Alexander Ramsey

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Alexander Ramsey
Alexander Ramsey - Brady-Handy.jpg
34th United States Secretary of War
In office
December 10, 1879 – March 5, 1881
PresidentRutherford B. Hayes
Preceded byGeorge W. McCrary
Succeeded byRobert Todd Lincoln
4th United States Senator
from Minnesota
In office
September, 1863 – July, 1875
Preceded byHenry M. Rice
Succeeded bySamuel J. R. McMillan
2nd Governor of Minnesota
In office
January 2, 1860 – July 10, 1863
LieutenantIgnatius L. Donnelly
Preceded byHenry Hastings Sibley
Succeeded byHenry Adoniram Swift
1st Territorial Governor of Minnesota
In office
June 1, 1849 – May 15, 1853
Appointed byZachary Taylor
Preceded byTerritory Created
Succeeded byWillis A. Gorman
Personal details
Born(1815-09-08)September 8, 1815
Hummelstown, Pennsylvania
DiedApril 22, 1903(1903-04-22) (aged 87)
St. Paul, Minnesota
Political partyWhig, Republican
Spouse(s)Anna Jenks
Alma materLafayette College
ProfessionPolitician, Lawyer
ReligionMethodism
 
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Alexander Ramsey
Alexander Ramsey - Brady-Handy.jpg
34th United States Secretary of War
In office
December 10, 1879 – March 5, 1881
PresidentRutherford B. Hayes
Preceded byGeorge W. McCrary
Succeeded byRobert Todd Lincoln
4th United States Senator
from Minnesota
In office
September, 1863 – July, 1875
Preceded byHenry M. Rice
Succeeded bySamuel J. R. McMillan
2nd Governor of Minnesota
In office
January 2, 1860 – July 10, 1863
LieutenantIgnatius L. Donnelly
Preceded byHenry Hastings Sibley
Succeeded byHenry Adoniram Swift
1st Territorial Governor of Minnesota
In office
June 1, 1849 – May 15, 1853
Appointed byZachary Taylor
Preceded byTerritory Created
Succeeded byWillis A. Gorman
Personal details
Born(1815-09-08)September 8, 1815
Hummelstown, Pennsylvania
DiedApril 22, 1903(1903-04-22) (aged 87)
St. Paul, Minnesota
Political partyWhig, Republican
Spouse(s)Anna Jenks
Alma materLafayette College
ProfessionPolitician, Lawyer
ReligionMethodism

Alexander Ramsey (September 8, 1815 – April 22, 1903) was an American politician.

Biography[edit]

He was born near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania on September 8, 1815. Alexander Ramsey was elected from Pennsylvania as a Whig to the U.S. House of Representatives and served in the 28th and 29th congresses from March 4, 1843 to March 4, 1847. He served as the first Territorial Governor of Minnesota from June 1, 1849 to May 15, 1853 as a member of the Whig Party.

Ramsey was of Scottish and German ancestry.[1] In 1855, he became the mayor of St. Paul, Minnesota. Ramsey was elected the second Governor of Minnesota after statehood and served from January 2, 1860 to July 10, 1863. Ramsey is credited with being the first Union governor to commit troops during the American Civil War (he happened to be in Washington, D.C. when fighting broke out). He resigned the governorship to become a U.S. Senator, having been elected to that post in 1863 as a Republican. He was re-elected in 1869 and held the office until March 3, 1875, serving in the 38th, 39th, 40th, 41st, 42nd, and 43rd congresses.

Ramsey is also noted for his stern statements calling for the killing or removal of specific Native Americans, chiefly the Sioux (Dakota) people that lived in the state of Minnesota. Ramsey declared on September 9, 1862: "The Sioux Indians of Minnesota must be exterminated or driven forever beyond the borders of the state." [2]

Ramsey served as Secretary of War from 1879 to 1881, under President Rutherford B. Hayes.

Family[edit]

His brother was Justus Cornelius Ramsey, who served in the Minnesota Territorial Legislature.[3]

Legacy[edit]

The Minnesota Historical Society preserves his home, the Alexander Ramsey House as a museum. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1969. Alexander Ramsey Park, located in Redwood Falls, Minnesota, is the largest municipal park in Minnesota. Ramsey County, Minnesota, Ramsey County, North Dakota, the city of Ramsey, Minnesota, the city of Ramsey, Illinois,[4] Ramsey Park in Stillwater, Minnesota, Ramsey Junior High School in Saint Paul, Minnesota, Alexander Ramsey Elementary School in Montevideo, Minnesota and Ramsey Middle School (formerly Ramsey International Fine Arts Center and formerly Alexander Ramsey Junior High School) in Minneapolis, Minnesota, are also named for him.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Minnesota Historical Society collections, Volume 13 By Minnesota Historical Society, page 5
  2. ^ http://www.unitednativeamerica.com/hanging.html
  3. ^ Minnesota Legislators Past and Present-Justus Cornelius Ramsey
  4. ^ Allan H. Keith, Historical Stories: About Greenville and Bond County, IL. Consulted on August 15, 2007.

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
James Irvin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 14th congressional district

March 4, 1843 – March 4, 1847
Succeeded by
George N. Eckert
Political offices
Preceded by
Territory Created
Territorial Governor of Minnesota
June 1, 1849 – May 15, 1853
Succeeded by
Willis A. Gorman
Preceded by
David Olmsted
Mayor of Saint Paul, Minnesota
1855–1856
Succeeded by
George L. Becker
Preceded by
Henry H. Sibley
Governor of Minnesota
January 2, 1860 – July 10, 1863
Succeeded by
Henry A. Swift
Preceded by
George W. McCrary
U.S. Secretary of War
Served under: Rutherford B. Hayes

December 10, 1879 – March 5, 1881
Succeeded by
Robert T. Lincoln
United States Senate
Preceded by
Henry M. Rice
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Minnesota
March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1875
Served alongside: Morton S. Wilkinson, Daniel S. Norton, William Windom, Ozora P. Stearns and William Windom
Succeeded by
Samuel J. R. McMillan