Alpine County, California

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Alpine County, California
County
County of Alpine
A road sign denoting the Alpine County line along California State Route 89 during a snowstorm in May 2008.

Flag

Seal
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
Country United States of America
State California
RegionSierra Nevada
IncorporatedMarch 16, 1864[1]
County seatMarkleeville
Largest cityMarkleeville
Area
 • Total743.19 sq mi (1,924.9 km2)
 • Land738.62 sq mi (1,913.0 km2)
 • Water4.57 sq mi (11.8 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total1,175
 • Density1.6/sq mi (0.61/km2)
Time zonePacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
Area code(s)209, 530
Websitewww.alpinecountyca.gov
 
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Alpine County, California
County
County of Alpine
A road sign denoting the Alpine County line along California State Route 89 during a snowstorm in May 2008.

Flag

Seal
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
Country United States of America
State California
RegionSierra Nevada
IncorporatedMarch 16, 1864[1]
County seatMarkleeville
Largest cityMarkleeville
Area
 • Total743.19 sq mi (1,924.9 km2)
 • Land738.62 sq mi (1,913.0 km2)
 • Water4.57 sq mi (11.8 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total1,175
 • Density1.6/sq mi (0.61/km2)
Time zonePacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
Area code(s)209, 530
Websitewww.alpinecountyca.gov

Alpine County, officially the County of Alpine, is the smallest county, by population, in the U.S. state of California. As of 2010, it had a population of 1,175, all rural. There are no incorporated cities in the county. The county seat is Markleeville. Alpine County is located in the Sierra Nevada, between Lake Tahoe and Yosemite National Park.

History[edit]

County Courthouse (1928) in Markleeville
Architect: Frederic J. DeLongchamp

Alpine County was created on March 16, 1864 during a silver boom in the wake of the nearby Comstock Lode discovery.[1] It was named due to its resemblance to the Swiss Alps.[2] The county was formed from parts of Amador, Calaveras, El Dorado, Mono and Tuolumne Counties.[1] At its formation, the county had a population of about 11,000 with its county seat in Silver Mountain City. By 1868 however, the local silver mines had proven unfruitful, and the population fell to about 1,200. The county seat was moved to Markleeville in 1875.[1]

After the silver rush, Alpine County's economy consisted almost entirely of farming, ranching, and logging. By the 1920s, the population had fallen to just 200 people. With the construction of the Bear Valley and Kirkwood ski resorts in the late 1960s, the population increased to the present level.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 743.19 square miles (1,924.9 km2), of which 738.62 square miles (1,913.0 km2) (or 99.39%) is land and 4.57 square miles (11.8 km2) (or 0.61%) is water.[3]

Census-designated Places[edit]

Unincorporated Communities[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Transportation Infrastructure[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Public transportation[edit]

There is limited, call ahead, public transportation provided by agreement with neighboring Douglas County, Nevada (There are a few trailhead shuttles, designed for hikers).

Airport[edit]

Alpine County Airport is a general aviation airport located in the Eastern Sierras about 4 miles (6.4 km) from the town of Markleeville. The airport consists of a simple airstrip with an apron for small light aircraft to park. The airport has no buildings, no lights, and is very rarely used. The airport is popular with astronomers due to the clear, dark skies.

Site Information[edit]

Crime[edit]

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Demographics[edit]

2011[edit]

Places by population, race, and income[edit]

2010[edit]

Historical populations
CensusPop.
1870685
1880539−21.3%
189066723.7%
1900509−23.7%
1910309−39.3%
1920243−21.4%
1930241−0.8%
194032334.0%
1950241−25.4%
196039764.7%
197048421.9%
19801,097126.7%
19901,1131.5%
20001,2088.5%
20101,175−2.7%
Est. 20121,129−3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
2012 Estimate[14]

The 2010 United States Census reported that Alpine County had a population of 1,175. The racial makeup of Alpine County was 881 (75.0%) White, 0 (0.0%) African American, 240 (20.4%) Native American, 7 (0.6%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 19 (1.6%) from other races, and 28 (2.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 84 persons (7.1%).[15]

2000[edit]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 1,208 people, 483 households, and 295 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,514 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 73.7% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 18.9% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.4% from other races, and 5.1% from two or more races. 7.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 12.1% were of German, 12.1% Irish, 9.3% English, 6.5% American and 5.7% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.0% spoke English, 3.1% Spanish and 2.0% Washo as their first language.

