Alaska House of Representatives

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Alaska House of Representatives
Alaska Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
TypeLower house
Term limitsNone
History
New session startedJanuary 18, 2013
Leadership
Speaker of the HouseMike Chenault, (R)
Since January 20, 2009
Majority LeaderLance Pruitt, (R)
Minority LeaderBeth Kerttula, (D)
Since January 3, 2007
Structure
Seats40
Political groupsRepublican Party (26)
Democratic Party (14)
Alaska House of Representatives 2011-2013.png
Length of term2 years
AuthorityArticle 2, Alaska Constitution
Salary$50,400/year + per diem
Elections
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
(40 seats)
Next electionNovember 4, 2014
(40 seats)
RedistrictingAlaska Redistricting Board
Meeting place
Alaska House of Representatives.png
House of Representatives chamber
Alaska State Capitol
Juneau, Alaska
Website
Alaska House of Representatives
 
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Alaska House of Representatives
Alaska Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
TypeLower house
Term limitsNone
History
New session startedJanuary 18, 2013
Leadership
Speaker of the HouseMike Chenault, (R)
Since January 20, 2009
Majority LeaderLance Pruitt, (R)
Minority LeaderBeth Kerttula, (D)
Since January 3, 2007
Structure
Seats40
Political groupsRepublican Party (26)
Democratic Party (14)
Alaska House of Representatives 2011-2013.png
Length of term2 years
AuthorityArticle 2, Alaska Constitution
Salary$50,400/year + per diem
Elections
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
(40 seats)
Next electionNovember 4, 2014
(40 seats)
RedistrictingAlaska Redistricting Board
Meeting place
Alaska House of Representatives.png
House of Representatives chamber
Alaska State Capitol
Juneau, Alaska
Website
Alaska House of Representatives

The Alaska House of Representatives is the lower house in the Alaska Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Alaska. The House is composed of 40 members, each of whom represents a district of approximately 17,756 people per 2010 Census figures. Members serve two-year terms without term limits. With 40 representatives, the Alaska House is the smallest state legislative lower house in the United States.

The House convenes at the State Capitol in Juneau.

Powers and process[edit source | edit]

Members of the Alaska House of Representatives are responsible for a portion of the process of making and amending state law. The first step of the legislative process is filing a bill by giving it to the chief clerk of the Alaska House of Representatives.[1] The chief clerk will then assign bills a number.[1]

Bills are introduced and read the first time with the number, sponsor or sponsors, and the title of the bill and then referred to a committee(s).[1] Committee chairs can choose whether or not hear a bill and committees can vote to approve a bill in its original form or make modifications through a committee substitute.[1] Once bills or substitutes are approved, the legislation is referred to the next committee of assignment or to the Rules Committee, which can further amend the bill or assign it to the daily floor calendar.[1]

Once a bill is scheduled on the floor, it appears on the calendar in Second Reading. The bill is again read by number, sponsor or sponsors, and title along with the standing committee reports. A motion is made on the floor to adopt any committee substitutes.[1] Amendments can also be offered and voted on.[1] Third Reading is where the motion is made to vote on the bill.[1]

Senate action[edit source | edit]

After final passage in the Alaska House of Representatives, a bill is engrossed and sent to the Alaska Senate to go through the same process of introduction, committee referral and three readings. Likewise, bills that have been approved on Third Reading in the Alaska Senate are engrossed and sent to the Alaska House of Representatives.[1]

Enrollment or Conference[edit source | edit]

When a bill is not modified in the second house, it can be sent to the governor on Third Reading, through enrollment. If the bill is modified, the house of origin must vote to accept or reject amendments by the opposite house. A Fourth Reading, in the case of acceptance, will send the bill to the governor, through enrollment. If amendments are rejected, the bill can be sent to conference, where members of the Senate and House hash out a final version and send it to a Fourth Reading in both houses.[1]

Governor and veto override[edit source | edit]

The governor can choose to sign or veto the legislation. In the case of the veto, a two-third majority can override the veto. If signed or approved by a veto override, the legislation becomes law.[1]

Membership[edit source | edit]

Terms and qualifications[edit source | edit]

State representatives must be a qualified voter and resident of Alaska for no less than three years, and a resident of the district from which elected for one year immediately preceding filing for office.[2] A state representative must be 21 years of age at the time the oath of office is taken.[2] The Alaska House of Representatives may expel a member with the concurrence of two-thirds of the membership of the house.[2]

Legislative terms begin on the second Monday in January following a presidential election year and on the third Tuesday in January following a gubanatorial election.[3] State representatives serve for terms of two years.[3]

Leadership[edit source | edit]

House of Representatives member directory in the State Capitol as it appeared in 2009.

