Allegheny Airlines

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Allegheny Airlines
AlleghenyAirlines logo.jpg
IATA
AL
ICAO
ALO
Callsign
ALLEGHENY
Founded1939 (as Allegheny Airlines)
Commenced operationsAugust 1957
Ceased operations1979 (Name change to USAir, now US Airways)
Hubs
Frequent-flyer programUS Airways Dividend Miles
Fleet size315
Destinations31
Parent companyUS Airways
HeadquartersWashington, D.C., U.S.
Arlington, Virginia, U.S.
Key peopleKeith Houk (President)
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Allegheny Airlines
AlleghenyAirlines logo.jpg
IATA
AL
ICAO
ALO
Callsign
ALLEGHENY
Founded1939 (as Allegheny Airlines)
Commenced operationsAugust 1957
Ceased operations1979 (Name change to USAir, now US Airways)
Hubs
Frequent-flyer programUS Airways Dividend Miles
Fleet size315
Destinations31
Parent companyUS Airways
HeadquartersWashington, D.C., U.S.
Arlington, Virginia, U.S.
Key peopleKeith Houk (President)

Allegheny Airlines (IATA: ALICAO: ALOCall sign: ALLEGHENY) operated out of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, from 1952 to 1979. It was a forerunner of today’s US Airways with headquarters at Washington National Airport in Arlington County, Virginia.[1]

History[edit]

Allegheny Airlines began as All American Aviation Company providing mail delivery and passenger operations starting on 7 March 1939.[2] It was founded by du Pont family brothers Richard C. du Pont and Alexis Felix du Pont, Jr..

Allegheny before 1979[edit]

Allegheny had 41 Convair 580 in the fleet in 1975.
Allegheny utilised the BAC 1-11 on its routes.
Allegheny had 36 Douglas DC-9 in its fleet.
The Airlines flew the Nord 262 as Allegheny Commuter.
An Allegheny BAC 1-11 with a new livery in 1975.

In 1949 the company was renamed All American Airways as it switched from airmail to passenger service. On 1 January 1953 it was again renamed, to Allegheny Airlines. In August 1953 it scheduled flights to 32 airports and in May 1968 to 46; the June 1978 timetable shows 53 airports plus 30 more that just had Allegheny Commuter.

Like other Local Service airlines Allegheny was subsidized; in 1962 its operating "revenues" of $23.5 million included $6.5 million "Pub. serv. rev.".[3]

In 1960 Allegheny headquarters was in Washington, D.C.[4]

Circa 1961 Allegheny added the Convair 540. The aircraft proved unreliable, with many problems with its British-made Napier Eland turbines that had replaced the Convair's piston engines. The airline bought new Fairchild F-27Js that the company named "Vistaliner". The F-27J was a U.S.-built version of the Fokker F27. The airline switched to General Motors/Allison turboprops in the Convair 580 which the carrier named the "Vistacruiser".

Allegheny Airlines was perhaps the first airline to create an network of affiliated regional airlines, the Allegheny Commuter System.

Contributing to Allegheny’s growth were the acquisitions of regional carriers Lake Central Airlines in 1968 and Mohawk Airlines in 1972. Mohawk added BAC One-Elevens to the fleet and added used BAC One-Elevens.

Allegheny added other jets, notably the Douglas DC-9-30 which the company named the "Vistajet". Other jets included Boeing 727-100s and 727-200s and the Douglas DC-9-50.

As deregulation dawned, Allegheny—looking to shed its regional image—changed its name to USAir on October 28, 1979.[5]

Revenue Passenger-Miles (Millions)(Sched Service Only)
AlleghenyMohawkLake Central
195130165
1955564917
196013111636
196528934895
19701683566(merged 1968)
19753272(merged 1972)

(Mohawk was struck on 12 November 1970; the strike continued into 1971.)

“Allegheny” under USAir and US Airways[edit]

Allegheny Airlines DC-9-30, circa 1970
Allegheny Airlines BAC 1-11, circa 1979

After Allegheny Airlines rebranded itself as USAir as airline deregulation took effect, the company retained its earlier name for its Allegheny Commuter service, later renamed “US Airways Express”.

Under USAir, which eventually renamed itself US Airways, the Allegheny name continued to be used by the parent company, keeping the trademark under US Airways' control. The Allegheny commuter division was originally headquartered at the Reading Airport (KRDG] in Reading, Pennsylvania, and flew a large fleet of Short 330s and Short 360s, being the launch customer for the Shorts 360. It had three Fokker F27 "Friendship" turboprops, and was the last US operator of passenger F27s. After replacing much of its Shorts fleet, and retiring the F27s, it merged with another fully owned USAir subsidiary, Pennsylvania Airlines, headquartered at Harrisburg International Airport near Harrisburg, and the combined airline retained the historic name until its own merger with another wholly owned subsidiary, Piedmont Airlines.[6][7] After retiring earlier aircraft, Allegheny before and after its mergers mainly flew De Havilland Canada Dash 8 turboprop aircraft to 35 airports in the northeastern United States, and eventually Canada, from hubs at Boston and Philadelphia. Its activities and Dash 8 fleet were incorporated into Piedmont Airlines in 2004. Today an Airbus A319 aircraft (N745VJ) of US Airways is painted in Allegheny colors.[8]

Fleet[edit]

Allegheny Airlines Fleet
AircraftFromToFleet
Douglas DC-31953196624
Martin 2-0-21955196618
Convair 540195919635
Convair 3401960196717
Convair 4401962197427
Fairchild F-27J / Fokker F271965197427
Convair 5801965197840
Douglas DC-9-301966197989
Douglas DC-9-50197419788
Nord 2621968197713
Boeing 727-200197019712
Boeing 727-1001978197911
British Aircraft Corp. BAC One-Eleven1972197931
Mohawk 298 (Nord 262 version)197519799

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. April 22, 1978. 1134.
  2. ^ Nick Komons (August 1989). Air Progress: 62. 
  3. ^ Moody's Transportation Manual 1964
  4. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 8 April 1960. 492.
  5. ^ "Allegheny Asks New Name". 
  6. ^ "Lower Swatara township, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on March 2, 2010.
  7. ^ "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 16–22, 2004. 83.
  8. ^ [1] US Airways A319 in Allegheny livery-Airliners.net
  9. ^ Eastwood/Roach 1991, pages 267-269
  10. ^ Allegheny Airlines Flight 371
  11. ^ "Stewardess is Swept Through Plane Door". The New York Times. October 20, 1962. Retrieved August 20, 2012. 
  12. ^ Allegheny Airlines Flight 736
  13. ^ Allegheny Airlines Flight 737
  14. ^ NTSB Report Allegheny Airlines, Inc., Allison Prop Jet Convair 340/440, N5832, New Haven, Connecticut, June 7, 1971
  15. ^ NTSB Report AAR-78-2 Allegheny Airlines, Inc., Douglas DC-9, N994VJ, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, June 23, 1976

References[edit]

  • Eastwood, Tony; Roach, John (1991). Piston Engine Airliner Production List. West Drayton, England: The Aviation Hobby Shop. ISBN 0-907178-37-5. 

External links[edit]