Alice de Toeni, Countess of Warwick

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Alice de Toeni
Lady Leybourne
Countess of Warwick
Lady Zouche de Mortimer
Spouse(s)Sir Thomas Leybourne
Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick
William la Zouche de Mortimer, 1st Lord Zouche de Mortimer

Issue

Juliana de Leybourne
Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick
John de Beauchamp, Lord Beauchamp KG
Elizabeth de Beauchamp
Maud de Beauchamp
Isabella de Beauchamp
Emma de Beauchamp
Lucia de Beauchamp
Alan la Zouche de Mortimer
Joyce la Zouche de Mortimer
Noble familyde Toeni
FatherRalph VII de Toeni, Lord Toeni of Flamsted
MotherMary
Born26 April 1284[citation needed]
Flamsted, Hertfordshire, England
Died1 January 1324/25[citation needed]
 
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Alice de Toeni
Lady Leybourne
Countess of Warwick
Lady Zouche de Mortimer
Spouse(s)Sir Thomas Leybourne
Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick
William la Zouche de Mortimer, 1st Lord Zouche de Mortimer

Issue

Juliana de Leybourne
Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick
John de Beauchamp, Lord Beauchamp KG
Elizabeth de Beauchamp
Maud de Beauchamp
Isabella de Beauchamp
Emma de Beauchamp
Lucia de Beauchamp
Alan la Zouche de Mortimer
Joyce la Zouche de Mortimer
Noble familyde Toeni
FatherRalph VII de Toeni, Lord Toeni of Flamsted
MotherMary
Born26 April 1284[citation needed]
Flamsted, Hertfordshire, England
Died1 January 1324/25[citation needed]

Alice de Toeni, Countess of Warwick (26 April 1284 – 1 January 1324/25) was a wealthy English heiress and the second wife of Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick (1272 – 12 August 1315), an English nobleman in the reign of Kings Edward I and Edward II. He was one of the principal opponents of Piers Gaveston, a favourite of Edward II. Alice married three times; Guy was her second husband.

Contents

Family and lineage

Alice de Toeni was born on 26 April 1284[citation needed] in Flamsted, Hertfordshire, the only daughter of Ralph VII de Toeni, Lord Toeni of Flamsted (1255–1295) and his wife, Mary, about whom nothing is known except that she was born in Scotland. Alice's paternal grandparents were Roger V de Toeni, Lord Flamsted and Alice de Bohun. The latter was a daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, 2nd Earl of Hereford and Maud de Lusignan. Alice had an older brother Robert de Toeni, Lord Toeni of Flamsted (4 April 1276–1309), who married Maud, the daughter of Malise, 6th Earl of Strathearn, but died childless in 1309. Upon his death, Alice became his heir. Her inheritance included manors in Essex, Worcestershire, Wiltshire, Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire, and the Welsh Marches.

Warwick Castle, the principal residence of Guy de Beauchamp and Alice de Toeni

Marriages and issue

In 1300, when Alice was sixteen, she married her first husband, Sir Thomas Leybourne (died May 1307), son of Sir William Leybourne, by whom she had one daughter: Juliana de Leybourne (1303/1304–1367), married firstly, John, Lord Hastings, by whom she had issue, secondly Thomas le Blount, and thirdly, William Clinton.

On 28 February 1310, less than three years after the death of her first husband, Alice married secondly Guy de Beauchamp, 10th Earl of Warwick, the only son of William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick and Maud FitzJohn. He had been previously married to Isabel de Clare, the daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester and Alice de Lusignan of Angoulême, but the marriage, which had produced no children, was annulled. Guy had already distinguished himself in the Scottish Wars and was one of the Ordainers, who sought to restrict the powers of the King. Guy de Beauchamp was one of the chief adversaries of Piers Gaveston, King Edward's favourite, who often referred to Guy as The Mad Hound, due to the Earl's habit of foaming at the mouth when angry.[1] In 1312, Guy de Beauchamp captured Gaveston and took him to his principal residence Warwick Castle where Gaveston was held prisoner and afterwards murdered.

Alice and Guy had two sons and five daughters:

Following the sudden death of Guy de Beauchamp at Warwick Castle on 28 July 1315, which was rumoured to have been caused by poisoning, Alice married thirdly on 26 October 1316, William la Zouche de Mortimer, 1st Lord Zouche de Mortimer (see Baron Zouche), by whom she had a son and daughter:[2]

Death

Alice de Toeni died on 1 January 1324/25.[3] The de Toeni lands and manors passed to her eldest son Thomas de Beauchamp, 11th Earl of Warwick.

Her widower, Lord Zouche, later abducted and married Eleanor de Clare, widow of Hugh Le Despenser, the Younger. Lord Zouche had been one of Le Despenser's captors and had led the siege of Caerphilly Castle.

References

  1. ^ Thomas B. Costain,The Three Edwards, p. 141
  2. ^ Burke's Dormant and Extinct Peerages, London, 1883, pg 599
  3. ^ Charles Cawley in Medieval Lands confirms that Alice died before 8 January 1325; most genealogists specify the date of 1 January 1324/25