Amanita pantherina var. pantherina

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European Panther
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Fungi
Division:Basidiomycota
Class:Agaricomycetes
Subclass:Hymenomycetes
Order:Agaricales
Family:Amanitaceae
Genus:Amanita
Species:A. pantherina var. pantherina
Binomial name
Amanita pantherina var. pantherina
(DC. ex Fr.) Krombh.
 
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European Panther
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Fungi
Division:Basidiomycota
Class:Agaricomycetes
Subclass:Hymenomycetes
Order:Agaricales
Family:Amanitaceae
Genus:Amanita
Species:A. pantherina var. pantherina
Binomial name
Amanita pantherina var. pantherina
(DC. ex Fr.) Krombh.
Amanita pantherina var. pantherina
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium
cap is flat
hymenium is free
stipe has a ring and volva
spore print is white
ecology is mycorrhizal

edibility: poisonous

or psychoactive

Amanita pantherina var. pantherina, also known as the panther cap and false blusher due to its similarity to the true blusher (Amanita rubescens), is a species of fungus found in Europe and Western Asia.

Description[edit]

Other than the brownish cap with white warts, distinguishing features of Amanita pantherina include the collar-like roll of volval tissue at the top of the basal bulb, and the elliptical, inamyloid spores.

Habitat and distribution[edit]

The panther cap is an uncommon mushroom, found in both deciduous, especially beech and, less frequently, coniferous woodland and rarely meadows throughout Europe, western Asia in late summer and autumn.[2] It has also been recorded from South Africa, where it is thought to have been accidentally introduced with trees imported from Europe.[3]

It is an ectomycorrhizal fungus, living in root symbiosis with a tree, deriving photosynthesised nutrients from it and providing soil nutrients in return.

Biochemistry[edit]

Ibotenic acid
Muscimol

Amanita pantherina contains the psychoactive compound muscimol,[4] but is used as an entheogen much less often than the related Amanita muscaria because of the potentially dangerously higher levels of muscimol found in the mushroom.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kuo, M. (2005, March). Amanita pantherina. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: http://www.mushroomexpert.com/amanita_pantherina.html
  2. ^ Jordan P & Wheeler S (2001). The Ultimate Mushroom Book. Hermes House. 
  3. ^ Reid DA, Eicker A (1991). "South African fungi: the genus Amanita" (PDF). Mycological Research 95: 80–95. doi:10.1016/S0953-7562(09)81364-6. Retrieved 2007-11-13. 
  4. ^ Barceloux D. G. (2008). "41 (Isoxazole-containing mushrooms and pantherina syndrome)" (PDF). Medical toxicology of natural substances: foods, fungi, medicinal herbs, plants, and venomous animals. Canada: John Wiley and Sons Inc. p. 298. ISBN 978-0-471-72761-3. 

External links[edit]