There were 483 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.9% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.8% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 29.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 110.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 117.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,875, and the median income for a family was $50,250. Males had a median income of $36,544 versus $25,800 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,431. About 12.0% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.4% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.

Almost half of the population in the county is Mormon.[17]


Politics[edit]

Alpine County vote
by party in presidential elections
YearGOPDEMOthers
201236.5% 23660.1% 3893.4% 22
200836.4% 25261.0% 4222.6% 18
200444.4% 31153.2% 3732.4% 17
200048.0% 28145.2% 2656.8% 40
199643.0% 26442.0% 25815.0% 92
199235.2% 22234.1% 21530.8% 194
198855.4% 30641.7% 2302.9% 16
198456.7% 26441.6% 1941.7% 8
198055.1% 25428.9% 13316.1% 74
197650.3% 22542.3% 1897.4% 33
197263.5% 36633.9% 1952.6% 15
196859.3% 15032.8% 837.9% 20
196457.7% 12442.3% 910.0% 0
196076.7% 13223.3% 400.0% 0
195679.7% 11420.3% 290.0% 0
195288.1% 14811.9% 200.0% 0
194876.8% 10618.1% 255.1% 7
194468.5% 9831.5% 450.0% 0
194066.5% 12533.0% 620.5% 1
193646.5% 7453.5% 850.0% 0
193247.3% 5350.0% 562.7% 3
192894.2% 495.8% 30.0% 0
192488.1% 528.5% 53.4% 2
192091.4% 648.6% 60.0% 0

Alpine is historically a Republican-leaning county in Presidential and congressional elections. The county narrowly voted for George W. Bush in 2000, but went comfortably for John Kerry in 2004, the first time Alpine voted Democratic in a presidential election since 1936, when Franklin Roosevelt carried every county in California. Barack Obama received an even wider margin of victory over John McCain in 2008.[18]

In November 2008, Alpine was one of just three counties in California's interior in which voters rejected Proposition 8, the ballot initiative to amend the California Constitution to reject the legal extension of the title of marriage to same-sex couples. Alpine voters rejected Proposition 8 by 56.4 percent to 43.6 percent. The other interior counties in which Proposition 8 failed to receive a majority of votes were neighboring Mono County and Yolo County.[19]

According to the California Secretary of State, as of April, 2008, there are 776 registered voters in Alpine County. Of those, 282 (36.3%) are registered Democratic, 272 (35.1%) are registered Republican, 49 (6.3%) are registered with other political parties, and 173 (22.3%) declined to state a political party.

Alpine County is in California's 4th congressional district, represented by Republican Tom McClintock.[20] In the State Assembly, the county is in the 5th Assembly District, represented by Republican Frank Bigelow.[21] In the State Senate, the county is in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Ted Gaines.[22]

Due to its low population density, Alpine County votes entirely by mail, the only county in California to do so.[23]

Voter registration statistics[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.
  2. ^ Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  3. ^ Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  4. ^ Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Alpine County General Plan". Adopted May 18, 1999 (Revised February 2009). p. 7. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  2. ^ William Bright; Erwin Gustav Gudde (30 November 1998). 1500 California place names: their origin and meaning. University of California Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-520-21271-8. Retrieved 20 January 2012. 
  3. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009. Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  6. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  7. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  8. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  9. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  10. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  11. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  12. ^ Data unavailable
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 8, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 8, 2013. 
  15. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ The Association of Religion Data Archives | Maps & Reports
  18. ^ Map of 2008 Election Results by State and County; The New York Times
  19. ^ County-by-County Map, California Propositions: The Los Angeles Times
  20. ^ "California's 4th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  22. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 18, 2013. 
  23. ^ "No voters at these polls". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 17, 2013. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration. Retrieved 2013-10-31.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°35′N 119°48′W / 38.58°N 119.80°W / 38.58; -119.80