Alvin Hollingsworth

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Alvin Hollingsworth
Alvin-Hollingsworth 300px.jpg
Alvin Hollingsworth
Born25 February 1928
Harlem New York City, New York
DiedJuly 14, 2000
OccupationComic-book artist, painter, art professor
Known forOne of comics' first African-American artists
 
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For the baseball player, see Al Hollingsworth (baseball player).
Alvin Hollingsworth
Alvin-Hollingsworth 300px.jpg
Alvin Hollingsworth
Born25 February 1928
Harlem New York City, New York
DiedJuly 14, 2000
OccupationComic-book artist, painter, art professor
Known forOne of comics' first African-American artists

Alvin C. Hollingsworth (25 February 1928 - July 14, 2000),[1][2] whose pseudonyms included Alvin Holly,[1] was an African-American painter and one of the first Black artists in comic books.

Biography[edit]

Early life and comics[edit]

Alvin Carl Hollingsworth was born in Harlem, New York City, New York, of West Indian parents,[3] and began drawing at age 4. By 12 he was an art assistant on Holyoke Publishing's Cat-Man Comics. Attending The High School of Music & Art, he was a classmate of future comic book artist and editor Joe Kubert.[1][4]

Circa 1941, he began illustrating for crime comics.[1] Since it was not standard practice during this era for comic-book credits to be given routinely, comprehensive credits are difficult to ascertain; Hollingsworth's first confirmed comic-book work is the signed, four-page war comics story "Robot Plane" in Aviation Press' Contact Comics #5 (cover-dated March 1945), which he both penciled and inked.[5] Through the remainder of the 1940s, he confirmably drew for Holyoke's Captain Aero Comics (as Al Hollingsworth),[6] and Fiction House's Wings Comics, where he did the feature "Suicide Smith" at least sporadically from 1946 to 1950. He is tentatively identified under the initials "A. H." as an artist on the feature "Captain Power" in Novack Publishing's Great Comics in 1945.[5]

In the following decade, credited as Alvin Hollingsworth or A. C. Hollingsworth, he drew for a number of publishers and series, including Avon Comics' and later Superior Publishers Limited's The Mask of Dr. Fu Manchu; Premier Magazines' Police Against Crime; Ribage's romance comic Youthful Romances; and horror comics such as Master Comics' Dark Mysteries and Trojan Magazines' Beware.[5] As Al Hollingsworth, he drew horror comics including Avon's Witchcraft and Premier's Mysterious Stories, and romance comics such as Lev Gleason Publications' Boy Loves Girl.[6] One standard source credits him, without specification, as an artist on stories for Fox Comics (the feature "Numa" in Rulah, Jungle Goddess, and "Bronze Man' in Blue Beetle) and on war stories for the publisher Spotlight.[1]

Historian Shaun Clancy, citing Fawcett Comics writer-editor Roy Ald as his source, identified Hollingsworth as an artist on Fawcett's Negro Romance #2 (Aug. 1950).[7]

In the mid-1950s, he worked on newspaper comic strips including the 1955 Kandy,[8] from the Smith-Mann Syndicate, as well as Scorchy Smith and, with George Shedd, Martin Keel.[1]

During the 1960s, Hollingsworth taught illustration at the High School of Art & Design on in Manhattan.

Fine art career[edit]

Hollingsworth thereafter left comics for a career as a fine art painter, and from 1980 until retiring in 1998 he taught art as a professor at Hostos Community College of the City University of New York.[1] As a painter, his subjects included such contemporary social issues as civil rights for women and African Americans, as well as jazz and dance.[4] Of one subject he painted, an African Jesus Christ, he told Ebony magazine in 1971, "I have always felt that Christ was a Black man," and said the subject represented a "philosophical symbol of any of the modern prophets who have been trying to show us the right way. To me, Malcolm X and Martin Luther King are such prophets."[9] An authority on fluorescent paint, he worked in both representational and abstract art.[10]

In the summer of 1963, he and fellow African-American artists Romare Bearden and William Majors formed the group Spiral in order to help the Civil Rights Movement through art exhibitions.[11] At some point during the 1960s, he directed an art program teaching young students commercial art and fine art at the Harlem Parents Committee Freedom School.[10]

Death[edit]

Hollingsworth was living in New York's Westchester County at the time of his death at age 72.[2]

Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Alvin C. Hollingsworth at the Lambiek Comiclopedia. Archived from the original December 14, 2010.
  2. ^ a b Alvin C. Hollingswort (as spelled by source) at the Social Security Death Index via FamilySearch.org. Retrieved on March 1, 2013. Archived from the original on December 30, 2013.
  3. ^ Smith, Todd. D. The Hewitt Collection: Celebration and Vision (Bank of America Corp, 1999), p. 57 ISBN 978-0-9669342-0-5, p. 57.
  4. ^ a b "Alvin Carl Hollingsworth (1928 - 2000)". Ask Art: The Artists' Bluebook. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c Alvin Hollingsworth at the Grand Comics Database
  6. ^ a b Al Hollingsworth at the Grand Comics Database
  7. ^ History Detectives, PBS, original airdate July 12, 2011, at 50:46
  8. ^ Leiffer, Paul, and Hames Ware, eds. Hollingsworth, Al at The Comic Strip Project WebCitation archive main-page link.
  9. ^ "Artists Portray a Black Christ", Ebony, April 1971, p. 177
  10. ^ a b Siegel, p. 87 in chapter that includes transcript of December 14, 1967, WBAI radio interview with Hollingsworth, Bearden and Majors.
  11. ^ Siegel, Jeanne. Artwords: discourse on the 60s and 70s (Da Capo Press, 1992), ISBN 978-0-306-80474-8. p. 85
  12. ^ Boatner, Kay (April 20, 2009). "I'd Like the Goo-Gen-Heim: A little boy asks for a big birthday present in this 1970 reissue". Time Out New York. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. 

External links[edit]