The Speaker of the House presides over the House of Representatives. The Speaker is elected by the majority party caucus followed by confirmation of the full House through the passage of a House Resolution. In addition to presiding over the body, the Speaker is also the chief leadership position, and controls the flow of legislation and committee assignments. Other House leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders, are elected by their respective party caucuses relative to their party's strength in the chamber.

PositionNamePartyResidenceDistrict
SpeakerMike ChenaultRepublicanNikiski28
Majority LeaderLance PruittRepublicanKodiak25
Minority LeaderBeth KerttulaDemocraticJuneau32

Current composition[edit source | edit]

AffiliationParty
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
RepublicanDemocraticVacant
End of previous legislature24412400
Begin25411400
Latest voting share73%28%

Current members (28th Alaska State Legislature)[edit source | edit]

Alaska State House of Representatives
28th Alaska Legislature, 2013–2014[4]
DistrictNameImagePartyResidenceAssumed
office
1Isaacson, DougDoug IsaacsonRepublicanNorth Pole2013
2Wilson, TammieTammie WilsonRepublicanNorth Pole2009
3Thompson, SteveSteve ThompsonRepublicanFairbanks2011
4Kawasaki, ScottScott KawasakiDemocraticFairbanks2007
5Higgins, PetePete HigginsRepublicanFairbanks2013
6Feige, EricEric FeigeRepublicanChickaloon2011
7Keller, WesWes KellerRepublicanWasilla2007
8Hughes, ShelleyShelley HughesRepublicanPalmer2012
9Gattis, LynnLynn GattisRepublicanWasilla2013
10Neuman, MarkMark NeumanRepublicanBig Lake2005
11Stoltze, BillBill StoltzeRepublicanChugiak2003
12Saddler, DanDan SaddlerRepublicanEagle River2011
13LeDoux, GabrielleGabrielle LeDouxRepublicanAnchorage2013
14Gruenberg, MaxMax GruenbergDemocraticAnchorage2003
15Josephson, AndrewAndrew JosephsonDemocraticAnchorage2013
16Drummond, HarrietHarriet DrummondDemocraticAnchorage2013
17Tarr, GeranGeran TarrDemocraticAnchorage2013
18Gara, LesLes GaraDemocraticAnchorage2003
19Holmes, LindseyLindsey HolmesRepublicanAnchorage2007
20Costello, MiaMia CostelloRepublicanAnchorage2011
21Johnson, CraigCraig JohnsonRepublicanAnchorage2007
22Tuck, ChrisChris TuckDemocraticAnchorage2009
23Lynn, BobBob LynnRepublicanAnchorage2003
24Millett, CharisseCharisse MillettRepublicanAnchorage2009
25Pruitt, LanceLance PruittRepublicanAnchorage2011
26Reinbold, LoraLora ReinboldRepublicanEagle River2013
27Hawker, MikeMike HawkerRepublicanAnchorage2003
28Chenault, MikeMike ChenaultRepublicanNikiski2001
29Olson, KurtKurt OlsonRepublicanSoldotna2005
30Seaton, PaulPaul SeatonRepublicanHomer2003
31Munoz, CathyCathy MuñozRepublicanJuneau2009
32Kerttula, BethBeth KerttulaDemocraticJuneau1999
33Wilson, PeggyPeggy WilsonRepublicanWrangell2001
34Kreiss-Tomkins, JonathanJonathan Kreiss-TomkinsDemocraticSitka2013
35Austerman, AlanAlan AustermanRepublicanKodiak2009
36Edgmon, BryceBryce EdgmonDemocratic[5]Dillingham2007
37Herron, BobBob HerronDemocratic[5]Bethel2009
38Guttenberg, DavidDavid GuttenbergDemocraticFairbanks2003
39Foster, NealNeal FosterDemocratic[5]Nome2009
40Nageak, BenjaminBenjamin NageakDemocratic[5]Barrow2013

See also[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Legislative Process, Alaska Legislature (accessed April 27, 2013)
  2. ^ a b c Alaska Handbook to State Government (accessed April 25, 2013)
  3. ^ a b Article 2 of the Alaska Constitution, Lieutenant Governor's Office (accessed April 26, 2013)
  4. ^ "2013-2014 Session". Alaska Division of Elections. 
  5. ^ a b c d Caucuses with the Republican majority for the purpose of committee assignments.

External links[edit source | edit]

Coordinates: 58°18′08″N 134°24′38″W / 58.302198°N 134.410467°W / 58.302198; -134.410467