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Alma mater (Latin alma "nourishing/kind", mater "mother"; pl. [rarely used] almae matres) is a term that was used in ancient Rome as a title for various mother goddesses, especially Ceres or Cybele, and later in Christianity for the Virgin Mary. In many modern languages it is principally heard as a term of academia. It may also refer to the school, college or university from which an individual has graduated or which they have attended, and is usually the one from which one has received a bachelor's degree or associate's degree– i.e., where one is considered an alumnus/alumna. The term may also refer to a song or hymn associated with a school.
Alma Mater Studiorum (nourishing mother of studies) is the motto of the University of Bologna, the oldest continually operating university in the world. Other European universities, such as the Alma Mater Lipsiensis in Leipzig, Germany, or Alma Mater Jagiellonica, Poland, have also used the expression in their names.
Alma Mater Europaea is an international university founded by the European Academy of Sciences and Arts in 2010. Its headquarters are in Salzburg, Austria, but most of its 800 students study at university's Slovenian campus called Alma Mater Europaea – Evropski center, Maribor.
On the campus of Columbia University on the steps of Low Library there is a well known bronze statue, Alma Mater by Daniel Chester French. The University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign also has an Alma Mater statue by Lorado Taft. A mural in Yale University's Sterling Memorial Library depicts the Alma Mater as a bearer of light and truth standing in the midst of the personified arts and sciences, painted in 1932 by Eugene Savage.
Outside the United States there is another sculpture Alma Mater on the steps of the monumental entrance to the Universidad de La Habana, in Havana, Cuba. The statue was cast in 1919 by Mario Korbel, and installed in its current scenic location in 1927 above the direction of architect Raul Otero.