in Cuba are handled by the U.S. Interests section of the Embassy of Switzerland in Havana.
  8. ^ a b c d e One ambassador—resident at Suva—is accredited to Fiji, Kiribati, Nauru, Tonga, and Tuvalu. Source U.S. Embassy Suva.
  9. ^ a b As of December 2006, the U.S. ambassador to France is also accredited to Monaco.
  10. ^ a b One ambassador—resident at Libreville—is accredited to Gabon and São Tomé and Príncipe. Source: U.S. State Department
  11. ^ a b One ambassador—resident at Dakar—is accredited to Guinea-Bissau and Senegal.
  12. ^ The United States does not currently maintain diplomatic relations with Iran. U.S. interests in Iran are handled by the U.S. Interests section of the Embassy of Switzerland in Tehran. Since December 2011, the United States has also maintained a Virtual Embassy online.
  13. ^ a b c The U.S. Ambassador to Rome is also accredited to San Marino. The U.S. Consulate in Florence handles matters concerned with San Marino.
  14. ^ American citizens who travel to North Korea do so at their own risk and in some cases in violation of U.S. and/or UN sanctions.
  15. ^ a b One ambassador—resident at Bern—is accredited to Switzerland and Liechtenstein.
  16. ^ a b One ambassador—resident at Colombo—is accredited to Maldives and Sri Lanka.
  17. ^ a b One ambassador—resident at Port Louis—is accredited to Mauritius and Seychelles.
  18. ^ Until December 2006, the United States and Monaco had no formal diplomatic relations (exchange of ambassadors). The U.S. Consul General in Marseille, France, under the authority of the U.S. Ambassador to France, managed relations with Monaco. In December 2006, the United States and Monaco upgraded from consular to full diplomatic relations and Ambassador Craig Stapleton (France) was accredited to Monaco. Source: Department of State: Background notes on Monaco, U.S. Embassy in France: U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Monaco.
  19. ^ a b One ambassador—resident at Wellington—is accredited to New Zealand and Samoa.
  20. ^ a b Until 2005 one ambassador—resident at Manila—was accredited to the Philippines and Palau. Source: CIA World Factbook. Helen Reed-Rowe is the first ambassador to Palau to be confirmed in 2010.
  21. ^ a b c One ambassador—resident at Port Moresby—is accredited to Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu.
  22. ^ The United States has no diplomatic relations with Somalia. The last ambassador to Somalia was James Keough Bishop when the embassy in Mogadishu was closed on January 5, 1991. Source: U.S State Department.
  23. ^ "Virtual Presence Post Somalia". 
  24. ^ The U.S. Embassy in Khartoum was closed on February 7, 1996. Timothy Michael Carney was the last ambassador to Sudan. The embassy was reopened on May 23, 2002, with Jeffrey Millington as Chargé d’Affaires ad interim. There has been no U.S. ambassador in Khartoum since then. Source U.S. Department of State.
  25. ^ Ambassador Margaret Scobey was recalled February 2005 in protest of Rafik Hariri assassination. Ref: U.S. Department of State press release, Background notes on Syria, BBC News. Ambassador Scobey has since been reassigned as the ambassador to Egypt.
  26. ^ The ambassador to the U.K. is known as the "Ambassador to the Court of St. James's."
  27. ^ President Chavez ordered the expulsion of the U.S. Ambassador, John Duddy, on September 11, 2008 in solidarity with the Bolivian government's decision to expel the U.S. Ambassador in La Paz. The U.S. Government ordered the reciprocal expulsion of the Venezuelan Ambassador in Washington. Source: U.S. Department of State Background Notes on Venezuela
  28. ^ The US neither recognizes Moroccan claims to sovereignty over Western Sahara. Sources: Western Sahara, Foreign relations of Western Sahara, Foreign relations of Morocco.
  29. ^ http://www.catholicnewsagency.com/news/religious-liberty-ambassadors-resignation-raises-concerns/
  30. ^ "US Ambassadors Killed in the Line of Duty". Associated Press. 2012-09-12. Retrieved 2012-09-12. 
  31. ^ a b "Bhutan (08/04)". United States Department of State. 
  32. ^ May, Donald (January 17, 1961). "U.S. Halts Tourist Travel to Cuba; Special Permit Required for Visit". The Washington Post. p. A1. 
  33. ^ Goshko, John M.; Walsh, Edward (April 8, 1980). "U.S. Breaks Diplomatic Ties With Iran: Carter Breaks Ties, Orders Ouster of Iranian Diplomats". The Washington Post. p. A1. 
  34. ^ "Former No. 2 Iran Diplomat To Be Allowed Back in U.S.". The Washington Post. April 25, 1980. p. A27. 
  35. ^ "Chapter 3 - State Sponsors of Terrorism Overview". State.gov. Retrieved 2011-09-04. 
  36. ^ http://www.swedenabroad.com/en-GB/Embassies/Pyongyang/About-us/About-the-Embassy/
  37. ^ Roy, Denny (2003). Taiwan: a political history (1. publ. ed.). Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801488054. 

External links[edit]