Alliance, Alberta

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Alliance
Village
Village of Alliance
Alliance is located in Alberta
Alliance
Alliance
Coordinates: 52°25′56″N 111°46′49″W / 52.43222°N 111.78028°W / 52.43222; -111.78028Coordinates: 52°25′56″N 111°46′49″W / 52.43222°N 111.78028°W / 52.43222; -111.78028
Country Canada
ProvinceAlberta
RegionCentral Alberta
Census division7
Municipal districtFlagstaff County
Government[1]
 • MayorSue Thomas
 • Governing bodyAlliance Village Council
Area (2011)[2]
 • Total0.64 km2 (0.25 sq mi)
Elevation715 m (2,346 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total174
 • Density270/km2 (700/sq mi)
Time zoneMST (UTC-7)
HighwaysHighway 36
Highway 602
WaterwayBattle River
WebsiteOfficial website
 
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Alliance
Village
Village of Alliance
Alliance is located in Alberta
Alliance
Alliance
Coordinates: 52°25′56″N 111°46′49″W / 52.43222°N 111.78028°W / 52.43222; -111.78028Coordinates: 52°25′56″N 111°46′49″W / 52.43222°N 111.78028°W / 52.43222; -111.78028
Country Canada
ProvinceAlberta
RegionCentral Alberta
Census division7
Municipal districtFlagstaff County
Government[1]
 • MayorSue Thomas
 • Governing bodyAlliance Village Council
Area (2011)[2]
 • Total0.64 km2 (0.25 sq mi)
Elevation715 m (2,346 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total174
 • Density270/km2 (700/sq mi)
Time zoneMST (UTC-7)
HighwaysHighway 36
Highway 602
WaterwayBattle River
WebsiteOfficial website

Alliance is a village in central Alberta, Canada. Established as a station on a Canadian National (CN) line in 1916, Alliance became a village in 1918. It is located on Highway 602, approximately 160 km (99 mi) east of Red Deer. The village is 2 km (1.2 mi) east of Veterans Memorial Highway (Highway 36) and 2.5 km (1.6 mi) north of the Battle River.

History[edit]

Prior to European settlement, the area surrounding the future site of Alliance was, at times, home to First Nations tribes who roamed the plains. The area was also the site of several confrontations between Cree and Blackfoot tribes, giving rise to the name Battle River. At the time of Canadian Confederation in 1867, Alberta was still owned by the Hudson's Bay Company, and European missionaries spread Christianity through the native tribes. In 1904, prior to Alberta becoming a province, homesteaders arrived in the area to establish ranches. By 1910, the area surrounding what is now Alliance was well populated by Europeans, and in January 1916, the Canadian Northern Railway arrived in the young community. The name 'Alliance' was chosen by resident Tom Edwards, who named the community after his home city in the United States, Alliance, Ohio. Shortly after the community's establishment, regular church services began. The first church service was held in a pool hall, with most of the congregation seated on the pool tables.[3]

In 1930, a representative from the CN visited Alliance to purchase land in the community, and construction was scheduled begin on a new rail line. The Canadian Pacific Railway also began construction in the area. However, all rail construction was halted in 1932, with the community's residents assuming that the rise of the automobile had driven traffic away from the rails. For the next forty years, Alliance continued to serve primarily as a farming hub for surrounding properties, although during the 1940s the community was hit by a two-week long non-delivery strike by the Alberta Farmers' Union.[3]

Despite the general prosperity of farmers in the 1940s and early 1950s, the increasing replacement of labour by machinery meant that Alliance's population declined sharply, such that seven businesses in the community closed between 1942 and 1954. Bumper crops in the 1950s caused no granary to be empty in the region, although a lack of demand for grain during the period dampened agricultural prosperity until export sales picked up. That decade also saw the modernization of Alliance as a community, with approximately one mile of pavement being laid in summer 1954, the installation of cushioned seats in the local theatre, and the construction of a seed cleaning plant.[3]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 Census, the Village of Alliance had a population of 174 living in 82 of its 103 total dwellings, a 10.1% change from its 2006 population of 158. With a land area of 0.64 km2 (0.25 sq mi), it had a population density of 271.9/km2 (704.2/sq mi) in 2011.[2]

The population of the Village of Alliance according to its 2007 municipal census is 197.[4]

In 2006, Alliance had a population of 158 living in 89 dwellings, a 1% decrease from 2001. The community has an area of 0.64km² and a population density of 245.3 inhabitants per square kilometer. The village's median age of 49 (46.2 for males and 49.6 for females) exceeds the provincial median age of 36 (35.4 for males and 36.7 for females).[5]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Alliance
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)16.1
(61)
12.8
(55)
20.6
(69.1)
30.0
(86)
32.2
(90)
36.7
(98.1)
37.2
(99)
36.7
(98.1)
35.5
(95.9)
28.3
(82.9)
22.8
(73)
13.9
(57)
37.2
(99)
Average high °C (°F)11.6
(52.9)
NN9.7
(49.5)
17.5
(63.5)
21.6
(70.9)
23.6
(74.5)
23.3
(73.9)
17.6
(63.7)
11.9
(53.4)
0.7
(33.3)
−7.3
(18.9)
N
Daily mean °C (°F)−16.3
(2.7)
NN3.7
(38.7)
10.7
(51.3)
15.0
(59)
17.0
(62.6)
16.3
(61.3)
11.0
(51.8)
5.5
(41.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
−11.9
(10.6)
N
Average low °C (°F)−21.1
(−6)
NN−2.3
(27.9)
4.0
(39.2)
8.4
(47.1)
10.4
(50.7)
9.2
(48.6)
4.3
(39.7)
−1.0
(30.2)
−9.2
(15.4)
−16.8
(1.8)
N
Record low °C (°F)−49.4
(−56.9)
−48.9
(−56)
−38.9
(−38)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−13.3
(8.1)
−5.0
(23)
−5.6
(21.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−28.3
(−18.9)
−39.4
(−38.9)
−45.6
(−50.1)
−49.4
(−56.9)
Precipitation mm (inches)32.4
(1.276)
NN24
(0.94)
49.4
(1.945)
78.1
(3.075)
83.5
(3.287)
51.3
(2.02)
43.6
(1.717)
17.6
(0.693)
19.9
(0.783)
27.9
(1.098)
N
Rainfall mm (inches)0.6
(0.024)
NNN48.6
(1.913)
78.1
(3.075)
83.5
(3.287)
51.3
(2.02)
42.6
(1.677)
13.6
(0.535)
3.0
(0.118)
1.3
(0.051)
N
Snowfall cm (inches)31.9
(12.56)
NNN0.8
(0.31)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.0
(0.39)
4.0
(1.57)
16.8
(6.61)
26.5
(10.43)
N
Source: Environment Canada[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipal Officials Search". Alberta Municipal Affairs. November 28, 2014. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-02-08. 
  3. ^ a b c Miller, Isreal (1976). In the Bend of the Battle. Alliance: Alliance Lions Club. p. 87. Retrieved October 27, 2010. 
  4. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs (2009-09-15). "Alberta 2009 Official Population List". Retrieved 2010-09-12. 
  5. ^ Statistics Canada (Census 2006). "Alliance - Community Statistics". Retrieved 2007-06-05.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  6. ^ "Canadian Climate Normals 1961-1990". Environment Canada. Retrieved January 23, 2012. 

External links[edit]